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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 4, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 14 'HE IETHBRIDGE HERAID Solurday, September 4, 1971 Gestation and farrowing barn, foreground, and finishing barn at Cameron Farms. Local operation successful Cameron Farms, a Hiitterite colony about W miles north- east of Lethbridge, is in the business of producing lean breeding hcgs according to a plan provided by Nupork Live- stock Ltd. or Calgan1 The plan, which pays strict attention to nutrition, sanitation and environment lias produced some outstanding results which will pay off for the producer. Nupork sows are producing 2U litters per sow per year compared with the average hog which produces 1.7 litters, claims Dr. John Alraan. a vet- erinarian, hog management con- sultant and president of Nu- pork. The number of market ani- mals per Nupork per year is 20 and has hit as as 23, compared with the average of. 13.4. The feed conversion rate is three pounds of feed to one pound of gain compared with four to one for the average hog. Production survival is from 90 to 95 per cent compared with G5 per cent for the average. The grading index averages 105 compared with 100 for the average, which, according to the present grading standard, means a Nupork hog is worth a five per cent premium on the market. The premium value of Lhe hog graded at 105 is 109, Dr. AJman says. Some hogs have graded as high as 112 which in premium evaluation should bring it to a grading of 120, he said. The five per cent increase m the grading index, plus the 30 per cent increase in production less 13 per cert for feed, will give the producer a 20 per cent increase in return. Dr. Alman said. Cameron Farms got started in the Nupork business because it tad some extra grain to dis- pose. In it built a pig barn according to Nupork specifica- tions and last year it built a finishing barn. It takes men to operate the 120-sow operation. The farrowing and finishing bairns are not like tbs common pig bams. One could walk through them m stocking feet without getting his socks dirty. Odor inside and outside the buildings is as minimal as it likely will ever be. The feed is in liquid form. The hogs drink their rations rather than eat them. Various portions of grain and high per- formance rations are mixed with water which is delivered to the pigs by pipeline in a mea- sured portion. The portions are measured ac- cording to the needs of the hogs by using the second hand of a watch. A valve is opened Icr 20 seconds or 34 seconds or what- ever to deliver the exact pound- age per animal. In the gestation section of the building, for example, sows are fed Hi pounds of feed concen- trate twice a day. The lacta- tion ration, where sons are nursing or in advanced preg- nancy, is three pounds of an- clher mixture twice daily. Sows arc separated, accord- ing to their state, into 10 to 14 animals per partition. Encli has its own spot at the feeding bin. There are four seclicns hi the farrowing barn with six crates per sectioi The crates keep the sow from crushing the pig- lets. The pens are so designed and heated, that they are self cleaning. A sewage system runs across one end avid the sow and piglets gravitate to that end to do their business. Piglets are weaned at 21 days for when they reach 12 pounds) instead of 42 and they are ready for market in 170 days in stead of the normal 200. Each sow and her piglets are separ- ated from the sows and piglets to avoid possible con lamination. As the animals are removed from each section, the units are scrubbed down. Prevention of disease, rather than curing, is one of the sec rets to the success of Uie oper- ation. In tiie finishing bam the pig- lets arc dry fed in a special section, then go onto liquid feeding of two to Uu-ee pounds of stili another mixture, until they are ready for market. In the finishing section, after nur- sery, there are 48 stalls with 14 animals per side. Piglets in the nursery are fed an 18 per cent protein diet until they reach 35 pounds and then are transferred for finishing at a 16 per cent protean ration. Dr. Alman found that pigs drink at about the same speed while tfosy do not eat at the same rate. Liquid feeding gives uniform rale of gain, eliminates dust and cuts competition lor food. Several air conditioners telp keep the pigs comfortable and draft direction assists the pigs in knowing where to go for their excretions, keeping Uie pen floors clean and dry. Sow, piglets drink supper in self-cleaning pen. False fears of pork have to be overcome False fears of pork have to be overcome if per capita pork consumption is going to in- crease or hold its. own, pork industry men have indicated. Dr. Howard Fredeen, head of livestock research at Lacombe for the federal department cf igriculture, said the cholesterol scare which hurt dairy and pork products, has left a fear with consumers. The original reports were faulty, he said. A local meat packing official said that modern produc- tion techniques, Uie day of the slop hog is ever, and con- A pig barn interior! or beef? A pound of lean pork has the same nutritional value as a pound of lean meat, according to Dr. Howard Fredeen. head of livestock research at the federal research station in La- combe. Due to present-day living standards, he said, "there is a need to decrease the fat in our diet." The caloric value of pork is higlier than beef because of the extra fat. Dr. Fredeen indicated the trend in pork is toward leaner meat and with proper mer- chandising, promotion and quality control by lean pork producers "the producer of fat pork is going to THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE DEPARTMENT OF MUSIC INTERESTED CHORAL SINGERS ore invited lo op ply for membership in THE UNIVERSITY OF LETHBRIDGE CHOIR (Conductor George Skipworth) (Accompanist Louise Chapman) Weekly Rehearsals; Assumption School Auditorium Avenue and 24th Street South Tuesdays, p.m. Commencing September 11, 1971 Application, with nofe of experience, Jo: The Secretary Departmenr of Music Tlie University of Lelhbridge Lcihbridge, Alberta (327-2171) sumers no longer have to cook the life out of pork. "They can eat juicy, red pork just like beef." Dr. Fredeen said producers of fat hogs are going to suffer as lean pork hits the market. They are going to have to change to survive. It takes sev- en times as much feed to pro- duce fat as lean, he said, as one economic example. Industry is looking for more meat in pork, he said. If Nu- pork is better than others, it's going to Nupork has no monopoly on the lean hog, however, and there are other breeders who are producing lean hogs with some culls grading as high as some Nupork stock, he indi- cated. Dr. Fredeen said producers will have to take the bit in their teeth and support private industry liko Mupoi-k and Nu- fjorK-type industry is going to have to support the national swine council if per capita pork consumption is going to move forward. Merchandising and uniform- ity of product are two barriers which will have to be over- come. Col. Sanders chicken was cited as a prime example of what merchandising and uni- formity of product did for the chicken industry. I'lltST HORSE Tlie first horse imported Into Canada directly from Europe was for the governor of New France in 1547. WHO IS 'JOE' THb UNIVERSITY OF CALGARY SENATE SUBMISSIONS The Senate of The University of Calgary will hold its regular autumn meeting on October 1, 1971. ll is the duty cf the Senate lo enquire inlo any matter thai- might lend to enhance the usefulness of the Universily. Individuals or groups are invit- ed to make written submissions. These will be studied by appropriate Senafe com mi flees prior to the meeting. may appear before the Senate in support of Iheir submissions. Direct all correspondence not later than September 17, tor J. A. Hammond, Chairman External Rclationi Commillee, Senate, The University of Calgary, Glenbow-Alberta Institute, 902 Eleventh Avenue S.W., CALGARY 3 Paul Hofer times liquid feed supply to pregnant sows. CIVIC GOVERNMENT ASSOCIATION NOTICE of OPEN NOMINATION MEETING FLEErWOOD BAWDEN SCHOOL SEPT. 8th at p.m. TO NOMINATE CANDIDATES FOR ir CITY COUNCIL SCHOOL BOARD HOSPITAL BOARDS EVERYONE WELCOME new city bus passes issued to date Bus passes for senior citi- zens are still available at Uie city clerk's office on the main floor of city hall. To date, been issued. passes have Those eligible for passes in- clude: persons 65 years and Choose wiiely tha monu- 'menl lo honor your loved onci. Wo will bo plroscd lo assiil you. LETHBRIDGE MONUMENTAL AND TILE WORKS LTD. "Wo hov- been Satisfying Cuilomcrs (o, Over 60 Years" 355 Blh St. 5., Irthbriclge Phono 337-3920 older and a Lethbridge resi-' dent for at least one year; per-1 sons registered with the Cana- dian National Institute for the' Blind; residents of Golden Acres lodges; persons with a valid medical treatment ser- vice card; and war veterans receiving allowances from the department of veterans affairs. The 1970 bus passes expired Aiif. 31. INSURANCE LIABILITY BONDS AUTO FIRE ROSSITER AGENCIES LTD. ESTABLISHED 1911 Lower Floor 517 4lh AVI. S. Phone 327-1541 HEINITZ PRINTERS STATIONERS LTD. 324 9lh St. S. Phone 328-1778 FOR YOUR COMPLETE WEDDING REQUIREMENTS i Invllalloni Announcement! (24 Hour Service If Nocouary) Bride Books Thank You Cordi 1 Napklni Matches We provide Complimentary Personalized Heod Table Placp Cords with each Orderl FREE CUSTOMER PARKING CONESTOGA MOTOR HOME McDONELL MANUFACTURING 1502 2nd AVE. S. LETHBRIDGE, ALTA. NEED A MOTOR HOME? SEEI PRICEI AND RIDE IN THF amooihest riding Motor Home mode today THE Home willi the least noise while travelling. THE only Motor Home available today wilh iho riding quality of a big car. VERY good gas mileage. WE invite you to iea our 22 fr. and 23 ft. rapacity modeli, constructed so there is more room inside Ihan the aver- ago Motor Homo of (hii AMPLE storage and upper cupboards. SECOND hand trailers and campers avnilabla. 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