Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
t THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD IS Russia gives nuclear priority to deterrence of another war LONDON (CP) Russia seems to have joined ttic (Jnilcd Stales in giving No. 1 nuclear prforiLy to the deterrence of war rather than to the offensive, the International Institute of Stra- tegic Studies says in its latest assessment of Ihe world mili- tary setup. The independently-financed institute, which Jias members in 4S countries outside the Soviet bloc, states in its annual study called The Military Balance 1971-72 that Russia now is ahead QUALITY DENTURE CLINIC EDDY DIETRICH Certified Denial Mechanic Copilot Furniture Bldg. PHONE of the U.S. in JnlcrconLlncnUil ballistics missiles but appar- ently has slowed Iheir deploy- ment. "Soviet strategic nuclear it says, "appear to be designed primarily to defer an American strategic attack upon the Soviet Union. "The strategic forces and weapons of both superpowers have capabilities which, at least in theory, go beyond reciprocal deterrence to the point of offer- ing some prospect of limiting the damage which either would suffer should a strategic nuclear war occur. They also provide means of deterring lesser nu- clear powers. "In terms of intentions, how- ever, it seems lhat deterrence of each other represents the TRAVEUING TO WINNIPEG? AREA CODE 204-786-4801 International Inn NOW 210 ROOMS BUS SERVICE BETWEEN DOWNTOWN and UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE CAMPUS Commencing September 7th, 1971, regular service from downtown to the University of Lelhbriu'ge is ci follows: MONDAY TO FRIDAY Bus departure time from 4lh Avenue 6lh Street South 7.15 a.m. a.m. p.m. a.m. ci.m. a.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. p.m p.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. p.m. Bus arrival lime at West Campus a.m. return a.m. return a.m. return a.m. return a.m. relurn noon return p.m. return p.m. return p.m. relurn p.m. return p.m. return p.m. S, return p.m. return p.m. return 1 p.m. return Regular fares will be in effect. first priority for both coun- tries." On its information from a net- work of informant which is as- sessed at headquarters here, Ihe institute estimates lhat Russia now has fCBMs against for the United States. But it adds: "Soviet deployment has, how- ever, slowed down considerably since the beginning of 19R7 and may have reached, or be ap- proaching, its planned level." It does say. though, lhat a number of underground launch- ing silos have been spotted on Russian territory and that it is not clear whether these are in- tended to fire a new type of in- I to-continental which i no other evidence has been re- ported. Tl-e survey bays it is possible dial the silo is designed for Rus- j sia's KS-9 missile, a large nu- I clear weapon on which it has been working since I HUB. The SS-9 is, a mulliple-warhead clus- ter, of which Ihe inslitule esti- mates 280 are in existence. It is in the intercontinental range. M1UTAHY BUILDUP Other points in the institute's survey: 1. The Warsaw pact nations are extending their lead over NATO's conventional forces in Europe. 2. China now is operational on medium-range ballistics mis- siles but. not yet HI the intercon- tinental class. 3 Russia is overtaking the United States in submarine- launched nuclear missiles and at the present rale could wipe out the U.S. lead by 1974. Mililary budgets of most countries arc up, with eyeball- to-eyeball Israel and Egypt spending the largest proportions of their national one-quarter in each case. Up to lasl year China lagged far behind the superpowers in the missile race and had lo rely on a few outdated Soviet-made bombers for delivery of the nu- clear weapons it has been work- ing on since 1964. HAS 20 MISSILES Now- the institute said China has succeeded in producing a medium range missile and has apparently deployed about 20 of j them, mainly in northwestern and northesalern areas flanking the Soviet Union. A new missile site, detected in Ihe Sinkiang desert lasl year, may be connected with the de- velopment of a larger cunti- nenl-spanning rcckel. The Rus- sian and American ICBMs can travel up lo n.OOO miles. China also has increased its nuclear air strike capability by producing at least .30 TU-16 me- dium bombers with an opera- tional range of aboul 1.500 miles and can build five more every month. At least one nuclear sub- marine is under construction. Dealing with the confrontation between NATO and the Warsaw- pact countries in Europe, the in- stitute says that "the marked numerical disparity remains. with NATO having little more than a third as many opera fional tanks as Uie Warsaw pacl and fewer tactical air- erf I." "The imbalance has movec further in favor of the Warsaw pact during the year and mark- edly so over a longer period. AMERICAN FORCES DOWN "In 1962 the land, sea and air forces in Europe to- talled Now Ihe figure is There were 2G Soviet di- visions in Eastern Europe in 1907. Now (here are 31." In manpower, Uie institute calculated that NATO has combat and direct sup- port troops available in all Eu- ropean theatres as opposed to for the Warsaw pact countries. But Russia's 31 div- sions could be jumped to 70 in less than a mcntn. Discussing the Middle East cockpit, the institute finds that both Israel and figypt have in- creased Iheir armaments budg- ets and lhat they now stand at almost the same figure. fsrael has about 40 more com- bat aircraft than last year but Egypt's total has gone up by 100. There are between and Soviet "advisers" in Egypt and 50 more Soviet-flown aircraft than a year ago, along with "many more" Russian-con- trolled Mirface-Ui-air missle sites. driver has choice PORTLAND. Ore.