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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 4, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, September 4, 1970 Anthony Westell Spreading Economic Wealth Equitably Finally Settled Most Canadians will be relieved that the postal dispute is finally settled. It was known long ago that only a compromise would bring about the settlement. As a conse- quence many people feel some anger mixed with their relief anger over the apparently unneces- sary length of the dispute. As the rotating strike dragged on there were settlements in industry that exceeded the six per cent wage guideline set by the govern- ment. There wasn't much doubt, then, that the government would have to yield on this issue. On the other hand it was also obvious that the union wasn't going to get all it wanted because the government was going to have to demonstrate some ability to hold down wages. Without lull knowledge of where the intransigence was most firmly established, it appears as though the government can take most blame. Many recommendations made in 1966 by the Royal Commission on Working Conditions in the Post Of- fice have been allowed to languish, with resulting festering discontent. More recently the recommendation of Juge Rene Lippe on settlement of the wage dispute was ignored. Now that a settlement has been reached it, is to be hoped that full- est attention can be given to im- proving the postal service. Those responsible begin the task at a great disadvantage they have to win back the confidence of the pub- lic which has been so badly eroded in recent weeks. Curbing The Carnage (Second in t scries) A stocky man with a weathered face sits in an office 14 floors up a bu- reaucratic tower in downtown Ottawa and hands out millions of dollars to manufacturers who agree to set up shop al- most anywhere in Canada out- side the great cjties. His name is Wally Lavigne: he's as- sistant deputy minister of re- gional applications for grants under the new Regional Devel- opment Incentives Act. The act is a key instrument in the federal drive to spread the wealth of economic devel- opment across Canada, by sub- sidizing industry to locate where existing opportuni- ties for productive employment are exceptionally inadequate. Such slow growth regions colored a depressing brown on the department's virtually all settled Canada outside of: Montreal, Toronto and southern Ontario, the rich- est farming areas on the Prai- ries, Vancouver, and most of resource-rich British Columbia. But the depressed east has been more realistically defined as that part of Canada stretch- ing east from Three Rivers to Land's End. Eastern Quebec, in fact, is the major focus for an in- dustrial development program and has received almost 40 per cent of the incentive grants made to date. (Another 30 per cent has gone to the Atlantic provinces, with the remainder being spread across northern Ontario and the west.) Businessmen willing to place new 'factories in lagging areas, instead of further congesting developed districts, can collect handsome start-up grants from Ottawa. Since the incentives plan be- gan on July 1 last year Lavigne has approved 325 applications for such grants. Their total value equals 71.5 million- dol- Jars but in return, recipients have promised to invest more than 1.8 billion 'dollars in pri- vate capital. This investment will create jobs directly, says Lavigne, and about the same number the sub- sidized projects stimulate oth- er business activity around them for a total of almost new jobs, in those parts of Canada where they are most needed. The federal funds can play several different roles toward achieving such results: By providing risk capital, they may make it possible for a small entrepreneur to get started, or expand his opera- tion in a region where private backing is hard to find. By minimizing the added costs of locating away from markets, they may act as .an inducement to a large Cana- dian company to locate in the boondocks instead of in a more sophisticated urban industrial centre such as Toronto. Or they can be a substantial chip in the international com- petition to attract giant 'cor- porations with advanced tech- nologies, to expand into Can- ada instead of some other de- veloping country. Here are examples of how the subsidies work: a drab office above a pizza parlor in the shabby in- dustrial e n d of Saint John, N.B., sits Alex Chan, 35. He's planning how to market his House of Chan Chinese Food Products throughout the Mari- times, into central Canada, and then, perhaps, into the lucra- tive U.S. market. Born in China, Chan came to Canada in 1950. He graduated from university a.', an engineer and started to work in Saint John. But he soon was distract- ed from his profession after he began moonlighting in the Chi- nese restaurant business. Gradually he developed a lo- cal outlet, through supermar- kets, for his egg rolls. One thing led to another and soon -Chan was dreaming of a mod- ern plant to prepare and freeze up to 6 million dollars worth, a year, of Chinese specialty foods. But the estimated capi- Another major driving disaster is anticipated for the Labor Day Week- end this year. Hundreds of people in the United States and Canada will lose their lives as millions take to the roads snatching at the last long summer weekend. The Dominion Automobile Associa- tion has issued a reminder to motor- ists that two major factors in road accidents are fatigue and reduced vision. People who try to stretch the weekend by doing all their driving on Friday, and Monday nights could be inviting trouble. The folly of undertaking an exten- sive drive after a full day of work or play ought to be obvious. It should not be necessary to spell out the dan- ger inherent in .operating high speed vehicles when the split second re- actions necessary are impaired by fatigue. Many drivers apparently are not sufficiently aware of how much of a handicap it is to drive at night, either. With headlights on low beam an un- lighted object can be sighted at a maximum of only 150 feet, yet if the car .is travelling at 50 mph it will require a minimum of 250 feet to stop! In addition, the ability to see at night decreases with age. After an individual reaches age 20, the amount of light he will need to see objects at night doubles every 13 years. At age 60 a person requires eight times as much light as he would have at age 20 to see the same object clearly. It seems incredible that precau- tions are taken against all sorts of tilings in society but the hazards ol fatigue and limited vision are consis- tently ignored. If they were to be taken into consideration some reduc- tion in the carnage on the roads this Labor Day Weekend could be antici- pated. One Country Or Ten? The British Columbia government is playing with fire when it tries to ban Alberta broiler chickens from the coast province. Alberta's agriculture minister, Mr. Henry Ruste, is right in taking the matter to the Supreme Court of Canada. Ontario, which was hit by a similar situation from Que- bec, has also taken its case to the Supreme Court. The erection of interprovincial trade barriers will accomplish very quickly for Canada what'French sep- aratism has been unable to accom- plish. If allowed for one commodity, it would end with an absurd conclu- sion detrimental to consumers, pro- ducers and the country as a whole. Countries in western Europe ar- gued long and hard to set up the European Common Market to the benefit of all. British Columbia can- not be allowed to balkanize Canada's 10 provinces. "Isn't It Nice To Get Away From It All? Art Buchwald Letters To The Editor A Man's Name Is Part Of His Identity jyjARTHA'S VINEYARD, Mass. The other night I was home reading a book when I received a telephone call that Mother Nature was dying. I dressed hur- riedly and rushed over to the hospital. A lot of people got there before me and they were all sitting in the waiting room crying and wringing their hands. I search- ed out the doctors who were in another room having a heated argument as to how to save her. Each doctor seemed to have different remedy. One doctor said, "We have to get her some fresh air. She can't breathe. We'll have to turn off the power plant because of the smoke." "Are you out of your another doctor said. "We turn off the power, and she'll freeze to death." "Perhaps we could keep all cars away from the a third doctor suggest- ed. "That would relieve her breathing." "Out of the a fourth doctor barked. "How would we get back and forth to work if we prohibited cars near the another doctor said, "I don't believe it's the air that is hurting her as much as the water. We have to find -some water that's drinkable. Strong mea- sures must be taken immediately against polluting the hospital water." The director said, "Where would we get the money to support the hospital if we closed down the factories because they're polluting the "We'd also have to give up a doctor added, "and we can't have a clean hospital if you give up detergents." "Isn't anybody going to do I shouted. They saw me for the first time and one of the doctors said angrily, "We're sorry, this is a medical conference for profes- sionals only. Would you kindly I walked out and down the hall. Sudden- ly I saw a closed room, whicli had the name Mother Nature hand-printed on the door. Underneath it, in large red letters, was another sign: No Visitors. No one was in the hall, so I opened the door. There was Mother Nature propped up on pillows. She looked old and tired and haggard. I couldn't believe iisyone could have changed so much in 10 short years. But she seemed glad to see some- one and smiled weakly. "Hi, I said. "Your looking swell." "You wouldn't kid a very sick lady would she said, gasping. "No, I'm not kidding. You look wonder- ful. "I've just been talking to the doctors and they say they'll have you on your feet in no time." "Those quacks don't know she said. "All they do is come in every few hours and take my temperature and give me something to relieve the pain. I think I've had it this time." "Don't talk that way, Ma. You're going to pull through. You've survived worse tilings than this before." "It's never been this she said and then started having a coughing fit. "This time the grim reaper's coming to get me." "But if you go, we'll all have to go, I cried. "You have to hold on. Please, Ma." "I kept, complaining of she whis- pered, '-but no one would pay attention to me. 1 said, -Jf you keep doing what you're doing I'm going to die.' But everyone said, 'Ma, you'll never die.' Why didn't they listen, to "We're listening now, Ma. We're listen- ing. We have the best doctors in the world. They're out there now, and tlicy have a plan." "I guess the real thing that she said, "is that my will won't, be worth any- thing now. 1 left every person in the world clear water, pure air, green fields, bril- liant sunsets and blue skies. It wasn't much, but it was everything I had." Just then the door opened and a nurse came in. She went over to the bed wav- ing a thermometer. "Come on, Mother. It's time to lake your temperature." (Toronto Telegram Service) Integration of the black people is fast becoming an im- portant cause in the United States. As a result, not only the black people but also many other races are becoming con- scious of their value as human beings in Occidental or other societies. Among the races seeking identify is the north American Indian. The Red Man has lost part of his essence through the de- struction of his nomenclature by translation. The White Man calls him Weasel Fat, Sitting Bull, Manyfingers, and the like. By translating the names of aborigines in the days of colonization, the European dis- coverers retained their almost godlike dignity at the expense of the aborigines. There were indeed differences, possibly in degree as well as in kind, be- tween European and aboriginal civilizations. But these differ- ences by no means implied dif- in ability or potential ability. The Occidental cave- man, after all was the Europe- an aborigine. Other aborigines have similar potentials for growth. The English translations of Indian names are the legacy of the White Man's belief im- plicit today that aborigines are genetically unequal to Cau- casians. The belief extends from aboriginal to more ad- vanced civilizations, such as the Chinese and Jewish. In- deed, I've even hard people matter-of-factly lump Slavs and Negroes together as "not white Yet you don't hear Hungarians, Chinese Afri- cans, Germans, or Russians translate their names into En- glish. The names may be an- More Park Space For South Having been raised at Water- ton, I'm interested in the dis- cussions about establishing a provincial park in the Kishin- ina area of south-eastern B.C. adjoining Waterton Park and I would like to see this beautiful area taken into the jurisdiction That's Why Rome Fell I was going to write earlier a thriving red-light district, concerning Mr. Black's letter and this in the good old days of Aug. 1, the frantic nature of of high virtue and chastity, which I do not agree with. I didn't write, but Mr Regehr 14) did. (Aug. 14) did. He took Mr. Black's problems at face value, and answered them. I think they are both way off base. It. is really quite ridiculous to state that Rome and Athens fell due to abnormal sex. It would be quite as relevant to state that the Edmonton Eski- mos lost the Grey Cup due to an outbreak of foot and mouth disease in Pago Pago. Mr. Black stated that these old civilizations collapsed in a cesspool of homosexuality. Reasons belu'nd such ideas are too easy to find. One of them is that historical novels, even the best, keep reader interest with plenty of sex. Another reason is that organized .Chris- tianity scandalizes with re- gard to old Rome. Just name your vice, and that's why Home fell. I think the world is a little worse than it ever was. Per- haps it's a little belter. I un- derstand Lethbridge once had The automobile and good roads have had a more pro- found effect on society than any other cause. Neither rain, nor snow, nor an attack of ap- pendicitis, keeps Mrs. Jones away from Annie Crumpers lea-party, 50 miles away. If parents are little more than a bunch of gadabouts, what can be expected of their children? Character is not developed by social contacts, it's developed by constructive work. If there is no salsifaction derived from the work, then social contacts are not likely to be particularly enjoyable either. This results in the false celebration where drugs are taken. I hear there is a huge Rus- sian fishing fleet ringing North America tonight. The boats are said to bristle with guns, an- tenna, and radar screens. I'll bet they are waiting for North America to collapse in a cess- pool of homosexuality so that they can get our girls. GEORGE BYE. Milk River. of the Federal Parks Branch. I believe Waterton is one of our smaller mountain National Parks. This added area would make for a bigger and more scenic park for all to enjoy. The writer, a. "few" years ago (I won't say how many) had the privilege of hiking, ski- ing and camping in many parks of that, lovely country without any of the modem conven- iences of today and we really enjoyed it whether winter or summertime." If tin's could be arranged by Ottawa and B.C. without too much "red (lie proposed addition would have much bet- ter fire and wildlife protection, under the warden service of the Federal Parks Branch. If and when tin's political issue is accomplished, they could consider a modern high- way (some will disagree with this) forgetting the older tourist whose hiking days are over and a nice campsite along tile way. Also, a system of new hiking or riding trails could be constructed which they have in all the National Parks. These are but a few humble suggestions that could make this much talked about and sorely needed "circle tour." a dream come true. J. E. PITTAWAY. Tabcr. glicized for the sake of conven- ience in an English-speaking society, but they are never translated. The French name Legrand The Great would be ridiculous in English. How about KleinPeld Smallfield? or Steinhauer Stonecutter? or or names like Tshombe, Lumuba, Myerere Thuy, and Bandaranaike? All names have or had a meaning which if given in context would be just as cumbersome as translated Indian names. Perhaps changing the Red Man's name back to his Mother tongue, where it would retain its dignity, would be a definite, positive step toward dignity for the Red Man. A man's name is an integral part of his iden- tity; sully his name, and you've sullied him. J. P. COWAN. Lethbridge. tal cost of one million dollars kept his dream from becoming a reality. Then he heard about a new federal incentives plan. He seized his opportunity, applied, and was awarded to- ward the cost of his dream plant. "It's a very good he says. "Risk capital is hard to find in Canada, and without federal help, maybe it would take another five years to do this." Chan will begin production this fall, employing 50 people to start. When he reaches full production, his payroll will list 150 people. "In three Chan claims, "Ottawa will have ev- ery penny back in taxes and what they save on welfare." the little village of Flor- er.ceville, up the Saint John River in the heart of potato country, sits McCain Food Ltd. Sincn its start as a 3-man op- eration back in 1956, it has grown into one of the world's largest producers of frozen french fries. With his growing Florence- ville operation, employing up to people, another plant in Britain, and a distributing com- pany in Australia, dynamic Harrison McCain was planning to invade the United States by building a new plant in Maine. However, an incentive grant made it worth his while to build a plant in Grand Falls, N.B., instead. Ottawa agreed to put up more than 3 million dol- lars into his 7 million dollar po- tato processing factory which vail employ about 400 people. Grand Falls Mayor, Everard II. Daigle, a 44-year-old civic go-getter, says the new indus- try wiE be a shot in the arm for his community. And he talks eagerly of getting further federal help for a 5 million dol- lar project to develop the tour- ist potential of his own. Grand Falls is located where the Saint John River winds through a spectacular, narrow, 200-foot-deep gorge. spring, the IBM com- pany, one of the world's rich- est corporations, collected a 6 million dollar gift from Ottawa to locate a computer compo- nent manufacturing complex in Bromont, a small town near Sherbrooke, Que. Subsidizing Lavigne argues the could have established the new plant, at lowest cost, in New York state, where it already has fa- cilities. In Canada, the least cost location would have been a toss up between Toronto and Montreal. In order to have them come to Canada at all, and1 to a designated region expiates Lavigne, "We had to sweeten the pot." IBM's 8 million dollar award may seem high, but at least it's a once-and-for-all subsidy. Un- der previous incentives pro- grams, companies could some- times get tax concessions which amounted to, in effect, a continuous, hidden subsidy. Un- der the present scheme, they get a straight start-up grant and no more. And whereas the former sys- tem was automatic if a com- pany met certain criteria, it received certain present one' gives the govern- ment wide discretionary pow- ers. A company has to sell its project to Lavigne. And if he buys it, he, and his colleagues, assess just how much the com- pany will receive. For the 325 applications so far approved for grants, 377 have been rejected or with- drawn: 417 are still "in the hopper." Grants can range up to 12 million dollars as much as 25 per cent of the capital cost up to 6 million dollars and up to per job created. (Toronto tar Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 A 20 per cent, increase in wages to take effect at once and to be retroactive to May 1, 1920 has been awarded to all employees of the CNR except officials. The award affects some men in the west. J030 No more free home- stead entries mil be granted in the Province of Saskatchewan by the Dominion government. October 1 the province .assumes control of the administration of its resources. 1910 A power shortage faces Alberta as work begins on the Turner Siding ammonia plant" near Calgary to provide raw materials for ex- plosives. 1950 Lethbridge YMCA of- ficers and directors and some 200 friends celebrated the open- ing of tlw new Camp Inuspi lodge at Waterton Lakes Na- tional Park. J9C9 Bloody fighting be- tween Premier Patrice Lumum- ba's troops and rebellious tribesmen plunged the Congo toward civil war. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Letbbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second ant Mall Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Edilor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;