Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
SMOOCHY POOCH I can lick anything, even a doggone broken leg, is what this dog seems to be saying as he nuzzles owner Walter Armstrong of Kilchener. The seven-month-old pup, a mixture of collie, husky and Ger- man sheperd, broke a leg Iwo weeks ago but is taking (he splint in stride. Afrer all, his name is Sfrieler. Man tackles riches of the sea NEW YORK (AP) Like a cat peering into a goldfish tank, man has long viewed the riches of the sea with a mixture of fascination and greed. Now he has started making his first hes- itont swipes at this mineral wealth, with modest success. At present, about 57.1 billion in petroleum ac- counting for 05 per taken from the ocean each year. But the real feast has yet to begin. Mineral rich nuggets, like eggs from the legendary golden goose, lie exposed on the deep ocean floor. At the bottom of the Red Sea, covered by a blan- k e t of heavier-than-normal water, are muds containing cop- per, zinc, gold, and silver. Vast quantities of metals are trapped in deep rock layers be-1 neath the sea floor. And floating ore bodies have been discovered in seawater, which also contains energy source which may drive the nuclear generators of the future. "The major restraint on un- dersea mining today is not so much technologic as says one government scientist. With few exceptions, it is cheaper to locale and recover minerals from land than from the ocean. FIGHT PREDICTED But man's appetite for miner- als is virtually insatiable, and as land sources become de- WMCfffSTER makes it easy. Introducing DUCK LOAD Shot Sizes 4, 5, 6 BETTER PATTERN Shol String HIGH VELOCITY PLASTIC SHOT SHELLS For accuracy and dependability Box of 25 WINCHESTER SHOTGUNS _ Single Shot Hard use. utility gun, in 12, 16 20 and 410 gauges. Complete with lull choke and automatic BOX OF SHELLS WITH EACH MODEL Model ejector. Walnut-finish slock and forearm, sure grip checking. pleted over the next few dec- ades, man will be looking more and more undersea, experts say. "One of tile fiercest competi- tive struggles likely to develop witliin the next few years will center on the effort to mine manganese says spokesman for a large U.S. min- ing company, who asked not to be identified. These egg-shaped deposits- formed by natural chemical rich in nickel, copper, cobalt, and manganese. So far, they have been retrieved in at least two separate pilot projects. Decpsea Ventures Inc., a sub- sidiary of Tenneco Inc., lias spent ?20 million developing a system to recover and process these nodules, says president John Flipse. It Ls currently trying to raise million more to start full-scale commercial production by 1974, he adds. "One of our problems is the fact that nobody knows who has the right to lease the areas we've discovered with mining Flipse says. There is no legal protection against claim jumping by American or foreign firms. It may ultimately pr'ove too costly to extract (he melals from the nodules once they are mined, he says, "but, so far, we think we're going to make a go of it.'- LESS COST CLAIMED Jolin L. Mero, a California mining engineer, contends it is two to five times cheaper to get these melals from the ocean than from land. The Lethlnrtdge Herald THIRD SECTION Lcthbridge, Liberia. Wednesday, September 8, 1971 PAGES 33 TO 40 So claims shopping study Retailers are failing to keep up with trends By CAROL PASCOE MONTREAL (Cp) To- day's market is a market hut retailers are ig- noring the preferences and convenience of shoppers in Lohbying for restricted store hours, a study on the benefits and cost of evening shopping indicates. Dr. Bruce Mallen, chairman Oi" the marketing department at Sir George Williams Uni- versity, say: in the first vol- ume of a three part report that Canada's retailing com- munity has failed to keep up with changing trends of buy- ing habits. "The attitude of many re- tailers is that people will shop when 'we want them to'." Dr. Mallen says research shows that legislation restrict- ing shopping hours was not a major issue until after the Second World War. Many stores were open six full days and at least one evening, wilh Saturday evening shopping being most popular. Stores gradually began shortening llieir work week, citing reasons such as im- proved personnel relations, corr.pelitibn for capable per- sonnel, pressure of labor un- ions an-i threat of union or- ganization. But, Dr. Mallen notes: "There no indication that the consumer's interests were taken into consideration." With construction of shop- ping centres in the 1050s and 60s, downtown retailers fa- vored even wider-ranging hours controls since consum- ers tended to patronize subur- ban shopping stores which were not affected by existing legislation. By 1968, a survey indicated that at least 47.7 per cent of 465 Canadian cities had some restriction on store hours. MANY SEEK OVERTIME Meanwhile, the 40-hour work week had been estab- lished and unions dropped support of legislation govern- ing store hours. In fact, many employees welcome the chance to work more than 40 hours a week if they are paid time and a half or double time. A significant fact which Dr. Mallen fays many retailers are ignoring r that more married women are working today than at any other time in Canadian history. In 1951, about 27.8 per cent of all women who worked were married; by 1961 the number had jumped to 46.6 per cent. IT o w e v e r, "women who work find it most difficult to do their shopping at the tradi- tional times between nine and six." "About the only time at which these people could shop during the week would be ei- ther during the normal one- hour lunch period or after five or six in the evening. "It also seems that many retailers have not taken into consideration the fact that there is a tendency, particu- larly among young married couples, to do shopping on a family basis. The only time the husband and wife can shop together, if both are working, would be in the evening and on weekends." Moreover, Dr. Mallen says, if women do shop for food during the day, they have the problem of getting frozen foods or heavy canned goods from domitmvzi to their subur- ban homes. Tijuana popular spot. Business booms Smooth Working Slide Action For your shooting pleasure, 12 SPECIAL gauge, pump. Inlerchnngo.ible Model kwels are av.iil.iblc (o Rive MB 2200 a witlc variety of lengths and chokes. TIJUANA, Mexico (Router) This speedy Mexican bonier city has become one of the busi- est foreign entry points in the world with about persons passing through its customs each hour. Tlie number of crossings, bolh coming nnd going, will reach well over 30 million for 1970 when the fina flifiures are com- piled. The I960 figure was MARSHALL WELLS Over 300 Stores Serving Western I Canada 318 Alt, St. 5., Lithbrldgo Ph. 327-1727 The nwh to cross lira border is heaviest in summer when as many as Americans nnd Canadians in cars cnler Mexico every hour. In nddi- lion, about cross ovor each hour. Tlio I own of Tijuana hns I grown by more than 100 per cent from IDGO to 1970. Its original growth was caused by prohibi- tion. In 1919, it was just a dirty village. But when liquor became illegal in the U.S the town boomed. Americans crossed the border in droves to get a drink. But it has taken on a new ookl recently and its image has un- dergone a major change. Shop- ping centres have tx-en built, streets widened and handicrafts and artifacts brought from the Mexican interior for sale to tourisl-s. Tijuana still has its image of a fun city but the sale of porno- graphic literature is prohibited and, in the night clubs, the strippers lake off Irss than in UK shows at San Diego, Calif., 15 miles norlJi of, the border. He suggests that a more practical solution would be for stores in different areas to de- cide their own hours based on consumer preferences. Stores downtown might find it desirable to maintain the nine-to-six schedule, while suburban slores might prefer to opsn about noon and oper- ate every evening. lie says: "It appears not in the interests of the consumer if a small majority of down- town merchants succeed in getting legislation passed which forces stores to close at six o 'c I o c k, regardless of where the stores are located An even more compelling argument, at least for retail- ers is provided by statistics showing that although Canadi- ans' disposable income rose 95 per cent between 1957 and 1967, personal expenditures in retail outlets dropped 11.5 per cent to 52.0 per cent. "Therefore, more money Is being spent but retail outlets are not maintaining their market share. American ex- perts observed that mora money in spent if the con- sumer is allowed to shop at his own convenience." Nudism stirs controversy By DAVID MAORI ROME (AP) Italian nud- ists are coming out of the shadows and launching a tra- dition shattering offensive against the Pope, the church, and anyone who thinks nude and lewd go together. Italian lovers of an all-over tan have always lived in fear of winding up in jail. But nudism suddenly turned into a national controversy this month with a report that the mayor of a hillside village near Rome had offered land for what was billed as the largest nudist centre in Eu- rope. Local priests and nuns threatened to drive the mayor out of his job. The Italian League of Natu- ralists, a Rome-based nudist association, joined forces with a group led by Loris Fortuna, the Socialist member of par- liament who last December won approval for the legaliza- tin of divorce in Italy. THOUSANDS PRACTISE Overnight, the general pub- lic learned that thousands of Italians practise nudism at a score of secret nudist beaches. A Socialist deputy is re- ported to have drafted a bill to make nudism legal in Italy. Vincenzo Bruni, secretary general of the Naturalists League hopes nudism will be- come legal by next summer. The league, set up in June last year, claims mem- bers in Home. "But nudists number far more than that; there are some in the Bruni says. If found by police In open places, nudists now face charges ot obscenity, which could lead to a maximum of five j-ears in jail. Most Italian nudists go to France and Yugoslavia, where nudist centres are legal. The league says It is having a hard time rallying support from parliament members. The dominant Christian Democrats and trie Roman Catholic Church are against nudism. Pope Paul VI pub- licly blasted the practice, The other parties, including the Communists, do not feel it's the right time to antago- nize the church-backed party on tlus issue, with so many other problems, including di- vorce, still being hotly de- bated. 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