Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 6, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE lETHBRiDGE HERAIO Thursday, September 6, 1973 worse An increased subsidy to offset a rise in the price of milk Another to offset the increased price of bread. Higher (very slightly) old age pen- sions and higher family allowances. And a pause (voluntary, of course) in the steady rise of oil prices, after they'd gone up several tunes already this year. That's it. That'j the gov- ernment's long awaited program for controlling the wildly spiralling cost of living. That means the government's policy the v, ord is rank flattery with respect to prices is to let them rise, and then provide money to meet them. There could not be a more indirect or precise application of the classic formula for inflation. As has been pointed out a thous- and times, inflation is no problem for the rich and powerful, and no more than a minor irritant for businessmen, professionals and others with high incomes: there's no hard- ship in rising prices when incomes, mostly disposable, rise even faster. There is some hardship for those in the lower income brackets, whose pay raises invariably la? behind prices, and for whom such a high proportion of even' pay cheque must go for food, clothing and shelter. But the hardest hit by inflation, always, are those v hose incomes are fixed, who get the same number of those dollars that aie so steadily be- ing diminished by inflation For the most part that means older people, who are no longer in the work force, who subsist on pensions sometime1; augmented by modest annuities and hard-earned savings accounts, again are in dollars that purchase less and less. When their situation is considered ia the light of actions by govern- ments, financial institutions and busi- ness generally, it isn't hard to under- stand some of our old timers wonder- ing if there isn't a conspiracy by this generation to plunder the previous one. And the idea may not be all that far-fetched. Consider it trom their point of view. All their lives they were told of the virtues of thrift and urged to save for their old age. Many of them were persuaded. As a result, there are millions of dollars in bank accounts, annuities, pension funds, insurance policies, every imaginable savings device money these older Canadians put by for their old age Every dollar of it represents some little pleasure or lux- ury gone without, something deferred today so it would be there tomorrow. Look at those funds now. The dol- lars are there, all right, but what are they worth? Maybe half, maybe less than half, what they should be, what the savers thought they would be They know what they put in, and that they haven't taken it out; but half of if is gone And they remember what they were told. Then they look around them, at the way people live today. They look at OFY. the so- called welfare bums (corporate or U1C ski-teams, plans to import labor because unemployed Canadians won't take jobs, strikes to improve on an hour wages or 000 salaries. And while they aren't well versed in economics, and most of them don't know a GVTT from an EEC and don't care, either they think they know where a lot of their money is going Disappointing the Indians The so-called "Indian is a mixture of many problems and the solutions v.ill be equally complex and varied. However there is unani- mous agreement that the solutions will succeed only to the extent that they originate with the Indians and are developed by them. The essential remedies cannot be imposed by the white society. Indeed, at the root of many of the problems is the long and sorry record of white society not let- ting the Indians make their own de- cisions and take responsibility lor them. It was encouraging, then, to see the responsible Indian leadership in Southern Alberta plan a major uni- versity program on Indian studies in conjunction with the University of Lethbridge. The program would have covered the broad range of Indian culture, history, social structure and other interests It would have done for Indian studies what is accepted in universities for ancient Greece or Rome or modern Russia or India. It would have stimulated Indian pride and self-respect, vluch they need more than anything else It would have encouraged them in other ways to work out their own emancipation. And importantly, the program as worked out would have evolved slow- ly but deliberately over an initial five-year period at only nominal cost to the public treasury. Fortunately there is enlightened private money available for well-conceived and de- serving projects such as this, and the project would have qualified. It was thoroughly researched. All the home- work was done. It is a serious disappointment to the Indians, then, and a blow to their self-confidence, that the project should have been vetoed, at least for the time being, by the provincial de- partment of advanced education, for no reason except that it is not com- patible with the new bureaucracy. The politics of hijacking Hi-jacking is still a major concern for air earners everywhere. And it should be. Notwithstanding the wide- spread adoption of precautionary measures, some of them severe enough to embarrass and upset pas- sengers, no month goes by without some terrorist, criminal, fanatic or unbalanced person taking over an air- liner, always at grave risk to those aboard. The International Civil Aviation Or- ganization meeting in Rome recently, had as its main agenda item the securing of universal agree- ment to some form of protocol with respect to air piracy, some common approach to catching and dealing with hijackers. There is need for some such legislation as the International Air Convention of 1944, which codi- fied international air rights, omitted any reference to hijacking. At that time, it simply hadn't been thought of. Since then conventions agreed to at The Hague and Montreal in 1970 and 1971 respectivly have set out terms for international jurisdiction and sanctions, but ratificaton of any international agreement is always a very slow process. In the meantime a political com- plication is bothering western repre- sentatives to IACO, and it must be remembered that it is westerners who dominate in forming IACO poli- cies Their concern is a Soviet proposal that all hijackers, without exception, be compulsorily extradited to the state in which the aircraft they interfered with is registered. While it seems reasonable enough, on the surface, that those who pirate aircraft should be dealt with under tiie laws of the country whose air- craft they pirate, western countries (their govemmnts, at any rate) have always made it a practice to shade their views on unconventional or even criminal behavior when its object is defection from a Commu- nist or Socialist state- Accordingly it is their preference, even in so serious a crime as this, to retain the right to choose betwen extraditing an air pirate or prosecuting him themselves. So when it comes to a fine point, the resounding pronouncement "Civil aviation requires the full force of in- ternational law as a deterrent to the criminally really has an unspoken qualifier" except when political considerations dictate otherwise." Which may have something to do with the problem of securing interna- tional agreement on how to deal with hijackers. Intimidating the preacher By Doug Walker The human race Scenario for a ritual dance Bv Dian Cohen, syndicated commentator MONTREAL "Emergency legislation ordering ai end to the second national rail stride in two years hammered oue- tum to work, ai the same time condemning the interference o. Parliament in the bargaining process. "M embers of Parliament themsehes expressed deep ie- sentment at being used, ai they had been in 1973 and ISyfi as enforcers of a back-to-work order in a strike which should never have taken place "As the trains began to across the country, concerned vowed to tind better ways to settle wage differences in essential services The probability that such a news release will be written two years from now is over- whelmingly high. have just witnessed the first of two ritual dances are performed with depressing regularity and precision Last November, the non-oper- ating unions serx-ed on the railways of their con- tract demands On September 1st, royal as- sent was given to The Mainten- ance of Railway Operations Act, 1973. In the intervening nine months, it was apparent that the participants w o u 1 d be forced through negotiations which would break off. conci'i- ation which would fail to get either unanimity or approval, and mediation which was tore- Letter to the editor doomed to end in stalemate The tv.o years "ill wit- r.C's- another dreary cycle The rnd the un.ons will ill'im.itely sign agreements foimalizmg extensive wage in- crease" The railw s ill applv to the Canadian TVaispo-t Commis- siCii ior vales to offset the increa-3 in costs The v.ebtem provinces end the llaruimes v.ill prc'est the i; creases, pointm? out that the transport minister froze rates when he was m the tfest last JlllV. Either the government will authorize subsidies to cover p.iit of the of wage in- oieaseF. or, after protracted heatings, rate increases will be permitted to go throush (EilH-r way, you. notice the taxpayers pay.l In the meantime, the unions served notice on the rail- wax s on their new contract de- mands The root of the problem lies in the reluctance to look upon the railways as bufrines.-'es. like any others, free v.ithin certain limits to make their own business decisions. Instead, they persist in treat- ing the railways as the sole mode of transportation they were at the turn of the cen- turv As a monopoly industry, railways needed rigid regula- tion ?o that the public would be pafe from the abuses of ironopoly power As one of the pil'ars of national regional de- velopment policy, the railways needed rigid to continue their good v.orks of welding the nation together. Time changes many things. The railways are no longer transport monopolies, and the regulations under which they operated for so many yeais have ceased to have any coher- ence. Despite this, the govern- ment continues to intervene in the process of making the rail- ways coK-jpetitive with the other firms of transportation which have arisen over the past six decades. So consequently, the ritual dance continues, ironically, the same Liberal government, under Lester Pearson, ended the dance, at least, in theory, legislatively. In 1967, the Na- tional Transportation Act was passed, the cornerstone of which is that the railways must be allowed to live or die on their own. Railway rates were treed, and the railways weie told to set their rates comtjeti- live'y Observers rhapsodized thai the end had come to government subsidization of only one of several competing transpo: t modes. Canadian transportation policy they said, had entered the age ot compe- tition, and was now free to de- velop tetter and more efficient methods of transport. It was also said at the time that the railways would no longer be used as pawns in regional or political problems. The railways would be free cor- porate agents standing on their own feet to solve their own problems. Never again would they be able to count on parliament bailing them out of their labor problems. Ho hum. Inaccurate and incomplete story Gerry Rogers, serving as Phil Blakeley's deputy in keeping the clock on the preach- er at McKillop United Church, took his job very seriously one Sunday at least. He was in the choir at McKillop in the morning and in the choir at the Southmin- ster induction service in the evening keep- ing a tab on Blake Anderson who preach- ed at both services. I don't know if it was due to Gerry's pres- ence but Blake clocked in at only nine minutes in the evening. If Blake felt intim- idated it would be understandable in view of what a looming presence Gerry presents. In reference to the article in The Herald (August 23) ''Kainai crafts centre faces production stop" written by Shirleen Hunt- er, special correspondent: I am disturbed at the possible impressions a reader cf this article may obtain due to the inaccurate statements, and pri- marily its incomnlcteness t have been in contact by tele- phone with the Blord band of- fice and the regional office, de- partment of Indian affair? and northern development. Edmon- ton to verify the following farts. 1. Central Marketing Sen-ice did pay for 250 pair of slippers manufactured by the group some four weeks ago. 2. Other articles shipped to Central Maketing are new pro- ducts, new idea items, and are primanly for the purpose of evaluation of market potential. These items have been for- warded to Central Marketing Service within the last four to five weeks. Evaluation for market potential does take more time than purchase of an established item. 3. This group is currently op- erating in a training program under the sponsorship of the department, Canada Manpow- er, and the band. Under this sponsorship the band have en- tered into a contract with Can- ada Manpower whereby the band make bi-weekly payments to the instructors and trainees at a basic rate of per hour; higher for instructors. On sub- mission of payroll statements, by the band administration, Canada Manpower will reim- burse the band for all of the instructor's salaries, plus 75 per cent of the trainees' wages. Our department, on submission of duplicate payroll statements, re- imburse the band for the bal- arce It is interesting to note that I telephoned the band of- fice they advised they were at that time processing the pay- rcll for the ''centre'1 for the curieni two period. They further assured me that pay- rolls had been processed for the ''centre" for each weeks si'ioe the inception of ti'e training project on June 3rd, and continue to La processed until its conclusion in mid-September. The training programs re- ferred to in the second last paragraph were net sponsored by Canada Manpower, but en- 'Crazy Capers' Imaginative work By William Safire, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON Aristotle, knew his ethics, held labor in contempt: "All paid em- he wrote, "absorb and degrade the mind." The ancient Greeks, who left labor to slaves and believed that a "good" man lived a life cf leisurely contempla t i o n, would agree with the modern philosophy of Greening-of-Amtr- ica Charles Reich, who holds: "No person with a strongly de- veloped aesthetic sense, a love of nature, a passion for musfc, a desire for reflection, or a strongly marked independence could" possibly be happy in a factory or white collar job." Then what is all this about a "work Where did the idea come from that labor is good and sloth is bad? Max Weber, the German so- ciologist who first used the word 'charisma" in reference to political candidates, came up with a controversial thesis in 1904, under the title, "the Prot- estant ethic and the spirit of capitalism." Weber pointed out that money-making was despised, and money-lending was consid- ered as fit only ior Shake- spearian slrykcks, until well into the middle ages. Then, along with the Protestant refor- mation, came the doctrine cf "vocation." which held that every man could serve G c 5 through his calling, or work. Join Calvin went Martin Luther one better: he taught his fol- lowers that success in busi- ness was that God was smiling on a man's ef- forts, and that the hard work, diligence and abstemiousness which led to the accumulation of wealth led also to the gates of heaven. The spirit of capitalism was thus conceived, and the Calvin- ist Puritans brought that spir- it of industry and grim purpose with them to the new world. With noses and shoulders to the grindstones and the people whs believed that loaf- ing was sinful and hard work was virtuous proceeded to build a good life and a great nation. The criticism of the Protes- tant ethic begun by Weber 70 years ago is now being echoed by people who want no part of what they consider the business world's rat race. Its defence has b2en taken up by labor leaders and other conserva- tives, including President Nixon: "Keep religion out of the president told a writer who labeled it "the Protestant ethic" for a Labor Day address in 1970. "lets just call it the work ethic." Since directly opposing the work ethic would be like at- tacking motherhood, those who dispute its rallies proceed with circumspection. But Aristotle, tirely by this department 5. The group in the was recently offered (two to three weeks sgc1) a contract with Central Marketing Service for a value of approximately over a 14 month period, to pro- duce specific items for the ser- vice. Mr. Stevens, head of Cen- tral Marketing Sen-ice, made a special trip to the "centre" to discuss Ihe terms and commit- ments of the contract. I do not v.ish to appear re- criminatory or overly critical, bi't I do feel that the average reader could easily retain the impression that no one was in- terested in tins group, and per- haps establishing road blocks. I feel a good deal of interest and assistance has been pro- vided by both the band and var- ious sections of our department. It is true the band will be totally reimbursed for the train- ing costs. However, they do make the initial outlay for wages and salaries that mil amount to several thousand dollars. I believe the input and support of our department is assured in the points outlined above. In view of the foregoing, may I suggest that verification of facts and completeness of story could have easily been obtained by discussion with the band ad- ministration and-or our office. I sincerely trust this letter will be considered in the spirit of "constructive criticism" intend- ed. E. WILLIAMS Area Superintendent Economic Development, Department of Indian and Northern Affiars. Weber and Reich have their followers, who could help debate by speaking out. The believers in what could fairly be called a "leisure ethic" could. if they were willing to work at it present a persuasive case. If the work ethic is so popular, why has the work week been shortening? Why is the three-day weekend so "clearly on the horizon? Be- cause some workers want more time to enjoy themselves, and other workers want more time to improve themselves. Why not, then, treat work as something that should be as easy and quickly ended as possible, so people could spend more time with their families, out at the beach, or their hobbies or studies? Life is short enough, the leisure ethic gees; some noses were made for flowers, others for news, but none for grindstones. Hold on. the work ethic re- plies: that's n3t how to build character. If you do not. have to work for anything, you up with nothing to value. Pride, self respect, satisfaction in achievement all that comes only to the person who earns his leisure and his comforts by the sweat of his brow or the liveliness of his mind. Not so, counters the leisure ethic, standing up for the right to recline. The two groups working 80-hour wseks today are the unorganized migrant workers and the disorganized corporate executives and their occupational bondage leads to physical and mental break- downs, not the construction of character. The clash between the good and the easy life is time- less: it will never be finallv resolved, even if our descend- ants, on the first Monday of the next millenium, are fated to celebrate Leisure Day by plunging into the only day's hard work of the year. Perhaps we will squeeze work down to a few minutes of super- productive button-pushing each cay. and thereby achieve what John Galbraith calls "the elimi- nation of toil.'' But I hope not: the way tD hold on to all that is good about the work ethic is to make work itself more sat- isfying. This means the renewal of pride in craftsmanship, today a chance for "second careers" after early retirement or re- fresher careers in the midst of work; the assumption by man- agement of the responsibility to make jobs interesting and ful- filling; the dignifying of what is now dismissed as "house- the "Hawthorne effect" thpt flows from a worker's un- derstanding that he is part cf an attempt to improve his life on the job. Why one over other? B> Anthony Westell, Toronto Star commentator OTTAWA The government took control of broadcasting from the earliest days because there were a limited number of channels available on the air- waves and it was thought essen- tial that they should serve thf public interest. So Parliament set up the Ca- nadian Broadcasting Corpo- ration to be an instrument of national unity, and even private radio and TV stations have to meet standards laid down by the government's agency, the Canadian Radio-Television Commission No such controls apply to the press. After all, there is no limit to the number of news- papers which can be published. and it is tliotight essential that the citizen should be able to choose from a free market in news and opinion. That's the theory on which we have been operating for half a century. It's so familiar that no- body questions it. But events are in fact turning it on its head and making it nonsense. The njmber of TV channels is increasing rapidly. Two na- tional networks. CBC and CTV, are to be joined soon by the globr 1 system. Cable br.r.gs in a variety cf foreign programs and the CRTC is encouraging the growth of community broad- casting. Satellites promise to bring in TV from all over the world, providing the viewer with almost limitless choice of news, opinion, entertainment. At the same time, the number of newspapers in independent ownership is shrinking at an alarming rate. The F.P. Publi- cations group recently bought the influential Montreal Star. Montreal's La Presse has taken over Montreal Matin, and may buy Le Soleil in Quebec City. The truth is that in most parts of Canada there is now more competition on the air- waves than at the press. The citizen has a wider choice cf news and opinion available from his TV and radio than frcm his newspapers. So what now is the rationale for regulating broadcasting, but not the press? What is the logic for financing a national broad- casting system to ensure a basic level of public service, but not a national medium oi printed news? If governments were logical and thank heaven they never would now be freeiTj broadcasters from controls while setting up an agency to licence newpapers ard lay cbwn standards for their per- formance Probably nobody would want to go that route. But certainly politicians and people in tha news media should be rethink- ing outmoded ideas on own- ership and control of the means of communication. The LetKbridge Herald Sw ?lh St. S., LettorMge, Alberta LETHBROM2E HERALD 00. LTD., Proprietors and Pwbtortiw Published 1906 by Hon. W. A. Sacond Otis Man No. 0012 tomtw tf fha Canadian Praw and the Canadian Daily PutolMian' and Audit Bureau of ClrtuUHana CLEO w MOWERS, Editor and Publltnar THOMAS B- ADAMS, Managar DON WILLIAV HAT aaaualM EtfMv MfNT MILES DOUSLAJ. K. I MIBIjtr MHVMI Kdltor THE HERAIO MtVW THE SOUTH'