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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - September 5, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XL, LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, 'IIlUIiSDAY, SEPTEMBER a, 1918 DUMBER 22,') BRITISH TAKE 16, KNOCKING AT AMBRA Germans Are in Full Retreat Along the Vesle Befare American Advances. ARE BURNING ALL THEIR SUPPLIES BEHIND THEM With tliii American Array on Uie Voslo, Sept. 4.- (Associated Pross).- Amoricans, witli tlic Freiicli mixing wiUi (Tlom on llicir iGfr, liave advuiic-i'd from tile Vosle to tlio edge oil tiio pliiteau iilonK a line from Urenelle, Vaux-Cere, Blanzy and Blasliuiix. The advance oi the Americans in f jrce began at four o'clock this raor-uin^ and patrols, cue after another, iliavo been going over all day and meeting sluu'i) resistance at Honie points. After a month on the Vesle, during -which they liavc been subjected to a gontlo pressure night and day by the tightly drawn lino frc(m Soissona to Ulicims the Germans appear to be heading for the Aisne and poHslbly for tlioir old fl>08jtion on the Chemin Des Dames. It vva.s not unexpected. The move was, in fact, Inevitable. While the pressure from the south was insistent, if not^'lgorous, the onwjjrd drive front SpiBSons nortii to the western end of the plateau made their po-Kitlon between the two rivers practically untenable. Substantial Progness - ThoT!x(.cnt to which the retreat has gone is not mentioned officially and therefore cannot bo told.' but it is per-inissable to say that substantial progress has been made by the Ameri-can.s. Orders reached the American commanders before daylight to send out patrols "to investigate and their re-])orts caused the imineiiiate dispatch of supiiorting patrols. Before nightfall a largo part of the army which liad been camping along the Vesle was in action on the 8io4)es north of the river. And there was action, notwithstanding that the Ge.rmans already had taken the initiative in their withdrawal. - Once nifiro the Germans have cm-ployed the tactics of the machine gun defense and the Americans have been facing their lire all day. In the neighborhood of Bazochcs the Americans were adviuicing along the highway norlh of the river. Bazochcs and Fiamette liave been disputed places since the lines closed early in August, and at the beginning of operations today they were held by the Germans. The Americans did not worry about them Ihis time but advanced along the river^ to points where crossings had been decided upon. Retreat Under Way Sraoltc arising from behind the German lines had been observed for the last two or three days. In some instances the cause is known to have been from the explosion oC an ammunition dump fire by a direct hit from an allied battery but the increased luiniher of smoke columns suggests tliat the Gormaiis are burning such of those dejjot structures and supplies as it is inadvisable to remove. Similar movements were adopted prior to the retreat norlh of the Mariie and it is concluded liiat the German staff is preparing a retrograde move-nieut. Patrols sent out early in the day reported that the German retreat was under way. PRUSSIAN f PEA 10 --- / Ainslerdam, Sept. 5.-hi up|)ea]ing (o the constitution comniltteo of the I'russiau upper house to fulfill the emperor's pledge for reform o"f tlie franchise. Chancellor Von Mortling said thiit. It was his honest conviction "with Ibis serious iiuestion llie protection and the preservation of the orowj) and the dynasty is ut slake." Boston Takes First Game HORIf SIILL Boston......................... 000 010 000-1 Chicago....................... 000 000 000-0 Batteries: Ruth and Agnew; Vaughn and Killiier. May Have to Slacken Pace LONDON, SEPT. 5.-The important progress that the British continued to make yesterday on their front exceeded popular expectations. In view of the arduous woric that had been done by the advancing forces during the previous few days and again today no surprise would be occasioned here if physical reasons should now compel some slackening of the high pressure, temporarily limiting the British advance. ^ British Were Ever Confident . of War's Outcome, Says Local M. P. on Return from Front ? ? > ? > ? ? .> ,BANK CLEARINGS. ? .> This wee!: ............7ol,iif;B ? Last year ............tJl'7,309 > 4> : : '> : : ; �: ? ? Supreme confidence iu the outcome of the war was manifested by the liritisli people even b'itore the drives at Amiens and Arras commenced, according to W. A. Buchanan, M.P.. who arrivetl home yesterday after having visited Great Britain, the battle zone in France and Flanders, and the Grand Fleet, as one of the western members of the Canadian editorial party who went overseas some weeks ago as guests of the Imperial government. That confidence, he Intimated, had been engendered by the success of the .Soissons-Rheims battle, in which, for tlie first time since March the allies had taken the offensive and in which, for the first tliiio, the Americans had engaged in force with such fine results. "We did not hear of the offensive in front of Amiens until we were on tlio boat on the way home," said Mr. Buchanan, "and that only jerved to increase tlie confidence in the outcome of those who had had such a splendid opportunity of seeing all the enormous preparations for carrying the war into the land of the Hun." The Trip Itself. Of the trip itself Mr. Buchanan said the story had been well told in the cahles which' had been published. Magnificent treatqient had been accorded them on every hand. Visits were made to important munitions and airplane factories in . the Old Gountry, and at one of the latter places the party had seen a monster i-landley-Page .bombing machine under construction; to the Grand Fleef, the French and British fronts in France and Flanders, where the party had visited Verdun, Ypres, Arras, Amiens, V'iniy nidge and other points of special interest, always with the picturesque/and useful 'tin hat' on the head and the gas mask handy. The front line trenches too were visited, and every opportunity was given to see actual warfare in all its phases. That the party wasn't exactly on a safety-first trip was pi'oven at Ypres. where the liglit railway on which they entered the town was badly shelled and blown up on the way out, necessitating the party's walking through the shelled zone while big shells were 'bursting within a few hundred yards of them. The party wasn't sorry when the safety zone was reached at the end of the trip. Saw Lethbrldge Men. Mr. Bucluinan states that he saw many lictlibridge men, especially of the battery units, and brought lionie | message^: from many of them to their relatives and friends liero. Among the Lethbrldge officers whom he met were Brig.-Gen. .T. S. Stewart, D.S.O. ar.l Lieut.-Ool. Blair Ripley, both very fine and efficient officers who have won high fame for themselves in all the hard fighting of the war. Brig.-Gen. Stewart had been slightly wounded only a tow days before Mr. Buchanan visited them. He also vi,sited for the greater part of a day witli Lieul.-Col. F. 11. Mewburn, who is In charge of the iJuchess of Oonnaught hospital, and who is considered one of the most e|tlcient of the officers of the Canadian ArmyV| Medical Corps. In France he also met Capt. L. M. Johnstone, now paymaster of tlie Princess Pats, and also Capt. J. n. Ander.son. All - these are Letb-hridge men who are making their mark over there. He also saw Rev. A. il.! Denoon, i)astor of Knox cliurch, who is rated very highly among the ehup-lains on active service. Of boy.s from the Dominion Mr. Bu-eliunan said it was perfectly true that they were consijtlered among the very best troops on the west front. "Some people," he said, "seem to think the Canadians are being given .too much praiee. That couldn't be true. They are worthy every last word that has boon said of them. They are proving their worth iu overy opportunity given them '  � The Americans. .'Vs for the Americans, of whom there are now l,60U.i>go 'over there,' Mr. Buclianan declares they are of tiie finest physicjue and arc proving themselves admirably adapted to the style of figluiiig now being waged on the west /ronl. Altogetifier tlie wliolc visit was a fine thing from thfe standpoint of the press of Canada, and that the plan of having representative press , parties visit the battle '^one is consid'ered an admirable one is sliown by the fact that a party of American editors is now on its way to visit the same scenes. Mr. Buchanan has a host of impressions of his trip.which he will make public later. He says he is averse to holding a public meeting specially to tell of what he saw, but he will be pleased, at a later date, to "address meetings for the Red Cross and other patriotic purposes where he will tell of the most wonderful trip within the power of man to take. He has already an invitation from the mayor of Medicine Hat to speak at a public meeting there. S NEARLY FAIAL Speeder and Auto Collide With Results Which May Yet Prove Fatal ^(Special to llic Herald) Xemiscam, Sept. 4.-What may yet prove a lataL accident occurred one mile east of town last evening when a collision occurred between a speeder on the railway owned by S. Maynsk and an automobile owned and driven by W. J. English. From Information secured this morning it appears that Maynsk and another employee of the railway company were returning to Nemiscam after attending to t%qme work at Pakowki and were nearlng the road crossing when W. English, returning home, was crossing the track. As the night was rather darjt no sign of danger was visible to either party till the crash came. Maynsk was thrown forcibly from the speeder to tho track, receiving terrible cuts and bruises to the head and body, rendering him unconscious, in which condition he still continues twelve hours after the accident. He was instantly rushed to Nemiscam, where he was attended by Dr. Henders and later removed to the~~hospital at Lethbrldge. His corapanioli was more fortunate as he was only slightly wounded about the head and face and was able to assist his wounded companion. Mr. English escaped injury, but the speeder and auto were badly demolished. SMILES on ALLIED FfltCES Germans Are in Retreat Along the Entire Front From Ypres to Rheims. Paris, Sept. 5.-Victory sliU smiles on tlie allied annies. Tho enemy is in retreat ;iiong tlie whole line from Ypro.s to Hheinis. Honors yesterday weic wj^h the French and Americans on the-al-iiod right wing, which at last gained the reward of several days* persistent fighting. Kxiictly how far they advanced i.s difficult to say for the line nioveil forward hourly. The enemy who has lo.-'t heavily in men, shows by -a liurried destruction of material his intention of abandoning, it ho bus not already done so, Chauuy, .lusay, La Kere and probably ilaiii. The reason, no doubt, of his retirement in the general direction of St. Quentin is to' take up the positions on the Hiiidenbnrg line which be .held after tlie strategic witiidrawa! in ll>]7. Only this time the allied troops are forcing his movement and pressing bard on his heels, causing him heavy losses. In a short lime we sliaU have recovered all of the ground lost since March' anct shall have gained east of Arras a position wiiich is a permanent threat for Douai and Cambrai. British Taki on HEAVY SELLING IN ' COTTON FUTURES Xcw York. Sept. 5.-Heavy selling in cotton futures was general at the ojiening of the market here today as the result of the auiiouncement in Washinglor, last night that the war industries board planned to bring about tho stabilization of cotton prices. First quotations were approximately five dollars a bale under last night's close. October sold at 34, HOLD IN FLAMES. An Atlantic Port. Sept. fl.-An American steamer came into port today with a hold in flames whicii had been burning sixty hours destroying tliqu-sands of pounds of sugar, tobacco and fruit taken on at Poi'-o RIcp Bolsheviki London, Sept. 5,-Great Britain's demand for reparation from the Bolsheviki government for the sacking of the British embassy in Petrograd and the killing of Captain Cromie, the British attache, has been followed by the placing under arrest by the government here of IVI. Litvinoff, the Bolsheviki representative in London and his staff. ATTACK AT M0SC6w. London, Sept. 5.-The British consulate at Mosoow has been attacked, according to the Central News today. Ivondon, Sept. 5.-The attack on the British embassy iu Petrograd liast Saturday, involving the sacking of the embassy and the killing of Captain Cromie,- the British attache, has aroused intense indignation here. The morning newspapers in their editorials aenounced the act in the strongest terms and endorse the British government's action in the demand upon the Bolsheviki government for i-epara-tion and the threat of outlawry for the members of tho Soviet government should it fail to give complete satisfaction or should further acts of violence be committed against British subjects. They assure the government tliat it will have the support of tho nation in enforcing the punishment ot the perpetrators. DECISIVE BAIILES; SAYS IflE KAISER Amsterdam, Sept. 0.-Emperor William has telegraphed the niuniciiiality ot Munich a message in which he alludes to the fighting now in progress as the present decisive battles and declares the German people will unitedly stand with all their strength in defense ot the fatherland. The emperor's message reads: "The German people understand the difficulty of the present decisive battl'is against an enemy filled with hatred, jealousy and the'will to iflestruction but has unanlmously't decided to devote all its strength to defend against Its enemy's assaults its sacred soil and ku,ltur which it had won in peaceful work." GENERAL KORNILOFF IS AGAIN REPORTED DEAD London, Sept, 5.-General Kor-nlloff, formerly Russian commander-in-chief, has been killed by a shell in Yekaterinovar, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen quoting the Politiken. The death of General Kornlloff has been reported many times since the overthrow of the Keren-sky government. Last May it was asserted that he had been killed in a battle with the Soviet troops. FOl CANADIAN LAIRSERyi OfficTai "Sfateinerit As To Formation of New Branch of Service Ottawa. Sept. .'1.-Hon. C. C. Ballan-lyne, minister of naval service, authorizes a statement on the Royrfi Canadian Naval Air Service as follows: "The establishment ot an air service iu Canada, intended primarily for the defense of Canadiart coasts during the war, has been under consideration for some time lint various difficulties, chiefly concerned with the supply of the necessary, material have prevented this being formed before. The title of the service will be the Roj-al Canadian Naval Air Service \vith ranks'fef officers and men on similar iines to formerly in use in the R.N.A.S. The uniform for officers will be of dark blue serge, cut on military lines, with naval shaped caps and badges distinctive from the R.C.N., but indicative of the branch of service. Ifiiiforms for men will be similar to that mostly in use by the Pi..N.A.S., and discipline will be naval. Rates of pay have not yet been coni-jiletely settled, but will not be less than those in force in the R.A.F." Over 16,000 Prisoners and Many Guns Captured by British in the past Four Days-Lines in Flanders Steadily Advance-Positions Before Cambrai are Improved-Man\ Old German Positions Have Been Captured-are -Over-Reaehed. -Old Line? LONDON, SEPT. 5.-From Nsuve Chapelle southward to Givencby, the British have reached the line they held up to the German attack on April 9 last, while to the eastward of Givenchy sections of the old German positions have been taken. On the battle line in front of Cambrai an improvement in the British position south of IVIouevres is reported. The positions to the east of Hermies near the Canal Du Nord just to the south, also have been improved. Still further south the British have captured the village of Neu-vilte-Bourjouval, east of the Canal Du Noru. IVIore than sixteen thousand prisoners and more than one hundred guns have been taken by the British in the last four days. Wounded In Action-A Well-Known Local Man-Enlisted In 13th The name of E. W. Kingslon appears on the casualty lists this morning as being wounded. Mr. Kingston, who was a well known local tailor, enlisted with the 13th C.M.R. i-Je lived here for a number of years. His wife and family are now residing in Calgary. His son, Jimmie Kirtg-ston, who was �> trumpeter here for a>number of years with the Mounted Police, has enlisted with the Siberian force. The name of Company Sergt.-Major Keniieth .^IcRae appears also on the list. He enlisted hero with the IStli. His next of kin lives in Scotland. He has been wounded dangerously. Sapper Geo. Sell who enlisted here, has died of wounds. His father lives in Three Rivers, Que. other names in the list are Pte. David Patton, Biairmore, wounded: Corp. James Rhodes, Lundbreck, wounded; Pte. Robert Minton, Pinch-cr Creek, wounded; Pte. T. Webb, Grassy Lake, wounded. TO COIVIMAND BATTALION. London, Sept. 5.-.Major B. Laws, of SaskatcUewan, has been gazetted lieutenant colonel and will command a battalion. (.Associated l-'ress Summary.! New York, Sept. 5.-The Associated Press today issues the following: "The British after their victorious drive through the Hinden-burg defenses are knocking at the gates of Cambrai, but apparently are momentarily pausing before attempting to force an eatrance. Prisoners, to the nunrber of more than 16,000 and guns exceeding '100 in number have been taken by them in the advance. "Meanwhile the centre of greatest activity has shifted to the Franco-American-front where the Germans are in full retreat on a wide front north of the Vesle with the French and Americans \^ In pursuit and reported as having � reached the Aisne in their chase. Between these two sectors another notable German retrograde movement is in progress. The French pressure in the region north and east of Noyon, has forced a German retirement on a wide front in this sector and advances of five to seven miles have been scored by the French forces within the past forty-eight hours. The town of Guiscard has been captured and the "rench have pressed beyond until they are now a little more than two milete from the important railroad centre of Ham. They are approaching Ham on both sides of the Somme and its speedy fall seems probable. The Germans are apparently heading for the''Gt. Quentin-La Fere line. In the north the Germans are continuing to move  backward along the Flanders front. The British are accelerating the retirement by sharp attacks, in one of which they captured the vil lage of Ploegerstert. They have regained their April line on the southern part of the front from Neuve Chapelle to Givenchy and have even pushed beyond it on spots to the eastward of Givenchy. The Germans ace still holding to the Messine Ridge, the highest ground, of the Flanders sector, but from the major part they are being forced back further south it seems. GUISCARD CAPTURED. With the French Army in France, Sept. 4.- (10 p.m.)-(Associated Press.)-Guiscard, north of Noyon, was captured by the French tliii afternoon following a general -advance of from four to seven miles from Mont St. Sim- Miners Threaten Stri^ce If Single Shift Refused eon, to the Canal Du Nord. French cavalry this afternoor.' advanced from Babo, to the region of Mondescourt, on the Noyon-Chauny Road and midway between � the two towns, while Mericourt, -southeast of Guiscard' was occupied this evening. Officers taken prisoner in the. ' wood between these points had re- .. ceived orders to retreat to Bethan-ctiurt, northwest of Chauny. The officers received these orders at 1:30 p.m., just before the arrival of the French troops. There are indications that the Germans proposed retiring from this part of ' the line to the tline of Berlan-court-Ham-Sancourt. The speed of the French advance, however, is ' deranging the schedule of retirement so much that possibly the enemy will not find time to stop , at Ham. PROGRESS IN FLANDERS London, Sept. 5-IVIarked progress was made by the British last night along the Flandert front, according to today's War Office report. Ploegstert-village hap been captured, as hat Hill 63, southwest of Messinet, On the Lys front the British hold the general line of Voorme-zeele, Wulverghem, Ploegstert, Nicppe, Laventieand Givenchy. RETREAT CONTINUES Paris, Sept. 5.-The German retreat before the French north of Noyon continued during the night,-today's War Office announcement shows. The French kept in touch � with the enemy rear guards and pushed after the retreating enemy east of the Canal Du Nord, Franco-American forces, pursuing the Germans north of the Vesle, have reached the line of the Aisne, according to advices from the front this morning. ?  Advancing north of the Vesle, French and American troops reached the crest of the ridge dominating the River Aisne. l-n the Nesle region on the Somme front the French have crossed the Somme Canal near Voyennes and Offoy. Just to the south they have reached the region beyond Pombleux, Esmfiry- -Hallon and Flavy-Le-Meldeux. Between the Ailette and the Aisne the towns of Clamecy, Braye and Missy-Sur-Aisne have been captured. - . . The operation on the Veale ha� 'been extended to the east and a crossing has been effected between Vonteaux and Jonohery or a two and a half mile front. (Additio"nal War News Page Five; (Spe.:l