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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 7, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, September 7, 1974 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 29 Dakota tests seeks chemical alternative FARGO, N.D. (AP) Researchers at North Dakota State University have started a project aimed eventually at eliminating the need for chemical control of agricultural insect pests. Researchers Dr. Robert A. Bell and Dr. Thomas K. Borg say they believe they even- tually can find an effective alternative to such chemical insecticides as DDT. Dr. Bell is research en- tomologist at the U.S. depart- ment of agriculture's metabolism and radiation laboratory at the university, and Dr. Borg is associate professor of zoology and an electronmicroscopist. Dr. Bell said the investiga- tion is focusing on the brain of the tobacco honeyworm which he said is ideally suited for the research because it is relatively large and is similar to other insect pests. Dr. Bell said it has been dis- covered there are reservoirs ot hormones in the brain of the honeyworm which control Oil firms total development of the insect. "These hormones tell the insect, for example, when to shed its old shell and produce a larger one and when to go into its dormant phase of diapause, enabling it to sur- vive winter. "If we can discover the hor- mones that control molting diapause, we will be able to apply the hormones to prevent the development of these pest he said. Dr. Bell said by creating a false diapause in summer and bringing the insect out of it in the winter, the research might ultimately lead to a method for freezing many agricultural pests. Dr. Borg said the use of hor- mone control of pest insects would have many advantages over chemical control. of all. you won't have the persistence problem that you have with insecticides. Today, when you spray a field with a chemical pesticide, it remains there for years. "It's also getting increasingly difficult to get poisons registered for field use, and insects are readily adapting resistence to the new chemicals. This would not be a problem with hormonal control." Sawmill layoff VICTORIA (CP) British Columbia Forest Products Ltd. has announced it will lay off 70 men from its Victoria plywood plant within 10 days. The layoff is scheduled for Sept. 16 but will take effect Sept. 9 if a strike by Inter- national Woodworkers of America truck drivers con- tinues through the weekend. On Wednesday, 150 truck drivers went on strike and stopped hauling veneer and wood chips, putting 900 saw- mill employees out of work in the Duncan-Nanaimo area of Vancouver Island. arraigned Small town fights NEW YORK (AP) Seven major oil companies were in- dicted, arraigned and pleaded not guilty this week to charges that they ''engaged in arrangements in restraint of trade'' to drive out indepen- dent dealers during the recent gasoline shortage. A platoon of lawyers repre- sented Exxon. Mobil, Gulf, Texaco. Amoco, Shell and Sunoco during the brief proceeding before Acting Justice George Roberts in Manhattan Supreme Court. Three of the Mobil and were charged and pleaded not guil- ty to agreeing to thwart open bidding in the sales of gasoline to governmental agencies. The indictments were hand- ed up by a special Manhattan grand jury empanelled after an investigation conducted by state Attorney-General Louis Lefkowitz. Justice Roberts adjourned the case until Sept. 9. Satellite moves mail LOS ANGELES (AP) The first domestic mail tran- smitted by a United States space satellite was sent from New York to Los -Angeles amid much ceremony. Post office and Western Union officials said regular mailgram traffic using Western Union's Westar satellite is planned for the end of this year. The public can send a mail- gram by calling toll-free num- bers which reach Western Un- ion's central telephone bureaus, where messages are handled electronically. Businessmen can send a mailgram on teleprinters and high-volume users can put their lists on computer tape for transmission. The service provides next- day delivery through the post office Aussie inflation SYDNEY (AP) A small town on the southeast coast of Australia is tired of the coun- try's soaring inflation, so businessmen and consumers have joined in a private war to keep prices down. Angered by Australia's 14- per-cent annual inflation, the businessmen of Bateman's Bay 150 miles south of here are slashing prices, while other residents join in to keep the businessmen's costs down. When outside suppliers raise their prices to the town of 375. they're being grilled for explanations of why the increases are necessary. "I'm giving 10 per cent off everything in my said Doug Drinnan, a drapery and cloth dealer in the town. "I'm really just cutting down on my profit instead of taking an actual loss, but I'm prepared to accept a loss, too. as my personal contribution to the effort." One garage owner dropped the price of gas by one cent a gallon for a day. Another gave a 10-per-cent reduction on lubrications to steady cus- tomers. At the eight-unit Motel Ba- tehaven. owner Lance Smith is offering a two-per-cent dis- count on the bill if guests switch off lights and appli- ances when they leave their rooms. Paul Thomas, who operates a Bateman's Bay club, says some residents work their lunch hours to improve the products and services they provide. Eleven businessmen started the inflation-fighting cam- "Think of Oth- weeks ago. They have been publicizing it through newspaper adver- tisements, and Smith is vis- iting politicians and econom- ics experts in search of sup- port. Dr. Viv Hall of the Univer- sity of Sydney advised Smith that large corporations, un- ions and government would have to co-operate to make a voluntary anti-inflation cam- paign succeed. But Overseas Trade Minis- ter Jim Cairns praised the town for "choosing to give up inflationary expectations and behavior." 'Economic ignorance behind misunderstanding' TORONTO (CP) A newly- formed national organization says most Canadians have trouble understanding public issues because they do not know enough about economics. The Canadian Foundation for Economic Education wants to do something about it. Dr. Freeman Stewart, the groups' first president, said this week that some of the issues people have difficulty understanding include inflation, unemployment, regional disparities and foreign" investment. He said this lack of under- standing can hurt financially because of poor decisions by individuals. The foundation has launched a national program to im- prove public understanding of such issues. Co-operatives to enlarge warehouses EDMONTON (CP) Federated Co operatives Ltd. has announced it is spending more than S5.500.000 to expand warehouse space in Calgary and Edmonton. The expansions will include truck bays, boxcar unloading docks and cold storage facilities and are scheduled to be finished next vear. The crowning touch This crown-like structure inching up tne CN Tower in Toronto is 350 tons of pod structure that will be the forms of the concrete- base for a three-storey pod at the level. Forty-five cables have lifted the forms into place, inch- by-inch, taking eight days. Two months will be needed to pour the first-storey, a restaurant. Above it will be an open-air, screened observation deck. Builder shortage casting dark clouds over industry OTTAWA (CP) A shor- tage of skilled building tradesmen has been casting one of the few dark clouds over the booming construction industry lately and contrac- tors warn that the problem will continue for some time yet. In British Columbia, con- tractors are seeking 300 to 400 American carpenters to work in this country. Ironworkers are also being imported and some unskilled men are being hastily instructed to fill gaps. But the shortage, which has led B.C contractors to pay higher wages to tradesmen than those recently agreed to after a nine-week strike, is a general problem across the country. The cyclical instability of the industry, which leads to surpluses of labor and un- employment at some periods and shortages at other times, discourages the entry of young workers into construction trades, industry spokesmen say. George Durocher. man- power resources director of the Canadian Construction Association says the job_ insecurity that results must be overcome by an attempt to iron out the in- dustry's dips and peaks. He foresees shortages of some trades until at least 1976. The problem has led to rut-throat competition among some companies for tradesmen, he says. Chuck Connaghan. president of the B.C. Construction Labor Relations Association, is even more pessimistic. "For the next two. three or five years we'll be facing a terrible shortage of skilled tradesmen." he said recently. "The work force is getting older and not enough young people are coming in." Figures compiled by the CCA, show that since 1951 three times as many tradesmen have been im- ported into the country than have been trained here. That includes occupations such as carpenters, plumbers and electricians. Even the relatively high wages paid to skilled building tradesmen, which in some cases hover about the 310-an- hour mark, have not enticed more people into the industry. Long training periods, coupled with seasonal nature of work and the boom-and- bust cycle have offset the promise of high wages and prevented an adequate number of potential craftsmen from entering ap- prenticeship. Unions find themselves in another dilemma. If too many tradesmen are in the labor force, there will be a surplus of workers in slow periods with resulting higher un- employment and lower ear- nings. That situation could reduce their bargaining power. In a July report, the Eco- Council of Canada also notice to the cyclical na- ture of the industry and its ef- fect on skilled manpower. The council proposed government incentives to in- dustry to promote construc- tion during low periods and levies on companies to deter building in boom times. Differences surface at women's conference OYwrTerm) GUARANTEED SAVINGS CERTIFICATES Interest payable monthly, quarterly, or compounded to maluilly. Member Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation Depositors can purchase Olympic coins FARMERS 4 MERCHANTS TRUST 309 7th Street S., Lethbridge Phone 329-5549 Bond lottery may boost sales Fm TORONTO (CPi Some ToronJo business analysts say a lottery based on Canada Savings Bonds might be an attractive means of increas- ing bond sales and reducing redemptions. Caroline Silsbury of McLeod. Young. Weir and Co. Ltd said a lottery is "not von- dignified." but because it rnighJ help slop redemptions she would buy a bond to par- Ijcipate in such a lottery. She noted that, unlike oilier lotteries, if a person doesn't win on one draw the "ticket" is good for the next draw. The ticket ts still a bond and can be redeemed for cash. The penalty for redemption is that the holder is oul of the lottery. G. Leigh Skene of Fry Mills Spcncc Ltd.. said that "with a reasonable coupon a bond lot- ten- might be attractive He noted the success of a similar plan in the British Post Office and the popularity of toe cur- rent Canadian Olympic lot- teries. Another analyst said that with Ihe bonds available in denominations as low as a perpetual lottery ticket at that price would be a bargain. He suggested that instead of prirxs. the lottery should pay a single prize each day of the year. OTTAWA (CP) Fun- damental differences are sur- facing among delegates to a United Nations conference on women's rights which began here Wednesday. While all delegates agree on desired ends, cultural raise: are making ii difficult v; reach agreement on means. "Indonesian women look at life beyond the self." says Philippine delegate Leticia Shahani. "They want rights and equality, but not at the ex- pense of their husbands or children. Western women are more militant." The philosophic conflict, she says, arises from the deep- rooted differences between in- dustnamed and less- developed nations. Women do not want to come forward and complain about employers not extending ma- ternity leave in less developed nations, because they might lose their job due to the high rate of unemployment. Mrs. Shahani said. The Mali delegation told the conference of backward cus- toms :r .heir country, which j'uli the court rulings. in Mali, a woman's pride would not allow her to go to court to win recognition for an illegitimate child. Further- more, the courts do not recognize the children of un- wed mothers. However Florence Bird, a Canadian delegate and chairman of the royal com- mission on the status of women, said in an interview that all the countries will benefit by Ihe discussions, and that some "may be helped by our experiences." LETHBRIDGE PRIME SPACE Professional Bldg. 740-4th Avenue South Office of your own nquinwints 490-7000 WJ. ft. Air tor information contact PAHUUE CONSTRUCTION LTD. 402 Professional Bldg. Phone 327-4747 Chrysler expects auto repricing DETROIT (AP) -Chrysler Corp. said Friday it would have little choice but to raise prices several times during the 1975 model year on top of an expected to introductory price boost this fall. Company Chairman Lynn Townsend said there would be "repricing, probably several' Brokers tighten on credit TORONTO (CP) The 300- member Dominion Chartered Customs House Brokers Association is tightening up on credit to importers for pay- ment of import duties and sales and excise taxes. "The situation has been get- ting entirely out of William Kearns, president of the association's 60-mernber Toronto division, said in an interview this week. The association asked im- porters, through adver- tisements in Toronto and Montreal, to make advance payments to customs brokers for outlays involved in the release of shipments from customs. The brokers charge about two per cent of the shipment value to arrange for release from customs, delivery and tracing where required. They say they have to borrow large sums to pay import duties and other taxes, often waiting a month before being reimburs- ed by the importer, -We're talking of about million a said Mr. Kearns. He said most customs brokers have accounts out- standings of at least Mr. Kearns said the national association made a similar appeal a year ago and the initial response was "but the importers began to slip." Hurricane warnings out MIAMI. Fla. (AP) Hurricane Carmen moved sluggishly north from the southern Gulf of Mexico today and forecasters advised residents of a wide swath of the Gulf Coast to keep aware of the storm's movements. "A hurricane watch may be needed for a portion of this coastline forecaster Paul Hebert said late Thurs- day at the U.S. National Hurrican Centre in Miami. Carmen, with sustained winds of 90 miles an hour, was about 130 miles north northwest of Merida. Mexico. times, during the model year" as long as costs continue to rise. Unlike General Motors and Ford Motor Co., Chrysler hasn't said exactly how much it plans to increase prices this fall, but Townsend said the boost will be "right in the ballpark" with the firm's two chief competitors. GM has said its new prices would be going up a record or nine per cent on new models. Ford has set a ten- tative or eight-per-cent increase on its 1975 models. Townsend. appearing at a news conference at the con- clusion of a three-day media preview of new models, in- dicated Chrysler would con- tinue its practice during the current model year of im- plementing frequent small price increases as costs go up. The firm raised prices on 1974 models in eight moves in a departure from past practice of increasing prices only once, at model introduction time. Townsend said final prices would be announced within a few weeks, before the scheduled Oct. 1 date for new models to go on sale. He said the company was moving up its price announce- ment so dealers could sell the new vehicles this month, and so Chrysler could remain competitive with GM and Ford which are letting dealers sell new models as soon as they receive them, rather than wait for planned introduction dates. Calling the auto industry a victim, rather than a cause, of rising prices. Townsend said an introductory "price increase of perhaps to is very modest indeed." in that the company has ab- sorbed unrecovered costs of S595 a vehicle over the last three years. He said per vehicle unreco- vered costs in the last nine months aione have averaged S390. including a increase in steel and a S112 rise for fed- erally-mandated safety and emissions equipment, OFFERS ROAD The University of Alberta's postgraduate course in road engineering, established in 1956. was the first of its kind in Canada. H. H. Smith Ltd. Customs Broker COUTTS Home Office Phone 344-3822 SOUTH FOREMOST MUTUAL TELEPHONE CO. TELEPHONE POST AUCTION SALE 11 Miles South of FOREMOST, ALBERTA SATURDAY, SEPT. P.M. Hiring been favoured Witt) from the ot the South Foremost Mutual Telephone Co. we will otter tor the following as listed below, which is merely s guide and in no way a warranty or guarantee to condition or sge and is subject to deletions, errors or minor changes as you may find them the day o? the sale. Terms: Cash the day ot the Sale, with settlemem in full before re- from 1600 TREATED POLES art) SALE CONDUCTED BY HANDLEY AUCTION AND ENTERPRISES LTD. BOX 105, COALDALE. ALBERTA For further information phone or the owner AUCTIONEERS: LesHandMy lie. Ho. 010120 Fred Burton tic. iv. 005615 Roger Handley U. Rto. 010121 ;