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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 3, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Tuwday, September 3, 1974-THE LETHBRIDGt HERALD Alvin Toff or realist As a tribute to the one hundredth birthday of the city of Winnipeg, The Great-West Life Assurance Company will hold a centennial symposium at the Centennial Concert Hall, October 27-30. Entitled the Dilemmas of Modern Man, the symposium has been designed to bring together some of the world's out- standing thinkers to discuss where man has been, where ic's at, and where he's going. To stimulate public interest in some of the major areas of concern with which the sym- wsium will deal, a seven-part series has been prepared. This is the first in the series. Did'you know that the world's population will almost double in the next 26 years? That, roughly speaking, half of all the energy consumed by man over the past years las been consumed in the last 00? That growth rates of five to [0 per cent a year for in- dustrial production are now in industrialized nations, yet between 1910 and 1939, industrial production rose a total of only five per cent? Alvin Toffler, renowned author, has brought these staggering facts to the surface in his best-selling book Future Shock. Toffler is the keynote speaker at the Winnipeg Centennial Symposium on the Dilemmas of Modern Man in October. He will be joined by many famous thinkers and scientists who will share their own discoveries, philosophies and feelings about the world of the future and the dilem- mas facing modern man. In the mid-sixties, Toffler coined the phrase "future shock" to describe the "disorientation (confusion) that people feel when the future arrives too fast for them." His book argues that, unless man quickly learns to control the rate of change in his personal affairs as well as in society at large, he is doom- ed to a massive adaptational breakdown. He spent five years Berry's World 1974 by NEA. Inc "Actually, the only reason we're HERE is so we can hold our own with friends who play 'Travel researching the subject and his findings were that future shock is no longer a distantly potential danger, but a real sickness from which increasingly large numbers already suffer. "This psycho- biological condition can be described in medical and psy- chiatric terms. It is the dis- ease of he says. Toffler defines change as "the process by which the future invades orr adding that "it is important to look at it closely, not merely from the grand perspectives of history, but also from the vantage point of the living, breathing individuals who perience it." He is vitally concerned that the future comes upon us before we have lived through the past or created a present. Intellectuals talk bravely about "educating for says Toffler, yet we know vir- tually nothing about how to do it. "In the most rapidly chang- ing environment to which man has ever been exposed, we re- main pitifully ignorant of how the human animal copes." How many of us still know childhood friends? How many have not noticed a gap that seems to widen perceptibly between parents and children? How many can return to the neighborhood of their birth and find it un- changed? How many can possibly cope as they watch family, friends and all traces of familiarity disappear from the horizon of their lives? The world is now a global village. Can we expect to stay in one place and hold down the same job, married to the same partner for many decades, when everything else around us forces us to alter and adapt constantly? A life-long marriage was a feasible institution when "happily ever after" meant 30 years of a closely-knit family group that had specific roles, and when everyone worked together within that group to survive. But now couples in North America who marry at 20 may expect to live together for over 50 years in a world where work patterns are changing, where new sexual roles are developing, and smaller families are the rule, not the exception. Can they be expected to change with the times? To grow together and continue to live together for over two generations? Or will most marriages break down under the strain of modern living? The rising rate of divorce, childless marriages, children with only one parent and couples living together without a marriage licence, is already indicative of man's reaction to the modern world. Family life is not the only victim of rapid change. Doc- tors, scientists, teachers and other professionals are having to contend with an ever- increasing fund of technological and biological discoveries. They are forced to devote more time every day to reading if they are to keep abreast of discoveries just in their own specialized fields. Do they then have the time or energy to find out about the changes occurring in other areas? According to Toffler, many of us suffer from "informa- tion overload." That is, infor- mation comes in on us so rapidly that we are no longer able to absorb it. Unequipped with knowledge of the latest developments in the world, we are vulnerable to the first claims we hear of changes. Faulty or misleading advertising, irresponsible governments or media can brainwash us into believing that what they tell us is right, and we may act accordingly. Despite the fears of change and the disastrous results we may suffer, Toffler remains optimistic about our future. He points out that people in cities such as New York, Los Angeles and even Toronto are already living harder and Book reviews faster than the rest of the world. Many of them thrive on the rapid tempo. He stresses that we must learn to cope with the future by determining what is most important to us personally and making the most of it. We can't suppress change but can manage it by taking a respon- sible, wide-open look and flex- ible attitude toward it. Toffler will be discussing not just "future shock" but also what he calls "future his concept of the new civilization he believes we have already entered. He will be talking about unique ex- periments across the world in family relationships. Although the majority of people may continue to accept the nuclear family (father, mother and children) as their ideal, many people are already ex- perimenting with new forms. We must accept these trials with an open mind, Toffler urges. People are becoming more creative in their attempts to find meaning in their lives, in their work and in their daily environment. New social institutions, new job structures and approaches and new types of homes are appearing everywhere as man displays his ability to adapt. As Toffler himself concludes: "While we face many serious problems living in the midst of breakdown and danger we are involved in creating a new civilization right now, all around the world, good hard working and dedicated people are already building that new civilization." The Winnipeg Centennial Symposium will show how. The prohibition era "Ardent Spirits: The Kise and Fall of Prohibition" by John Kobler, (Longman, 396 pages, Kobler has penned another fine book, not with the gripp- ing reality that was Capone, but a good book just the same. A writer who thoroughly researches his subject, Have you got what it takes? to be a School Trustee You can qualify if you are: able to speak, read and write English French 18 years of age or older a Canadian Citizen or a British subject a resident of the Province of Alberta for twelve consecutive months prior to nomination date of September 18, 1974 a resident in the school district in which you seek nomination for six consecutive months prior to September 18, 1974 NOMINATION FORMS ARE AVAILABLE AT YOUR LOCAL SCHOOL BOARD OR COUNTY OFFICES AN IMPORTANT JOB Those elected must be capable of making decisions on spending public money wisely. on how and what the children of this community will learn. Elected School Trustees will also influence decisions on hours, bussing, buildings, salaries, curriculum, maintenance, and holidays. GO AHEAD get involved. Don't leave it up to someone else. September 18th is nomination day for this three year office. Let your voice be heard. For a free brochure "Be a School Trustee" contact your local School Board Office. xllboria This message is published by the Government of Alberta in the interest of good local government. Kobler shows the result with an intriguing, honest and knowledgeable product. Prohibition, the word that makes every drinker shudder, is only a fraction of this book. Kobler explores the temperance movement, with the first society being organiz- ed in 1808. He gives us a look at the personalities involved in the "dry" movements with a particularly interesting look at Carry Nation. Carry had them all afraid of her, even the great John L. Sullivan, the first man recognized world-wide as heavyweight boxing cham- pion. John L- hid in -the backroom of his bar until Carry left the premises. Her "Smash! Smash! For Jesus' cry must have had some effect on John L. as he eventually gave up his bar and joined Carry as a fellow temperance crusader. The Prohibition era. 13 years, 10 months and 18 days, days, saw hundreds killed, with even government agents bumping off the "wets" with less than lawful diligence. It was a time of emotional strain, murders, comic happenings and tragedies. The personality of the book award has to go to federal agent Izzy Einstein, the rotund prohibi- tion arrest king. Kobler's review of Izzy's career endears him to the reader's heart as he disguises himself, a la TVs Toma, to close down hundreds of ''speaks" and make the "wets" dry against their wishes. Be you wet or dry. you'll en- joy this book about one of the world's most controversial subjects, booze. GARRY ALLISON Who loses in a strike? By Eva Brewster, freelance writer While general attention was focused on the shutdown of the grain handling industry and other B.C. labor troubles, an older industrial action has been smouldering away almost un- noticed. Yet, this strike of United Steel Workers of America against Cominco plants should be watched closely. Its outcome may well decide future negotiations and settlements between unions and management across Canada. Even more important, in my opinion, is the human involvement of the working man caught up in the cogs of this power struggle. Echoes of the Cominco strike reverberate across the still Kootenay Lake. At first glance, the striker on holiday here creates the impression that unionised workers never had it so good. What better time to take prolonged fishing trips interrupted only by a few hours picketing duty once in a while than the months of July, August and probably September? "The trouble says Pete, "when we go back to work we'll all want our annual holiday (delayed by the strike) at the same time." On closer acquaintance, Pete turns out to be a man of sterling qualities who has worked for Cominco some 35 years. His concern in this strike is not money but the plight of some of his co workers. "Can you he asks, "a man who has been leaded (excessive lead content in the blood) in the smelter time and time again, be- ing returned to the same crippling job as soon he recovers? Or another, after a series of heart attacks, being forced to go back handling heavy equipment that endangers the lives of others should he have a repeat attack on the job? Neither have any option of transfer to a safer department once a doctor declares them fit to work. If we complained, he'd be out of a job without compensation after 30 or more years of service. And we have old men in Trail, who worked for Cominco all their adult lives, retired on a pittance of a month. Something must be done about them. Of course I can't afford to live on strike pay and a grocery basket handed out by the union once a month but what can I Another Cominco employee, however, who claims to have lost in wages after 50 days of strike, would gladly accept the com- pany's wage offer of an hour. "In all he admits in a letter to the editor of the Trail Times, "I'm probably not worth more than an hour." Pete agrees with that statement but says: "Until grocery stores and landlords cease to raise their prices anc rents from week to week, I can't quarrel with higher wage demands either." A woman signing herself, Miss X, is afraic of losing her an hour job if she speakr out against management but another person who also demands an alias, is convinced "the chances of Cominco taking action against Miss X are about one thous andth as great as mine of having r rock crash against my window, or even worse, my (speaking against th< The latter view of union action be ing more aggressive than Cominco's is sup- ported by the daily open letters in the paper the union's a full page, giant adver tisement; Cominco's a modest quarter page explaining the issues. And while the United Steelworkers o America claim "this strike will have c tremendous impact on settlements in other parts of District 6 (from B.C. to Quebec) anc will form one of the pegs of bargaining in tht future Cominco, of course, confines itr aims to its local operations. In the meantime, skilled tradesmen move away and many people who have lived ir Trail all their lives and whose fathers already worked and died in the smelters' service may have to look for job opportunities elsewhere. "It is say most of the idle workers "Trail has slipped from number one wage earning community to near the bottom of the unlisted scale over the past 20 years but ii Cominco is prepared to settle this issue and to deal with transfer and pension issues, we surely give in on other matters, the den- tal plan for instance." "Dental work last year cost me writes one man. "The money I lost thus far in the strike would have paid for my teeth for the next 93 years. I don't plan to work for Cominco that long: there is no way the union can get me a dental plan which will make up for my lost wages." Whatever the strikers' views, the match between the giants continues. While the Stee. Workers' Union representative boasts the USWA always wins striker and Cominco with its alleged profits ol 50.8 million dollars (up 169 per cent since last year) considers alter- natives a complete shut down of B.C. operations and a possible move to other areas in Canada or abroad the workers lose, and their town, once a bustling vital centre, threatens to become yet another ghost town in one of the loveliest wealthiest provinces of Canada. The origins of scholars By Jeanne Beaty, Herald staff writer An article in the current issue of Science magazine on social origins of American scientists and scholars sets forth the proposi- tion that they have come disproportionately from religious groups having certain beliefs and values, and attempts to find out why. In scanning several scholarly studies previously made on the subject, the author observes that the state of Utah, with a predominant Mormon population, ranked high as a source of scholars and that small liberal arts colleges of the midwest and west were historically more productive than those of any other region in the United States. The latter observation was attributed to three factors: One. that Protestantism leads to the production of scientists, a statement which is bolstered by further explanation in the text: two. that the frontier develops independence and self-reliance and produces a pragmatic orientation; and three, that social mobility is more available to the rural middle-class via a scientific education than through success in big business or the professions. Fom his own research along these lines the author, a professor of psychology at Brigham Young University, has concluded that Quakers have the most productive denominational institutions and that while Roman Catholic universities are above average in the arts and professions they are among the least productive in general. He cites two exceptions, the Catholic University of America and Gonzaga. Among the values which the psychologist feels are highly productive of scholars and scientists are naturalism and a belief in a world of order as opposed to a belief that the world is mysterious and inncomprehensible, a belief in the intrinsic value of learning and knowledge, a belief in the dignity of man as opposed to a belief that man is evil and at the mercy of fate, a sense of mission and respon- sibilities beyond the family, a belief in equalitarianism as opposed to reliance or authority, a restless and inquiring spirit at opposed to the traditional feeling in which the past is respected and romanticized, and r concern for life in this world as opposed to values centred on a better life in another world or some distant future. The author backs his thesis with formulae data and various tables and charts based or the total number of doctorates given in the U.S. between 1920 and 1961 and detailed infor mation from nearly 300 baccalaureate in- stitutions during those years. He makes the necessary academic qualifications abou interpreting these data but eventually categorizes various religions as to whether they are high, fair or low in productivity Highly productive, he claims, are Unitarians Quakers and secularized Jews, and next in order comes a group including Church of the Brethren, Reformed Christians, Reformec Congregationalists and Mormons. The article also generalizes, on the basis o. another study, that the same cluster o. characteristics which produces scholars also contributes highly to economic development and the author asserts that this is true on r world scale. "The dominant cultures of Islam and the Orient, possessing a core of valuer typical of the low producing groups." he wrote, "have resisted both science anc economic development. This is also true of the Latin American countries with their traditional Catholic values." As a final admonition, the author points out that to show that certain social groups and value clusters are more productive of scien- tists and scholars does not mean that they are "better" in any sense. It does suggest, rather, that to the extent that these pursuits are deemed valuable to a society, to this ex- tent society should respect the values which lead to such pursuits. Books in brief Book Review Tedious screen biography "CfeircUU, A Photographic Portrait" by Gilbert. (William Heinemann in association with Penguin Books, Who else would be better qualified to write and research this extensive book on one of England's greatest leaders than the man charged with writing Winston Churchill's official biography. The book has 364 black and white pictures depicting Churchill's life from birth to burial with accompanying identification, including names of famous people who ran the political life of the world during the Churchill lifetime. This book holds a special place in the heart of those not quite op to a long detailed history lesson and yet provides a true basis from vrfiich to Seam about Churchill and his turbulent years. This booh could lead a reader to search for more detailed data. RIC SWIHART "Mother Goddam The Story of the Career of Bette Dans" by Whitney Stiue, with a rnaning commentary by Bette Davis (Hawthorn Books, distributed by Prentice-Hall, 374 Given the extraordinary career and talents of this remarkable woman and actress, one might have expected a lively book. Unfortunately for the reader, the author is a novice, a devoted fan (he started keeping a Davis scrapbook at age and the book takes its place among countless other trite and tedious screen biographies. Stine celebrates and rhapsodizes about Davis long, and admittedly brilliant, career on the screen. He does little else. Consequent- ly the book becomes a dry, lifeless chronology of Davis film triumphs. The book is no triumph. It is an unabashed attempt at hero-worship. And the author succeeds brilliantly. He should not however, inflict his severe case of Davis fever on an unsuspecting reading public. The book very quickly becomes boring and tiresome. Even for all this hero-worship. Sline does not do the career of Davis justice. Stine's style is lifeless, amateurish and wooden. It is totally devoid of humor and literary grace. It lacks the delightful wit and self deprecating humor of Cedric Hardwick's A Victorian in Orbit, the brutal candor of Anthony Quinn's Original Sin or the Tongue in cheek humor of Errol Flynn's My Wicked Wicked Ways, to mention just a few. This book should have had all this and more. Instead it reads like the life-story of a celluloid heroine from a Grade B melodrama, with few human frailties or shortcomings. For example. Davis" celebrated "feud" with Joan Crawford is glossed over The only novelty that sets this book apart from other works of similar calibre is that Davis herself provides a running commen- tary. Even this, however, to be un- usually tame, consisting in large part of saccharine tributes to co-workers that Davis likes. Hardly in keeping with the title of the book or her image. Thus, it is hard to decide whether even her comments, printed in red. add anything tangi- ble to the book or whether they are merely annoying. They certainly do not save it from being a crashing mediocnty. Devoted Davis fans may enjoy it. KLAUS POHLE ;