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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 7, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 IHl lETHBRIOGE HSRAID Ihuriday, September 7, 1972 John 'Burns Egypt's disgrace Immediately prior to the Munich horror, Israeli defence minister Mosh Dayan sent a new, and somewhat vague peace feeler Cairo-wards. By offering a new interim truce line across the Sinai peninsula, he seemed to be backing down on his former insistence that no Egyptians cross the Suez canal into Sinai. Dayan didn't say where the new line would be drawn, or how it might be policed. nor did he indicate that Israel had any intention of accepting Cairo's demand that all of Sinai must be ul- timately returned to Egypt. Moshe Dayan had a wet finger to the wind. Its tip must now be icy. Cairo's reaction to the shattering tragedy at the Olympics is that it was a desperate act forced on a des- perate people. Its leaders condone the madness o( nationalist fanatics. Is Egypt so desperate, now that the Russians have withdrawn that it can afford to publicly condone such terrible acts? Is it so fearful of its future that it supports these outlaws, thinking to buy peace on its own terms? The time has come to brand the Egyptian leadership for what it a group of men leading a once proud nation down the path of national dis- honor. They are men whose self- interest and false pride has disgraced Egypt before the world. Quebec's introspection Recentfy Quebec Premier Robert Bourassa admitted the fact that an unhealthy number of companies have been moving their head offices out of that province and in an effort to determine why, has instituted a probe. A starting point possibly could be the report of the Quebec committee on the securities industry which was issued only a few days prior to when Mr. Bourassa called for an investigation. The committee headed by Louis- Philippe Bouchard, recommended that 25 per cent of brokerage firms and investment firms operating in Quebec be owned by residents Quebec. It made several other pro- posals aimed at keeping the Quebec capital market within the province, but made no suggestions on restrict- ing the operation of foreign invest- ment firms there. Tin's recommendation would force dozens of Canadian, but not necessar- ily Quebec-based, securities firms to up-date their policies or get out of the province. By insisting on a certain Quebec- first bias in investment company priorities, there would be a distor- tion of free movement of capital throughout the country. Early childhood education in Alberta By Bessie M. Annand, Lakeview Elementary School Big potential seen in trade with China By JOHN BURNS Copyright 1972 The Globe and Mail PEKING The ranks ol Ca- nadian businessmen in Peking dwindled further yesterday with the departure ol a group of 30 executives on a tour of Nanking and Shanghai, leaving a corporal's guard behind to complete contract negotiations with the Chinese. As the executives set off for a first-hand look at Chinese in- dustry, a crew from Ex- positions Canada buckled down to the task of dismantling in- stallations at the Canadian The Bouchard report runs counter to the recommendations of several other prestigious groups in the past few years all of whom have sought a strong nation-wide Cana- dian capital market served by a securities industry operating under uniform, national laws. John Kimber president of the Tor- onto Stock Exchange has stated that "without such a market, all parts of Canada will be required to rely more on foreign markets which will take advantage of the fracturing of the Canadian securities Industry at the expense of all Canadians." Ontario policy at present denies the entry of new foreign-controlled firms, but makes no distinctions based on the provincial origins of Canadian companies. This policy is based on the theory that the investment indus- try is highly essential to Canadian life and therefore needs protection from foreign control. It would appear, as In the case of other large Canadian companies, that Quebec's inner-directed policy on investment companies will dam the flow of capital and curtail their effectiveness. Mr. Bourassa's probe may already be too late to prevent this. trade fair which dosed here on the weekend. Hard-pressed for weeks be- fore the fair opened, the crew is slill working to a this time to get all their equip- ment out of the Peking exhibi- tion centre before Sept. 15 when the Kalians move in to preparu for their exhibition which opens in mid-October. With most of the contrao'. ne- gotiations completed, Canadian trade officials released an up- dated catalogue of sales, con prevent serious emotional and physical dis- orders, which may result from prolonged stress; 2; Social competence, so that peo- ple may live more effectively with each other and experience greater life fulfilment through cooperation, interaction, and com- panionship with others; 3) Ethical discre- tion, so that personal values which ensure the survival of the social structure and the retention of privacy in an increasingly technological society are maintained; 4) Creative capacity, so that people can bet- ter utilize their increasing amounts of lei- gure time through a wide range of recrea- tional activities which promote physical, mental, cultural, and emotional health; 5) Career proficiency, so that people may choose the work which most suits their interests and capabilities) and (6) intellec- tual power, so that people may use their accumulated knowledge, supported by the skills of inquiry and communication, to make more rational and humane decisions. To achieve these aims the Worth Com- mission Report, A Choice of Futures, states that each phase of Alberta's education system must perform a separate yet inter- related function. The report goes on to rec- ommend that if tbese goals of education are to be achieved to the fullest extent free education, supported by government funds, must start at the earliest possible age. This implies that establishment of gov- ernment supported nursery school and kindergartens, a proposal which this writ- er strongly supports. Three major functions of early education previous to age six might be: stimulation, identification, and socialization. A pre- school environment properly organized pro- vides experiential learning situations for young children. The child takes on neces- sary attitudes, develops the beginning of skills, and builds concepts which form the basis of all fields of knowledge. Further- more, through the provision of a variety of apparatus and equipment and a well- rounded physical education program, the pre-school group helps a child in learning to climb and to manage his body in differ- ent positions. The Identification function of the pre- school group helps the child to develop a stsble emotional foundation which will en- able him to cope more successfully with all life situations, The child sees himself more fully as a person of worth and value, not only to his parents, but to other adults and other children. Moreover, the preschool environment, with its emphasis on indivi- dual learning, allows the child maximum opportunities for self-development through creative experiences in which he expresses hU thoughts and feelings in his own unique way. Socially, the preschool group helps the child to gradually move away from self- centredness and strictly individual play and work activities to more group activities for longer periods of time, and hence pre- pares him for life in an ever-widening world. Involvement of parents in the pre- school group Increases understanding be- tween the family and school and ensures that the home and the school will be more likely to complement one another. Although several Canadian provinces have a high percentage of children taking part in preschool programs, Alberta is the only province in which preschool programs, generally, do not receive public financial support even though parents and educators alike advocate such pubb'c support, states the Worth report. The Worth report, therefore, recommends that early education in Alberta pay heed to the future needs of all our children, plac- ing emphasis on four points thusly: 1) All five-year-old children should have an oppor- tunity to attend kindergarten; 2) Selected disadvantaged and-or handicapped children three and four years of age should be able to attend nursery schools; 3) Day-care programs should be integrated with early education programs; 4) Televised learning packages should be created to ensure that planned pres c h o o 1 learning experiences may be enjoyed by children even in sparse- ly-settled, remote areas of the province. The report recommends that decisions regarding financing of the preschool pro- gram, priorities in the establishment of such programs, and other broad policy should be made by the school board or any other community organiza- tion or agency offering the early education program. This is consistent with the pres- ent government policy of allowing local autonomy of school boards. This writer would therefore encourage persons who are interested in the fullest development of the human resources In our area to take the lead In giving direction to local school boards and community organizations with regard to the establish- ment of province-wide provision for ma early education of our children. Joseph Kraft Unhappy presidential choice faces U.S. electorate WASHINGTON Between now and election day, the heat of political battle is apt to cause most of us to say and think some silly things about the presidential candidates. So an advance assessment before the campaign gets into full swing is useful. The more so as all of us have some self-ques- tioning to do. The basic fact Is that the country is faced with an un- happy choice. President Nixon and Senator McGovern come from the far wings of ican politics. What is best in the country is not represented by the candidates, and we all have to ask ourselves why. To be sure, Mr. Nixon has been a reasonably competent president. He has avoided dis- aster abroad, and he stood his economic policy on its head when it seemed to be causing trouble at home. Precisely he- cause he does represent a min- ority in the country, he is not nearly as much of a threat as his political opponents make out. But Mr. Nixon does come from the right wing of the Re- publican party. He has no in- stinct for drawing the country together. 'On the contary, he has exacerbated the most ser- ious domestic division the di- vision on whipping up the icsue of busing. Neither does Mr. Nixon have a true feel for liberty. His atti- tude towards the Supreme Court expresses a contempt for the most hard-won and cherish- ed protections of rule by law. In foreign affairs, he is per- haps more expert than any past president. He has shown rare skill in manoeuvring among allies and adversaries, and he has frequently made many of his critics, including this one, look bad. Still, approaches to Russia and China constitute the great feature of his record What dis- tinguishes these approaches is that they were done with the Vietnam war slill in progress. In a sense, Mr. Nixon's great achievement ID foreign policy has been to keep the war going. Moreover, as a roan of the right, Mr. Nixon continues to pose the foreign policy debate in this country in the worst terms. He continually forces upon us the Issue of who Is a better American. Finally, there Is the matter of moral stature. Mr. Nixon, as the cynical comments from the White House about the Water- gate affair remind us again, simply does not have it. What- ever his skill at manoeuvring, he is not a man to keep the conscience of the country. letter to the edifor Senator McGovern is differ- ent but not better. Despite his cautious edging to the centre recently, he is clearly a man from the left wing of the Demo- cratic party. His approach to foreign pol- icy shows no sympathy for the truly constructive role played by the United States' during the postwar era through the meas- ured use of force. His original defence budget called for reduc- tions in aircraft carriers and the number of troops in Eur- ope on a scale and at a speed that means it would cost money Gasoline tax increase? It is a constant headache these days trying to find who can be soaked more taxes to meet ever-rising expenditures. But I think this idea of soaking car owners more by way of an increase in gasoline tax should have more study. In the first place the car owner is having a tougher time keeping a car on the road every year. He has to pay more for his car license, more for his driver's license, and more for liis insurance before he c a n even get on the road. His main- tainence and repair bills aro higher each year and his depre- ciation is more. He has to put So They Say Plants require water, carbon dioxide and a dozen or so in- organic salts and nothing more It Is immaterial whether these ingredients are supplied from decaying com- post or from a mine or fac- tory. E. Day, of University of California Division of Agri- cultural Sciences, attacking notion that organically grown foods are more nat- ural and nutritious than those grown with commercial fer- tilizer. in a lot of mileage before big per mile cost of travelling be- comes reasonable. Quite a bit of money comes to the municipalities from gas- oline tax right now. Just how much of that is credited to any transit system, even when you have one? Most of the country hasn't the transit system it had before the railway days. As late as 1915, I arranged with the mail carrier to reach one of the villages out from Card- ston. It was an open rig partly topped and it rained much of the day, but it was transporta- tion which is unavailable today. Lcthbridge might allot part of its receipts from the province to transit, but to give that des- ignation to a province wide gasoline tax would be out of order. That is, unless some- thing Is done so that visitors without cars can visit outlying communities. I would also like to point out that if transit receipts havo dropped, obviously cheaper means of reaching the univer- sity have been found. You do not successfully combat such things by raising the rates. It has been tried and has never worked. rather than save It. He was pulling back for the sake of pulling back. The isolationist impulse works strongly in him. In domestic affairs, Senator McGovern is animated by t h e populist bias. He favors a turn of the wheel, no matter what it does to the social tone of the country or the interests of other citizens. Personally, lo be sure, Sen- ator McGovern has a deep inner decency. The truth is in him. But it seems frequently to be waging a losing battle against presidential ambition. Moreover, Senator McGovern's performance in the campaign continues to raise questions about his capacity to govern. Tliis year, in short, the coun- try has no good options. The middle ground of American pol- itics has been torn lo tatters, and conscientious citizens have to ask what happened to the centre. The answer Is still not alto- gether clear. Long years of probing will probably be re- quired before a final reluru is in. But one feature seems evi- dent. The Vietnam the continued pursuit of a self-evi- dent disaster has played a central role In disturbing the inner balance of American pol- itics. It has consumed the best and brightest men in our public life. It has introduced lying to American government on a massive and systematic basis. It bears a major responsibility for the sad choice that now con- fronts the country. So getting the war over and done with has a priority that towers far above the mere cost in men and money. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Looking backward Through The Herald 192Z On Sept. 20 a special excursion train will run from Leihbridge and intermediate pomls to the Cardston Temple. The old people of the stake, widows, widowers and orphans will be special guests for the occasion. Tickets will be on sale at the Ellison Milling Company. A special excursion rate has been offered by the CPR. I8T2 Late Tuesday after- noon Wayne F. Fisher of Los Angeles landed his large Wasp powered airplane at the Leth- bridge airport just ten days after leaving his home on the southern coast. 15J2 At the Capitol Theatre last time tonight; "Beyond the Blue Horizon" with Dorothy Lamour. Starts t o morrow; "Take a Letter Darling" with Rosalind Russell and Fred Mac Murray. 1552 The new Kananaskis forestry road is 120 miles of breath taking scenery. Maerath. J. A. SPENCER The Lcthktdgc Herald 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD