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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 4, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 LETMBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, September 4, 1973 Tampering with nature costly business .4 matter of values 119 men, women and children died on Canada's highways over the Labor Day More will die during the next long weekend, when Canadians celebrate Thanks- giving Day. Just like they died Au- gust "Bank Holiday weekend. Domin- ion Day v, eekend any old weekend. These deaths, with others earlier in the and the hundreds still to come, "should bring Canada's score in the highway slaughter game to well over the five thousand mark: with u "break" from the weatherman an open fall to lure drivers for a tew extra weekends of lem- ming like highway flight it could easily reach six thousand by the end of 'the year. That's an average of 115 dea'hs a week. week in the year. Drow nings. accident al shootings, dtath in ures or explosions are not included. Straight highway killing, with automobiles the on'y tethni weapons aided and abetted by al- cohol, of course, in mam cases. Canada's contribution to North American casually totals is iv-ther limited in absolute numbers, of course, because of her comparatively small population. Proportionately, however, it's sickemr.glv high lor continental highway slaugh- ter, it m'ghr be put this way If a moderately siov reader should take 10 mir.uies'to lead this column of editorial opinion, and if someone died in a traffic accident just as he staged to read, another would have been killed betore he couid finish. "Ilie is simile: there'1: a highway death, on the average, every S1-! minutes, exery hour, every ndo days a year on this continent. Those deaths occur on major high- ways and on wilderness dirt roads. They happen in cities, in towns and in Ihe villages, too. They occur in spite of meticulously engineered roads, exhaustive traffic studies, brilliant planning of travel routes. They happen in spite of padded dash-boards, seat-belts, break-away components, energy absorbing bump- ers, and whatever else is costing a thousand or so dollars a car for ''saiety features." Not only do they continue to occur, but they increase steadily in numbers, year after year after year. Man travels routinely through the air or under the water, as readily as he does land. He flies faster than sound. Yvhen he wanted to go to the moon, he went to the rnoon. When he wants badly enough to get into spare, he will. Bu: he can't drive a car on fhe highways of his world without killing himself hi thousands. Man can build intercontinental mis- siles with computer-targeted multiple warheads. He has a re-usable three- man laboratory orbiting in space. He has devised color teieusion, transis- tors, laser beam surgery and a thousand other technical marvels. But he can't build a car he can control. Alan talks of controlling population and cleaning up his environment. He has agencies to manage his trade, his currency and his tariffs. He regu- lates his world's monetary system. He has an mtei national court of jus- tice and a multi-nation law enforce- ment agency called Inlerpol. He lias hundreds of police forces Bu: he can't enforce a speed limi', eliminate reckless driving, or keep psor-ifc from driving their while drunk. Legal discrimination Eailicr this summer Mr. Justice John Osier of the Supieme Court of Ontario, in a case arising from a dis- pute on the Six Nations Indian re- serve near Brantford. ruled that the Indian Act is inoperative. His judg- ment was based on_1'ne assumption that the Canadian Bill of Bights is fundamental and that the Indian Act is in conflict with it. The decision save to consider- able consternation not only because it posed immediate problems lor the administration of Indian affairs bin also because it challenged ultimately the supremacy of Parliament It seemed to place the Rill of Rights above Parliament. New the Supreme Court of Canada has made a ruling which in effect negates the judgment of Mr. Justice Osier. In a case challenging the ap- parent discriminatory provision of the Indian Act which allows Indian to retain their treaty status when they marry white women while causing Indian women to forfeit their treaty status if they mam- white men. the Supreme Court upheld the Indian Act. Jt ruled that the Bill of Rights cannot amend the British North America Act under which the federal government has the right to legislate Indian af- fairs This ruling may make some In- dians happy and it may be a relief to those who saw the eventual erosion of the powers of the government through appeals to the Bill of Rights. It could mean, however, that the Bill of Rights has been rendered in- nocunus and that some legal decisions relating to it could be leversed. K discrimination between Indians is leg- ally permisbable what is the safe- guard against legal discrimination be- tween Indians and whiles? Will In- dians once again be prohibited en- tranca to beverage rooms, for m- stancL? That was the first discrim- natury practice struck down by ap- peal to the Bill of Rights. (The' loss of that 'privilege' might not be cause- ior great concern but other issues of rights could prove disturbing.) Eventually, surely, the situation in which Indians are treated differently in law than the rest of the populace will come to be intolerable to every- one, Indians included In the mean- time it appears that things must go on as they are and perhaps even as they were. The casserole So'ith Vietnam has been officially advis- ed that arms supplied by the U.S. may be used to attack "sanctuaries" in Cambodia, though it will not be legal to use those same arms in military actions designed to support the Cambodian in retaining It will be most scarifying, particularly to Cambodians one supposes. to know that from new on when they killed or wounded by U.S. arms, it "be with due regard for legal niceties. minating himself, if he concealed them he'd be committing perjury, and it's against the law not to file a turn at all. It's awful hard to think of anything good to sr.y abcut fcod pa-ices, but at least there be a little less fussing and fuming when father wants to go fishing, or hunting later this fall. A while back this column noted that the Winnipeg Blue Bombers had fired two star football players, Mac Herron and Jim Thorpe, who were charged with drug of- fences, without waiting to see if they were found guilty or not. Both players have norf been signed to contracts by a team in the Nafional Football league, by anyone'? standards the "big'' league for footoall players, and just as puritanical publicly, at any rate as all professional sports organizations are Incidentally, without these two Winnipeg has managed to lose four of its first five games, and is resting cosily at the bat- torn of the league standings. The non-smokers keep making a little progress, here and there. The State of Ari- zona has just passed a law forbidding smoking in museums, libraries, concert hails, theatres and other public buildings, in any elevators or on busses. In the land where baseball is the national pastime and every youngster yearns to play iii the World Series, the big league ball player has always been a symbol of masculinity and the American way of life. One wonders how all this will be affected by news of the row that broke out between Bill Virdon and Dock Ellis, manager and star pitcher respectively of the Pittsburgh Pirates, when Virdon objected to Ellis ap- pearing on the field with his hair done up in curlers. Charged with having countenanced falsi- fying records of bombing in Cambodia, a former U.S. secretary of defence explained that it was "only a separate reporting pro- cedure." That's all right for little things like bombing one's allies, but don't try it on the income tax department. There may just possibly be some people around who willl sympathize with the un- fortunate U.S. taxpayer who filed only his name and address this year, with the ex- planation that if he disclosed the details of how he earned his income he'd be incri- Enthusiasm for the four day week seems to be ebbing a bit, but employers are still searching for ideas that will interest em- ployees and help ease the constant fear ol labor trouble. One-new notion is being tried by the Scott Paper Co. at its Delaware plant, where some 1500 eager applicants competed for 75 job openings, when the company advertisied it would pay mor.thly salaries instead of the usual hourly wages, and would provide opportunities to "solve problems together" whatever that may mean. William Safire, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON' There is a warm and unwelcome current of water that flows down from the Equator past the coast of Peru every year around Christ- mastime that the fishermen call "El Nino de Navidad" the Christmas child. The warm current is unwelcome because it is bad for fhe fish. Six years out of seven, the warm El Nino current is pushed out to sea and made harmless 1-" the Humboldt current, an ccld stream from the south dcific that flows northward up the coast of Peru and makes the huge anchovy catch prolifer- ate happily and leap into the nets with joy. But on the seventh year, El Nino cannot be denied: for as long as any of the old fisher- man can remember, on the seventh year El Nino defeats the Hi'mboldt current, making the waters warm and the fish sluggish. The anchovies huddle together unhappily, do not breed so well, and the fishing is bad. Last year was one of thoss seventh years. But the young, modern fishermen saw them- selves not as mere men of the sea who pay respect to the cycles of nature, but as indus- trialists providing the world two million tons annually of pro- tein rich fishmeal. So they equipped their boats with elec- tronic fish-finders, located the unhappy schools of anchovies and fished them heavily, and laughed at El Nino. Suddenly there were no more fish off the coast of Peru. In the days, on the seventh year the anchovies that surviv- ed El Nino could iiide from the fisherman and spawn for the n3xt year. But (hanks to the eiesironic fish finders, fis'r.or- men are now in a depression and it serves them right be- cause they lost their sense of pride and courage and respect and it's tempting to slip into Ernest Hemingway style writ- ing about the old men and the sea. Perhaps by coincidence, two other great sources of protein in the world were hard bit: drought harmed the peanut crops of West Africa and India, and in the United States, 75 mil- lion bushels of soybeans rotted on the ground. What hapner.s when you have a bad year for fishmeal and soy- beans and peanuts? As night Curling up with the powerful By Anthony Lewis, New York Times conimentatvr Theodore H. White is so awe- somely diligent a reporter, so accomplished a political ana- lyat, so engaging a person that criticizing him seems like sac- rilege. But someone did even- tually say that the emperor had no clothes, and it is time lor someone to say that White has written a bad book. "The making of the Presi- dent 1972" is as impressive as its predecessors in its for both the revealing detail and the sweep of But White naturally does more than de- scribe. He gives his own judg- ment on larger historical is- sues, and there I think he has gone profoundly wrong. Whits is a journalist who has always considered himself a Liberal. Yet two of his main efforts in this book are to put dawn the press and canonize Richard Nixon the ''Conserva- tive.'' It is never too late for a conversion, of course, but this one is so thinly argued that it would hardly convince the con- verted. The performance must go down as a trahison des clercs. Nixon's real adversary in 1972. White says, was George McGovern but "that vanguard of the press which claimed it understood and spoke for the people better than he did himfelf." But there could be no such claim. The function Letter to the editor 01 il.e press is not to be a public opinion poll bul to discover and publish the truth of contempor- ary events as test it can, and comment on them as wisely as it can. If the suggestion were only that communications people should recognize the limits of their sophisticated world, should have some humility, line. But the idea that the press should be in tune with the pub- lic mood is dangerous nonsense Should German editors in 19S3 hopped on the Nazi band- xvagon? Did Harding's landslide in 1920 prove Mencken wrong to have savaged the empty Philis- tine conservatism of his day's American majority? White pictures the "baronial" Establishment press and televi- sion networks as immensely powerful, courageous and eager to fight with Richard Nixon. Anyone who has seen a news- paper hierarchy worry over whether to publish leaked na- tional security information, or a network tremble at some White House sally, knows what fantasy that is. Before Watergate, most thoughtful critics would have judged the American press as weak and unenterprising in its scrutiny of governments, in- cluding presidents. Few pub- lishers want to fight the presi- dent. Most editors and presti- gious writers enjoy hobnobbing with the powerful all too much. A zeal to take on the White House? My cje. Alas, one detects in Theodore White some of that unfortunate pleasure in curling up with the powerful. He waxes lyrical about a walk on the beach Henry Kissinger, whose quoted bromides only demonstrate again that he is the greatest public relation? aitist to hit American public life since Ivy Lee. Or there White is. men- tioning that he spoke with Xixcn on the telephone 15 minutes after the astronauts first land- ed on the iroon. In that phone conversation. White says, the president's "as- tonishing'1 mind ranged over football metaphors, the spiiit of exploration, plans to interna- tionalize space missions. "His mind had all the facts at hand, had pre-sorted them into pat- this within 20 min- utes of the time the first men had walked on the moon." It really is embarrassing to read such stuff from Theodore White In this book we find Richard Nixon hobbled by the Pentagon papers case: ''The supreme court had made of national se- curity a new kind of game." (Wasn't the constitution involv- The known excesses of past Nixon campaigns, the at- Hitch-hikers maligned in article I am writing in regard 10 an article found in The Herald (August 25) by Dr. F. S. Mor- Jey, entitled "Lets get rid of hitch-hiking." I feel that some- one with hiking experience should reply to this base intim- idation that hltch-hikervi are dis- eased, vagrant, lazy, lice in- fected and don't forget murderous, poor specimens of humanity. (Thank heaven Dr. Merely still considers us part of the human family.) I have spent the past six yeans on the roads and have covered over 5.000 miles alone this summer In these six years I have had the oppor- tunity of experiencing country and people which I would not have enjoyed had I not hiked (students aren't always wealthy enough to go first class or even From my experience I can truly say that this article (as far as Canada is concern- ed) contains the grossest gen- eralizations and most incredible exaggerations I have, as yet, heard. True, there are incidents where hikers have turned on drivers or drivers have turned upon hikers yet, despite the numerous stories that one hears, I have never come across one really bad incident, nor has anybody else I know or have encountered. But I will not deny their possibility. hikers follow (or try to follow) the rules of the road. One can easily discern the good or bad risk dr'ver or hikers it's always easy to turn down a ride or not stop. There are few of us who are carriers of sexual diseases (no more than the rest of society) lice and dirt. Con- trary to the doctor's belief, most hikers try to stay as clean as is possible when travelling the road. It is a startling experience to read the words of a "man-of- the-cloth" when he both slan- ders others falsely, spews his capi tali sti c ideals "something for then calls down the wrath of heaven upon us immoral .eechers. Does he not know the Mosaic law "Love therefore the stranger, for je were strangers in the land of or the words of his Master Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto I have always been taught to "do good unto others'" do a mitz- vsh a day and picking up hik- ers is dong such a "good" deed. It is helping a brother or sister get to their destination helping them to see their country first hand. It is a shar- ing of knowledge, ideals and ex- periences a great learning process (hopefully) for the par- ties involved I would suggest, that Dr. Morley put a pack on his back, put his faith in humanity and leave his comfortable library, to travel this beautiful country of ours and meet the great peo- ple that cause one to be proud of being a Canadian. Until he removes the blinkers from his eyes and ears he shouldn't write about dirty, lazy, good- for-nothings. SIMON DAVID BEN LEVI Calgary tacks en others' patriotism and tho admitted fraud in 1902. did not arise from any problem of character; it uas just that he had been "trained in the hit- and-cut stvle of California media politics." Worst of all. White accepts virtually without challenge Nix- on's thesis that he was sur- rounded by enemies and thus hnr! to move on his own at home and abioad: "He found i'.r.i-i'U again and again forced to act as authoritarian chief of slate." He was "one man expressing the will of the people, but ultimately re-ipon- sibLi alone for defining and de- ciding vho were their enemies and friends overseas." Winners take all in the White universe, ami lowers get no mercy. Lord knows McGovern made enough mistakes as a nominee, and White analyses them well. But he is pushing things when be suggests that Senator Eagleton was blame- less in the catastrophe of his brief appearance as the vice presidential candidate Eaglelon got the call from McGoiem and his staff in a room so crowded and noisy, says, that he could not i airly be expected to mention hh nervous breakdowns and shock treatments when asked if he had any skeletons in h i s cioset. Really. A fairer and more revealing account of the episode will be found soon in a reireshingiy irreverent book by McGovern's press aide, Ri- chard Dougherty, "Goodbye, Mr. Christian." Is it possible lo write White's kind of book any more, to get the necessary intimacy the powerful, if one does not ac- cept any elected president on his own terms? Must power be worshipped at the expense of character? Whatever the an- swers, it is sad to find The- odore White writing that Presi- dent Nixon had adjusted "Am- erica's role to the new world with an almost exquisite recog- nition of the passage of time, and a diplomatic finesse of con- ciliation and kill-power." follows day, you have higher prices for caltle feed and chick- en feed and hogwash, and you have housewives in super- markets infuriated by higher prices and blaming it all on Herb Stein and George Shultz, which is unfair because neither one of them ever insulted El Nino de Navidad. To fLid out what might hap- pen next in current events, this essayist ventured to the head- Quarters of the central intelli- gence agency in McLean, Va. The protein experts of their bu- reau