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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 5, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE H1HBR1DGE HERAID Tuetdny, 5, 1972 E. S. Corbelt Portugal's unwinnable war continues A severe problem have it rough. For them there is no escape from poverty." Existing in poverty while their neighbors live a comfortable life in which they can afford many of the amenities drives them to alcohol, is Mr. Fox' conclu- Recenlly Harold Cardinal, head the Alberta Indian Federation, urged government to reimpose the ban on the sale of alcohol lo Indians. And almost in support of his plea the Al- berta newspapers exposed the latest Indian debauch which has been tak- ing place at Janvier, 80 miles south Fort McMurray. The Edmonton Journal stated that for some months now light aircraft have been doing a volume business flying liquor into this area on special charter flights. The Janvier episode began follow- ing a bonanza winter for these inhab- itants when they'd received substan- tial funds for federal winter works projects. But instead of putting the money to useful purpose, reports tell of cargoes o! liquor being flown in followed by week-long drunks. And eveiyone became involved, men, wo- men, even the children engaged in drunken orgies during which intake of food was completely ignored. Leo Fox, in an editorial in the Kai- nai News recently, attempted to ex- plain the Indians' liquor problem. He said that "those on reservations who are not lucky enough to be employed by the tribal administration or some other organization within the reserve Iceland's fish fight While Fischer and Spassky battled it out over the chess board in Reyk- javik, a different kind of contest in- volving Iceland and Britain has been going on in the International Court at the Hague. Iceland has said that it intends to extend its fishing limit from 32 to 50 miles offshore next month, thus depriving British traw- lennen of a large proportion of their livelihood. The World Court has said, in an interim report, that Iceland's decision is illegal. Iceland says it has no intention of recognizing the court's authority in the matter, implying that it will continue to harass British fish- ing vessels operating inside the 50- mile limit. Some suggestion has been made that because Iceland has flouted in- ternational law by refusing to bow to the decision of the World Court, the row will have to come before the UN. According to other reports, the court has admitted that it is not sure of its competence to play a judicial role. But Iceland and Britain signed an agreement in 1961, that disputes about off-shore fishing rights would be referred to the court. sion. But it's probably unrealistic as well as impossible to deny Indians access to liquor through the normal chan- nels, as Mr. Cardinal suggests. Pro- hibition has never been known to work successfully. It might make some sense to eject Indian drunks or near-drunks from beer parlors as the law decrees but this should apply to non-Indians as well. The veiy fact that Indian leaders such as Mr. Cardinal and Mr. Fox speak out against the liquor problem among their own might prove to be a significant step. Interference by do- gooding non-Indians who have enough trouble with liquor problems them- selves, or fumbling efforts by govern- ment officials, will likely only alien- ate the Indians further from the inte- gration they must inevitably make with society as a whole. Firm leader- ship and extensive educational pro- grams on the reserves will at least begin to make inroads on the prob- lem. The British trawlermen won a moral victory through the court's decision, and they might be able to win another if their case is brought up in the UN. But it would serve their purposes just as well, if the govern- ment could reach some compromise with Iceland, by reducing the limita- tion on catches about one quarter as the court proposed. Seventy eight per cent of Ice- landic exports are fish and fish pro- ducts, a large proportion of which goes to the nearest market Bri- tain. The threat of a British embargo would surely encourage a bilateral settlement in which, as the court suggested, the British catch would be reduced one quarter of its present take. The Icelanders might then be persuaded to cease harrassing Bri- tish fishing vessels outside the 12- mile limit. This might cause dissatis- faction among British fishermen, but in the long run it would probably be the best way out for both sides. That being said, the.case calls for further comment. Is the World Court at the Hague a moral force in inter- national affairs, and nothing more than that? T ONDON The first speech j-iof 77 year old Americo Thomaz, alter his re-election this month as President o! Portugal tor a third seven-year term reaffirmed top priority for the defence the overseas ter- ritories. The fact that tliis time-honor- ed confidant of the late Dr. Salazar, was the uncontested candidate indicates the hard line on the African colomes held in liigh places. Yet after nearly }2 years of conflict, in none ot the three contested Angola, Guinea or Mozambique has the colonial power brought the rebels to heel. Portuguese propaganda to sow dissension among libera- tion movements fighting tho Portuguese army by discredit- ing their leaders is now falling on less fertile ground than of late. Evidence of this is the re- cent rapproachcment of Rober- to Holden's UPA (Union of An- golan People) and Agoslinho Ncto's MI'LA (Movement for the Liberation of onca apparently irreconcilable. The war could not have fes- tered for so long without out- side guerrilla help from sources as diverse as the World Coun- cil of Churches to Russia and China, but equally tlio Portu- guese could not have retained their present position without the physical and moral assis- tance of South Africa and Rho- desia. South Africa's econonue In- volvement in Mozambique and Angola is enormous and it would be naive lo suggest that it docs not at least defend its interests with weapons: other nationals with Mgh stakes in Portuguese Africa have their own armed guarcis. The MPLA leader declares there are now South African troops with artil- lery stationed at Ntiendo and Lumege in Southern Angola, while the South African navy makes frequent visits to Ango- lan shores. Some montlis ago a helicopter from a South Afri- can frigate crashed in Angola killing four members of the crew. But if the Portuguese are sec- retive jibout the sources of their military aid, their hackles rise at the mention of help to free- dom fighters on their terri- tories. Lisbons's DIAR10 DE NOTICIAS recently stated that "when a Portuguese soldier falls in a fight against ter- rorism we shall have to admit that maybe a Danish bullet kill- ed h i in." Although the recent decision in Rabat by the OAU (Organization of African Unity) to increase aid to Portuguese guerrillas probably came as no surprise, the gift in March of by Denmark to anti- Portuguese movements almost provoked a diplomatic incident. Exchanges between tho re- spective foreign ministries were followed by a rebuke from tha industrial council of Portugal to Premier Jens-Otto Krag of Den- mark. More material factors, how- ever, prevent Denmark from EVA BREWSTER Exclusion from games fOUTTS There seems to be a gen- eral consensus of opinion here that it was wrong to exclude Hhodesian athletes from the 1972 Olympics but I beg 10 differ. Not only do I believe their exclusion was justified, I think that any country, black, white or any other color, where racial dis- crimination is practised, should not be per- mitted to compete in international games. This is not a political argument for I know little of the reasons or excuses un- derlying different forms of dictatorships or minority rules; it is merely a humanitarian point of view, a hangover from an era now almost forgotten. Few people are old enough to remember the Olympic Games of 1936 in Berlin, Germany. Fewer still will know the names of athletes who com- peted in those games and there will be nobody today who even heard of the girl in Germany who, in pre-olympic training and trials, beat every known record of that time. She was one of those rare all-rounders, equally outstanding in sprinting, high jumping, javelin and discus throwing, swim- ming, tennis and skiing. That is, until the tall, fairhaired, blue eyed girl was asked lo produce her family Iree and it was found wanting. She did not belong lo the Master race. Immediately all her training facilities were withdrawn although her name was left on the official list of com- petitors. There was a good reason for this apparently "generous" action. Athletes of many other nations were then debating whether or not lo boycolt Ihe Berlin games because of discrimination there. This controversy raged for a long time until Hitler, the German dictator, promised the world there would be no racial distinction. The world accepted his word and rushed to the magnificent stadium built with typically German architectural excellence and considerable slave labor. Nobody noticed the small announcement carried in the back pages of German news- papers that "Kalhe Levy, lop woman alh- Icte, had sprained her anklo and would, therefore, be prevented from competing in the 1936 Olympic Games." Few people no- ticed, cnred, but I did, for I, very young then, sat with her night after night when she cried herself to deep for there was nothing wrong with her ankle. How- ever, she was under house arrest, her life and ours threatened if the truth leaked out. I Iried lo tell her she should be proud to be excluded from this mockery of Olym- pic Games but you try and convince a girl whose aim and dream in life had been to compete in the Olympics. That girl was my sister. If her troubles taught me anything it is to dislrust and fight the very shadow of racial segregation and persecution wherever it. raises its ugly head. Outsiders might never know the true state of affairs in Rhodesia or any similar regime. Until they do, I'll carry the torch for justice, at least in Olympic games, unpopular though my opinion may be. You may wonder what happened to Kathe, a promising alhlele and a ray ot sunshine, in a then darkening world who thought no achievement was impossible un- til Hitler came to power. It may also have some bearing on current events and my own partisanship for all suppressed or ex- patriated from their homes anywhere in the world today. My sister fled Germany in a panic. She found herself on a ship, shunted from port lo port, commanded by a compassionate, German captain who landed in Cuba and begged for asylum for his passengers in Ihe U.S. or any other country in that hemis- phere. None would admit them. Finally, the ship was ordered back to Germany and, as the captain landed once more in Uruguay to load essential supplies he man- aged to get landing passes (or a lew dis- tinguished refugees to go ashoro for two hours. He warned them not to return to his ship if they wanted to live. Kalho swam the wide river Plate to get political asylum in the Argentine. When she died shortly afterwards, I am convinced it was nol the strain of her swimming she was, afler all, a first class athlete but a brok- en heart that killed her. Therefore, I would do everything pos- sible to prevent a young athlete of this generation sharing a similar fate even al- Ihough, lo my knowledge, the same horrif- ic conditions do not yet exist in flhodesia as did in Germany in 1936. end'on everybody: got 'a terrific idea! Let's all iune in to the some radio station fat getting a "Just think, if we're elected, I'll 6e 'Mr. instead of 'that guy who married one of the Kennedy sisters''" falling entirely from Portugal'! grace. Denmark Is a spectacu- lar contributor to Portugal1! sorely under-capitalized indus- try; last year 24 million escudos of Danish money was poured in, amount- ing to 11 per cent of the total foreign investment. Economics and politics tied up in Holland too, where Prince Glaus, husband of Prin. cess Beatrix, sympatliizes with freedom fighters. He is pres- ident of the National Commit- tee of Aid to Under-developed Countries which is pressurizing Dutch importers not to buy An- golan coffee. The result was an over-all drop of 24 per cent in Dutch imports from Angola in 1971. Equally disturbing to the Por- tuguese is the attitudes of tha Netherlands deputy, K. Wieran- ga, president of the Evert mecr Foundation, who is said to be canvassing 7? Dutch towns for money to help anti-Portu- guese movements. If Portugal wanted lo antag- onize freedom lovers through- out the world it could do it no better than claiming (as it did last year) that in Mozambique alone guerrillas were kill- ed or seriously injured in air attacks involving mili- tary operations. This year the program has lieen intensified. Secrecy surrounds the fate o! Portugal's own men maimed in the colonial wars. With no stats medical or pension scheme, charity is recognized as the pro- vider in most cases. Proof ot the increasing number of war casualties, however, is Indi- cated by the enlargement of Lisbon's Estrele military hospi- tal a couple of years ago and the money now being spent on the Hospital do Ultramar (Col- onial Hospital) to increase tha number of beds from 170 to 315. At present 72 doctors are deal- ing with cases of tropi- ral diseases almost all con- tracted during mililary service in Africa. (Written for The HeraW Rnd The Observer In London) Timothy Rosa Mexican peasants rumble with discontent WMILIANO Zapata and Pan- chp Villa led the Mexican revolution under the slogan "Tierra y' Libertad" Land and Freedom. But 60 years later the peasants have little more freedom than in 1910 and are still struggling for land. In the state of Guerrero which pro- vided many of the most dedi- cated Zapatistas, the govern- ment is involved in a protract- ed campaign with the "peas- ants' Justice Brigade of tho Party of the whose leader Lucio Cabanas this month accused the army of torturing and killing peasants of the region, and of using heli- copters to bomb and burn their villages. In other stales inva- sions of latifundios vast mon- opolistic farms by landless rural workers are leading lo rising numbers of clashes with the police. Letters io Ihe editor Tlie peasants, of predomin- antly Indian ancestry, feel en- titled to the land they need, un- der both the tradilional com- munal system of land-holding by villages dating from long be- fore the Spanish conquest, and under the agrarian reform laws for which the rcvolutinaries fought. Under the tradilional syslem, the common land (ejido) had been shared among the fam- ilies who worked it. But through the 19lh century the big farmer used every kind of legal and illegal trickery to ob- tain land, and by 1910 close to per cent of the rural fam- ilies held none at all, while tha latitundlstas about five per cent of the population owned over half Ihe country, lying the laborers to their farms by the debts that mounted up for ever more expensive food. Though exports rose, food production for the domestic market fell by about 0.5 per cent annually at the beginning of the century, and the peasant had to pay higher prices or slarye. The Zapata revolulion estab- lished an agrarian reform law recognizing the communal right to ejidos and breaking up Ihe latifundios for distribution to Ihe villages and smallholders. The law slated that farms could not be mortgaged or seized for debt, in an attempl lo protect the new holders from legal manipulations. The reforms were adequate for the population level of the time, but land distribulion has not since then kept pace with the birth rate, and Ihe laws to protect the poor have been for- gotten, ignored and even re- placed. Ironically, some of the- old revolutionary chiefs once in power look advantage of the Greatest invention of modern times I congratulate The Herald on one of the finest editorials in a time that dealing w5tli the NDP leader's charges against ths corporations. Cer- tainly Mr. Lewis is more inter- ested in notoriety than he is in publishing the truth, as was pointed out by this editorial. The greatest invention of modem times is not in the field of electronics, mechanics or the sciences, but rather is Ihe "corporation." The corporation provides the means and method whereby people can pool (heir resources and capital in Oider to get things done in our mod- ern industrial era. This avenue is open to everyone, to join with others to form a corpora- tion. Some of the largest and most successful corporations have been started by those with the least resources. Without thft corporation none of the in- dustry of our lime, whether great or small, would be possi- ble. Even the extremely weal- thy would find it very difficult to build industry and develop modern industrial and scienti- fic findings without the corpor- ation. To tax the corporation to death would therefore be "killing the goose that lays the golden egg." Multitude of favors H is difficult for me to find the words to tell of the feelings left implanted in the minds of J5 young people who were greatly assisted by the people in Lcthbridge and the Leth- bridge City Police Department during the week of August 16 through 22. Readers may have had the experience of being in a strange town, or alone in a strange- land, so to speak, and having car troubles. This was my first major experience of this sort where funds weren't as big a problem as people to assist me. There was no such problem in Lcthbridge. Police Chief Mich- elson's department was fantas- tic in giving assistance and sup- port. The people of Lelhbridge and businessmen gave Iheir hearts, their time and yes, their money to see that these 15 young Explorer Scouts wanted for nothing. In a day when young people are turning away from law en- forcement and society, it was gratifying to see the looks of amazement and pleasure as my young people drank in the de- lights of IxUhbridgt. The people of Helena are quile aware of what was done for these young people and remain in your debt. Come lo Helena and let us return the multitude of fav- ors. ROBERT W. BATCH Helena, Montana Let us take a look at our own community any community. How many of us would be un- employed if it were not for some corporation? Get out your pencil and paper and add up the jobs in the city of Leth- bridge that would disappear if there were no corporations. The very ones who "damn" the corporations are themselves living by their earnings from a corporation. Some qualify it by saying Ihe offenders are the big corporations, but where would one draw the line? After all, the corporations can only do two things with their profits, plow [hem back into expansion, or pay Ihem as dividends to the shareholders, in which case the individual who re- ceives Ihcm must pay taxes. We would all like to see some- one else pay the taxes, and it is normal for the small wage earner, without study in depth, lo say "Ihe big companies should pay more." But would it not be much better for the taxes to bo collected on the dividends paid to individual shareholders, or on profits if they leave Can- ada, ralhcr lhan to tax the corporations to the point whero jobs arc lost? The corporations are NOT the offenders as'Mr. Lewis insinuates, but rather wa are all at fault when we con- done a monetary syslem which bends our Ihinking toward soc- ialism and away from free en- terprise. A. E. HANCOCK, Ravmond. land distribution lo fence plols into their own family farms. By 1960 over 40 per cent of the arable land was again con- tained in less than 3 per cent of the holdings, and now some families have managed to obtain two-thirds of all arable land. Of the peasants on com- munal ejidos, the lack of ma- chinery and resources forces CO per cent to rent it ovt to the latifundistas and work as serfs. Remembering the articles of the 1915 revolutionary agrarian law which state that every Mexican has the right to possess and cultivate land up to a cer- tain size, the two million Mexi- cans who now possess none have become impatient with the reform that never reaches them and are taking over latifundios by force. In a typical invasion last month in the state of Vera- cruz, peasants occupied the Lombardia latifundio and ex- pelled the lalifundista's family. On July 31 the police arrived to evict them under gunfire, and 18 were killed or wounded. Occupations of latifundios have become so common in tha northern slates of Guanajuato and Queretaro that the govern- ment has ordered an inquiry and arrested Humberto Serrano Perez, secrelarygeneral of the Agrarian Council, accused of instigating the invasions. Over 400 angry peasants began a permanent assembly In front of the council building on August 5, demanding Perez's release and land. Looking Through The Herald 1D22 A hold-up took place si Coaldale at about half-past one on Tuesday morning, when the premises, the B.C. Cafe owned by Sam Lee, were en- tered by burglars who gagged and bound Lee, making away with the sum of 1032 At a special meeting of tho ratepayers of the Bur- dette consolidated school dis- trict it was decided that a third teacher would bo necessary as usual. The school board had The "Peasants' Justice Brig- ade" is also demanding an end to the arrests of peasants in Guerrero, and Lucio Cabanas's document says that only 40 miles from Acapulco the army took 24 away at the end ot June, and they have not been seen since. Over the last five years vio- lent Incidents and guerrilla at- tacks have gained frequency in the rural areas, and In Mexico Cily Ihe 267 deaths during riot- ing at the time of the 1968 Olympic Games havo made the new Left lake ils politics very seriously, one student group even going to North Korea for combat (raining. The government formed by President Luis Echeverria of: the monolilhically bureaucratic Institutional R e v o 1 u Uonary Party Ihe only holder o{ power since 1979 uncon- ditional support from the cor- rupt right-wing trade union leadcrslup. But it Is now having to change its methods to hold on to its power, forcing the res- ignations of some of its most conservalive figxires associated with Hie repression of the last president, Gustavo Diaz Ordaz, and allowing greater opposition activity. But Luis Echeverria cannot meet the basic needs of the land-hungry peasantry without expropriating the latifundios. And that would require another revolution. (Written for The Herald and The Observer in London) backward hoped lo curtail expenses by operating only two rooms. 1942 A. E. Russell, recent- ly appointed Alberta represen- tative of the British Columbia Security Commission, an- nounced loday that he is plan- ning an itinerary lo visit all of southern Alberta. 1952 Mrs. W. Archer Pfaff of Vauxhall was awarded a prize at the recent Edmonton Exhibition for one of her water colors showing an arrangement of sweet peas reflected in a miror. The LetHktdge Herald 501 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRTDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall ReglslraHon No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press end the Canadian Daily Newspaptr Aswclallcn end ths Audit Bureau cf ClrculaUont CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. General Manager DON PILLING I AM HAY Managing Edlfar Associate Editor ROY F. WILES OOUGLAi K. WALKER Manager Kdllonal Page Edllrr "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;