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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 7, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, September 7, 1974 Egg management worse than admitted Criminal negligence The ramifications of the egg fiasco, as discussed by the two commentators on this page, go far beyond anything they have touched upon. Important as the internal issues may be to Canadians they are dwarfed by external considerations. This is a time of extremely grave shor- tage of food throughout the world. The reserves have dwindled to enough for only a few weeks and meanwhile the pop- ulation increase continues at a staggering rate. There are hosts of people who would have been glad to have been able to ac- quire some of the millions of eggs that have been allowed to go bad in Canada in recent weeks. They are the people whose diets are short on protein. Whatever the cause for the spoiling ot the eggs, such wastage must be avoided in the future. It is criminal negligence for this to happen in a hungry world. The Canadian delegation to the world food conference scheduled to meet in Rome in November will be embarrassed to be reminded of the destruction of the eggs. Their discomfort may be alleviated somewhat if the affair can be used to spur all nations to make greater eitorts to avoid waste of all kinds. Independence problems That the freedom fighters and their Portuguese have been able to reach agreement on independence for Mozambique so rapidly and with such amiability seems miraculous.. Not so long ago they were engaged in fighting with each other. Perhaps the spokesmen for the Front for the Liberation of Mozambique (Frelimo) realize that they might need thelielp of the Portuguese if inter tribal strife is to be avoided. Almost all the African states have been hindered in their development by tribal jealousies and hates. Mozambique has the same aotential problem. The largest tribal grouping, the Makua Lomwe. until recently at least, has had a history of resistance to the Makonde dominated Frelimo. It would be ironic if Frelimo should invite the Portuguese to lend military assistance in maintaining order. Another problem for independent Mozambique one that has also been ex- perienced by other African states is the shortage of educated and trained peo- ple for the administration of the country. An estimate from a guerrilla source in Dar es Salaam is that Frelimo has fewer than 200 people with a high school educa- tion and only a handful with university degrees. Help in this area is bound to be needed from the Portuguese, too. Independence also brings an awkward economic problem. The country's economy leans heavily on South Africa. If Frelimo follows through on com- mitments to help liberationists in South Africa (by permitting bases inside Mozambique, for instance) the Vorster government might negate the agreement to purchase most of the power produced by the Cabora Bassa dam on the Zambezi. The Economist recently called on liberals who have favored the speedy exit of colonialism from Africa to look at the mess it has produced- It is true that life for many Africans has not improved and may even have deteriorated following independence but there is not much that liberals can do about that except to ad- mit to having been mistaken about the time it would take for maturity to be achieved. At least the other colonial powers had the sense not to buck the yearning for independence which resulted in protracted warfare for the Portuguese with nothing to show for it in the end except a badly damaged economy. THE CASSEROLE The Saskatchewan branch of the Canadian Public Health Association wants seat belts in- stalled in all school buses, and if necessary an adult supervisor in every bus to see the belts are kept fastened. One suspects a lot of bus drivers would be very happy to see this development. Gerald Wood, a chemist from England by way of Canada, was admitted to the U.S.A. and hired as head of the air pollution control division of Colorado's health department, on the strength of his Ph.D. and a solid work record with the Ontario Research Foundation and Quebec's environment protection ser- vice. Then it was discovered that the institu- tion that granted his doctorate was un- chartered, and within a month he'd been dis- missed from his job and required to leave the U.S. So once again it's been shown that it's credentials that count, not the ability to do the job. The Committee for an Independent Canada is campaigning strongly against educational colonialism. Speaking to the annual conference of the Alberta Association of Con- tinuing Education in Banff recently, a C.I.C. spokesman pointed out that 75 per cent of all teaching staff hired by Canadian post- secondary institutions last year were non- Canadians, and that 95 per cent of the text- books used in Canadian schools were publish- ed outside Canada. And it was only a couple of weeks ago that a group calling itself Canadian Pool of Ph.D.s was formea. to in and get jobs for unemployed Canadian scholars. A new definition has been found for the female motorist: it is "a driver who does the same things a man driver does, and gets blamed for it." WEEKEND MEDITATION Not too long ago a Casserole Hem predicted that new licensing rules would make a great difference to the "quality" of the shows, ser- vices, etc., in clubs, lounges and other booze outlets. Seems the prediction was right on. It is reported that along Hollywood's Sunset Strip, all the waitresses now wear clothes: and The Strip used to be famous for its rows of nudie bars. The bottom, one might say. has dropped out of the skin scene, along with the top. Loneliness Next to boredom, loneliness is modern man's worst spiritual disease. Like boredom. it creates all manner of psychological problems which are expressed in tragic ways. It is quite different from solitude. Solitude is absolutely necessary to mental health. It has been said that if you are never solitary you are never religious. Thoreau at Walden was very solitary but he was not lonely. Jesus often went off irom the crowd, but he was not lonely when he did so. Loneliness was the first thing that railed not good. Vet in the deeper reaches of the soul everyone is ionely at some Jime jr other. A man found a little boy curled up by a creek, hugging his dog and weeping his heart ouJ Vainly the man tried to get cioser to him. talk {o him. coax him out of his sadness. The lad feH separated from parents, friends, and ihe whoJe world except his dog. Rupert Brooke was iraving Liverpool on a steamer. y ho iva> engulfed by Joneliness as he wiin fru-nds and family JH- relates. So 1 went hack on and found a dirty link bo> who imocTupied and said his name was William Will mr goodbye if I sive vou rf Mspcnre. William''" jsked sure replied William So as Iei1 on the bodi the last thine he -.aw was William waving and railing to him Brooke -cratei'illy 'So 1 got mv FIX- .'snd nr. f-arewell 'Irar William'" x is born ol diiferrnl reuses is ihe loneliness of SIP as -Aden his brother and be' amc a wanderer on hf- earth Therf is 1h" loneliness of tTK-1 as ivh'-n Mar> in 1hr garden Aas gone TVrf- 1> the of iikf thai of .lijda-. went oui an-J it was ngh1 There i1 1n" Mjfftnrig thai oi How remote ni> friends hi-, loo" There is ine s of h Me But is not confined to am .-uje or prmjji chiatnst. Dr. T. M Line rail.- of the major social evils oj i doubledly.it is. Sometimes r engulfing. Loneliness may be the egocentricity. of looking inside instead of outwards, of being sell and self pitying. It may be the consequence i la'-1 "5 dedication On the othor hand r ronsequenreof a Jesus He -it- forsake me and nv alone for the Father is vnJb rnv This is the only cure lor ihr mvery of Ciod. or rather, being ou. and who goes T.OU into the deepest of your Franns Thompson in The Vr that everyone has a CT.'T- which is open to God In 7nan meet So the -aid "A man's religion is wlw' red hi -.a vuih PRAYER: Corne to ns, O God. when others leave us and life is bare and H :.r the burden of loneliness is jusl too murh io carry. Come to us and speak words ol courage and give us that peace which the world cannot give or take away, that joy that as in the pain of loneliness. F S M By Richard Gwyn, Toronto Star commentator OTTAWA "Hogwash She (Food Prices Review Board Chairman Beryl Flumptrei has a lot to learn about the egg industry She had better get her facts straight, or I will get out my axe." Agriculture Minister Eugene Whelan. "Egg production will be well above needs for several months unless drastic cuts are made Much under- reporting has occurred since the advent of (production) quotas At current retail levels the demand for eggs is expected to improve." Outlook, August, 1974, monthly report of the Department of Agriculture. Eugene Whelan's first problem is that he doesn't read the publications of his own department at least before he speaks. His second problem is that he knows a great deal about farming, and much less about administration. His third problem is that he's talking through his straw hat. The egg mess is far worse than has yet been admitted. The national body, the Canadian Egg Marketing Agency has confessed to burying nine million surplus eggs that went rotten: the final loss will be close to 12 million eggs. Mismanagement also has put the agency million or more in debt. The loss supposedly will be recovered by a levy on egg producers but because the market price is protected by import controls the deficit can easily be passed straight on to consumers. Finally, no matter what is done, over-production will continue for months: Canada's laying hen population should be about 24 million; it is 28 million. What are the causes of most of these problems? The provinces, led by cheated Ontario, under-reporting their actual production to evade quotas; excess prices incited over-production. These factors were identified by Mrs. Plumtre's board away back in January, in a report on the egg industry that the board staff calls "Egg One." Egg One recommended a cut in egg prices, greater control by the federal marketing agency over provincial agencies and "i don't know much about eggs Mr. Whelan but I know what's Cabinet feud over egg board dangerous By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA The open conflict between of Agriculture and Consumer fairs may not be entirely to the Ciovern- ror j somewhat curious reason. By tackling the for- midable Eugene Whelan. Andre Ouellet has at least managed to identify himself to the Canadian public, which may well be important for a Minister virtually un- known outside his native province. is not to suggest that Mr. Ouellet had any such pur- pose. In view of the current uproar over the operations of me Canadian Egg Marketing he probably had little in the matter. The ti-ud in other respects 'inly be embarrassing. For while the Prime Minister has occasion been singular- !v tnierant of disagreements cabinet colleagues. i-j-t particularlv is from re- '-I- thai eggs j emotional content persons who f.oifi opinions latterly ex- on the subject of eggs to exceed by a vfide 'be number who have views on such sub- !fire i-- op in P'. i s to hdvt- r'anoe in the should r IT each interrsl We the '.imer Jriend. Mr Whelan. ine r 'mourner's jnend. Mr. industry's fnend. 'jb'fi inend. ".he fishermen's tfl ,7 rarelv Iha1 of th" Consumer v'roncer than their rc'-cn? exchanges Messrs Whelan have httrd the political level what began as a quarrel belwccn Mrs. Plump! re's board and Uic egg marketing agency. Bui there is this dif- ficulty. that both are crazy unusual byt being restraints i.ver here There has the vears. some not enough. r.iove'! J think lor somewhere- to have her kittens! colleagues, including Mr. Ouellet. responsibility for set- ting up the Food Prices Review Board and presumably resented, in com- with other Ministers, the former criticism that its task was to deflect criticism from the Government. In the same way. Mr. Ouellet shares in the collective Ministerial respon- sibility for the board's ex- istence and mandate. The difficulty is the more acute because the two Ministers must also share with their colleagues respon- sibility for an early decision on the future of the Food Prices Review Board. Will it be permitted to expire at the end of December or will it be given a new mandate: possi- bly for a term that it would en- able Mrs. Plumptre or a successor to enlist more ade- quate staff? is obvious that the differ- ences between the two Minis- are not minor. Mr. Whelan concedes that some mistakes have been made by an agency breaking new ground. But he is adamant that the basic idea is sound. The Board, however, is levell- ing fundamental criticisms, charging that the concept un- derlying the marketing board structure has permitted the hoards Jo "mismanage rather 'h.in manage ihe industry" irni led lo excessive !n the Whelan view the Board and its chairman are eai3iy of "saying wild nl picturing CEMA "as some kind of monster or a huge heartless monopoly." Its "ins- experts" are kicking when it is down and i4 appears, urging the _ which lend lo chaos. M this is ine Government's view, presumably the Food Prices Board must be put out of busi- ness as soon as possible. But in the Oiicllcl view, the JJoard has done a service by constructive criUrism as it was intended lo do TV msrJieliiig system is rot working properly, the s should be laken seriously and Mr. Whelan should take steps to bring down the price of table eggs. U this is the Govern- ment's view, it would seem important to renew the man- date of the Food Prices Review Board. The differences cannot be glossed over by Mr. Whelan's geniality or Mr. Ouellet's assurance that he will be dis- cussing the egg report with his friend and colleague. Discussions certainly are in order but it is normal practice for these matters to be decid- ed in the privacy of the cabinet. What then emerges is policy. If this is unacceptable to a Minister he is free, of course, to join others who have already made it to the back benches. As already noted Mr. Trudeau has sometimes taken a rather casual view of Ministerial waywardness. But it is one thing for Mr. Cover to dream dreams about mam- moth future developments in northern Alberta: visions which few people take very seriously. It is quite another to have an egg war in the federal cabinet, the subject matter being notoriously deli- cate and of direct interest not only to producers but to every housewife in the country. LETTER expansion of its board of directors to include consumers and representatives of the processing industry. Egg Two, published last month, repeated the analysis, and the recommendations, in stronger language. The industry, it said, was in a state of "chaos and waste." Whelan's reply was "hogwash." Mrs. Plumptre's counter-reply was; "The truth hurts." The full truth is more painful still. In the eight months since Egg One, neither Whelan nor the then consumer affairs minister, Herb Gray bothered to discuss the report with the board. Despite its problems, the Canadian Egg Marketing Agency itself represents an important idea: "supply management" of a farm product, matching supply with demand to insure fair returns for farmers and stable prices for consumers. A comparable agency exists for turkeys. One will be established for broiler chickens, and others may be formed for apples, potatoes, hogs. Supply management isn't easy. Farmers traditionally are independent. They belong to provincial marketing agencies that, in the case of eggs, have protected their own producers by restricting competitive imports from other provinces. The Canadian Egg Marketing Agency's present structure is a recipe for impotence: Ottawa pays the final piper (up to million worth of eggs bought up for foreign the provinces call the tunes on prices and production. Unlike Humpty-Dumpty, the agency can be put together again. A board of directors' meeting this week will agree on the basis of a formula for measuring provincial egg production that can be matched against quotas. Whelan has promised, though just how remains vague, to "centralize authority" in the agency. Untouched are key recommendations of the prices review board, including public reporting by the marketing agency, of key decisions, consumer representation on its board of directors and an end to government "intervention pricing" that left prices high despite over-production. Mrs. Plumptre hopes to come back to these points in Egg Three. She may not have time. The board's mandate ends in December. The government hasn't yet said, or decided, whether the board would continue. The ironic consequence of Whelan's attacks is that the board now probably will be. and should be. maintained in some form or other. Most of her time Mrs. Plumptre has been on the receiving end of criticism, from press, public and parliamentarians. The wind now is blowing behind her. and plainly she's enjoying the change: "It's my job to tell the facts. I'm going to tell the facts until my job ends." Not that Mrs. Plumptre herself has changed. For consumers searching for hope, she has none. "Feed grain prices are soaring. That means that the cost of eggs will go up again." Potato growers program We note with interest stories by Russell Oughtred entitled Diesel tractor is peasants' hope, and Workers not cheap. The Herald, Aug. 30. In the first story the article suites in part "a trial import labor scheme underwritten by members of the province's fresh vegetable commission." and in the second article "The import labor scheme organiz- ed by the AJberJa Fresh Vegetable Commission." Just to separate fact from fiction. The Herald's reporter rnd readers should be aware that the entire program was requested and organized by the Alberta Potato Commis- sion and the Alberta Potato Growers Association in con- junction with Canada Man- power Centre. Calgary. At no lime was the Fresh Vegetable Commission involved in this labor movement. L. G. JORGENSON SECR HTT Y-M A N ACER '-I.8ERTA POTATO COMMISSION Calgary The Uthbridge Herald TThSl S LflMruJge. Alberta GE HEfJALO OO HO Proprietors and Second Ciatt Mail Registration No 0012 cieo MOWERS, DON M PM.UNG Managing Editor DQNW.OH OORAV General Manager F MILES Mvwtistng Manager DOUGLAS K WALKER Editorial Page Editor WOSEflT U FENTON Oir-julalion Manager KENWETM E BARNETT Business Manager "THE HERALffSERVES THE SOUTH" ;