Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta
LETHBRIDGE HERALD, TUESDAY. SEPTEMBER 8, 1908. THIRTEEN LETMonIuuc i Attorney-General CrossTMakes a in the Administration of Our Laws. This Province is! riSted for Advanced Legislation, Rigid Enforcement of Liquor Laws, and Uncompromising Attitude Toward Combines iBERTAMAKES DISTINGUISHED RECORD ENFORCEMENT OF VARIOUS STATUTES AS WELL AS IN ADVANCED LEGISLATION lardship has been 'inflicted, and no partiality shown- _ Liquor Legislation. This impartiality marks equally the more vital .quotion of the ad- ninistration -the liquor license de- artiimm; have it still nore sharply division of in- a inoriTuppur'-nt dmiger. No Attorney-Genepal'Cross Has Directed With Notable Skill the Framing of the Legis- lation OpganizedvProvincialAdministration, and Has Secured Rigid Enforcement of the Legislation in JLabc; Decisive Attack Upon Law Clear as to Their Criminality- interests of the People Safeguarded at Every Point. "Resolved that this convention be- lieves in the vigorous of justice by a firm enforcement of the .criminal law, -and a simple arid prompt method of protecting civil Tliis item of the Liberal platform as- it is in its concise- ness, is not straightforward or direct than its'fulfilment has been in the working out of the Attorney- Gene.rul's Department of the.province. Tliis department, less than any othei of the provincial .administration makes outward showing of its Accom- plishments. the .frame work if, to any structure, it has been in its constructive work of drafting the nuwses of legislation that have been passed in Alberta! since' Furthermore'; in the matter of en- foroemcnt of these laws, the province has made.a record that has won..re- cognition for this department not only within'-the province .but frpjn many people of note outside its limits'; From the first hours of the .forma- tion of his cabinet the importance o tliis branch 'the was patent "to Premier Kutherfon; and in looking about.; for" .a mai. possessing the requisite -qualities o legal" -knowledge, son-id .judgment probity' and firmness-hjjj .choice, fell upon the present Attorney General Hon. C. W. Cross. The three year- now past have move than justified th choice of .so. youthful man for this .weighty portfolio, foi and out of the province >IIIIM qualified to judge assert that he -ha administered his department not onl. well, but with distinction. Asocial ed with him as deputy is Sydney 11 Woods, a .lawyer of exceptions ability. Honorable Record Maintained. Up to the time of inauguration th Canadian West had-a record, for abiding order that, made .ir> the :f-nv. or frontier country.in Oecideii. tal'civflizatioii. This enviable slat was due "to the'effioient service of th Mounted Police, and recognizing thir thc-rir.sUEOvenuiuMit.of Alberta secui its continuance in 'the: provine- alter inauguration. The -.Doniinio government planned the removal i I lie force, to territorial regions, stil unorganized, but the governments the1 provinces insisted upon survival here. And now. as a quence. the Mounted Police force, ii. Alberta are maintained by'the provin Vial'government at an outlay of 000 yearly, and their excellent won continues to.be done under the direo' control of .the. Attorney General of 'Al- berta. With this force still, on the frontio patrolling the country, .-and the nev system' for: cities and towns at under the Attorney General's depart' inent, Alberta to-day retains it- honorable reputation for law "pect of the law. ..A large and varied tide of settlement Tins poured Jnto province in the past-ihrcc years, but everywhere, in town and country, 1n perhaps won its proudest laurels. Isot that the work in drafting all legisla- tion has" not been both immense and responsible work, but that for somo reason the masses of tho people, even under the British constitution, aro surprised when the law is carried out to 'the letter, and when the visible- guardians of the law are not only en- couraged but urged forward to then duty by the highest authority on law in the province. The administration has been OTH fine record of enforcement of the of which perhaps the most recent cas? will serve as an instance. -There was last month sentenced to ths- penitentiary for four years a cnttl? thief of the south country, -whose offence had been committed in M04. and who had escaped from jail there whilst waiting far trial. Dunn- "the four years past the department v bided its time with its -agents, Mounted Police force, on watch ;nd accurate testimony" than was ,'iven by the. Alberta officials and wit: ics.ses who went over to Montana. conduct of the officials in making he arrest of the escaped prisoner ''a powerful bit of testimony of he care with which these officers ui lie law proceed under the- Knglish '.'ysL'ems of government." Further on n his..judgment he said that in or- lering.thc prisoner's return to Al- berta the court proceeded on "the veil-founded belief, justified in the ight of experience, that he will 1 ifforded ample protection, and that every hand. 10 injustice, will be done- him." This was a genuine tribute from of the law outside Alberta, who 'ould not but be impressed by tin. :leteriiiinatioii. of .'the Attorney Gene .al's in. apprehending exe -he cattle, thief and escaped prisone lias ;fter four years, thca with marvellou securing his extradition, his cbmmitaL to the pent- to illegal, proves that nof improved' the character of licensed houses, and has done away altogether with the saloon proper, the sole ject of'which is to eell drink. ob- No mu is prepared to deny the evils of wholesale license, or shop license, as it is called elsewhere, is granted out- didf of an incorporated city or town. The houis during which bar may remain OPCMI have been shortened. the workers. They have been received with acclamation by-those'concerned.' They weru framed with careful coti; sideration, not only of the rights of the employee but with due regard.to ngnui ot Hie, employer: Some may. tjimk thai m an agricultural country such legislation was in ad- vance of the timeti, but Alberta has and This-year's" legislation, in this respect. I an industrial future before her aud wwit'in advance of any other province the government -thought and thought Jozen caseV'has 'it .been necessary t n'oceed to extremities in the matte of prosecution W hiM'e has been iccessury.-uV caste 'of contumacy every egal formality has been fulfilled and fines h ex acted Even the ;reat railway have hat! to on the oilier hiimf thepj is the fact" that-a'government has to rule by the vrill of the majority, not only by their'votes placing the party in power, but-by; tht- public opinion of the, people-effectually working with them. In advance of this effec- tive public'Opinion a government can- not safely go, and in the question of the sale of point is a crucial one. .The. minority who would enforce prohibition, and a pos- sible majority who might vote for it, must re the task of gov- ernment is to-.admw'ister as well as pass thenu, -livery law passed without iliti effective support of the bettarv wisely that foresight regret, and' legal '-riguj induetrial Ntw Judiciary Orftniztd. An' important feature of the 'adinin-. l jstration. ot Attpmey: General is nie entire Teojgaimaiioa ot judicial syatein. Wlieu the province was: greeted" tnere. were only, three (Continued on. Page 14, column in the. Dominion. In fact, we may for the province rnore advanced 1 UtlTT fclj i iiM'their liability as 'dofined by bulk of the, people is a challenge tr the Act, and .16 conduct themselves j the --Then- can no doubt 1 The Attorney Genera D t..i that in tho -sentiment favor of a strict observance of Act is strong' and there ni had and lias to" the complexity. I I f I onewndmik. 'another instance of the- deter- mination of Uio Alberta government up criminals is to be had in case of. be Leon Hoffman, tlie ruck buyer, who last year committed offence under the. Manitoba Grain Hoffman left the country, but he case was not permitted to lapse. ol ice and detectives have.been quiet- y at the matter, 'with thft esult that Hoffman was arrested '-w week" in Dawscm City. The Attorney General's1 in- structed Superintendent. Dean, R.N.- M.-P-. to bring Hoffman back to On his return he will bu striking .warning that in Al- iWtii the transgressor must pay th-'t In another against he liquor department has .-on the distinction of enforcing. more, strictly than -any other rovince in the Dominion. These pur- are so easily, evaded, yet a powerful bearing what re is no doubt) on ths personal freedom; 'respected Jii, to legislate against the evils of the [t is recognized thai one without violating otner. Kx- Gcneral has had tremists on cither Hide will be found au.i" of-success- in condemn. that the the any of. the people will acknowledge that his coursejluis been guided by principles of righteousness. One of the best provincial papers .said in June last: "Great advances have been made in the past two three .years. The hours of sale have been The con- ditions upon which licenses may be obtained are stricter, and greatei tlie Attorney greater measure ministering, attorney general in the Dominion, and that this success is due to the exercise of tact and skill. Evidence bbnie to" these facts by the official of the Lord's Day Alliance, a jody wliich; notoriously looks with legislation, on tho whole question iquor licensing than any of the older )rovinces have, with the exception if ?dnce Edward Island, where prohibi- tion prevails, and we. may remember tiiat Prince Edward Island's area could easily be placed within the prohibition district of Alberta. And the legislation in this regard not a dead letter. Commissioners who command' the respect of their fellow townsmen, inspectors' of undoubted honesty'and the provisions of the law are faithfully observed. The work of these men has been re-1 cognized by the praise of the most ad- vanced temperance workers. The] discretion of the unfettered by the that is to say, given the fulfilment the necessary conditions (the 401 ou.sc in 960 acres, protection of half ie householders.nearest the proposed ite, the payment of the expense of enquiry, there is no I ard and fast rule that they I Vi Legislation commissioners letter of the law, miht think too censorious aiveye.on the doings of governments in this regard. In the spring of tin- year the general secretary of f the Alliance told a public meeting thai "the percentage of people working in Alberta' on Sunday is less than any other province in the Dominion of penalties are being enforced for in- fractions 01 the law." This in brief has been the history of Mr- Cross's administration of this important branch of Ins department it 'welfare of community f hat yearly their framing and enforc-v-i nent'-become'.'more important: Bm Mborln starting out' witlv: a clean has-written a line record there- n m-this regard, and liai'won; com- lendution from many quarters not .rone to Ihe administration Kev. Dr. Chown, one of the most imminent- temperance r lenders i; i in a speech Vancouvt-r his summer, paid a' warm com pi i ,eht to this province 'on its adminH- ration of .the liquoflaw. The.-W.G-r meeting at... Fxlmonton utumn. the Presbyterian Assemblj n session at .Edmonton'last May an he Church of England" Svnpd meetmj, 11 Calgary last inoulh, 'air put'them elves definitely: on. record- -as ap of Ihu'n'naiinHi- in 'which th xisting liquor laws were enforced 'Alberta, and.'commending the -.ures.' Social and Moral Reform. One .of the great writers of .the ol vorld wrote "Law- should b ike defitli.. that-spares no one Th spirit of "this sentence, and .it weighty one, is fulfilled in -Alberta Che department exercises a vipianc hat is .only'ihcreasing.-asr each branc ices its Vav: more clearly and 'amiliar with conditions. Tins ha apparent particularly in matte )ertaining to social and moral refon In no other branch of -the depar nent is the spirit of th> piatfonn pr rant They may take into onsideration circumstances which my favour the granting of the license r the reverse. The interests of tho )eople are paramount, and they are n safe hands. Constructive Legislation. When the Rutherford government given the reins in 1905 they had ui immense" field of organization be- 'ore them. Alberta was a.country in .he making and it was essential that .ts administration should be placed an a firm, broad basifi. This required whole mass of new legislation, of laws needful for a new country, with ill its government machinery, to be put in order, laws for the social wel- .are of Jhe people, for the -ho y.'orkingman and of the farmer. "ATI" di Trie "work o! drafting these bills fell upon the attorney ge'neral ind his department. During the first iession alone there were pages of statutes slight task by my means. Yet everyone must ac- knowledge it was capably done. Be- Tlie legislation ior adminstrative purposes, necessarj' but uninspiring "the young1 province in its first iession passed a notable tax on rail- .vays, arid; the attorney general'e de- partment framed the law and-proyet .hat. the P..R. could at least ho je exempted i from taxation on ito o ranch lines. Among- other measures of'capital; im jDrtance prepared and. .submitted to he first; session wafi-th for- of mechanics .anc .aborers, whevehy a short and .nethod -of asser'ting..-thelr .rights iii th in. th -iandfi- of. the.: artisans the V number of the old Territorial ordin were 'revised.to meet the moder 'provincial conrtiuons, among wnic .nay be mentioned The Steam Boiler ict" The'CoaUM.ine.s Act, 'and The Ac Respecting Real Property, by whic r.atter notable improvemente -were in the "administration of the' in the natter of the'-.registration of agree- .nents of sale. Besides preparing this nass or detail, sixty or more private jills went through the .House'and to c-ach.pf these..drtailed attention had o be given by the law officers of tlie jrown. No sooner had tlie House concluded 'ts labours than the b'ig task of edit- ing the Ordinances of the North-West Territories (of which the last revision aad ,been .made in 1893) acd bringing hem up to the date of the inaugura- tion of the province, was undertaken HON. CHARLES W. CROSS Attorney-General. J i Cross" one "ot the.that name in Edmonton, and interest-1 by the attorney general's department most interesting figures in Alberta's himself uclively in political life, was at the time of -his appointment to the Rutherford cab- inet, the. youngest Attorney-General in successfully carried out in record fairs. -ime. As a man oi talent, of quiet force The mass of necessary work for 1907 and attractive personality, Mr. Cross was necessarily lees as the machiperyv for their man. He was- located this year in Montana, and the department being promptly wiird to this effect, extmdi- obtained also by thr> prisoner soon after 'brought to Canada for trial. The chi'e.t witneWes at the first trial wore this year brought together from s na'rte of the'Wpst. 'SS thfla? and aCanada. -years earlier, in ffpirand pSpt method of protect-1872. he.was born aVMadoc Ontario, ine civil rights" was promised. Tins where Jus lather.. Tnomas CrpSb, waa is-being carried out faithfully.a leading man in the community Both Laws have been rno.de in the-interests his parents were oi Scotch descent. Hw ,f t-emnerance to control the sale oteducation was received at Upper Lan- guor, and they arc being enforced ada College, at Toronto University and There no connivance with the at Osgocxle Hall. In all three -j the hotelnien Either tlvey observe the'roung student proved himself to be a laws tlvnt mark Uie difference betwecngcniiil .companion with a big fund of a respctable business and a disgrace-good-fellowship under his seeming re- ful one or they arc prosecuted. serve, a hero of the athletic field and The provincial detectives and Ihea lover of debate and politics. In 1895 officiate of the licensing branch arehe graduated from 'Varsity, being one instructed to be active and thorough of a brilliant class of young men who in their work in this regard, whether have in several instances made prom- ,he offender be. the-keepcr of a inent places for themselves in Cana- or a leading hotel. dian affairs. -The western secretary of the Lord's pn the completion of university Alliance stated hi a press in-coursc, ilr. Cros6 -felt himself drawn ten-iew on August 12th that in the to the profession of law. and he stw1.- "nforcenienl of the Lord's Day it at Oigoode Hall as well as in le'd the way in the: West..the office of Clute. McDonald Mc- h-had not allowed to become -To his university honors the dead.letter on the statute book. man three years Jatcr added the this Act wa.-: passed by the Dominion degree of I.L.B. He at once tiet.out Parliament there was a great deal for" the West, his clear judgment of talk by extremists on both sidcswhich was and is an excellent, charan- about the measure. On the one liiindte.ristic of his discerning here tlu is easily the most .prominent Young now in running order, but the im- chi'e.t were tho. people who protested againsl2Ountry of tho future. Settling at Ed an interference with the liberty. in 1893 part the subject (which generally, it willnership with William Shorl. KX.. anonent was the oi' an "Old-timer" and one who has spent practically all Js life in the West: Since then the work of Mr. as a legislator and cabinet minister has been bfa very ligh order, constructive and progres- sive, while tin; administration of law which pertains tu his department has been frarless and well-directed. where, in Canada are the liquor laws more advanced, and nowhere better enforced, hi fart the province has es- tablished a in rthis. Much and widespread commendation was accord- ed the Attorney-General; upon 'the re- sult of the lumber combine prosecu- tion directed by him last year, while hi.s Compensation Act in the interests of the marks him as one oi the most advanced legislators in Canada. In All-Tta he won the commendation stud confidence of his people, while elsewhere hi Canada the vouthiul Attorney-General of Al- various parte at Montana, and again taken to Mac- other hand were people who.thought recreation in studying thM political 'leod Likewise The hide Inr iJij-tihe iaw JifiVc been-msdr oi 'animal stolen, with its brand as evi-versally binding, and no new vigor into tfie ranks of dencci of rightful ownership, was acMn made for local diffcre.nces of senn-young Liberals, founding the club of produced, a special silting of tho ment in the different provinces. berta is re I rominent in the Domiuion Saturday Xigh; To' He mav i us one oi the most tnep. in public lite Last year a writer in .lid of him: He is the in Canada. I'remier." court was ordered, and the trial wont the wise men viewing affairs from th-.- on after four years, ns though after centre, it. seems though the via hdwarci Island, the interruption of a few hours- media had been successfully found ft was a wait for a cattle tnief in the proviso as to the consent jf and an expensive proceeding at tint the Attorney General to any prosrcn- last the British law as- ndminiv tion. This secured each province Canada, with the exception of Priner Alrc.ndy in rural districts prohibition established. f--r provisions of Presbyterian Syno.1. LiecnsinK A all tho' tradition of' tlie Scotch h.'% bath, passed tlie iollowinc r.'splution -tinoi "This synod plao.-.s on roeord its ap-of A section an that. 710 license may tend in Alberta must be upheld, against vexatious interference with precision of the diligence shown ot This was the keynote of the depart- the wishes of the majority, tlu; ruent's action throughout and of law itself made it impossible for a npents. and it won for Alberta and its minority to defy the public opinion local administration genuine- tri- of those around them, or for an om- thore nrft.not 40 dis- uses within an area a half, cuts out the Ihti country, where opinion could exer- the Attornev General .'.f (his proper pul-n the Hon. Mr. C. W. and a n-strainm-.- .nfluonce. his suboHinate offiftials. or town r-ontains over socurinj; Ihrcujihout. ihe province llioljcoplf a soeond license cannot 500 be luite from United States Distric5'-plover, small or large, to take unjust enforcement oi the Day Act." granted._ Court Judge Hunt, who "presided :it odvantnpe of his workpeople. the extradition proceedings in Mon- Thi- has boon well illustrated Tlie absence of protest on whirh by the other side, nnd the fact that fAnn. heard A ju( 'inoic he paid, had never the history th'e work in this pro-railways have straightforward, open vince. In not more than half a continued the in tins province Uar. T work that had lu In the 10 districts tlie ppivinoe i.-i divided jir. and has closer provision ns to t-h has vastly ition of the work of "revising the Ordi- nances and converting them into pro- vincial acts, chief among which may be, named the Act Respecting Insane Persons, the Act Respecting Public Health, and the Liquor License Act. and the Corporations Taxation Act pro- viding the province with a source of of undoubted value and ex- cent, one which could not be made to draw upon the resources of the people of the province. Labor Legislation. As the workingman forms a large part oi the population of Alberta, it is but natural that a government, genu- inely concerned in the welfare of its people and pledged to advance the interests of all classes, should in its egislation keep the workingman in mind as well as other classes. This has been the case in Alberta, where luring tho firet session the Mechanics ien 'was passed to the great benefi artisans. During tlie past session two very mportant measures, consisting of th iiost advanced labor legislation, were out on the provincial statute books. The Workmen's Compensation Act was iiaiterned upon the most modem Aclj of a similar nature secured by- the abor party in Great Britain. It was introduced by Attorney General Cross in the legislature, and its passage shortly after secured to the workmen iood compensation for injuries rcceiv- .vi when at work in another's employ, fn one point it differed from the Brit- ish act: it did not include agricultural laborers in the enactment, which nat- urally should apply to industrial lab- or. The fight-hour bank-to-bank law, intrrxlueed by Hon. Mr.Gushing, made' proper provision for the regulation of working hours of miners, limiting the; length of time in which they might be] expected to work in the sunless mines. Much has been written about each of these acts and much is expected1 from them. They are peices of ad- vanced legislation in the interests of The Alberta Government has the hearty approval of the people of Alberta because its administration has been for the masses of the people. Apart from its liberal grants and businesslike administration of funds in the interests of Education, Agriculture and Public Legislation in the direct interests of .the people challenges the Admiration and the Imitation of every Province of the Dominion. In at least four Important Measures other Provinces have conceded to Alberta the undoubted praise of imitation. Some of the leading enactments of the present Government are RAILWAY TAXATION ACT by which Alberta already receives yearly a tax upon railway lines in the province, making them con- tribute an equitable share to the public exchequer. (Hon. Mr. Haul tain could have parsed: similar-legis- lation in the Territorial Government arid collected double the amount Alberta he did not do fc- CORPORATION'S TAXATION ACT by which Banks, IpsuranceJGompiahies arid other corporations deriving a revenue from the country are taxed. LAND TITLES (ACT, providing a vast improve- ment upon the old Act, among other things away with the acceleration clause in mortgages by which formerly tlie a could close it whenever the mortgagee 'defaulted in the payment of his interest. MECHANIC'S LIEN ACT, by which aworkinah's wages are secured to him by a simpler and quicker method than in any other Province ;.oL Canada. Within a few days of the failure to ;pay the case is tried.and disposed of. THE JDISTRICT outline to corresponding acts in otlierProvinces cpn- tains measures that ensure' miiich" greater sitnplicity and of procedure saving expenses to -the litigants. r THE ACT TAXING UNOCCUPIED LANDS; or lands outside of organized school districts is a direct blow at speculators who hold land in Alberta for future profit not for settlement. He is thus'niade 'A to contribute to the public revenue and the' amoiint 4] obtained in this way is applied solely to educational purposes. TELEPHONE LEGISLATION by which Alberta led the way in Canada in Government Ownership bf a Telephone System throughout tha'; whole province, in rural districts as well as centres of settlement. THE RAILWAY ACT, which provides that a Railway Charter lapses the moment the charter holders fail to carry out the obligations they under- took. This secures the interest of people against" irresponsible speculators while giVmg genuine rail- way builders a sound charter. THE WORKMEN'S COMPENSATION ACT, adapted from the Act in existence in -Great Britain provides that workingmen undergoing injuries inl'tHeir work shall be compensated by employers. The Act docs not apply to agricultural labor. THE EIGHT HOUR BANK-TO-BASK LAW provides for a working-day of reasonable length for men working underground in this province SOCIAL AND REFORM LEGISLATION includes among other things an Industrial School Act provid- ing a Reformatory for Juvenile Law-Breakers instead of a prison with contaminating influences. In Liqiior Legislation the restriction of licenses and ten o'clock closing law are proving strong forces against drunk- enness.