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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 4, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 225 THE LETHBRIDGE HERAID Tuesday, September 4, 1973 Wealthy countries will monopolize food supply By HARRY B. ELLIS Christian Science Monitor WASHINGTON "By 1980 at the latest, the developed world will be consuming virtually all the food it can produce. There will be little left for the poorer countries.1' With this sober estimate, James P. Grant sketches a "fundamental change" in the world's food economy in recent years, foretelling more or less chronically tight supplies ot es- sential foodstuffs." Even if the U.S. restores all Its idle cropland TO cultivation, he contends, and even if good crops prevail throughout the world, this fundamental change be hard to reverse. j Rising affluence among the tier" of nations, says Mr. Grant, president of the Overseas Development Council (ODC) ii Washington, and bur- geoning population in develop- ing lands impel the world to- ward shortages of food. He mentioned these basic points: Food production must be doubled over the next genera- tion, merely to maintain cur- rent consumption levels in a world whose "population will double in little more than a generation." Most available crop and pasture land now is being used in many Western lands, while countries in the Middle East. Northern Africa, Central Amer- ica, and elsewhere "are losing! disturbingly large nr-reages cropland each year because of severe erosion." Increasing crop yields per acre, Jong a successful way to boost food output, is becoming "very costly" in terms of money and energy consumption, and in any evsnt has limits. World grain reserves, con- centrated in the U.S., Canada, Australia, and Argentina, have dwindled over the past decade, "while consumption has climbed by ore-third.'' World carryover grain stocks now represent about seven per cent of annual world consump- tion "a periously thin buffer against the vagaries of weather or land diseases." Mr. Grant centres his analy- sis on cereals, which occupy "more than 70 per cent of the world's crop area" and supply roughly the same per cent of man's food energy supply. Global production of cereals has been increasing about 30 million tons a year over the past decade, to a total of 1.2 billion I metric tons in 1772. Of the 30-million-ton annual' increase. 22 million tons are ab- sorbed by population growth and the remaining 8 million tons by "rising affluence." Because population grows so fast in Asia, Africa, and Latin America, peoples there do little more than maintain per capita' levels of grain consumption roughly a pound cf grains per day, consumed directly in the form of bread or rice. In the United States and Can- ada, by contrast, each person consumes nearly one ton of grain per year only 150 pounds directly, the rest in the form of meat, milk, and eggs. I "The agricultural resources water, ed to support an average North American are nearly five times those of the average Indian, Nigerian, or Colombian." Now the lands of Western and j Eastern Europe, plus Japan, are beginning to catch up to the U.S. and Canada in animal pro- tein consumption. This multi- plies their grain requirements. Since, according to Mr. Grant, "no nation appears to have reached a level of affluence where its per capita grain re- quirements have stepped ris- competition for grain is fierce. The soaring pries of wheat. corn, and soybean futures on Midwestern U.S. commodity markets is one result. Higher prices for livestock products in coming years can be expected. Beyond this, however, poorer countries where the bulk of the world's population lives literally may be squeezed out of the market for grains, un- less developed peoples cut down on their animal protein intake. Simply put, Americans whose annual per capita beef consumption has risen from 55 pounds in 1840 to 117 pounds today Canadians, Britons. German, Japanese, and other Visalthy peoples cannot go on siphoning off more and more of the world's grain for fattening livestock without putting in dire jeopardy hundreds of millions of Asians, Africans, and other poor peoples. Mr. Grant notes that count- less millions of people also would face catastrophe if North j America were to "exoerienee a! prolonged drought of several years, as it has roughly every 20 years since the 1860's." To avoid periodic crises, he suggests nations of the world create a global food bank, man- age co-operatively fish stocks of the oceans, work toward popu- lation control, and help poor nations modernize their agricul-1 ture. "Since global demand for foodstuffs is steadily increas- said Mr. Grant, "and bad weather years will be inevit- starvation could be a recurrent theme among the world's poorest peoples "unless the world takes strong mea- sures now." He advocates first and fore- most the creation of an inter- nationally managed world food bank to maintain some sem- blance of order and stability in the world food economy. Nations, emulating the exam- ple of Joseph in Egypt, might lay by minimum reserves of food stocks, to be parceled out by international agreement where most needed in the world. Such a plan, noted Mr. Grant, already has been advanced by Dr. A. H. Boerma, director-gen- according to World Bank Sources, may rise from the cur- rent 2.U billion to about 14 bil- lion in roughly 100 years. World fisheries, a major eral of the Food and Agricul-1 source of protein, must come ture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations. Under the Boer- ma plan, governments of parti- cipating coitntries periodically would review the world food situation, judge the adequacy of existing stocks and recom- unc'er some form of interna- tional management, if ruthless competition among national fishing fleets is not to deplete beyond reprieve stocks of many fish. Mr. Grant argues for chan- mend necessary actions. j Deling more U.S. and other Teeming nations of the "third j foreign aid into stimulation o! world" must be encouraged. foreign production in develcy through expsrt guidance, to i ing countries. limit their population growth, j which yearly causes more food to be eaten simply to main- tain a minimal status quo. Some countries, notably India and Indonesia, grapple mean- ingly with birth control. On a Much can be done at lower costs, says Mr. Grant, to in- crease crop yields dramatic- ally in countries like India, Bangladesh, Nigeria, and Bra- zil, if peasant farmers are giv- en direct access to fertilizer, global scale, population momen-1 water, and better seeds as well turn is so immense that the j as supporting institutions such number of people in Asia, Afri- j as health, education, and mar- ca, and Latin America alone, keting services. I classes operate two evenings per week cs is indicated on the schedules under High School Preparatory and High School Matriculation p.m. FALL-PREPARATORY MATRICULATION CLASSES will begin Wednesday, September 5th or Thursday, September 6th, 1973 will end Wednesday, December 19th or Thursday, December 20th, 1973 The School of Continuing Education each year offers a program of evening courses designed for those adults who wish to upgrade their formal academic schooling. This program can assist a student who: 1. wishes to upgrade his academic standing for admission into a high school level program. 2. wishes to gain entrance to various post-secondary technical institutes such as the Northern Institute of Technology .Southern Alberta institute of Tech- nology, Schools of Agriculture and Nursing Schools. 3. wishes to complete the requirements for an Alberta High School Diploma. 4. wishes to gain entrance through the Alberta High School Matriculation program to a university. 5. seeks admission to any regu'a'- day programs offered by the Lethbndge Community College. ALL CLASSES subject to a MINIMUM registration of 10 students. HIGH SCHOOL PREPARATORY COURSES BIOLOGY 120 Tuesday and Thursday CHEMISTRY 120 Monday and Wednesday ENGLISH 120 Tuesday and Thursday FRENCH 120 Monday and Wednesday MATHEMATiCS.nO Monday and Wednesday MATHEMATICS 120 Monday and Wednesday PHYSICS 120 Tuesday end Thursday p.m. FEE: per course HIGH SCHOOL MATRICULATION COURSES BIOLOGY 130 CHEMISTRY 130 ENGLISH 130 FRENCH 130 MATHEMATICS 130 MATHEMATICS 131 PHYSICS 130 SOCIAL STUDIES 130 p.m. Monday and Wednesday Tuesday and Thursday Tuesday and Thursday Tuesday and Thursday Monday and Wednesday Tuesday and Thursday Monday and Wednesday Monday and Wednesday FEE: per course BASIC SKILLS PROGRAM A special program designed for students who can understand English, but whose level of achievement is below that of Junior High School. Individualized programs will 'be developed to allow each student to learn at his own rate. Each program will include elements of arithmetic ,and general science as well as reading and writing. 10 Mondays and Wednesdays, beginning September 17, 1973 (Fall) 73-351A p.m. FEE: BASIC ENGLISH FOR NEW CANADIANS Designed to assist any adult who wishes to speak and write English correct- ly. LEVEL 1 emphasizes spoken English and includes basic word re- cognition and proper pronunciation. LEVELS 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 continue from level 1, with a gradual shift in emphasis to include reading nnd writing. By level 6, the student will have achieved a basic competency in both spoken and written English. Students may enter whatever level seems most appropriate to their needs. 10 Tuesdays and Thursdays beginning September 18, 1973 (Fall) p.m. FEE: (Fee includes all necessary texts and For more information contact THE SCHOOL OF CONTINUING EDUCATION "OPENING NEW HORIZONS" LETHBRIDGE COMMUNITY COLLEGE PHONE 327-2141 EXTENSION 228 Sears Warm in winter, cool in summer. Fit most cars, install easily eat cov a-DuPont acrylic pile, the comfort ableyear'round warm in winteryet it'breathes'for cool protection from hot. sticky construction foreasy uce ofseatbeits.Just dry clean. In Blue, Camel or Avocado Green.' Reg. Save! Medium-weight cover b-Rich acrylic pile cover. Thicker pile forwarmth. In5colours.Reg. to to c-Cool, comfortable luxury blend cover. Washable. In 5 colours. Reg. to to Seat cover with Sheepskin Look d-Polyester pile. Our warmest, heaviest most lux- urious cover. Washable. In Reg. Supramatic Heavy Duty Shock Absorbers. Guaranteed for24000 miles. Restore riding comfort, help control time-weakened springs. 5QQ each ton Hydraulic Axle Jack. Builtof rugged steel forsafe, easy lifting. Release valve controls lowering. 11.99 Reg. All-weather Spectrum Oil. Stays thin enough in sub-zero weather fo start your car, thick enough at high speeds in hot weather jor full lubrication. Simpsons-Sears Ltd- at Simpsons-Sears you get the finest guarantea satisfaction or money refunded and free delivery SERVICE STATION HOURS: Open daily 8 om. to 6 Thurs. and Fri. 8 a.m. to 9 p.m. 2nd Avenue and 13 Street N. p.m. I ACCORDION GUITAR PIANO ORGAN SPECIAL BEGINNERS' COURSES ADULT COURSES INSTRUMENT SALES and REPAIRS LESSONS IN PINCHER CREEK EVERY MONDAY REPTI SCHOOL MUSIC m 9A4A Smith Pnrlclrln nnuo.PUttn 327-01 IS ;