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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 8, 1908, Lethbridge, Alberta TUESDAY, UPTIMBCR t. Minister of Agriculture, Directs a Department Which With its Creameries, Poultry Stations, Stock and Grain Judging Schools, is Doing More for the SJWST IMPORTANT INDUSTRY AIDED AND ENCOURAGED BY GOVERNMENT, HAS A SYSTEM UNSURPASSED IN CANADA W. T. Flaky, Minister of Agriculture and Practical Farmer, Greatly Interests Hlmwlfln the Multitude of Works Aiding the Farmer Carried Out by His and Made Possible by the Generous Appropriations of the Only Province in Canada Which Provides a Live Stock I CommisskNMr to Aid Farmers in Marketing Stock. WitlT-ow acres, of ex- best and most productive laud iu the i iarttiug land in the Province world. This estimate .allows'for the'' of aaa all of it -within the.ruught eastern slope of 4he the Cypress and Porcupine others in. the north country. I JMow of this acres oi good .land iu Alberta scarcely 1 cent, has yet been broken and less than that is under cultivation. Allj of this land is in the grain belt; possibilities are obvious Uie niosf unheeding. To the minister of agri- culture and his assistants "its future is the spur and inspiration necessary in the good work they are doing. Starting out with a minister, a deputy and a couple of clerks in September, 1905, the deportment of agriculture one year later was fully organized; with at least 30 employees at work with men oi practical experience at the head of each section aud others actively eu- gaged in the field work of the depart- ment. Their programme was already plan- ned and being carried into execution- It is a formidable one designed to meet in the fullest way possible the needs of; thousands of new settlers, farming under conditions to them. The programme was evolved froni these by the govern- naeni_tp_ the heads of the department. "How can you best teach the thou-' sands of men coaling hi here who have not :yet had actual experience of iarrn- "How can yon best assist and 'en- courage the farmers coming here from Other conditions, where the rainfal was greater and the soil different, lor even the best of'farmers settling iu "a ntv; country have to unlearn m'ucl that they 'knew .Out of this has grown, the many admirable features of the department', workings. 'Well managed creameries, traveling dairies, stock-judging schools, poultry W.WMMWO acres ot land- still unbroken it will be eas- ly reeofniitd thai the first government Alberta had in the af ricultural in- lereets of'their people a oi rate'magnitude. But here again the men who were given power by the'Alberta ej in 1906 proved themselves capable of the task, and conscientious in the ful- filment of their liew duties. Premier Butberiprd and "his colleagues felt the imperative need existing to make now, at the' beginning, k solid basis for iarm work, which. Trill always IKJ the dominant industry of Alberta. The province rich beyond computation in agricultural wealth. The future of Alberta hes mainly with thft farmer. and recognising this 'the Rutherford government made of its depart- ment' of agriculture practically the aiost important branch of the civil administration. _ UnturfNMMd Encauragwmnt Farming., The freault has been that Alberta ex- eniplifies in a remarkable way state direction' and encouragement of agri- culture. .Nowhere in the world is there- more practiced recognition of the true importance of the farm and fanner in nation-building and nowhere naturally is the larmer in of Out of organized societies, a stronger fac- tor in the community as a wtiole. This.jMvemiuent has carried out to the letter avowed policy of 1905, when at the big "Liberal convention it was resolved "That inasmuch as tlie progress and prosperity of the province will depend almost entirely upon the development of the agricultural .and ranching in- uustriesj'.-t tlie provincial government should assist in every possible way, vhich ultur durin; terns Epeuse operating, loans ana advance payments 10 and particularly by the establishment of a system dairy instruction by en- couraging cheese factories, creameries, forestry and fruit growing, by assist- ing the farmers and farmers1 associa- tions to improve the breed of live stock of all kmda, by assisting agricultural fairs, by encouraging the full utilizk- tlon'of all farm 'products, and 'the pre-' paratiou of such products for the mar- ket in the mostlcoridensed and remun- erative form, by the collection and dissemination' among the farmers and ranchers of.tKe latest and fullest infor- mation -as to the best available mar- kets, and'.by extending to them every legitimate assistance in reaching those markets with the least possible loss of profit through excessive freight rates or the intervention "of middlemen." In1 1905! Premier Rutherford" ironi long residence and careful study was well aware of Alberta's agricultural possibilities, and searching about for a man qualified by knowledge and sympathy, to'direct this department in the farmers' best interests, his choice] fell upon Hon; W. T. Finlay; of Medi: cine Hat. For twenty-three years a rancher in Alberta, an active factor in the municipal organization of Medicine Hat and the development of that arid an experienced member of the Territorial legislature, Mr. Finlay seemed on the very face of things the man for the place. How honorably he has filled .that re- sponsible place, how sympathetic hie direction of the department has been is a matter of common and very pleas- ant knowledge throughout the pro.- vince. He has commanded in a mark- ed degree the confidence and esteem of the whole people as he has for many years enjoyed the respect and trust of people in the southern districts where for go many years his work has been before the people. Mr. Finlay coming into office togeth- er -with his deputy, George Harcourt B.Sc., set to work to organize a depart- ment from "which other could take lessons. As in the choice of a minister the selection of a deputy was made solely upon grounds of fit ness. As student and again profeeso at Guelph, Canada's leading agricul- tural college, as a successiul farmer in Ontario and again as editor of the Nor-West Farmer, and organizer of the field work of the Territorial depart- ment of agriculture, Mr. Harcourt hail a splendid record known to the farm- ers of the province before he began his work among them. From this it will be eeen the minister and his deptuy were capitally chosen, and as iite organization oi tlie oepartmem proceeded- the care was shown in the selection rof heads for the var- ious departments. "mis policy nas been maintained scrupulously down to tlie latest ap- of a live stock com- missioner; when a wide-awake, earn- est farmer was selected upon the re- commendation of a beef commission to assist farmers in ihu ad- vantageous marketing of their live stock. 'Upon this official falls the re- sponsible work of studying out th potssibmties of markets and buyer.-, at a distance and where necessary o arranging for several farmers to small shipments in order to secure better terms from transportation com panics and buyers. He will also mec and confer with the railway authorj ties on points affecting the farmer. fattening schools aud stations, graia do of the agricultural community comparison to the sum of the entire outlay ou agri- Torrilorial government year of office. The liU .of aa iuititutiou and the of ?v Iu Uie until its establish- uieut providing traiuspor- tatiou, etc., aro supplied to the rwho desire to attend such in Manitoba, Guelph or Ste. Aaue de Believe. At the timo the fidd work and institute work of the depkituieut is carried ou brously thU supplies to the euiirv arming community, old and young, naay- of ther :of scientifie rainiug obtained in agricultural col- leges.. tuccMtful Dairy Work. In just at a period wheu. the creameries Dy Federal" were about 'to be tbandoued by the latter authorities, the provincial goverumen I tooX them over _at the urgeui request of the t'ar uiers who owned tliein, and they have gucceasfully operated since dairy work of tlie province i in-, regard to this carried out eifoc- lively, but with regaru that IK) harikhip shall enfcue to ,iiew or poor settlers because of it. The chief grain inspector ,of Cauadu declared in 1906 that 12 1-2 por cent. of "all 'the grain pausing under iu- creameries .411 Advance payments to poultry stations )cstvuction of weeds wolf bounty Stock inspection... ?romoiipu' of dairy Promotion of sugar beet in- dustry... VUal, agricultural and other statistics Srandd T..... expenditure under Agricul- tural Society Ordinance sholarships to Agricultural Poultry industry G rant "ijoinmion" f ai r, Calgary The of weod Al- departs icut oi agriculture cuu-farniei's -afiord to cultivate, thresh ami trausport to market '12 1-2 per cent- of weeds in their graiu gives aii einph'atie .-aiLswer iu thij negative, Coutsequcntly it 'fights ou ut; agricultural, ai4d carried also iu ,AAI itineraiit, school iu car, ,'iaken from point to point during tiid' In this way the, dopartmeiit a to Jielp the farmer choosu Jtnd understand thorough- ly the'grading, of his grain." (Continued ou I'age Three.) I under the directiou of a Danish During J907, 45 creanierics were iu Of these 21 were operated "by the government, the co-operative- associations owuing iheui, and 24 managed by pri- vate enterprise. Eight cheese lactor- were aUo iii operatipn. The total outjput of the .creameries during the year was pounds of butter, 4 SOME BRANCHES OF WORK DONE BY THE DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE valued at the factories turned out pounds j of valued1 about I .curing me year ..nine and four cheese factories, were estab- ,1 invcitiga'ixm, ,jmo dustrv m- Immigration and colonization Provincial laboratory Game protection. Various grants to fairs Extension of .markets 500 Fruit experimental stations .1 500 Grjiiits to stock associations.. Experiments and investigations re crops Art item oi provides scholar- sh5p.s for.the of farmers who may bs of attending agricultural college. Thic will be continued and increased if- uece-ssary irom year to year until Alberta has its own agri- cultural college. Agricultural College. institution devoted to the train hit: 'of. youths in scientific farming is one of the things awaiting its turn for establishment, in a province of such HON. W. T. FINLAY, Minister of Agriculture. In a. province which contains over en. acres ot iVriile farmlai ind has agricultural it titting that "'nffJ young city. aking hi.? residence in Medicine lished. ,jv In addition "to, carrying on the op- a-ation of the 21 creameries aud gen- eral instruction >vwk -the government sent jdairiee >to a number oi where thei farmers wiite hot within reach' of .creameries or cheese factories. -.Lectures and prac- tical- demonstrations ;-vyere given, by the instructors in charge, dcahug with approved methods of farm butter.mak- Another- branch.of .the government dairy service, is encouragement of{ the and of asisociatious, hav- ing for' .their, improvement of dairy herds thrQuieh careful man- agement and selection.on the bases of actual milk! and vbutter yield. So thoroughly are. the farmers-'with the. government opera- tion of :creame'ries that requests lor the establishment of iiew cream- eries come in to; more speedily than, met. T' butter produced marketed out of the Yukon and thV to pre- vent jn ;local markets with the buUer by individual larmers and- "private This ot keeping up the price" "of the ex- cellence of 'm .government creameries iu all -ihroinglL the1 pro- vince. At the jdepartracnt's' annual convention .of'vbutfer all are v.elcoiue "as TvelV te of "gov- ernment the instruc- tive circulars got out for the benefit, of thei dis- tributed to all creameries. in those districts where ihere no creameries established :5.U'ayeliing i, dairy outftts11- arei'-sent aboutihe coun- n-yV muuiicd by will; fiirniers' whres to acquire. _a- practical t, knowledge of the most up-ta-.datttrnieth otls oi the creaiu' -.'s'eparatbr j and making butter. j' "Poultry One of the'newest also one ot the-most successful, of tiiis-xle- partment.'s work is the attention giv- en to poultry raising; The demand of the province lor very large and of thousands of ians worth ci poultry and eggs iiiive been yearly imported. -in tlie pact. The.-department wan to -to change this and make the local supply almost meet the demand. Hon. Mr. Finlay has given this matter his most sympathetic supervision, an expert has been placed in charge and so ex- CL-llent was the poultry bulletin pub- lished by the latter this year that an American Agricultural college has ord- ered a large number to -be used in their classes. Poultry fattening sta- tions are established at various points, thousands of birds are iattened yearly, and demonstration classes are conducted at all fairs with excellent rcsulto. Coyote bounties are given generously and will continue to the limit of the money at disposal, for the min- ister and his staff are as- sist in the destruction of "these nuis- ances and minimize their menace to WL 11A.T 1 t Irt L he has watched it develop from y Jt ai n ejection of shacks to a bright -Not only dairy work and pouKry ra nnv-p lhf> i: ntfpntinn and has been himself xecutive head of the Alberts Depart- 1 foremost in the work of development. meat of Agricuhurf should be a man vho had already made tlierc a suc- cess? of ranching and farming. Such i man was found in the W. Kin lay, of Medicine Hat. who. wlic-i Ho the first mayor of the nev: town and lie'has been ever since con- nected v.itii each public movement ni Medicine Hat. Alter hi? election nave the department's close attention. If there arc enthusiasts and experts in charge of these sections it is equ- ally true, that other enthusiasts are Iook''nc after the stock of the country. With liberal grants to as- to the Territorial 10 cnten'd the Rutherford cabinet in I ho soon won for himself ;i 1S05, had already won a Toputntwi jplac" of ronfidoncf: in the councils of as a sucessful rancht-r and thir-jtln teen years' in tlu- t'.irial legislature as nc Hat. i tin- Mr. Finlav was born at l.jsbnrn. hun men why tht-n directed the desti- of the. and in 1005 was felt right man lor place when question of a minister of figricul- aroso. Since assuming hi.s res frvland. in 1353. graduating while .siill dution, the Hon. "Mr. Kinlay with the keenest iii- -.t and mo.-t practical sjK'ndin.c ono yearlm'-nt the varied branches of his de- which in its relation to the larnier is one of the most important His depart- in his teens trom ihr Royal Kducn-jh lioual Institute of Belfast. He caiv.-r j f of Alberta i.-> genuine. with tape, goorl idea? om whatrver source and solely hi interests tne al larg; Hi cociations, oi hoisc, sheep and cattle and swine breeders; with stock-judg- ing schools the good -work is carried on. The range is bound to disappear in time, but with the improved sys- tem's of fattening stock, with the win- ter feeding and care, more and better rtock will eventually be raised by farmers in aggregate'than former- ly. Then. too. the supply can be main- tained the whole year round, ami shipments v.-iH not have to be rushed in the autumn when prices are low. The department with its real foresight tor the farmer's interest is helping for- ward the grading up stock and proper is time and energies are devotedYo on b-v thft Department to i.; work miniver, and. as is veryinoxioliti wmis to 1IP'Pr important in a man occupying care of Grain and Weeds. lly active campaigns are car- destroy grain seed for upon these depend the his sympathy with the farm- ging schools. inspection, inr-j. and speedy development the mere' Vast Amount of Work. fctations It has been computed that of Al-coyotes. berta's area of acres, Generous Outlay for Farmer. institute work, beiore the government natur- hail insurance, bountie.-, on press swiftly each other, and all are under the government's consideration oach awaits requirement, in point of necessity. tter oT niricultural college future of the grain growing of this province. The dry western climate is particularly favorable to the germ- ination weeds in spring, when it is most dangerous and nowhere in the world is there so active a battle as here against the weeds which have done HO much harm in Manitoba. A chief wood inspector and staff of local acres is land and Some idea oi much is water. Not all of this land is capabledircctly in the interests of agriculture JTr.e. of cultivation, but it hae been conser-in the province may be had from the is