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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 4, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE September Plant to convert manure into energy Just a trim Vanity fair at the fair is shear pleasure for Lois Ingalls' Dorset Horn lamb 3heba, who wanted to look her best for the shows and other ramifications of the 3acific National Exhibition in Vancouver. WINNIPEG (CP) Engineers and scientists at University of Manitoba research centre near here are putting the finishing touches on a pilot plant to convert animal manure into usable fuel. The idea itself is not new, but the plant will be the first of its kind in Canada and is likely to be followed by experiments on a much larger scale. Prof H. M. Lapp of the university's department of agricultural engineering says the economic feasibility of the scheme remains to be seen, but he foresees larger farmers being able to reduce their dependence on fossil fuels in the years to come. Basically, the plan is to capture the methane gas produced as animal waste is broken down by bacteria. "We started the project in 1971, before the energy crisis caught the public explained Prof Lapp. "We had three main ob- jectives to recover energy from animals, evaluate the fertilizer after the gas had been removed and improve the quality of the environment." GOOD ON ALL THREE Prof. Lapp said he and his colleagues have been successful on all three counts. Laboratory ex- periments developed a plant for refining and com- pressing the gas, the fer- tilizer that remains seems to be better and less smelly and methane has fewer pollutants than gasoline. However, several problems remain to be overcome. Prof. Lapp said the pilot plant will have to operate during the winter before the researchers know if the gas produced is sufficient to keep the system working in the cold and still leave enough for other purposes. The bacteria work best when the waste material is kept between 90 and 95 degrees fahrenheit, and this can be a problem in the cold Canadian climate. "In Taiwan and India, there already are a number of small plants collecting waste and producing gas. But the cooking and heating requirements in these countries are far less demanding than in Canada." "It will require a lot ol fuel just keeping the temperature up. Our energy requirements here are far greater." GAS EXPLOSIVE A second problem is that methane is explosive and difficult to handle. Equip- ment must be completely explosion proof and pressurized equipment adds to the expense in- volved. Perhaps the biggest un- known and the most crucial to the ultimate success of the project is its economic feasibility to an individual farmer. "The original cost will be said Prof. Lapp "It's liable to be around over and above the initial invest- ment m barns and other manure disposal systems. Also, it's too soon to tell how much the farmer would be able to save Despite these problems, the results ol the ex- periments to date and the estimated that has already gone into the pro- ject would seem to indicate the system has merit, par- ticularly in a world that has become increasingly energy conscious. Prof Lapp himself looks forward to the time when livestock and poultry producers become self contained energy producers and consumers and the energy potential of human waste is exploited as well. One sewage treatment plant in north Winnipeg already uses some gases produced to run equipment in the winter, he said, although it's not ready for commercial production RURAL EXECUTIVE LIVING Executive living and the benefits of living m a smaller town are yours in this beautiful split entry m Coaldale. Ideal location Across from the SporUplex 2400 sq. ft. of developed area Beautiful custom built cupboards Natural fireplace 1% years old Four bedrooms 11'x15' den Sliding doors to patio Large foyer Double garage with automatic openers Utility room on main floor PLUS MANY MORE FEATURES Call ROGER HANDLEY 345-3039 OR Oliver-Handley Real Estate Coaldale Phone 345-3534 Railmen charged ZAGREB, Yugoslavia (Reu- ter) Criminal proceedings opened Tuesday against the two-man crew of the crash train in which at least 124 per- sons were killed here Friday The dead and 100 injured in Yugoslavia's worst rail acci- dent were nearly all migrant workers travelling back to jobs in West Germany on the special holiday relief train. District Court Judge Branko Sarap ruled there are grounds for suspicion against driver Nikola Knezevic and his assistant, Stjepan Varga, both 41. in connection with the crash. The state prosecutor said they failed to notice a faulty signal on the outskirts of the station area, then passed through a red stop signal without attempting to brake Gambling clubs continue in B.C. VANCOUVER (CP) In several smoke-filled social clubs in the Greater Van- couver area, men meet daily to gamble among themselves and with the Criminal Code of Canada The clubs are as different as the men who use them. Loggers form the majority of the membership of one down- town club where stakes are relatively modest, while at a club the RCMP recently raid- ed in nearby Richmond as much as in chips has been seen on the table at one time. The clubs don't advertise. Like the better players in their membership, they keep their cards close to their chests. But, in a recent interview, the manager of one downtown club talked about his oper- ation. The Playfair was opened in 1959 and has 700 members who pay 25 cents for a lifetime membership. Under the Criminal Code, gpniLling clubs must operate as "bona fide societies." They must not be allowed to fall into the hands of owners and are not allowed a rakeoff from the games They are allowed to charge a minimal fee, usually 75 cents a half hour from each player "We have doctors, lawyers and the regular working guy as members; a cross-section of said club man- ager Leo Thodos. "We even have a couple of psychiatrists as members." Members play poker at the 11 green cloth-covered tables. As in other clubs, no liquor is allowed. Mr Thodos said the most money he has seen on a table is in chips, although most games are smaller. At one table, a bald-headed man whistled as he studied his cards and the faces of seven other men under the fluores- cent lights. His head glistened with perspiration, belying the bluff of confidence. A young man at the next table sipped a bottle of or- ange pop as he lost on a good hand. He showed no sign of emotion because he is a professional and is in the game for the long run, believ- ing the odds are on his side and the cards will turn even- tually. "More than half of the members are businessmen, but sure, we, like all the clubs, have people who play cards for a said Mr Thodos "But it's not like it used to be where you had a handful of good card players and the average guy was a goof He said too many good players are in town and the games are more even. "They had a professional gambler on the Johnny Car- son Show one night and he said some of the best card players are in Vancouver. Of course there are still plenty that get taken." But he downplays the prev- alence of cheats. "The players are too good. They watch for them (cheats) the good players will know. "There are certain moves that a cheat will make with the deck and most of them will be spotted. "If they kick over a bottle of Sears ttt ...You're a busy working gal and have to serve your family's meals pronto. Dish u 3 delicious breakfasts, lunches, dinners and late snacks in minutes Reach for your Kerimore Microwave oven Happy days! What a lime saver this new Microwave oven you can cook a whole dinner for four, including roHs, baked potatoes and layer cake m just 30 minutes. SJ cuts cooking lime by up lo Saves lime on clean-ups too because you can cook m your favorite china server or on plastic. glass or paper The oven never gets hot And your food retains more of its natural vitamins because you cook without water Portable Microwave oven, n enamelled steel cabinet, takes only 21 counter space Needs no installation Plugs into any regular outlet 22R 099 031 Charge it on your All Purpose Account Come see our Microwave demonstration and taste the delicious difference of foods cooked this magical, fast new way Enjoy rt now1 Use your All Purpose Account At Simpsons-Sears you get the finest guarantee Satisfaction or money refunded. Simosons-Sears Ltd. Store Hours Open Daily 9 30 a rn to 5.30pm Thursday and Friday 9 30 a m lo 9.00 p.rn Centre Village Mall Telephone 328-9231 pop and try to bring in a cold (rigged) deck they won't get far." Although Mr. Thodos said cheats are asked to leave the club and never return, a city police constable said the pen- alty is often a broken arm. The cheats pay more atten- tion to lounges and night- clubs "Usually if they're going to cheat someone they'll get a girl in a bar to set him up for a private game where they can take him for or "There's lots of this in Van- couver, more than ever About 12 clubs operate in the Greater Vancouver area. The Loggers Recreation Club, largest in the city, is a dimly lit hall with tarnished brass spittoons and a multi-scarred tile floor which serves as a common ashtray. It has a membership of sev- eral thousand, comprising log- gers, professional gamblers and skid road types with just enough money for a cheap game Because the club is located close to the public safety building, it is under constant police scrutiny And the club, like others, treads carefully on the edge of the law. "If we raided these places, there would be night games and we wouldn't be able to control any of them." said one veteran of the police department's gambling squad "You'd have guys being beaten up and ripped off all over the place. If people want to gamble, you can't really stop them "As it is now, we can watch the clubs and try to make sure there isn't anything more than gambling going on in them." But the RCMP in Richmond raided what is generally re- garded as the richest of the clubs, with several thousand dollars on two or three of its tables It opens about 2am. when the other clubs close When police raided the club, its records were seized and 15 patrons were arrested. It was the first club to be raided un- der gambling laws in many vears KKK's nominee Dale Reusch, 35, of Lodi, Ohio, gives the pledge of allegiance during a 1972 Klu Klux Klan rally near Loveland, Ohio. Reusch has been selected by the National Knights of the Klan as the group's nominee for the U.S. presidency in 1976. Change your deodorant if mosquitoes nibble GUELPH, Out