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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 4, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Documents claim Hitler war could have been stopped LONDON (CP) A new set of wartime documents has come to light, giving support to arguments that peaceful means could have been used to prevent Adolf Hitler taking the steps which precipitated the Second World War. A new book called The X Documents sets out a series of ex- changes between Carl Goerdeler, a former lord mayor of Leipzig, and several British civilians, indicating that firm British opposition to German claims on Czechoslovakia in 1938 would have forced Hitler to abandon all plans for war. A. P. Young, author of the book and a former British in- dustrialist, says he was employed by the foreign office to maintain contact with Goerdeler between 1937 and 1940. In the course of several meetings, writes Young, it be- came apparent to him that Goerdeler was in close contact with Hitler's leading generals and was considered by them to be an alternative leader to the dictator. Warned by generals The book, published by Andre Deutsch, argues that hac Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain recalled Parliament in the summer of 1938 and made a strong statement opposing Hitler's designs on Czechoslovakia, the German leader would have had to back down. Young writes that Goerdeler, executed in 1944 for his part in the generals' abortive attempt to murder the Nazi leader, told him that as late as July, 1938, military leaders warned Hitler: "You cannot make war. Germany is bound to lose. We can- not and will not fight an alliance of 600 million France, Czechoslovakia and Russia." During the two days before Chamberlain met Hitler at Munich in September, 1938, Young writes, the generals again met the German leader and told him: "You have to stop. The world is against us. You know you cannot make war. You risk the breakdown of Germany if you do." The Goerdeler documents say Hitler replied: "Give me three more days. Then I have to give up should I fail. But there is still a chance that Chamberlain will accept ev- erything." Chamberlain yielded In the end, the British prime minister did accept Hitler's demand for the annexation of the western section of Czechoslovakia and, says Young, this meant that his judg- ment had been proven nght and that of the generals wrong in the eyes of many Germans. Young says Goerdeler and the generals were absolutely certain that if Britain had stood firm, Hitler would have been defeated without a fight. If he had tried to invade Czechoslovakia in spite of this, the army, said Goerdeler, would have used it as an excuse to arrest him. The British leaders, for their part, were divided in their opinions on how much authority Goerdeler actually had and Chamberlain seems to have concluded that it was not great enough to warrant trusting his opinions. Goerdeler also appealed repeatedly for a firm British commitment to sup- port a coup against the Nazi regime which he said had every chance of success. But again the British government vacillated over how much opposition to Hitler there was within Germany itself. The X Documents makes a strong case for arguing that Goerdeler was definitely the spokesman for many of the German generals and that his actions were undertaken with their full support and at least tacit collusion. But they were discredited and fatally weakened when hamberlain signed the Munich agreement. Dreaded cattle diseases pose farm threat GUELPH, Ont. (CP) Along with the high cost of feed, equipment and everything else, fanners are constantly faced with the threat of dreaded diseases such as rabies, brucellosis and tuberculosis, all of which can wipe out a herd. Dairy farmers, for instance.. face the prospect of having their whole herd slaughtered if one cow contracts brucellosis. This disease rauses cows to lose their ralves and is often called infectious abortion. Brucellosis is also dangerous to humans. Under the Animal Con- tagious Diseases act farmers receive compensation for cat- tie ordered killed because of tuberculosis, brucellosis and other diseases. Recent changes in the act now allow for compensation up to for a purebred cow and for a grade animal. In addition to the compensation, n farmer receives current market beef value. The maximum payment for arm animals dying of rabies s for cattle. for jorses and for swine, oheep and goals. Rabies hit this area last winter, caused mainly by -abid foxes, but the threat now appears to have eased. Agriculture ministry inals stress farmers who suspect rabies should contact their local vet. The incidence of brucellosis has been reduced by a federal vaccination program. In 1957. the present find, test and slaughter program was in- stituted. This program along with another to combat tuber- culosis, has kept these dis- eases generally under control. Farmers also are entitled to compensation under the On- tario Hunter Damage Compensation Act for animals killed as a result negligence by a hunter. This act also enables claims for farm machinery damaged by hunters. Roving packs of dogs in the area earlier this year also resulted in the killing of livestock and fowl. Owners can again apply for compensation, this time under the Dog Licensing and Poultry Protection Act. TO START SEARCH ADDIS ABABA UP) Royal Dutch Shell Inter- national Petroleum Co. has signed an agreement with the Ethiopian government to ex- plore for oil in an area southeast of the Red Sea port of Massawa. The company plans to spend million dur- ing a five-year period. Aftermath of war on Cyprus Turkish soldiers dig ip a mass grave found in a garbage dump outside the abandoned village of Maratha, Cyprus. The soldiers, masked against the stench, dug up the broken bodies of more than 20 Turkish Cypriot men, women and child- ren. Survivors said the victims were killed by gunmen from nearby Greek Cypriot villages. Wednesday, Septemoer LETHBRIDGt Lost woman ate berries to keep herself alive BRIDAL VEIL, Ore (AP) Seventy one year old Frances Hodge, lost for four days on the rugged slopes of a foot mountain, kept herself alive by eating berries. Miss Hodge disappeared when she left a group of picknickers from a Milwaukie, Ore., retirement home to find a rest room. She was found by a forest ranger just more than a mile from the headquarters of a 100 member search party "She was sitting in a trail, holding two sticks she used for said David Kiser, the ranger at Mount Hood National Forest east of Portland INSTALLATION FURNACES 1709-2nd Ave. S. Phone 328-5973 Sears Save Crisply tailored knit flares oi new fall weight Courtelle" acrylic and polyester Pull-on waistband. Perma-Presf, too. Step into a pair of these neat knit pants with slight flare legs and step into big savings too They re made of new heavyweight Courtelle an 83% acrylic and polyester blend that looks and feels like real wool Yet it s Perma-Prest for machine wash and dry care The added fabric weight holds its shape and is warm enough to wear right through fall and winter And the 1' 2 wide pull-on waistband looks great with tops worn in or out Stitched front creases give a fresh-pressed look always Navy Grey Brown or Burgundy Sizes 10 12. 14 16 18 Don t miss this great fashion value 076 217 256 B Q99 Reg. 3 days only pants thatr fit !A COU RTE this is Sears best value iiii Enjoy rt now1 Use your All Purpose Account At Simpsons-Sears you get tne finest guarantee Satisfaction or money refunded. Simpsons-Sears Ltd, Store Hours- Open Daify 9 30 a m. to 5 30 p.n, ursday and Friday 9 30 a m to 9.00 p.m ntre Village Mall Telephone 32C-9231 ;