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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 7, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Thunday, 7, 1972 THE LETHBRIDGE HER AID _ Norman Webster Racial strife now muted in Malaysia LUMPUR Three years Malaysia was a shaken nation and its leaders shaken men. An sxplosion ot communal rioting and butchery in tliis capital city un May 13, 1969, had apparently dealt a fearful blow to the prospects of one of the most promising coun- tries in Asia. The rioting was the stuff of Malaysian nightmares a direct clash between the country's main racial group, the Malays, who comprise a lit- tle less than half of its 11 mil- lion people, and the Chinese, who make up more than one- third of the population. Spurred by racial taunts fol- lowing a tense election, Malays went on the rampage. Before it was stemmed an estimated 500- GOO people had died, most of them Chinese. The result was a suspension of Parliament, direct rule by a Malay-run dictatorship, 3 plum- meting of confidence by both foreign atxl domestic investors, and a general loss of morale. Pessimists doubted that the basic structure of working partnership of Malays and Chinese could ever be put together again. It has. Moreover, so far at least, it works although Ma- laysians, and particularly the Clunese community, have far from forgotten the e v e n t s of May. The basic tension springs from the position of the Chi- nese in Malaysian society. Clever, energetic, mercantilist- inclined, they have overwhelm- ingly dominated the commer- cial life of the country from ex- ecutive suites to street stalls. The Malays, often called "bu- miputras" (sons of the are in the main farmers and unskilled laborers. As the ma- jority community politically dominant they tend to re- sent their inferior economic po- sition. The government's main weapon in a renewed attack on this problem is detailed in the country's second five-year plan, launched last year. The plan candidly sets out to change tho basic economic relationships of tre country by pushing tho Malays into commerce and in- dustry "lo blur the identifi- cation of race with economic in the words of Tan Sri Ghazali bin Shafie, minis- ter with special functions and of information and driving force behind the plan. Mr. Ghazali aims at cap- turing 30 per cent of the com- mercial and industrial sector for Malays within the next 20 years. A host of special priv- ileges, government aids and in- centives boost the Malay posi- tion. These often discriminate against ability and make the Chinese, in some ways, second class citizens. They are also being compelled lo introduce Malay as the language of in- struction in their schools. Not surprisingly, you may need your ear trumpet to hear the cheers of the Chinese com- muraty. But the rulfag Alliance government, which includes tho main Chinese as well as the main Malay political party, counts on three things to keep the boos as muted as thQ cheers. The first is the amending ol the consti.'.ution last year when Parliament resumed to remove so-called "sensitive issues" from the realm of public dis- cussion. These Issues include special Malay rights and tha position of Malay as the na- tional language. (The legisla- tion also protects the Chinese community from Malay rabblo It Is as if Ottawa were to forbid, on pain of severe pen- alty, debate by Canada's politi- cians or press on the French- English situation. It makes reading Malaysia's newspapers something like watching All in the Family without Arcliie Bunker, Second, fear, and a conse- quent acceptance of the uievlia- ble. The Chinese community was made violently aware three years ago ttet if things do not change in favor of the Malays, then the writing on the wall is "burn, baby, burn-." Third, everyone is counting on a continued hefty growth in the economy, so that even if the Chinese group's store of tho cake gels smaller, it will still get more crumbs lhan before. To dale, things are going mid- dling well. The second five-year plan set some ambitious targets. It en- visaged an annual growth in gross national product GNP of 6.5 per cent, creation of jobs a year, a rise in per capita income from 1970's U.S. to in 1975; all this from a total investment over the pe- riod of about billion U.S. Last year, Ihe plan's first, in- dicated the goals are probably overly ambitious. GNP rose Book Review only 4.8 per cent In constant prices, and there was a 30 per cent shorlfall in development expenditure. The money was there, but not the organizalion and expc-vtise to use it all. Still, Malaysia's economic performance has been far from discouraging. GNP did show a solid rise, while inflation was controlled and unemployment cut (lo 7.3 per And this was achieved de- spite the fact that last year's rubber prices stood at their lowest ii> two decades and tin prices weren't much better. Ma- laysia is the world's largest ex- porter of bolh, traditionally de- A personal view "A Civilian Doctor in Viet- nam" by Dr. Fred Gloeckner softback, 123 IDEALISM is not always beneficial, a believer in it sel- dom easily understood. It was "Project organized by the American Medical As- sociation, that enabled Dr. Fred Gloeckner lo spend two months in wartorn Vietnam in Ben Tre, which is situated about 45 miles soutli of Saigon. He wrote down his experi- ences Ihere in a manner that spurs one's thoughts. He tells of terrorist acts of the Viet Cong and of Ihe Americans. At the same time deplores and ad- mires the casual attitude of the Vietnamese people towards the war. Billerly he objects to help for political, rea- "sons and to Ihe fact that 90 per cent of civilian casualties have been caused by the Americans. Illness and poverty, created by the war, are treated in a number of pages, as is the un- common (by western definition) nonchalance of this eastern civilizalion. One observes with satisfac- tion lhat Ihe Vietnamese know how lo laugh, to cheer and to suffer with dignity. They show the pride of the people who once were the "victors of Dien- bienpuh" in a united effort, the plight of a people who are thrown between the great pow- ers like sacrificial lambs, ex- pected to fight and kill each other without having any am- bition either for communism nor nationalism. Peace seems to be the magic word for them flowers and without peace. The ways of politics appear to be as devious to Dr. Fred Gloeckner as they are to many of his contemporaries. The book is worth reading, even if it is only from the standpoint of its sincerity and compassion. Nev- ertheless it can only be judged as a valuable personal view, since western and eastern phi- losophies are so incomparable that one should stand back from, trying to solve a strange phenomenon in a familiar way. HANS SCHAUFL So They Say We have the know-how to do almost anytlung. The real question is do we know the know-what and know-why? Sol Linowitz, at a conference on problems of the 21st century. It's all over but the shoutin' and the savin' To bid farewell lo all that remains of ihis model year, we'll accept any reasonable bid you make on 1he car of your choics. Get Ihe car you really wanted alF year long a I the price you'd expect to pay lor second-best. We must convert all our slock to cash. Today, you con say; "Good- bye, old car. Hello, new deall" SO LONG '72 SALE Over 125 new cars and trucks Must be sold by Sept. 30 All models! All styles! All colors! 1972 MONTEGO MX STATION WAGON 9 postenger with 351 2V engine, automatic Irani- mission, block healer, power brakes, power ileer- Ina, radio, deluxe wheel covers, cross country e package, carpeted floor mat, luggage car- rier with air deflector load ond many more extras. Beautiful light blue In color wilh blue all vinyl nterfor Including nofch back bench seat. STOCK NO. 2546. SO LONG 72 AT COMET 4 DOOR SEDAN VVElh 250 6 cyf. engine, automatic transmission, x 14 W.S.W., H.D. battery, block heater, exterior decor group, handling suspension age. Medfurn brown in color with ginger interior. STOCK NO. 2555 SO LONG 72 AT 1972 METEOR R1DEAU 4 door pillared hardtop 302 V8, automatic transmission appear- ance group, H.D. battery, block heater, lender skirts, remote con- Irol mirror, power brakes, power itoerrng, radio, H.D. suspension, wheel covers, body side mould- ing. Pa in red beautiful dark, rallic green, STOCK NO. 2532 SO LONG '72 AT 1972 COUGAR 2 door hardlop 35T 2V engine, automatic transmission, H.D. bat- tery, block healer, electric rear defroster, power brakej, power steering, bucket seats, radio, sports console with clock, and competition handling age. Sizzling lime green in color. STOCK NO. 2561 5O LONG '72 AT Buy for a few dollars over what we paid the factory End of year discounts on all accessories 1972 FIDO SPORT CUSTOM Equipped with 360 V-8, automatic transmlssfon, H.D. t hacks, H.D, battery, block healer, gauges, 5500 G.V.W., auxiliary fuel tank, swing lok mir- rors, hub caps and x 15 6 ply rubber. Ran- goon red in color. STOCK NO. 2525. SO LONG 72 AT 1718 3rd AVE. S. PHONE 327-5763 pendent on the ooze from the slashed trunks of Us rubber trees and the gleanings of the tin dredges which scar the countryside. That the low returns for these two. did not mean disaster is something of a tribute to the in- creasing diversity and sophis- tication- o( the economy. Palm o i i has recently become a major export (worrying Cana- dian rapeseed and govern mental industrial pol- icies are taking effect. Confidence has returned both domestically and among for- eign investors, primarily Jap- anese and American-. Malaysia woos foreign money with its fi- nancial stability, raw materials, cheap labor and tax breaks. The hard sell is currently on for such labor intensive, export oriented industrials as elec- tronics. Confidence is not hard to find among the nation's leaders. Fi- nance Minister Tun Tan Siew Sin, leader of the Malaysian Chinese chops up doubting opposition members and questioning reporters alike. you understand plain he demands, silenc- ing a foreigner who dares to press for a more specific an- swer. The foreigner is a finan- cial editor from Special Functions Minister Ghazali, who has leapt to politi- cal prominence in less than two years, revels in his role as Ma- 1 a y s i n's own think-tank. A former top civil servant, he now handles power with tho easy arrogance of a man only a step from the prime ministry. The incumbent, though, makes it plain he's very happy where he is, thank you. After 13 years as d c p u t y premier and two In the top job, Tun Abdul Eazak is still only 60 and says, "I've just started." He sits smoking a cigarette in a holder, relaxed as only a man with two-thirds majority in Parlia- ment can be. He vigorously defends the constitutions, amendment plac- ing "sensitive out of bounds: "What right is that, to cut each others' Ob- servers differ on whether so drastic a curtailment of public debate was necessary, but all give Mr. Razak considerable credit for restoring parliamen- tary democracy and taking the violence put o! the atmosphere. Malaysia's neighbors provide some instructive contrasts, Burma, Thailand, Indonesia, Cambodia and South Vietnam are ruled by military strong- men. Recent years have seen frightful slaughters in Bangla- desh, Cambodia and Indonesia. Malaysia, which gained its in- dependence from Britain in 1957, is no easy courtry to gov- ern. The mix of Moslem Malays and Chinese is spiced further by Indians (about 10 per cent of the population) and a scattering of native peoples in- the states of Sarawak and Sabah on the is- land of Borneo. Chinese Communist guerril- las still cause headaches, and sometimes bloodshed, hi both West and East Malaysia. In tha West, remnants of the forces which lost the long guerrilla war of 1948-60 lo the British still occasionally make their pres- ence felt in areas near the Thai border. In the east, In the jungles ol Sarawak, Communists who re- ceived aid and arms from In- donesia during President Su- karno's "confrontation" with Malaysia continue their stub- born struggle. Both Indonesia and Thailand now co-operate with Malaysian- government forces In border areas. Peking supports Jhe guerril- las with heavy propaganda from a radio transmitter in South China, but gives little il any material aid. The subject of relations with China is a delicate one in Kuala Lmi.pur. The two coun- tries have signed a trade agree- ment and there have been cul- tural and medical contacts, but Malaysia remains wary of Pe- king's growing presence in Asia and fears anything which might encourage "Chi- nese chauvinism" domestically. Establishment of diplomatic re- lations seems far from immin- ent. Mr. Razak is currently push- ing a plan for neutralization of the whole of Southeast Asia, re- moving it as a scene for great power struggle. The schema would have to be explicitly ac- cepted by the United States, So- viet Union and China. At home, Mr. Razak Insists Malaysia has gone a long way in the past three years towards eradicating racial ill-feeling. How many Chinese members doe; he have in his cabinet He shrugs absent-mindedly, says he really doesn't know, he just nrver thinks of Ws ministers in terms of race. Grandstanding? Perhaps, but maybe also an indication that Malaysia's genie Is back In the bottle. (Herald special son ice) Holiday without handguns The Hamilton Spec later CANADIAN custom officers have been ordered to watch for and disarm pis- tol-packing visitors from the United States. The fairly common habit of carrying fire- arms is ono American custom best kept on fhe other side of the border.' Though perhaps some Americans may take offence at being separated from their handguns, the federal government is right in insisting that visitors even friendly, welcome visitors observe Canada's gun rules. However, slrict enforcement of the law isn't likely to seriously hurt Canadian tour- ism. At the busy Niagara Falls entry point, a customs spokesman reported that cases of tourists refusing to enter Canada with- out their guns are rare. To many worried people in the Iroubled United States, carrying a gun has become a way of life. Men pack revolvers In their pockets, glove compartments and luggage as casually as they'd pack handkerchiefs. In a land where so many carry guns, men feel they should be armed in self-defence. It's an endless circle lhat the United States government, under pressure from a power- ful gun lobby, has been loath to break. In Canada, the circle revolves in' the op- posite direction. With rare and carefully scrutinized exceptions, no one is allowed to carry a handgun and the penalty for vio- lating the law is severe. Since virtually everyone is unarmed, no one needs a gun. Although many American tourists and some Canadians might feel the nils robs a man of his right to defend himself, there is no denying that the general absence of handguns has spared this counlry a major source of danger and violent death. The annual accidental slaughter of hunt- ers, handling or mishandling rifles and sholguns is perhaps an indication of what Canada might expect if people permitted to carry handguns on the streets, in stores, in taverns, at sports gatherings without restriction. It is not for Canadians lo moralize upon the gun-carrying customs of Americans in their own land but, unauthorized weapons would endanger Canadians as much as the visitors who carry the guns, Canada must apply the no-gun rule to tour- ists as well as people who live here. American tourists who bring guns into Canada do so in innocence; they don't real- ize gun-carrying Is illegal. Therefore the border customs inspectors sensibly handle the problem with courtesy. It would be helpful to tourists if there were a notice to Ihe effect that guns are not permitted, set up at the border. Visitors are told to leave their guns at the entry point. Guns are either mailed to the owners' homes or held to be reclaimed in person. Polite but strict enforcement of the law ultimately will make it known to the mil- lions of Americans who visit us thai guns aren't necessary here; that they may leave their guns at home. Traffic in death The New Yelk Times rpHE dimensions of Hie worldwide traffic in drugs, as disclosed by the Nixon administration, provide somber evidence of the monumental difficulties involved in ef- forts to choke off this poisonous interna- tional commerce. Earlier illusions that ending legal opium production in Turkey as arranged by the White House last year might put a ser- ious denl in the supply of heroin are now dispelled. When and If Turkish opium pro- duction does end, the traffickers in heroin can get their raw material in many other countries, Indeed, such diversification of supply sources is already taking place rap- idly. Burma, Laos, Thailand, India, Afghan- istan, Pakistan and Mexico are among the other significant producers or transport centers for illegal opium, and in many of these there is little prospect thai the gov- ernments involved can or will end the rising tide of narcotics. Useful as is the government's Intensified anti-narcotics drive, the report concedes its inability to halt more than a small fraction of the flood of heroin smuggled into tills country. The core of the problem remains the enormous profits for those who success- fully surmount the risks involved in this noxious traffic. A quantity of opium for which a Turkish farmer received is sufficient lo produce heroin worth at retail here. This enormous margin pro- vides more than enough monetary incen- tive to explain the corruption of diplomats, government officials and policemen in many countries as well as the rise of highly organized international criminal gangs to process and distribute heroin. With Ihe discouraging even dismaying facts now available, national debate about how to handle the problem can pro- ceed more intelligently. 11 can now be taken for granted that the maximum that can be achieved through enforcement activity, dip- lomatic pressure or the like is to restrict the supply in ways that will discourage tha growth of addiction and to create so many difficulties for addicts that more will be- come interested in trying to enter metha- done maintenance or other treatment pro- grams. Valuable as such pressure is, however, the longer range hope for a solution to this devastating problem will have to come from other types of attack. Tha research on various types of narcotics antagonists that may end addicts' craving for heroin needs to be pushed even more intensively. So does research on the psychological, physiol- ogical and sociological roots of addiction, investigations that may provide new tech- niques for spotting potential addicts and taking timely preventive measures. Some students of Ihe problem have reached tha despairing conclusion that the answer lies In such drastic measures as introduction ot the death sentence for trafficking in heroin or segregation of addicts in concentration camps U> prevent their proselytizing activi- ties among those still free of the plague. Such drastic deterrents represent th e course of defeat, not solution. The test for the nation is to gather its forces for ft better-balanced counterattack against a plague without precedent hi United States history, a counlerattack that couples tight- er contraction of supply with more effec- tive reclamation programs for victims of this illicit traffic. A language problem By Lonis Burke fAKRAROE, Cormemara Ireland, like Canada, has a problem of bilingual- ism. Such a problem, however, is not unique lo any one country. The Welsh have their difficulties with English; the Bretons of north west France, a Celtic group con- tinually battle French; other such language struggles exist in tho worM over. Even the Bloods and Peigans in southern Alber- ta fight the problem in the Cree-dominated Indian Association of Alberta. Ireland possesses only thousands whose first language is Gaelic or Irish. These peo- ple live along Ihe Atlantic seaboard in Kerry, Donegal and Connemara mainly, with a few pockets elsewhere. But Ire- land has hundreds of thousands learning Gaelic and everyone of Ihe other two mil- lion knows something of Ihe language. This revival has been brought about by the- persuaders radio, television, and press. N ot a little of it, too, has been duo to the political problems in the six counties of Ulster. In addition, entry Into any part of civil service demand complete fluency in the language. Many other jobs and occupations are dependent on fluency in Gaelic, too. Thus, each year, thousands of young peo- ple troop off to the three main Gelic speaking areas. They arrive, In July and August, by the busload, are bill cited with Gaelic-speaking families and allend vari- ous schools for concentrated courses in the language lasting one month. pay fifty dollars per month while the slate adds a similar sum to subsidize the contracting family. The entire monlh represents a Ihorough cullural and language soaking with games, social evenls and subjects organized and integrated through Gaelic by teachers re- cruiied locally and elsewhere. Thus, schools are utilized on a 12-month cycle in such areas. In this way, young people return lo their own districts much more versed in the language and culture. Groups of teachers and other adults take advantage of concentrated Gaelic courses, too, especially during the summer months. This, of course, does not mean that Eng- lish is being attacked or annihilated in tha country. There is ample room for bolh and those who speak two languages any two always have an edge, like a violin with two strings instead of one. Alberta has great possibililies of a sim- ilar nalure regarding French. Our students need the advantage of French for Canadian and worldwide possibililies. The SI. Paul district is ideal as il is French-speaking. French teachers, in Lethbridge and southern Alberta, ought to organize sum- mer courses for our students. Rationaliz- ing, however, that Alberta does not have the perfect French, or the effort is not worth il, smacks, if not slinks, of snobbery. Female chauvinism By nous Walker and I were guests at a wed- ding reception In Calgary recently. When the time came for the distribution of the cake an interesting thing happened. The groom wasn't giving his bride any part in the proceedings he carried the tray and handed out the cake as well. She quickly ordered a change. "Look at said someone near us, "Kathy is pushing Jim around "She's been pushing him around for sev- eral drily observed someone else. "And that's the way it should chim- ed Elspeth. ;