Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 6, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 THE IFIHBRIDOt HERAID Wedneiday, Seplemter 6, 1972 Paul Whitclaw Outrage in Munich Another outrage has been perpet- rated by Arab terrorists. Their slaugh- ter of the Israeli athletes in Munich is unspeakably sad. Along with the sadness there is also a welling of anger. The people of the world do not need these senseless displays of vio- lence to be reminded that the Pales- tinian Arabs feel an injustice has been done them. How could anyone be unaware of it with the Middle East tension constantly in the news? No matter how much sympathy one may have for the Palestinian Arabs in the loss of their ancestral homeland, it is difficult not to be im- patient with the way they have stead- ily worsened their situation, What res- idue of sympathy remains is rapidly being dissipated by the terrorist acts and the failure of Arab leaders to condemn them. Violence will not bring about the wanted solution the Arab guer- rillas. Probably nothing will produce the solution they want because it is so unrealistic. Only recognition of the Israeli fact and willingness to negoti- ate can bring any change. In the meantime the world has the problem of dealing with its dissidents who resort to terrorism to achieve their ends. One solution to explore would be to seek ways of drying up the supply fire power to such groups as the Arab guerrillas. It is something that would seem to lio within the grasp of governments who permit the manufacture of arms and engage in their sale. The last Olympics? In 1906, at the Summer Olympics in Athens, an Irishman scaled a 200- foot flagmast and fixed an Irish flag to the top, his part in a demonstra- tion in favor of home rule for Ire- land. From our 1972 viewpoint, the act seems more gallant than repre- hensible, but it was thoroughly and unmistakably political. That was the beginning, and it came only ten years after the 1895 revival the Olympic Games. Since then, there has not been an olympiad without a political ploy or demonstration of some sort. Much of the politicking has gone on in embassies, committee rooms and such places. Nations have been barred for purely political reasons, and have withdrawn for the same political reasons. After the First World War, for example, the nations that were on the 'wrong' side were barred from the 1920 Games. So were the Russians, presumably for having changed their government by revolu- tion, (which must be much worse than waging war because it was not until 1952 that Russian athletes re- turned to Olympic More recently, in 1958 China walk- ed out because. Taiwan was not ex- pelled, and in 1964 South Africa was excluded while North Korea and In- donesia pulled out, all for political causes. This year saw the expulsion of Rhodesia in the face of a threat of withdrawal by a score of African national teams. Politics, again. While much of the manoeuvring has been by officials and politicos, the athletes themselves' have not failed to note the Irishman's exam- ple. The Finns have refused to march Montreal's school problem a hot issue Francois Olou- Uer is little known outside the province of Quebec, but as education minister in Premier Bourassa's government he's cer- tain to be at the centre of con- troversy before the end of the year. Mr. Cloutier, a 60-year-old, portly physician who was trans- ferred from the relatively tran- quil cultural affairs portfolio early this spring, has announced that he will tackle the sensitive job of school board reform on Montreal Island. Anywhere else in Canada, re- structuring the school admini- stration of a big cily might be accomplished in relatively un- spectacular fashion. But in Que- bec province successive gov- ernments have been trying to tackle the problem for six years without success. Any mova to restructure the hodge-podge of more than 30 separate school boards on the island arouses deeply entrenched anxieties about religion and linguistic rights. Mr. Cloutier was named to his new pressure cooker port- folio when things became too hot for Guy St. Pierre, who is now industry and commerce minister. Mr. St. Pierre tried unsuccessfully last fall to sleet a bill through the national as- sembly which would have cre- ated one giant school council, with a small number of subprdi- .nate boards, for the metropoli- tan area. As such, the existing religious and linguistic divi- sions among the school boards would have been eliminated. There was an immediate out- cry from English speaking res- idents, fearful that their minor- ity status on the one big school council would endanger the quality of English educrlion. The vast majority of English- speaking residents voted Liber- al in the 1070 general election, so Premier Bourassa and lus ministers were understandably concerned. Many French-speaking peo- ple, in turn, were worried about the disappearance of dis- tinct Roman Catholic boards. The more nationalistically in- clined also believed that Mr. St. Pierre's legislation Bill 28 provided too many guaran- tees for the English and indi- behind the Russian flag, Americans have declined to dip their banner be- fore an English king, and since the Mexico Summer Games in 19fi8 the 'black power salute' by black medal- winners has become commonplace. As the gravity and scope of political activity lias increased, so has the recklessness of demonstrators, and now we have bloody murder stalking the streets of the Munich Olympic Village. Men have been gunned down, not for anything they have done, but because their championship calibre has placed them in the world's spot- light, as representatives of their country. So what happens now? What of future Games, those scheduled for Montreal in 1976? With our sorry record for restraint, our fatal penchant for escalating violence, can we expect brutal bat- tles between national teams, bloody shoot-outs in the stadia? Or playing fields and living quarters packed densely with soldiers and police to make possible a celebration of international goodwill and friendly athletic A week ago we suggested that racism, political interference, 'sham- ateurism' and spiralling costs were casting ominous shadows over the fu- ture of the Games. Then, bloody mur- der was not part of the picture. Perhaps the writing has been on the wall since 1930, when it was tacit- ly agreed not to notice Hitler's at- tempts to use the Games as a forum for his peculiarly vicious racism. The shots that ended the lives of Israeli athletes in Munich may have sounded the death knell of the Olympic Games as well. reclly tlirealened the French culture. Mr. St. Pierre was to ths un- enviable position of pleasing neither group, and the bill died when the separatist Parti bccois carried out an embar- rassingly successful filibuster in the assembly. Early last fall, Mr, St. Pierre had been optimistic that he could overcome the objections of his critics. Bill 28 contained a number of provisions'for min- ority language instruction and localized consultation on curri- culum and other matters that had been absent in similar leg- islation presented by the pre- vious Union Nationals govern- ment. Mr. Cloufier has refused ta elaborate on the contents of the legislation, but he promised that it will place "greater ac- cent the rather than the administrative, as- pects" of reorganization. It will also leave more power In the hands of localized boards which would be under the island-wide "school council" or school board. The education minister said he will present Ms bill in cabi- net next month, and that it will be introduced shortly after- wards in the assembly. Mr. Cloulier has, perhaps sig- nificantly, declined to reaffirm the government's commitment to a unified, non denomina- tional system as originally en- visioned. The government, It Is sug- gested by some Montreal edu- cators, may decide to regroup the 33 existing Catholic and Protestant boards along denpni- inational or linguistic lines. If cither course Is followed, the English speaking minori- ty in Montreal will have little to fear. The existing Protes- tant boards are predominantly English, and in effect reli- giously neutral. Unification along either language or reli- gious lines would do little to erir danger cultural or religious herr ilage. The city's English-speak- ing Catholics have always at- tended schools administered by the predominantly French-Cath- olic bowels. The reaction of French-spealfc Ing Montrealers is hardly u predictable, Separatists and na- tionalists have consistently crl. ticized the government for granting too many concessions to Anglophone Quebecers. Un- doubtedly, they will be vocal when Mr. Cloutier his new bill this fall. The majority of politically moderate Frencri speaking Montrealers will also be studying the legislation closely to see what It does to current linguistic and religious guarantees. (Herald Quebec Bureau) ANDY RUSSELL David Htuvorth Secret wreckers in the European Common Market The longtailed jaeger [E naturalist travelling the northern tundra has the opportunity to observe a very beautiful and interesting bird found nowhere else in North America, the long- tailed jaeger. This bird is particularly uni- que in the fact that it nests in Alaska and northern Canada, but winters in Japan, one of the few birds migrating east and west. It is strikingly marked in contrasting sooty black and snow white, has a wing spread of about two feet and has a long forked tail the hallmark of arial acrobats in the feathered world. The jaeger is a grace- ful and swift flyer easy to identify on the wing and on the ground. A predatory gull, it lives on mice, frogs ar.d small birds particularly fledgelings that it steals from nests. It makes its nest on low tundra well above timberline, a very casual affair be- ing merely a hollowed out place in tha moss, where it lays two big olive colored eggs with dark mottles. Its nesting site ia very difficult to see if it is unattended but easily located when the bird is sitting on the eggs, for its snowy breast is visible at long range. Unlike most other gulls this one does not nest in colonies. It doesn't matter much if It Is a wolf, grizzly or man that comes close to tha rest, for Instantly both birds declare war, screaming and diving at the intruder. I saw a grizzly pass close to a nest one day and both birds attacked it fiercely although they did not make contact. Screaming and swooping, they dove close down over hia head trying to g3t him to move away. The bear eyed them curiously but otherwise paid (hem small attention, for he was travelling and had Just happened to pause close to the nest. Soon he pro- ceeded on his way and the jaegers broke off the engagement. There were ravens, golden eagles and short-billed gulls in the same general re- gion, and if any one of these showed up the jaegers instantly gave chase. I saw the same pair go after a raven one day, repeatedly striking it on the back making it croak as it dodged and worked hard to get away. Short billed gulls also came in for the same attention any time they showed up. No doubt either one of these birds would have made short work: of the jaegers' eggs had they found them, but they were given small chance. Another time two jaegers were seen at- tacking a big golden eagle in a flashing display of aerial acrobatics that was beau- tiful to watch. The eagle, like the bear, just happened to blunder close to their nesting site and had no interest in either the jaeg- ers or their nest. In spite of being a pow- erful bird on the wing, the eagle was far outclassed in manoevering and speed. One day my sons, Dick and Charlie, and I found a nest up near the top of a pass on an open slope not far from our Toklat River camp in Alaska. It was an ideal day and the location good for photography, BO we went in close for some-pictures. Both birds kept up a steady screaming as they swooped and dived at us. Repeatedly, they took turns diving at our heads at high speed. Several times they just grazed my hat, hut seemed afraid to strike it. Dick was bareheaded and one of them struck him getting its claws tangled in his hair, where we photographed it looking like some kind of animated, fancy head dress. Its feet being webbed and armed only with short claws it did no damage to his scalp, although he claimed it was far from comfortable. Apart from a dazzling display of acrobatics including loops, dives and rolls, we finally managed to calm them down and filmed one sitting on its eggs at a range of three feet probably I he fe- male, as it was slightly the largest. Ex- cept for size both sexes are identically marked making it difficult to tell them apart. Synonymous with the wild tundra re- gions of the north, the jaeger is a most interesting and beautiful bird to observe, a living part of the arctic wilderness. TJRUSSELS Opponents of the Common Market have made much of the alleged in- efficiencies of the European Economic Community's bu- reaucracy, those civil ser- vants who sit in their Brussels headquarters. But two prom- inent Americans believe the real obstructionists and power groupings in the Common Mar- ket are to be found among the bureaucracies in the member slates' own capitals. One is the retiring U.S. Am- bassador to the EEC, Robert Schaetzel, who is leaving Brus- sels after six years' service here. The other is Werner Feld, a professor of political science, recently conducted a sur- vey of senior civil servants in EEC capitals. He says in his as yet unpublished report that "one cnnnot escape the impression that little genuine enthusiasm for (European) political inte- gration exists at present among important segments of the na- tional bureaucracies." Mr. Schaetzel refers to Jean Monnet, one of the Common Market's founding fathers who, he says, had "an intuilive and inspired arrogance" to chooso the p o 1 i e i e s he personally thought were right even though, like every other EEC politician, Monnet was surrounded by "men with manilla folders who could produce umpteen reasons for him not to follow his hunch." "We are all viclims of the ex- says Mr. Schaetzel, "In so many areas there is a wide consensus about what the Com- mon Market should try lo achieve. Policy after policy is put into the machine, but noth- ing conies out." And he believes the fault lies not with Ihe Euro- pean Commission but with ils civil servants' opposite num- bers in Bonn, Paris, Home and the other capilals. Professor Feld's survey shows that the member states' civil servants fear possible iu- roads the Brussels bureaucracy might make on their own spheres of influence at home if the process of European inte- gration is carried too' far. Most of the civil servants he interviewed admitted they saw their function as promoting their own various national in- terests and were often obliged to use threats against people in Brussels to bargain the higher gains for their own countries. Mr. Schaetzel thinks this problem poses a question no less profound than whether the European Community can ulti- mately be made to work. He refers to the Common Market's "supreme vulnerability" to the whims and ambitions of mem- ber states' civil services. Professor Feld's survey quotes the former Ger- man finance minister, Franz Joseph Strauss as saying, "We observe with apprehension that after dismantling tariff walls new national paper walls are erected surreptitiously through the issuing of indeterminable regulations." Strauss adds that it has been the Common Mark- et's experience far cry So They Say If the job is impossible, why are (here always so many ap- plicants whenever a presi- dency is vacant? If the job is untenable, why arc thwe thousands of ambitious acad- emicians and college adminis- trators who want to wear tho presidential hat and believe that, for them at least, it will not turn out to be a crown of thorns? Norman P. Auburn, re- tiring after 20 years as presi- dent of Akron University, who says that "resiliency" is the quality most needed by an A m e r i can university president today. from the idealism of its found- is a stealthy process of re-nationalizing ideas follow- ed by the re-nation alizing of secret bureaucratic regulations. In his poll of European civil servants Professor Feld finds that most believe the prospect of Britain joining the Common Market next year will mean that Europe's political integra- tion will have to be postponed indefinitely. On this basis few of the bureaucrats he inter- viewed believed there was any imminent danger that their functions would be transferred to any Euro-institution. The survey also exposed some hostile opinions among national civil servants towards their counterparts in the Euro- pean Commission. There was a feeling that Eurocrats were paid too much, did not work as hard as government employ- ed civil servants, and were often too highly specialized and therefore had loo narrow a viewpoint. It was also believed that EEC member governments are reluctant to recommend for Community positions officials whose ability is outstanding: they were much too useful at home. In Mr. Schactzel's opin- ion the real bureaucratic "world of barnacles" is not in Brussels where most civil servants are fired with an idealism and energy rarely seen in the capitals. In the circumstances Mr. Schaetzel thinks it is small wonder the younger generation is "absolutely turned off" by the bickering over minutiae which characterize many of the Com- mon Market's ministerial meet- ings that often degenerate in I a night-long "marathons." Ho thinks these are basically about details put forward by national civil servants who have the whip hand over ministers by warning them of possible poli- tical consequences at home i' they do not wring the last frano or comma out of negotiations. "I have heard any number of political statements about the Common says Mr. Schaetzel, "but if the ma- chinery in the various national capitals is not capable or pre- pared to carry them out, the re- sult will be more rather than less frustration with EEC insti- tutions." This is strong com- ment from a man who has a reputation of being perhaps the staunchest American friend tha Common Market has. One answer, Mr. Schaetzel thinks, is for politicians to make tilings uncomfortable for lira "expert" and pursue his policy aims uninhibiledly. He must also have courage not to bear down on intractable problems of which there will always bn many, but earnestly to solve easier ones. Professor Feld arrives at much the same gloomy conclu- sion. In his findings he says that unless the younger genera- tion of Europe's civil servants infuse a new "European" spirit in their work "little might be gained." And he adds: "The acceptance of such a spirit is likely to depend to a large ex- tent on broad political support for political unification among the major e 1 i t e s in the EEC member states, and llu's sup- port continues to remain highly questionable at the moment." (Written for The Herald and The Observer in London) Looking backward Jhrougll The Herald 1922 Some lime this week I will be in Lethbridge, and would like to challenge any middleweight wrestler in Can- ada for a match to take place in Lethbridge some time this month. Yours for sport, Jack Dwyer, Galveston, Texas. 1932 "The drop was de- lightful and I am more than anxious to try it again some time." said Miss Dorothy Simpson, Lelhbridge girl who entertained thousands of avia- tion fans in her first parachute jump at the local airport on Monday afternoon. series of five stamps depicting wildlife have been issued, Ihe proceeds from the sale of which will be earmark- ed for research in the field oj conservation. subjects hava been avoided by Prime Minis- ter Laurent in hu trip across Canada. The Lethbridge Herald 5M 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Crass Mai) R eg hi ration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing EdHor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAi K. WALKER Mvtrllslna Manjgir Editorial Page Edllor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"