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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, September 4, 1971 THE LETKBRIDGE HERALD _ 5 People of Lite soulli 23 Margurel Ltirkliurst The singing ambassadors from Alberta WITHOUT a doubt the best ambassadors of goodwill that Lelhbridge has are the Anne Campbell girls' choirs. In fact if Ihe city were not so prour! oi them and understand- ably somewhat reluctant to share their triumphs beyond its boundaries, it not bo in the least amiss to state that these delightful singers and their talented conductor Mrs. Don Campbell are indeed all of A1 b e r t a's best ambassadors, both in Canada and abroad. Having won top marks in most of the competitions they have entered, the choirs are con- ceded to be formidable contes- tants by their opposition, yet the honors the girls have won, under their conductor's capable tutelage, have been accepted by them with a kind of humble modesty. What makes the choirs so consistently excellent? Mrs. Campbell observed with conviction, dur- ing a recent interview, "and of course, the sheer joy of sing- ing." But other choirs enjoy sing- ing too and are skilfully train- ed, yet lack that quality which her choirs possess. There must be something more, some in- nate ability which she has in working with girls both at the giggly stage and during dif- ficult adolescence which earns their respect and in- spires, a desire to learn, to co- operate and to work hard. But Mrs. Campbell just shrugs when this is suggested and emphatically denies she has any special control, or gift, in dealing with girls and insists it's a matter of common inter- est. Basically of course, Mrs. Campbell is highly qualified for her task. Born and raised in Sutherland, Sask. (now a sub- urb of she came from a musical family which is a very good start. She started singing at age seven in a ju- nior choir in St. Paul's United Church, under the dircclion of Miss Erla Miller. By the time she was about 1 building trip, rci'.illing the favorable reviews of Ball Four by well known critics, The reason for ''I'm Glad You Didn't Take it Personally." is lo present Boiilon's com- ments on Uie comments by oth- ers about "Ball Four" if you can follow lhat, hair on you- Boulon, does, however, hand out some seJf criticism and numerous opinions of disgrun- tled readers of his first book, including Ihe rather causlic conimciil: you'd make a maggot throw up." lie is still the most bluntly honest wri'.er mound today. He gives the reader no sugar-coal- ing. Fads are reported as fncls. lie gives you bis opinion lake il or leave il. For people who think base- ball and its players should bo worshipped as period, forget I his book, or for lhat mn'.lcr Ball Four loo. These books are written rail for the stany eyed hero wor- shippers, but for the fan who likes gutsy humor and can lake it when his hero is Ihe brunt of a Bou'.on quip. Bnufon strikes out the side again not wilh Ihe drama- lies displnu'd in Ball Knur, but the old knuckler is still work- -GAERY ALLISON. disenchanled friends. The personalities of Joan and Craig somehow do not pervade the book, a fact which may be the result of the pob'ce with- holding the couple's 27 suicide notes to friends. It's a touching, unhappy book. It brings into sharp re- lief, particularly in light of the continuance of the war, the question of whether suicide ever solves anytliing. JOAN BOWMAN. Books in brief "The Couple" hy Mr. and Sirs. K. as told to Monte Gliertlcr and Alfred Palca (Coward, McCann and Gco- ghcgnn. Inc., 181 pages, 57.50, distributed by Longman Can- nda This book may have been de- signed to help people who have sex problems in their marriage and cannot afford to go to the Masters and Johnson treatment centre in St. Louis, Missouri. A suspicion came strongly over1 me lluit the pru- rient might also have been in mind. To put it mildly, the nar- rative is brutally frank. If the book is not helpful for those in trouble, it at least has the merit of disposing of the notion that there may be something shady about the treatment centre. Masters and Johnson show up very well. "Blue Ilcridian: Tic Search for (he Grcal While Shark" by Pelrr (Random House, 204 pages, An American film maker, Peler Gimhcl, in 1969-70 direct- ed Uie underwater shooting of Ihc most fearsome of all fish: Ihc great white shark. The seaich for this creature, de- scribed as an ealiug machine, look Ibe crew lo regions near South Africa, Ceylon, Mozam- bique. ;md Australia. It is a good story, sometimes very cx- ciling, with some penetrating criticism of South Africa's policy and Portugal's slultifying influence nn her col- onies Ihrown in. Also Ihcre are some effective comments on U'.e folly of the continuing whaling industry. The format of the book is appealing but one cannot help wondering aboul Ihc needless cosl of prinling the Mile of Ibe book in Ihe margin of every p.'ige. Foiu'lcen paces ot excellent color photographs arc included. DOUG WALKER Nixon declares world war PRESIDENT Nixon's 10 per cent surtax on gocds imported inlo (he United States is a declaration of world war. True, he stales lliat tlxi surtax is only in exis- tence tor three months, but thai three months can be devastating and no one imagines thai the United Stales at the cue! o[ that time will return to its former state, where the United States markets are open to foreign competition. Prime Minister Trudeau may express the highest hope that this will net mean a general interna- tional response in protective tariffs. He must know how vain that hope is. Mr. Walter Gordon is closer to the point when he fears that the world will be plunged into a depression by this monstrous prohibitive tariff. It will lead inevilably not only to a world-wide depression, but lo world-wide war. At one stroke President Nixon has undone all the desperate building of inter- national trade since" the last world war. Almost Ihc first act of the Western Allies after the last world war was to set up a plan for international trade under The Bretton Woods Conference Agreements by which each of the governments pledged it- self "To tlie elimination of all forms of discriminatory treatment in international commerce, and to the reduction of tariffs and ether trade barriers." The Interna- tional Bank for Reconstruction and Devel- opment was set up at BrettJon Woods for the very purpose of facilitating interna- tional trade. History has taught President Nixon no- thing whatever. The idealistic work of President Wilson in reducing tariffs prior to the First World War was hastily undone by the Harding government and the Ford- ney-McCumber Tariff of 1922 establishing the highest rates iii American history, the immediate consequences were to assist the growth of monopolies in the United Stales, prevent Europe from paying her obliga- tions in the form of goods, and to bring reprisals from France and Britain. Ameri- can foreign trade also sharply declined. But the smashing blow was the Hawley- Smoot Tariff Bill of 1930. American foreign trade slumped further and within the next two years twenty-five countries established retaliatory tariffs. Giant corporations pros- pered as six thousand firms disappeared and four thousand were forced into com- bination with huge companies. Foreign ex- pirts as a direct result of the Hawley- Smoot Tariff fell from over two billion dol- lars annually to three-quarters of a billion from 1931 to 1935. In 1930 there were about three million unemployed, but by 1933 the number had increased to nearly fifteen million and did not decline despite all Roosevelt's New Deal efforts until 1936. But in Europe the effect was even more devastating. From Ihe Bosporus to the Black Sea every nation turned to dictator- ship. Democracy was just about wiped out in Europe. Even Britain turned from party government Co an illicit liaison between the Socialist government of Ramsay McDonald and Baldwin's Conservatives. In their des- pair nations turned to dictators like Mus- solini, Franco and Hitler. The United States might have learned frcm the history of the German Empire prior to the First World War. Until 1818 Gerrr.'any was divided ir.lo a variety of Elates with their own tariff arrangements wilh forty loll stations on the Elbe. Then Prussia began to create tariff unions with a number of small stales and the result was (he Zollberein, a custom's union which look in almost all of Germany. This was a healthy step toward freer trade if it had bGcn so intended but unhapp'ly it was part of the nationalist movement of the times leading to the political union and creation of the German Empire under Prussian domination. Bernard Shaw once remarked that pa- triotism may be (he tet refuge of a scoun- drel Patriotism has supplied much of man- kind's highest idealism, but it has also led to much of man's degradation and to in- numerable wars. When tariffs are applied in Ihe guise of patriotism it is so much hypocrisy. The arguments of Adam Smith, David Ricardo, and John Stewart Mill were by no means nonsense. Restrictions on trade by means of tariffs hurt not only the foreign exporter, but the people of that country itself, since consumers must pay higher prices and inefficient producers are subsidized. Only a minority of people, a very small minority, are helped by tariffs. The great majority are badly hurt and this can be easily demonstrated bjr any eco- nomist who lakes the pains to work it out. Nixon may argue that what is good for a great corporation must be good for the rest of Americans, but this is certainly not necessarily so. France, for example, was never more prosperous than when under Napoleon the Third, tariffs were lowered especially on iron, steel and wool, and French industry was in every way encour- aged. Napoleon's dictatorial policies and IILS utter folly in international affairs were other matters, as was Bismarck's imper- ialism, to which France would fall victim. Unless the world can be made a trading community there can be no peace. Unless developed countries can be enabled to found their own industries and create trade with other countries they can never emerge from their backward conditions and most of them are sinking further and further into debt and economic and social distress. Nixon's surtax is the most immoral and irresponsible act in contemporary history. From its very beginning this column has bitterly opposed the Vietnam War as more destructive to the United States economic- ally, financially, and morally, than to the Vietnamese people, and the recovery of Uie United Stales will be much longer and Blower than tliat of Vietnam. But this sur- tax exceeds the utter immorality of thai war by far, since it will lead inevitably to economic disasler in the United Slates, to economic chaos in the world, and ulti- mately, to world war. Karl von Clausewilz pointed out that war was merely a continuation of certain poli- cies in so-called peace, and "May be looked upon as a kind of business competition on a great scale." Very truly he said, "War is only a continuation of policy by other means." For the last decade the United States has been retreating into Isolatinism and tins surtax Is Me of the last lunatic lunges into the abyss. The expectant father At this parlous moment in Canada's liis- lory with the nation quivering under the double edged Damoclean sword of unem- ployment and inflation, should the destiny of the country be entrusted to an expectant lather? Nobody else has dared to ask this ques- tion. Only a deep concern for the future of this troubled land plus some personal knowledge of the cffecfs of pregnancy on a man's judgment, emboldens me to voice the unspeakable. In referring lo political leadership by a man whose wife is wiUi cluld, I mention no names. What 1 have lo say ap- plies to any Canadian head of government who, after being a bachelor to age 51, finds that his career .is on collision course with a diaper bucket. From my own experience of pre-natal fatherhood I conclude lha! it is difficult for a man. however brilliant, to estimate some- thing like Oir efi'ecls of a 10 per cent sur- tax on Canadian goods imported by the U.S., when part of his mind is wreslhng with the merits of breast feeding. It is one thing lo have lo get up in the middle of Uie night to fix tlw formula for Ed Benson. It doesn't really matter wheth- er the formula Rives the taxpayer gas. There is no need to burp l.lie little blighler. But it is quite a different mailer to be dealing with a Youth Opportunities Pro- gram lhat llirows up on your favorite poncho. Recent studies by psychologists have, moreover, she-nil that Ihe expectant fatlier undergoes ir.cnUil and physical aberrations second mily In those of somclimcs exceeding them. IC.vimple: irrational desire lor weird foods. Are we prepared as a nation, to risk tho consequences of a formal diplomatic dinner laid on by the Chinese embassy la Ottawa, at which Canada's Top Person asks that his chicken chow mcin be served a la mode? The Chinese don't understand these in- dulgences. When a Chinese father is in a family way he merely doubles his ration of Mao thoughts. Then there is the matter of Impaired judgment. The peripheral vision of the pregnant male may or may not suffer lapses that make him a menace on Ihe ski slopes. I know that, as another laic-bloom- ing father, I found that my eyes twitched from side lo side to see if nnyrme was snickering. This- snicker flicker is no as- set to a man charged with staring down the Yankee trader. Finally, the gravid male Is urged by his physician to perform exercises and prac- tice brealhing Lhat will reduce his distress during delivery. Even when the father is remarkably fit for his age, it can disrupt a cabinet meeting, or international confer- ence, if the prime minister suddenly starts pacing the cramps. Oilier problems, such as choice of palern- ily clothes and planning Ibe mirscry, may be less demanding for the prime minister than for those of us pregnant husbands who tare Irad to budget for Baby. The kid is obviously going to gel a brand new, GT Ferrari designed baby buggy instead of the old man's having to lay the sleeve on relatives for hand-me-downs. But as his lime draws near, and he isn't really comfoi-table unless he is silling on a rubber doughnut, and the jittery father-la, be answers (lie red telephone on his desk, relaxes njid Iclls his secretary: "It's only World War Three" well, we could in trouble. (Vancouver Province Features) ;