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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 6, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA. FRIDAY, SKPTEMBER 0, 1018 NUMBER 226 0 HUNS HAVE HAD MILUON SINCE MARCH 21 NEUVE CHAPELLE IS AGAIN OCCUPIED BY ALLIED FORCES AIRPLANES ARENU 1 UL Over 4000 German Planes Have Been Driven Down Since Big Fighting Started -Allied Airman Make Great Record. London, Sept* 6.-The British during the yfiar ended June 30 last brought down considerably over four thousand aircraft, while Brlt-Ith machines missing have only slightly exceeded one thousand, it is officially announced, "German machines refuse battle unless they have a decided superiority in numbers," It is added. "Where numbers are equal British victory Is assured. Where numbers pro with the Germans British victory is very frequent." London, Sept, 5,-Four hundred and sixty-five enemy machines have been: destroyed and two hundred disabled since the commenee-mfnt,of the offenslvie August 8th, ceopdlm/ W fertofflciai statement on aerial operations tonlflbt. SlJt- ' ty-one' hMtUS.i balloons were destroyed and tons of bombs dropped on various targets. Two hundred and sixteen British machines are missing. Official Statement London, Sept. 5.-The official state-fcionl on aorial operations issued to-r.'glit says: "Mucli reconnaissance {ir;l pliotograpliic work was accom-[|)li: Wins the Second Boston........ .......... 000 000 001-1 Chicago............. .030 000 OOx-3 Batteries: Bush and Agnew; Tyler and Killifer. Hun Navy May Fight Now Anistei-dam, Sept. C.-(Special Cable tp Mail and Empire.) - News iu yesterday's papers that the chief ot the German admiralty staff has had new powers conferred upon him by which his control over the fleet is widened may indicate that the kaiser contemplates calling on the German navy to redresis at sea the loss ot the balance of the land war. It is significant that a naval officer, Capt. Lewelzow is being taken from active service wherein he is said to have distinguished himself in order to assume the post as Chief of the new naval staff attached to main headquarters. Hun Casualties Have Totalled Over a Million Since the Spring Drive ESINS By HON PEO German People are Getting Uncomfoctiably Curious Now Abotitfthe Real Truth of the Warv Which They Dertiand beTold Them. With the French Army ia France, Sept. (i,-Calculations based on the most Accurate information available show .that the Germans have lost 1,100,000 men since March 21. Of this total about a half million we're killed, permanently disabled or taken prisoner, leaving about six hundred thousaiid"lrecuperable in four or five minthsf'TlWIrTeSfefveS dwindled ,.,diirlng the sftine'tlfne in about ttie same extent, whlcli means that the reinforcements brought from Rus-.| sia were used up. The difficulties resulting from the depletion of their fighting units are disclosed, not only in evidence obtained from prisoners, which, however, are subject to caution has been found lately to accord more closely with known facts, but by the unmistakeable signs, such as the reduction ot battalions from four companies to three, from the dissolution of forty regiments, the survivors ot, ^KJ^ich wer* distributed among other depleted- regiments, and froih the fact that the 1919 contingent is now being entirely incorporated in the fighting units. The American army in France next spring will alone exceed the whole fighting strength of the German army. MR WOMAN TOOK OWN LIFE Had Been III For Some Time Killed Herself By Hanging (Special to the HeraldJ Tuber, Sept. G.~Mrs, J, Winwood, who has .suffered from a mental affliction for some time, committed suicide this morning hy hangihg. Neighbors Hiio liave been caring for her for some lime, and watching her closely, left her apparently all right last night, but found her dead this morning by her own act. She leaves a hushaud. and four children. Coroner McNicol was summoned from Lethbridge to hold an investigation. s VERY OPTilSTIC F VICTORY NOW Amsterdam, Sept, 6,-Field Marshal yon Hindenburg whose vigor and fresh appearance are emphasized by the correspondent said in his introduction today: "The fact that the Austrian offensive on the PiaVe was not carried out must not be taken too tragically. It certainly was not tor a lack of courage, lor the troops fought splendidly. The reason must be sought in the flooding of the Piave." The field marabal said he. looked with confidence to Albania and Macedonia "while itt Palestiiie the English have npt succeeded with numerous bloody attacks in shaking the resistance of the Turks." He also referred to the British expeditions in Persia and on the Murman coast of Russia, and then said: "The decisive battle foi' the central powers, however, is takini: place on. the western front, where, tlie central powers are standing shoulder to shoulder in a defensive Rattle. '� "It is true that'we'are suffering grievously from the war hut We shall emerge stronger frpm it. Vv'e shall return home ^fter the glorious battle assured of peaceful labor and then pluck, the fruit of bur fight, "t6 this end the watchword is 'persevere.' We may look satisfactorily into the luture." , LT. CHARLIE GRANT OIESO Lawyer Who Drew Up Albei-ta Prohibition Law Falls In Battle Toronto, Sept. 6.-Lieut. Charles A. Grant, prominent K.C., ot Edmonton, has died of wounds, according to a-message received here yesterday by the soldier's mother. Lieut. Grant was 38 years old and a son ot the late Dr. Grant of Dundas. He was a graduate of McMaster University. He drew up the temperance legislation which passed the provincial legislature. Lieut, Grant went overseas ear. ly in 1916, He is a brother ot Rev, James Grant ot this city. Amterdam, Sept. G.-Patriotic efforts to counteract the inconvenient questious the German people .ire beginning to ask are now being made in Germany, but with resultthis far which can scarcely be described as calculated to hearten the public. Yesterday Count Von Posadowskj^ Wehner, former Chancellor, published an article, in which he pointed out that it is now, a matter ot victory or political, jjnd. economic destruction for the fatherland. Occasional setbacks, he said, could not be avoided and he exhorted the people, especkilly the women to have faith. By cold and captious criticisms the hearts of the masses are not touched, he says. \ He urged that from the legislative tribunal; the pulpit and the professional' chair there should fiovr an unceasihgv/Btreani of warm and patriotic iinpvilse; Tqday-Captain Newman of |he BerliasiW^I^iMTess bureau in an article of admonition entitled "the duty of gi'atefulness," in which without naming Emperor William or Fiekl Marshal Von Hindenburg, he blames the German nation which has become increasingly selfish and ungrateful, "for the petty cavillling spirit which makes it difficult to look to the future with confidence." Not Told the Truth The Berlin Vonvaerts complains that the people are not told the truth, which it says is the cause for all the rumors set afloat. The Socialist organ is especially severe with regard lo the battle bulletins, which it accuses of hiding the truth. Tuesday evening's Frankfort Zelt-ung attacks the Von Hertling government for not having in the ten months of its existence done all possible conducive to a "good peace" and for having shown itself wealc at times of momentous importante. The newspapers make a strong appeal for unity. DISAPPOINTED A L EL CONFLICT IN VIEWS Kaiser Says Germany's Enemies Must be Annihilated, But Crown Prince Says No Amsterdam, Sept, 6.-"Why did Von Kuehlmann, former German foreign secretary go, when the speech which caused his fall did not go so far as the crown -prince's language," asks the Berlin Vorwaerts, the German Socialist organ in commenting on tlie German crown prince's interview, pub-' lished in the Budapest Azest. The Vorwaerts compares \he crown prince't; statement that it is undesirable that German's enemies should be annihilated with iSuiperor William's: speech on J.une ICth, in which, alluding to the conflict of two philosophies, he said one of the two must absolute-. Jy be overcome. The newspaper concludes by saying that words such as.were used 'by Dr, Von Kuehlmann, "today become niuch cheaper, correspondingly Ineffective," Braperar William's speech on June 16 was delivered at German main headquarters on the occasion ot the anniversary of his ascension to "the throne. He said the war was not a njatter of strategic campaign but a striiggle of two woi'ld view8, which wei'e wrestling with each other, ' "Either German principles of rl^ht, freedom, honor and morality must be upheld," he said, "or Anglo-Stiiqn principles with their idolatry ot mammon must be >":CtOrio';g," German People Bitter Over Surrender of Stronghold on the Yprcs Front Amsterdam, Sept, 6,-^Apparently it has not been possible to hide from the German people the bitter disappointment among the German military authorities over the evacuation of Keni-mel. one of the strategic strongholds southwest of Ypres, The Lokal An-zeiger's'military critic says the evacuation was effected "with a heavy heart," and adds that the sole comfort surrounding the withdrawal was that it was voluntary and that it served a tactful purpose affecting the whole army on the west front, "which does not hesitate at sacrificing a place when the purpose is to be attained." .More outspoken is Koester, military writer in-the Berlin Vorwaerts, who is completely at a loss to understand why "the proud Kemmel bastion ' Was surrendered. This writer says jLho future alone wil'. tell what pm'pose this manoeuvre served. � VON HERTLING iRTL London, Sept. 6.-Count George F. Von Hertling, imperial German chancellor has resigned, giving bad health as the cause for his_retirement, according to the Geneva 'cb>Tespondent of the Daily Express, quoting a dispatch, received in Geneva from Munich, Bavaria. WARHASNOTYET This Is Boast of Von Hindenburg, Who Says Armies Protecting the Homeland Amsterdam, Sept. S.-Vienna newspapers received here continue to print interviews with Field Marshall vbn Hindenburg and General Ludendorff the lat-est appearing in the Neues Weiner Journal and tiie .l.zest. "The -war has now been concentrated upon French territory," General Ludendorff is quoted as saying, "and by the enormous utilization of troops and materials has assumed proportions which throW; everything hitherto accomplished In the shade. We thus far have stood.' tlie bitter struggle honorably and are cbnfident that we will continue to do so. "We are all thankful that the war in the forms it has assumed has on the^vhole been spared us in our own territory. The armies ot the central powers are safeguarding their' homes." BOILOUPNEW TO INVESTIGATE BIG WASTE EGGS Ottawa, Sept,. 6.-Investigation has been oriJered by the Canada Food board Into the reported deterioration in a London cold storage plant of twenty thousand dozens ot eggs. According to officials Qi,the Trades and Labor council ot Londonfi Ont., the eggs were carried to fields southeast of the,city, and used as fertilizer. ' The InvestlgBtloh is in the hands of 'the enforcement branch of the Canada Food^ Beard _ ,  ' SOCIAL ORDER Capitalism and Private Profit Must Give Way to Efficiency, Says Methodist Board Toronto, Sept. 6.-The building up of a new social order ia the program set befere .the government and people of Canada by the Methodist board of social service and evangelism which held its annual meeting here during the past three'days. "Captitalisni and its stimulus to grant private profits should give place to efficiency," the report says. "National and public utilities should be controlled by the government for the general good. Such national ntiii-ties should include, at least railways, canals, water powers, coal mines .and all means of communication, "Excess war profits and Iux\irics should be taxed to the utmost. Methods of, taxation should be devised to prevent the holding of lands and national resources tor speculative purposes," A special committee w;ia appointed tos consider the whole question of taxation. report McGregor has RESIGNED Ottawa, Sept. 6.-No word has been received here of the resignation J. D. McGregor, western food controller. According to reports In Wln.nlpeg, Mr. McGregor has resigned owing to growing friction, between the western brancK of the food control system #nd the Cani^da Food board. Allies are Making Great Progress South of Peronne-Hav0 Crossed Canal Du Nord on Entire Front-Franco-Amer-' ican Advance on a 50-Mile Front-In Flanders Allied Have Recaptured Neuve Chapelle and Other Points. PARIS, SEPT. 6.~(3:05 p.m.)~General Detenya army is steadily advancing in the direction of Ham which is probably completely encircled. ARE IN SIGHT OF LAON PARIS, SEPT. 6.-General Mangin's troop are now iri sight of Laon, having reached positions within 13 miles of that city. Gen. Berthelot's soldiers have reached the Aisne on a large front: Gen. Humbert's army is making steady pro-i gress. - CROSS SOMME ON WIDE FRONT ' WITH THE BRITISH ARMIES IN FRANCE,; SEPT. 6.-^. (No6ft)^(By. Assribl^teii^^^^^ -Australian troops have crossed the Rivef'Sbmnfte dnia ^)Hde^^^^^ the soUtfcof Peronne. There is novsfxa confident expectation that fui:thei!( progress will be made and it is expected here that the enemy will be compelled to retreat even beyond the Chemin-Des- , Dames. The situation seems to be unfolding rapidly and further developments arej.awaited with great interest. > ARE NEARING ST, QUENTIN LONDON, SEPT,'6,-British troops are reported to have advanced ..this morning astride the Atniens-St. Quentin line on a front of twelve miles to a depth of three miles. -  I PASS THROUGH CHAULNY WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IN FRANCE, SEPT. 6__(Noon)- French cavalry this morning passed through the town of Chaulny from which the Germans had fled. The troops are advancing,toward Tergnier four and a half rniles northeast of Chaughney and have reached the region ot Viry-Nouieile, two 'and a half miles from Tergnier. TURNS THE HAM LINE WITH THE FRENCH ARMY IN FRANCE, SEPT. 6.-Gen. Debeny's army, has tui^ned the-Ham-Guiscard line at Dampcourt, west of Chauny. , The German,? are retreating rapidly alt along the line south of the Somme. FRANCO-AMERICAN ADVANCE LONDON, SEPT, 6.-The French and American advance on a fifty mile front on the Aisne front with the recovery of a great extent of territory as well as important enemy positions was the main feature of the battle news this morning. The expectation that the French and Americans � wculd be able to enter on the work of driving back the Germane when the necessary slackening of the British advance has been amply fiiffilled. CROSS CANAL-QN WHOLE FRONT LONDON, SEPT. 6-The important feature of this morning's news: ' is that the Canal Du Nord has been crossed by the British on the whole ' front from Havrincoiirt to the river Scarpe and that the French and British have secured a footing on the eastern side of the whole water line down to Ham, The entente allied forces are about four miles from Ham and ti.ey are still making progress, HAVE RECAPTURED NEUVE CHAPELLE LONDON, SEPT. 6,-(.1 p.m.)-British troops captured Neuve Chapelle and Bussu.. Field. Marshal Haig's forces crossed the Canal. Ou Nord on the whole front except from Havrincourt north to the Scarpel Between the Somme and the Oise, French troops have capturea ) blocks of hills known as the Outrecourt Massif, which is within three , miles of Chauny. The French have secured a good hold on the northern bank of tht Ailette and the territory between that rjver and the Olse. They are approaching, If they are not actually on, the Hindenburg line at St, ' Gobain Massif. CAPTURES SOUTH OF PERONNE LONDON, SEPT.a-Advancing east of the River Somme, to the soutK of Peronne, the British have captured the villages of Ct. Christ Briest and Le Mesnil-Bruntel, Field Marshal' Haig's report says today. A number;;,-of prisoners were taken by the advancing troops. On the Flanders front the British are established Inportiont of,the ' old German front line east of Neuve Chapelle and In the old British line on the Fauqui03art sector. The British also have advanced ^northwest of Armentleres. North of Peronne British'forces are In possession of the town, of Bussu and arc in the immediate vicinity of Templeux-La-Fosse, Nurlu and Equancourt. CONTINUE ADVANCE Paris, Sept. 6,-French troops last night continued to push forward on the entire front between the Somme and the Vesle, says today's War Office rejjort. ON SOUTH BANK OF AjSNE With the American; Army, in France.* Sept, 5,-(5 p.m.).-Franco-American troops, reached the south bank of the' Aisne tonight between Conde and  VIe-Arcy, on an eight mile front, American forces this afternoon occupied-the' towns of Dhuizel and Barional virtually without opposition. In th? region north of the Ailette, the French have reached- the Outskirts of Sinceny and ; the plateau north of Landricourt and south,of the Ailette, the- advancing ; forces being alone the Vauxaillpn ravine. The American forces advancing from the Vesle have captured the town of Glemies, southeast of Revillon, and 1 bave a.dvnnced thoir line an far'na the} outskirts^ of Villers-En-Prayeres, oit the Aisne, ' Further Crossings of,Somme Paris, Sept. G.-South of P^ronno French troops made further crossi