Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 7, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
18 THE LETH3RIDCE HERALD Friday, September 7, W3 Attendance no problem here Campus contests Oops who put the tape on the pillows? What could have been a hilarious party trick was really an equally funny frosh activity. The pillows are attached by two-sided tapes and the objective of the game is to wiggle the pillows off. At the College Mall Thursday, student Rosalind outwiggied Dr. K. V. Rcbin, Lethbridge Community College dean of instruction, :rt an administration-student pillow-wiggle contest. Below, stu- dents swing out to the sounds of the bobby sock-greaser days of the fifties. LCC frosh activities continue tonight at the Beer Garden on the exhibition grounds. Understanding of alcoholism given seminar first-nighters By DAVID B. ELY Herald Staff Writer Norman Briscce has no prob- lem getting people to attend his seminar on drinking and driv- ing. The moderator of the Alber- ta Alcoholism and Drug Abuse Commission's impaired driving project, Mr. Briscoe conducts a four-part seminar for the bens- fit .of persons who have been convicted of impaired driving. Those who attend the courts do so at the suggestion of the provincial judge. Taking the impaired driving course usual- ly means a healthy reduction in the fine levied for the of- fense. Occasionally, if the judge feels a parson's drinking- and-driving problems are very serious, he will give the offen- der no choice but will order him to take the course. The purpose of the course, says Mr. Briscoe. is not to fur- Lethbridge wortt qualify for improvement program Lethbridge apparently does not have any run-down neigh- borhoods large enough to be included in the National Hous- ing Act's neighborhood im- provement program, says Mayor Andy Anderson. An agreement was recent- ly signed between Cfenteal Mortgage and Housing Cor- poration and the provincial government making Alberta the first province to partici- pate in the new program. It offers both grants and loans from CMHC to assist municipalities to upg r a d e their older residential neigh- borhoods. Proposals have al- ready been made under the program for the Inglewood- Ramsey neighborhood in Cal- gary and the Canora neigh- borhood in Edmonton. "At this point I don't think we could pick out a total community area for rehabili- said Mayor Ander- son. He said the downtown area slated for redevelopment was the most deteriorated in the city but that not more than half a dozen homes there would have been worth res- toring. The mayor said the new program seemed to be a good one, but he hopes eventually individual residential units would be eligible for assist- ance. Under the program, low and moderate income homeown- ers in neighborhoods selected for improvement can get as- sistance to ensure their dwel- lings meat acceptable stand- ards. Money is also available to landlords for improving ren- tal accommodation in such a neighborhood providing they agree the improvements will not result in higher rents. Some million in federal funds has been reserved for Alberta under the program which is aimed at preventing the bulldozer approach to re- development of older residen- tial areas. Tourist registrations at city booths An increase of over 9.000 registrations at tourist infor- mation booths in the city was .recorded this summer compared to last summer. Figures released today by the Travel and. Convention As- sociation of Southern Alberta show that for the period May 15 to Sept. 3. 1973, peo- ple registered at the two infor- mation booths, while last year, registrations in the same psriod totalled 20.181. This year, the psoplp arrived at the booths in 9.9S3 cars. 7.140 of which had out- of-province licence plates. In 1972, cars were counted, with bearing out-of-province plates. Frank Smith, executive vice-president of the associa- tion said today part of the in- crease could be attributed to the longer hours of opera- tion at the booths but he esti- mates there was a 10 to 12 per cant increase in tourist traffic this year compared to 1972. He said only a small per- centage of tourists stop at an information booth, possibly only 5 psr Cent. "In all my travelling. I've only stopppad once and that was out of Smith said. University text books held up by rail strike Blood quota passed Students attending the Uni- versity of Lethbridge are ex- periencing some difficulty in getting textbooks as a result of the national rail dispute. Larry Long, manager of the campus book store said Thursday. The biggest problem is taxt books that have not previous- ly been used at the univer- sity, said Mr. Long. Students are able to buy second-hand books where text books being used this year have not changed from past years, he said. Mr. Long said that the major problem has been in re- ceiving orders that were placed during the latter part of July and early August. There is always some diffi- culty in obtaining books at this time of year because of repeat orders needed A'hen enrolment in specific courses has been underestimated. But he said that over and above that there is "quite a back log of books." Mr. Long pointed to an order from a Toronto pub- lisher as an example. The order was placed Aug. 25 and normally it could be expected to arrive at the bookstore in a week to 10 days. The order still has not arrived, he said. "The shortage has created some difficulty for said Mr. Long. With the short sem- ester system it is important we receive the books. If we don't get them then the stu- dents will suffer, he said. The Lethbridge blood donor clinic topped its fall quota by 52 pints as the three-day clinic came to a close Thurs- day. The three-day total was pints as 370 persons gave blood during the final day. The quota was 950 pints. Eleanor Holroyd, clinic secretary told the Herald today that it was an excellent clinic. "This was a wonder- ful fall clinic for Lethbridge and district. The fall clinic is usually hard to fill because children are just coming back from holidays and their blood count is down and it is usually difficult to get farmers at this time of year." she said. Mrs. Holroyd said that as a result of the clinic, blood supplies should be built up to an adequate level. "Unless there arc she said, "'this puts us on an even ther punish the offenders, but to bring about a change in atti- tudes toward drinking and driv- ing- Most people are sour at first, Mr. Briscce observed, but us- ually soften before the end of the four-week seminar. At Thursday's session In the provincial court room, alco- holics and alcoholism were ex- plained. Norm Cowie, regional director of the alcoholism and drug abuse commission and guest lecturer of the evening, assured his audience that "we are certainly not trying to class any of you as alcoholics." The impliea t i o n s of alcoholism, though, he said, are far-reach- ing. From six to 12 people are af- fected by -each case of alcohol- ism, Mr. Cowie said. "Alcohol- ism doesn't happen in a vac- uum." he said. "No one can say. 'My drinking isn't hurting anyone but me.' He described alcoholism as "any uss of alcohol creating in- creasingly serious problems in family, business or social life." One of the problems encoun- tered in dealing with alcohol- ism, a treatable disease, is im- "The idea of an alcoholic be- ing a skid road bum is far from the he said. "Only about nine per cent cf the coun- try's alcoholics are in skid road conditions. Fifty per cant are fully employed, and another 35 per cent are partly employed." Mr. Cowie described the de- velopment of alcoholism, from increasingly heavy social drinking to an utter depen- dence on alcohol for day-to-day living. The result of prolonged and unchecked alcoholism is moral and ethical degeneration and the decay of family and so- cial life. Ultimately, the alcoholic who doesn't receive help can an- ticipate ill health, insanity, im- prisonment or death. Mr. Briscoe toid the group that 08 p2r cent of all fatal accidents hsppen directly or in- directly because of alcohol. The financial toll of impaired driv- ing to the country is nearly four times as much as burglar- ies. Twenty per cent of fatal accidents are emotion-related, and 11 cent result from stress. Either of these latter two combined with alcohol makes the matter more com- plex, he said. "If you feel like going out for a beer, take a cab." he advised. "If you have a drinking friend, tell him to take a cab, or go with him and have a cup of coffee instead." A World Health Organization Film. To Your Health, shown at Thursday's session, de- scribed the effects of alcohol on the brain, nervous system and other parts of the body. The film also pointed out that one of the basic factors contributing to alcoholism is the dependence, of society upon alcohol for so- cial life." Alberta is the only province in Canada which operates the impaired driving project. The provincial coroner, Dr. M. M. Cantor, feels this project has had a .major impact in reduc- ing the number of alcohol-re- deaths on Alberta high- ways. Beware usually friendly ,y animals acting CJ vicious or usually cranky animals acting docile as specimens to be tested for the deadly virus pour in By GEORGE STEPHENSON Herald Staff Writer Although the incidence of reported and clinically con- firmed_ cases of rabies has been increasing every year, it poses no greater danger to people now than years ago. Dr. Bill Dorward, a rabies specialist at the Animal Dis- eases Research Institute, says if people use common sense when approaching ani- mals there is little possibility they will be exposed to rabies virus. People coming in contact with wild animals must be aware if they are acting un- characteristically. If animals, not known to be docile, sud- denly become passive and friendly they should be avoided, Dr. Dorward says. Passivity in certain ani- mals can be just as much a symptom of rabies as the viciousnerfc and "mad dog" manifestations commonly at- tributed to rabies. Dr. Dorward also points out, although there is an in- crease, over the years, of rabies cases, there has also been a great increase in the submissions of animals for testing. Record The ADRI, which houses one of the three rabies test- ing labs in Canada, tested a record number of snimals last month the majority bats. On Aug. 28 three tests proved positive and one week later two more bats proved to be rabid. Since the first three posi- tive tests, the ADRI rabies lab has received a large number of submissions from the Southern Alberta area as well as regular submissions from its other areas. Cow Tested During the past week tests have been carried out on va- rious animals including a coyote and cow. Most of the animals tested reach the institute through voluntary submissions. The institute itself is not pri- marily involved in collection, Dr. Dorward explains. "We receive plenty of sub- missions following the re- lease of the positive tests it has opened the whole thing up we're he says. Unlike many diseases, ra- bies can only be confirmed in an animal through exam- ination of its brain. Brain removed The submissions, many only animal heads, are taken and the brain is removed. Two portions of the brain, where the virus tends to have the highest concentra- tion, are put through a se- ries of procedures and ex- amined beneath a micro- scope. Under the microscope the rabies virus will show up 99 times out of 100, Dr. Dor- ward says. The testing does not end at the microscope, however. Brain tissue from the tested animal is then taken and in- jected into the heads of white mice. The mice are then labelled and watched, over a period of time, for signs of rabies. Crunch The problem with the ra- bies virus is anything tested must have its brain re- moved. "The crunch is really on us when someone gets bit we have to find the animal and test it. Our results are what the doctors (medical) act on or don't act on it's a slightly uncomfortable Dr. Dorward explains. The virus can be contract- ed in humans through a bile or an open wound. Excretion Any excretion or secretion from an infected animal which touches an open wound can cause infection, he adds. This includes saliva, blood, urine, and in cows, milk. All warm-blooded animals are susceptible to the disease and the Virus, once it has en- tered a body, travels through the muscle tissue until it reaches the nervous system. It then heads toward the brain. At this point the disease is undetectable with the first symptoms not showing up until the virus has reached Incubation This incubation period before symptoms appear can last from weeks to months depending on the animal, the severity of bite or wounds, and their proxim- ity to the brain. Dr. Dorward pointed to the case of a dog which rabies symptoms never until at least nine months after it had been infected. In humans the incubation pe- riod is several weeks. The distance from the wound to the brain plays an important role in the length of the incubation period. High risk Dr. Dorward explains the small girl bitten on the face by a dog in Raymond re- cently was a "high be- cause of the close proximity to the brain and severity of the bite. The ADRI ran im- mediate tests on the dog, which proved negative. After incubation, when the virus has made its way into the brain, an animals dis- position will change. A nor- mally friendly dog may be- come s h y, resent attention and snap when bothered. A normally shy or mean dog may become unusually friendly. In most animals the staae of viciousness is usually short anl many rabid ani- mals are very timid, Dr. Dorward adds. As the virus attacks more of the brain, paralysis sets in, usually starting in the throat. This prevents the ani- mal from drinking, eating; or swallowing its own saliva, being unable to swallow, saliva drools from the ani- mals mouth, hence the so- called "frothing or foaming at the mouth." Paralysis becomes mora evident as the disease ad- vances. The animal loses weight rapidly, convulsions occur death immediately follows. Life expectancy from the time the first symp- toms appear is four to seven days. Anyone suspected of being exposed to a rabid animal must be treated during the incubation stage. The anli-rabies treatment involves a series of abdom- inal injections, sometimes as many as 23. None treated No one was treated in re- gard to the five bats tested rabid (by the ADRI) be- cause they had not been ex- posed to any humans, Dr. Dorward explains. Although continuing tests on bats from across Alberta, Dr. Dorward predicts all the bats will have migrated by the first frost. "Many are gone now and the majority of the rest should be gone within two weeks if not they won't he around after the first he says.