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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 7, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta VOL. LXVI No. 226 The Letftbridge Herald LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, SEPTEMBER 7.. 1973 TEN CENTS TWO SECTIONS 23 PAGES Grain wrangle still raging on Prairies By JIM NEAVES EDMONTON (CP) Political wrangling about the federal government's month-old feed grain policy continues as confused Prairie producers try to separate the wheat from the chaff. Announced last month by Otto Lang, minister re- sponsible for the Canadian Wheat Board, to fulfill a promise made seven months earlier, the federal pol- icy has become as controversial as many of its fore- bears in the agricultural field. The complex, two-part policy is an effort to resolve alleged inequities between Prairie producers and live- stock feeders, especially those in eastern Canada. There is some suggestion that the program may never see the iignt of day, going the way of the Liberal government's unsuccessful attempt to introduce a grains income stabilization plan last year, because Ol unanswered questions about its operation and imple- mentation. Both Mr. Lang and Eugene Whelan, federal agricul- ture minister, have spent considerable time defending their policy against criticsm from the Manitoba and Saskatchewan governments. Farm groups protest JL JL With harvest operations moving into high gear across the Prairies the individual farmer hasn't got much time to grapple with the pros and cons of the issue, but his organization and elected representa- tives have raised their voices. The policy provides an interim program for the current 1973-74 ,Top year and Mr. Lang wants further dialogue before implementing a firm plan at the start of the next crop year. In Regina, a spokesman for the Saskatchewan Wheat Pool said his office had been receiving many calls from farmers wanting clarification of the federal pro- posal. "It seems the average farmer doesn't know what is going on." The pool's directors have called the policy "un- workable, undesirable and unacceptable." Sam Uskiw, Manitoba agriculture minister, has threatened courc action to block the federal policy and the Saskatchewan government also has rejected the plan. In Alberta, the usually out-spoken agriculture min- ister, Hugh Hbrner, apparently plans to keep silent; he is "keeping a low profile on this one aida said. Ministers fight plan CJ J. Meanwhile, Mr. Uskiw, attorney general Roy Ro- manow of Saskatchewan, the National Farmers Union and spc'resman for western cattle producers have been vigorously blasting the proposal. The feed grains pricing issue got warm in 1970 when eastern farmers started to complain they were being robbed by what they described as the monopoly of the wheat board. While western farmers could buy grain on a farm- to-farm basis within their own province, eastern farm- ers had to buy their feed supplies, basically bar- ley, through the wheat board. It cost them more. It has evolved into one of the most divisive issues on a regional basis in the history of farm organizations. The policy has four main features equity between the wheat board price and the non-board price; a price guarantee system for prairie producers; a federal pur- chase-and-storage program on the Prairies; and the removal of boundary restrictions on the Prairies. Under the proposed policy the wheat board will base its selling price for domestic feed grains on the Prairie price outside the board. One of the major problems of implementation, which some sources say is scheduled at the end of this month, is the question of the storage program. The Saskatchewan Wheat Pool spokesman said one meeting had been held between federal officials and grain handling firms but nothing was resolved. "It raises many questions such as where the feed grains will be stored, who will pay the costs and how payments will be he said. Another problem involves freight rates, a concern of both the Saskatchewan Federation of Agriculture and Alberta's Unifarm. E. A. Bodcn of Regina, federation president, said freight assistance will be to some extent retained under the new plan tat that this subsidy is expected to be gradually eliminated. tCHRVSLER O. 'Just practising.' Classified 12-15 L Comics......23 Comment......4 District 3 Family 24, 25 Local News Markets......11 Sports 20-22 Theatres 5 Travel........27 TV 5, 6-10 Weather......2 Workshop......16 LOW TONIGHT 50, HIGH SAT. 70; SHOWERS ALBERTA LAUNCHES GAS PRICE PROBE EDMONTON (CP) A committee made up of mem- bers of the provincial con- sumer's affairs department is to study the consumer pace of gasoline in Alberta, it has been announced. Premier Lougheed indicat- ed in May the government was looking at ways to re- duce the 15 cer.t a gallon provincial gasoline tax in an attempt to reduce the price paid by Alberta motorists at the gas pump. Gordon Miniely, provincial treasurer, said any reduction probably will be in the form of a special government an- nouncement or await the pre- sentation of the budget at the spring session. Gunmen free crew of hijacked plane v Visitors tour ancient pimp Alberta officials were shown an ancient buffalo years ago for killing buffalo. This is one of sites jump when they toured the vast Suffield military reserve 'being investigated. A site in archeological terms is any Thursday. The provincial department of environment is discovery large or small (See story page supporting research into the jump used to nds development JL CALGARY (CP) Develop- ment of the Alberta oil sands is essential to the well-being of Al- berta, Canada and the United States, the chairman of the Al- berta Energy Resources Con- servation Board said today. Alberta's crude oil reserves have been declining since 1968, Dr. George Govier told the 1973 symposium of the Canadian Society of Petroleum Geolo- gists. Development of the oil sands to make synthetic crude is a logical means to meet the energy requirements in the years ahead. About 600 delegates from Can- ada, the U.S., South 'America, Europe and Japan are attend- ing the symposium Sept. 5-9. A copy of Dr. Govier's remarks were released in advance. At least three groups have found massive investments in oil sands economically sensible in the long run and Dr. Govier predicts other oil companies will eventually follow the lead- ers. He said there are 895 billion barrels of proven crude bitu- men reserves in Alberta's oil sands. The principal oil sands are those of Athabasca, Cold Lake, Peace River and Wa- basca. The Athabasca deposit is by far the most important, ac- counting for 626 billion barrels. However, only a small portion of the proven crude bitumen re- serves is considered economic- ally viable for extraction. In the Athabasca area, 74 billion bar- rels under 150 feet or less of overburden are Considered eco- nomically viable using present technology. Even that represents a sig- nificant reservoir of energy, he said. "At a 20-per-cent bitumen re- covery and a 70-per-cerit con- version the deposit (of 74 billion barrels under low overburden) would produce 32 billion barrels of crude bitumen yielding more than 20 billion barrels of syn- thetic crude oil." OTTAWA (CP) Energy Minister Donald Macdonald says he is quite confident petro- leum companies will abide by resistance at Winnipeg By THE CANADIAN PRESS. Resistance to federal back-to- work legislation continued to tie up rail movements today in sev- eral areas between Thunder Bay and Vancouver. Operations by CNR and CP Rail were reported near normal in Alberta and Saskatchewan and in northern regions of Manitoba and British Columbia, But East-West traffic was sty- mied by tie-ups at the Lake- head, which also kept the rail- ways from delivering grain to elevators for export. Workers in Capreol, Ont., about 15 miles northwest of Sudbury, voted to return to work at noon today, but their counterparts in several western cities continued to defy an or- der by Parliament last week- end, courting possible fines of prison terms. In Winnipeg, CNR employees at the Symington yards and Transcona shops were not ex- pected back on the job, even though shopcraft unions Jiad earlier decided to discontinue their protests. Picket lines prevented work- ers at Transcona from report- ing to work Thursday morning, despite the presence of Mon- treal union leader Vic Clements who was flown to assist union officials with the apparent re- volt by rank and file members. Employees at the Symington for yards originally reported work but later walked out. "It is a mess created by people who are not in any ca- pacity with their organizations; they're just com- plained one union official. CNR moved a few trains west from Winnipeg Thursday and was calling crews late in the day. There were reports of threats made against" fami'iy members of those who an- swered the calls, a spokesman for the railway said. Meanwhile, CP Rail reported that it had cleared most of the backlog in westbound freight from Winnipeg, and was gather- ing grain on the Prairies. the .government's request for price restraints until next Jan. 30. Replying to Commons ques- tions from T. C. Douglas The Mr. Macdonald said that while the government has no control over retail prices, any action by groups of firms to increase prices will be subject to an inquiry under the Combines Investigation Act. Mr. Douglas referred to the "glaring discrepancy" between a Tuesday statement by Prime Minister Trudeau, that the price restraint was being imposed on gasoline and fuel oils, and Wednesday's statement by Mr. Macdonald that the restraint was directed only at crude oil. The minister said the govern- ment's position is that there should be no further increases in crude prices and there is ho justification for increases in the price of heating oil and gaso- line. But there is no govern- ment control over retail prices. Mr. Douglas asked what as- surance there is that benefits will be passed on to consumers. The minister said "we have the expectation" that the re- quest made to the industry will be carried through. At another point he said he is quite con- fident the restraint will be hon- ored in all stages. In the Commons Wednesday, Terry O'Connor said that some retail outlets in southern Ontario raised gaso- line prices by 10 cents a gallon Tuesday night after the govern- ment announced it was asking the industry to impose the five- month price freeze. Thursday, outside the Com- mons, Mr. O'Connor refused to name the outlets. From REUTER-AP KUWAIT (CP) Five Pale- stinian gunmen today released the four-man crew of a plane in which they were holding a group of Saudi Arabians hos- tage and threatened to blow up the aircraft with themselves and the hostages inside. The crew of the Kuwait Boeing 707 were freed not long after the gunmen and their hos- said to number here after a flight over Riyadh, the Saudi Arabian capital. After being freed, the crew spoke with the Kuwait Defence Minister, Sheikh Saad al-Ab- dulla, who was at the airport, and told him the gunmen planned to blow up the plane, themselves and their captives unless their demands were met. The gunmen, who seized the hostages in a raid on the Saudi Arabian embassy in Paris Wednesday, earlier threatened to throw the hostages out of the airliner if a guerrilla chief was not released from a Jordanian prison. The Palestinians had taken off in the Kuwait plane to circle Riyadh. They said unless the Kuwait government assured them it would arrange for the release within 12 hours of guer- rilla leader Abu Daoud. they would first drop the hostages on Riyadh, then would blow up themselves, the plane and the Kuwait hostages. An informant at the Kuwait airport said the gunmen or- dered the plane back to tha Persian Gulf sheikdom after the Kuwait control tower told them no government official could be reached to receive their ultima- tum because it was Friday, tha Moslem sabbath. The sources said the gunmen were "furiously insisting" on radio contact with Kuwait's de- fence minister, Sheikh Saad Ab- dullah el Salem, or some Other top government official. The gunmen and their hos- tages arrived in Kuwait early today from Paris aboard a Syr- ian airliner. Sheikh Saad told them he could not guarantee to obtain Abu Daoud's release, and the Palestinians accepted his offer Kuwait Airlines Boeing 707 jet to take them to Riyadh, since the Saudi govern- ment might have more in- fluence with the Jordanians. Moments before takeoff, the gunmen radioed their ultima- tum to the control tower. On their return to Kuwait the guerrillas relented on their threat to regard the four crew members of the Boeing as hos- tages and offered to free two of them. But the two refused, sources reported. All would bs freed, the crew said, or none. While the bargaining for the hostages lives went on. the blue-and-white jet was parked about 1.000 yar'ds-from the air- port control tower, shimmering through the heat haze. It was about 113 degrees in the shade. Historic ruling boon to Indians YELLOWKNteE, N.W.T. (CP) Aboriginal claims to a vast chunk of northern Canada were given credence Thursday in what may become a historic ruling of the Northwest Terri- tories Supreme Court. The court decided the Indian Brotherhood of the Northwest Territories has sufficient inter- est in the disputed land to allow it to file a caveat, or legal statement of interest, against the title. However, Mr. Justice William Morrow tempered his ruling with a restraining order that prohibits ths caveat from being filed with the registrar of land titles until after the federal gov- ernment has exhausted its ap- peals. But the restraining order meant little in the brotherhood's offices where champagne gur- gled into paper cups and staff members beamed in their vic- tory. The brotherhood's claim to square miles, about a third of the territory, is based on the intent and interpretation of treaties 8 and 11 signed in 1889 and 1921. Mr. Justice Morrow did not go SO far as to rule on the valid- ity of the treaties but said there is "sufficient doubt" that the treaties had effectively erased the Indians' aboriginal claim. He wrote of "the uneasy feel- ing that the (treaty) negotia- Senate begins studies WASHINGTON (Reuter) Henry Kissinger faced question- ing by the Senate foreign rela- tions committee today following a mounting pile of "hate mail." Kissinger, President Nixon's foreign policy adviser who has been nominated as state secre- tary, was expected to be ques- tioned on issues ranging from the secret bombing of Cam- bodia to his approval of the wiretapping of his staff. Sources close to the Senate committee, which must approve President Nixon's nomination of Kissinger, said the committee has received 300 letters criti- cizing Kissinger and only one supporting him. Other letters criticized the Nixon administration's In- dochina policies, the sources said. above have tions were not all as board as one would hoped." The judge's ruling effectively establishes that aboriginal rights are a reasonable basis on which the Indians can make a land claim. The judge also lifted a re- straint on registration of land dealings in the area which he imposed when the case first was brought before him April 3. James Wah-shee, president of the brotherhood which repre- sents treaty Indians in the territory, said it no longer mat- ters if the caveat is filed. Youth hit by vehicle A nine-year-old city boy is in Lethbridge Municipal Hospital today suffering from partial amnesia and concussion after a hit and run accident Thurs- day. Police believe Harold Gross- klaus. 205 Dieppe Blvd., was hit by a car as he was riding his bicycle. About 4 p.m. Thursday, an "older woman driving an old- er-model, light colored station wagon "brought the boy to his home, saying she had found him unconscious in the street, police said. Mrs. Sophie Grossklaus. the boy's mother, failed to get the woman's name, or the car li- cence number. and heard About town River Potters' Guild members touching Santo Mignosa's tools, hoping some skill would rub off Lawrence Watmough pussy- footing around a large load of hay looking for a five-foot long rattlesnake 84-year- old .lark Rasnmssen Of Ma- grain, in the top of a tall tree picking crab apples and complaining he can't bnlnnce on one leg like he used to. ;