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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 7, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta THE IETHBRIDOE HERALD Tuesday, September 7, 1971 Howard and Taniara Palmer Senator James Gladstone The man who paved tlie way for Ihe native people as tlie first Indian Senator in Canada is dead. JIc was better known among the people o( the Blood Reserve and by the citi- zens of southern Alberta Tor oilier things besides service in the Senate. But it was as a Senator lhat he was best known to the rest of the people in Canada. In that capacity he brought honor to Ins people through the quiet dignily which marked the discharge of his responsibilities. It will be bolb, easier and harder for the native people who follow Sen- ator James Gladstone into public life in this nation. The novelty of an In- dian as a Senator has been both en- dured and enjoyed and does not have lo be repealed so thai (he next rep- resentative can expect to serve sim- ply as a person. That makes it easier. But because Senalor Gladstone serv- ed so acceptably. Ihe expectations of a will make it harder at least for the next Indian who accepts appointment to the Senate. In tins day when the place of the Indian in a predominantly non-Indian society is being hotly debated, not all native people applaud the role played by Gladstone. Some of iliein sec the role as a sellout to the unite man. JJut the Senator be- lieved the native people have to find a place in the larger society and that Ihe best way lo do lhat is to accept responsibility in lhat society and bring a special flavor to it. Senator James Gladstone's voice was not as loud as his example. His voice is slilled bul. his example will continue lo have an impact in the continuing debale. That other hockey arena While it is the privilege of Ihe in- coming Conservative government to suspend any policy it doesn't like, tlie S10 per capita" recreation grant available to municipalities is not like- ly lo be cancelled. Under this policy Lethbridge will get about for constructing recreation facilities. In considering where to apply this money. Lelhbridge City Council must not jump to hasty conclusions. Just because a hockey arena, (in ad- dition to the ice facilities now under construction in Henderson Park) is being seriously considered and the financing of ii. presents a problem, the money should r.ol necessarily go lo lhat project. Perhaps there are more deserving purposes. Recreation covers a much wider area than a spectator arena for hockey. In anv case, it is imperative that discussions between City Council and the Exhibition Board be resumed immediately. One of the costliest and most inexcusable disasters this city has suffered in a long while was the deadlock bclv.een the two groups earlier lliis year over new ice facili- ties. That the public was unable to knock some heads together means a lot of unnecessary taxpayer dollars will In he spent, The blunder should not be repeated. Youth and welfare In a few weeks the Canadian Coun- cil on Social Development will spon- sor a nation wide survey in a num- ber ol Canadian cities Ui sec how many ymng people are now receiv- ing welfare assistance and why. The investigation is to involve statisti- cal work and interviews with a size- able cross section of young people receiving assistance in the 18 to 25 age range. According to the council, the sur- cy was triggered because of the re- ports of particularly heavy case loads of young people on welfare rolls in every Canadian province this year and Ihe negative public rcac- .1011 to this. This reaction has strength- ened with increasing evidence I bat many young welfare recipients arc adopting what has been referred lo as a "welfare life style." and show- ing a marked absence of any moti- vation to become self-supporting. Part of the youth welfare problem across the country was exposed ear- lier this month with the publication of results from a study conducted by the Vancouver social planning depart- ment. The study involved 166 young people between 13 and 25, about six per cent of all welfare recipients in that age bracket in Vancouver. Statistics showed that 16 per cent of the 166'were choosing a welfare life style, they did not want full- lime work, they seldom looked for work and they expected assistance indefinitely. .Some of Ihe 16 per cent had never worked fulltiine and the rest for only months at a time. Fifty- four per cent had less than Grade 12 education and considered they had iiu particular marketable skills. Few wanted to acquire more education or skills; 23 per cent used drugs daily and few were concerned about being on welfare. Having come up with a book of statistics, the Vancouver social plan- ninng department doesn't quite know what to do about the situation Some officials feel that they must produce make work programs tied in with welfare payments, hut others feel that the young people would resent this and lliat it would only create further problems. Other officials feel that make work projects involving ecology programs would be accept- ed by joung people because they be- lieve in ecology, it's part of their "youth culture Other cities with burgeoning youth welfare rolls are equally at a loss lo know how to cope with the problem. One welfare council director said he feels the young people who ask for assistance are merely symptomatic of the technological society, and are confused and resentful. All welfare councils agree that whatever the cause for young people's resistance to employment as a way of life, the problem is not going to go away readily and until some solution is reached it will continue to grow. Noic Is the dine Ilv Herb .lolnisou VOW is Uic lime for all good men lo come to Iho aid c" !llf That is not a Herald reporter practicing bis typing; that is Ihe leud for this column. Actually it thtmlri bo amended lo read "come lo the aid of civic politics." The local poliucal scene is in dire straits. (Anything that does not generate at least a certain amount of decent copy is consider- ed by newsmen to be in dire Part of the problem (if indeed Iberc is one and there appears lo IIP) is thai nclbing much is happening. Anolher part of the problem is that if ever there was a time uhen something should be happening, this is it. Why? Because for Ihe first time, ful candidates in Ih.c Oct. 13 civic election face a three-year term in office. It's enough lo make. incumbciU.i think twice about runninc! fur anolhcr term. A survey of Lethbridge aldermen shews only two out of the nine members of council are "definitely" in the running. The longer lerm could be a big faehir in the election. The bifi Ihcme. in Ihe, provin- cial campaign Ihe idea that it was "lime for a change.1' There's no doubt il's going fo be tune.for a clningc in the civic election because all officials arc up lor election. If enough ol those people who are now serving decide they've had enough and don'l run, Ihere could be a lot cf new faces on city council and the school and hn.spilal boards this lull. The .situation i.s ripe fur :m rxciling Usuo to burst on Ihe scene and slimulale candi- dates' interest. Until now even-one has been concciilraling on the provincial elcc- lion and it will lake something wilh a lot of to whip up any real concern for the ciuc scene. Fluoridalion. if il is included in the Octo- ber clccliDii, might get Ibc voters out. Then it might mil. Cut is Ihcrc anylbing In motivate the candidates, other than what looks like a ralbcr field? The dirccticn and speed of future development is a legitimate concern ami could be an issue upon which to run a campaign, except that (hero arc no current specific issues In concentrate on. One could find evidence to support the chum lhat council's method of doing busi- ness needs extensive revamping and could be an cleclion issue. AI the same time, one have a lot ef Ironblc finding anyone nulsirle council members themselves really concerned ahoul il. one mifjil, as Ihe mayors of Calgary and Kdunmlon have done, ir.ako an issue, of cutting down on the number of closed meet- ings of city council and il.s related commil- Iccs. Again, il's not loo CM-iling. All in all. n bids fair lo be a thoroughly dull election. If il is, and if Ihcrc is a cor- responding lad; of candidales, the people of l-cthbridgc will be short-changed. Wilh all .seals open, the volers deserve a good selection of candidates. The winners are going In be llx'i-e for Ihrec years. N'ow's Ihe lime In .slop forward. Nomina- tions close Sept. The reasons for Social Credit defeat rPME election of Ilic Conser- vatives was nol, as some have us believe, a vic- tory based primarily on su- perior campaigning or on is- sues. The Conservative elec- tion was an indication of the (rends toward urbanization, se- cularization, high rates or geo- graphical mobility and increas- ing levels ot afilucncc in the province. :'JI's time for a change" was a successful Con- servative slogan not only be- cause Social Credit had been in power 36 years, but because Alberta society has changed. AJberta is now dominated by an increasingly urban middle- class con.icrvative value sys- tem rather than a rural con- servative value system. In view of these social trends in Alberta, the striking success of the Conservatives in Edmon- ton and Calgary was predict- able. Ths urban middle-class found the Conservatives (and Lougbeed) attractive because they presented the kind of youthful image these urban people could identify with virile at the same time giving t h e impression that things would not change too much. The Conservatives offered the electorate continued free-enter- prise conservatism but with the added bonus of urban middle- class respectability and a com- fortably vague social con- science. The social trends men- tioned above have not, of course, occurred just since the last election; however, their political manifestation could not occur without a compelling combination of leadership and social circumstances. Social Credit was hampered in urban areas by its grass roots origins, its length of time in power and by the fact that ils leader was the embodi- ment of rural values. For many middle-class people So- cial Credit slill retains !he im- age, deserved or not, of being associated with monetary crankism and fundamentalist religion. So their rejection of Social Credit is partly a mid- din class rejection of lower middle class values. The hos- tility of the mass media in Ed- monton lo Social Credit also hm't them. The religious origin of So- cial Credit was more of a liability than an asset in an in- creasingly secular urban Al- berta. Secularization has un- doubtedly hurt Social Credit even though party strategists have deliberately avoided link- ing the party with religion and despite the fact that the So- cial Credit cabinet (with the exception of the Premier) and the majority of the party's MLAs had no ties with funda- mentalist Protestantism. High rates of urbanization also gave s-upport to the Con- servatives since young rural migrants to urban centres are isolated from the Social Credit tradition of their parents and thrrir own models of success are more apt to coincide with an urban lawyer than with a rural farmer. High rales of inter-provincial migration in urban areas have also hurt So- cial Credit since iew people coming from other provinces have traditional ties with the parly. AI of these social fac- tors explain why previously un- committed voters would vote Conservative rather than So- cial Credil (voting turnout in- creased from U3 per cent in the last election lo 74 per cent in this The turnout of the uncommitted to vote for tlie Conservatives is certainly one of the critical -factors in the election since Social Credit support only decreased from 44.C to 41 per cent. The two most interesting tilings about the election are the Conservative success in northern and centra] rural areas and continued support for Social Credit in the south in both rural and urban areas. The differences between south and north should not he exag- gerated, however, since the ac- tual vole percentage differ- ence between them was not great. But why should rural people in any part of the prov- ince vote for a party guided by city lawyers over a party a large number of leaders from rural Alberla: Support for the Conservatives in cen- tral and northern Alberta can be partly explained by a lower standard of living than in rural areas in Ihe south and hence more dissatisfaction with the government. Rural support for Ihe Conservatives throughout the province is also ,an indica- tion of tlie penetration of urban life styles and values into rural life, largely through the mass media. It was impossible for Strom to compete as a TV per- sonality with a city lawyer since rural people have learn- ed, through the mass media, to expect leaders who are aiticu- and dynamic. Slrom was "a new kind of leader" soft spoken, unpretentious, a team man but these are not the leadership qualities that a mass media-influenced popula- tion finds attractive. Other reasons for Conservative suc- cess in rural areas are more obvious. These include good candidates, a rural policy which wai; as good (if not the same) as that which Social Credit offered, and the lapping over of support for the federal Conservatives into provincial politics. (It is not known in rural Alberta that Lougheed was tied in with the Dalton Camp wing of the Conserva- tives which repudiated Diefen- baker's The reasons that Medicine Hat and Lelhbridge remained Social Credit are somewhat different from the reasons that the rural ridings in the south relumed Social Creditors. Con- tinued support for Social Credit in these two cities is probably due lo the fact that seculariza- tion has not proceeded as far "S'funny we must have run out of gas Letters to the editor Criteria for customs offices lo folloiv Mr. J. A. Spencer's advice lo Lhe Seattle visitor on proced- ures for crossing the Canadian border (see The Herald, letter, Sept. 1) displays some of the best satire and humor that I have read recently. Especially subtle was Mr. Spencer's as- sertion Ihal he would not tell a customs official bow to pro- teed, and then in his succeed- ing paragraphs lists do's and don'ls for customs officers, in- cluding: (I) making Ihe amount of money a person has on liis person (and only his per- son) a criteria for entry, t'2) using a sliding scale standard on hair length and personal cleanliness to determine the rights to enter (3) thoroughly searching all who do not meet bis required standard of clean- liness or hair length or per- sonal dress. I particularly en- joyed bis wry sense of wit in encouraging customs officials to search the diapers of babies whose parents are "suspect." This proposal suggests, to even the dullest imagination, all sorts of delightful scenes in cus- toms offices. What struck m e concerning this criteria was the irony in it. According lo Ihe pattern of his logic, if is perfectly pos- sible to reverse his conclusions yet retain tlie criteria. For ex- ample, anyone carrying a large amount of U.S. currency across Hie border should be suspect. After all, two types of Ameri- cans might carr-y large amounts of cash: drug pushers or clever individuals trying to dump devalued American cur- rency on unsuspecting southern Albertans. As for hair lenglh and appearance, it mighl be wise lo detain anyone wilh very short hair or a crew cut. Bnn, nwtorbouls from lakes 1 wish lo concur moat empha- tically with Mr. Kelly's Icllcr in which he makes an urgent plea for an effective protection of Ihe wilderness areas and the beauty spols in this groat province, in all fair- ness, however. 1 wish lo point out thai besides Ibc logging, seismic and coal mining com- panies who recklessly damage and despoil our countryside the private, citizens too conlribi't? Ihcir nefarious share. There arc countless cases of flagrant abuse and wanton spoliation of the environment by the lourisls in the national and provincial parks as well as in the beautiful places which arc not under pro- (cclion, since (hey are located ouLsidc (he prolcclcd areas. The ease in point is Lee's Lake, one of the inost bcauliful small lakes in soulhcrn Alber- ta. This lake situated al the en- trance lo the Crowsncst Pass used lo he, only a few years ago, very quiet and clear, in- habited by some rare species of fowl and other wading birds, well slocked with fish. The shoreline and flic water in the lake are getting more polluted every day as a result of reck- less abuse by some residents who o vn cottages on the. lake the Particular' ly on summer weekends some residents and several tonrisls perfectly mindless of Ihe dread- ful blows Ihey inflicl lo the habitai dash al full .speed in the- powerful motorboats pulling be- hind file walerskiers and even lowing large rafls. This sort of activities inevitably causes con- siderable disturbances of Ihe .-hallow walers, produces obnox- ious fumes and a deafening noise. As n result of this abuse many walcrbirds lhat in recent past jiopiilalcd Ibc lake are no longer lo be found Iberc, while (be tourists who would wish lo swim in the lake or Lo enjoy the beauty of the landscape in calm and solitude feel (bat I hey are robbed of their peace- ful rest. Last inonlh I wrole a letter lo one of the major pollu- ters who happens to be a perm- anent resident him lo refrain from llicsc noisy and harmful aclivilics. I received a rude ami jeering reply. Perhaps only bad pnblicily can make Ihesc people slop Iheir wrongdoings and save the. lake from wanton destruction. Praclically, the most effective action on Ihe part of Ihe provin- cial adlhorilio.s would lie (o him the molorboals altogether from Lee's Lake and oilier small lakes in Ibis prtn ince. 1. .1. University of Lethbridge. In the present age, hair is nor- mally long and frequently un- kempt. Short hair is often worn, at least in the U.S., as a badge by certain dangerous perhaps by overzealous heads of paramilitary groups decid- ing to stamp out communism in Canada without an imita- tion. As can be seen, there is no limit lo the criteria one could establish for customs of- fices if we follow Ihis logic. JAMES D. TAGG. Lcthbridge. Looking Through the Herald 11121 Rendering judgement today, the Grand Trunk board of arbitration decided by a ma- jority ruling that the common and preferred slocks of the Grand Trunk Railway were worth nothing. King George has re- duced bis annual income by 10 per cent of annually in an effort to help his country in the current fiscal crisis. in the population of most Canadian cilies, towns as in Calgary and Edmonton, rates of inter-provincial migra- tion are lower, and the popula- tion is slightly older. The ago of the population is important because the people most com- mitted lo Social Credit arc Ihose who were first attracted to Aberhart's social movement during the 1930's. Continued support for Social Credit in ru- ral areas in the south can be explained not only by relative- ly higher standards of living, but also because the farm pop- ulation is more stable than in northern Alberta. Social Credit did not lose be- cause it has been unaware ot urbanization or other social changes the province. The party has made a deliber- ate effort lo appeal to urban voters. Ils platform included a number of planks which were aimed specifically at urban areas. Considerable effort was expended lo attract can- didates, and the party ran the best organized campaign since 1935 and the most professional campaign ever. The Task Force on Urbanization and the Future and the Worth Commis- sion on Educational Planning were both indications that the Eocreds were seriously inter- ested in Alberta's cities. This concern about the cities was in large part due to (lie fact that Social Credit's secondary lead- ership had changed and lhat many young socially conscious people had been attracted to the parly and been given posi- tions of influence. But after be- ing in office for 36 years and with a leader from rural Al- berta, it was impossible to con- vince people that Social Credil had changed. Moreover, it was impossible to push the change idea very hard for fear o{ alienating the traditionally con- servative Social Credit support- ers. Signs of ideological ten- sion within the party, indicat- ing that change has occurred, emerged during the election wilh Alf Hooke denouncing Strom for moving away from monetary reform and away from an extreme right wing position. Also, the national So- cial Credit party distributed pamphlets in Ihe Edmonton- While m u d constituency de- nouncing the Socred candidate, Don Hamilton (a United Church Minister, originator of the Alberta Service Corps and former executive assistant to Strom) as a Fabian socialist. Thirty six years in office, a new and nnaggrcssive leader who lacked the personal pop- ularity of Manning, and a num- ber of minor debacle of the homeowner's grant, seeming inaction on pol- lution and resource conserva- tion, Gerhart's high-handedness in tlie dispute with civil ser- vants, education cutbacks which alienated many teach- ers, failure lo implement all of Ihe Blair report winch alien- ated many medical played a part in tile Social Credit defeat. The Conserva- tive campaign strategy was also excellent: an emphasis on the need for change without harsh criticism of the Socreds who obviously had not done badly, a large number of clec- L i o n "commitments" which were broad-ranging enough to appeal to all sectors of so- ciety, candidates from just as diverse occupational, religious and ethnic backgrounds as tlie Socreds, and the subtly per- suasive psychology of ism, Tlie Conservatives were thus able to attract many peo- ple who had formerly not voted and also make some in- roads into traditionally Socrcd supporters farmers, elderly people and non-Anglo Saxon clhnic groups. But the major causes of the Conservative suc- cess were social changes in Al- berla which prompted people to choose the Conservatives whom they perceived as em- bodying more of their values than Ihe Socreds. backward and villages were reported in a preliminary announcement of census figures. Lelhbridge now has a population of as compared lo in 13111. 1951 An overturned fm'k blocking bolb traffic lanes in San Francisco was believed lo be part of a plot Lo keep An- drei Grotnyko from the Jap- anese pe.ace treaty conference. Minister Dicfcn- bakcr announced today an in- crease of in the strcnglh of the armed forces to a tolal of The Uthbridgc Herald 504 7lh St, S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 001? Member of Tho Cnnadlan Press and the Capirtlan Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Qurcnu ol Circulations CLEO VI. MOWERS, Edllor and Publisher THOMAS H. AOAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS. K. VMLKER Advertising Manager Editorial Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;