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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 3, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 LETHBRIDGE HERALD Tuesday, Saptember a, Garrison Dam discussions puzzling Struggle over oil intensifies Some of the major oil producing countries have resorted to cutting back production in order to help prop up prices in the wake of a worldwide surplus of crude. Venezuela and Kuwait led the way with an estimated cutback of barrels a day. Saudi Arabia also trimm- ed production in August to a greater extent than the other two nations. The challenge is now before the oil con- suming nations to stick together and fight for a reduction in prices. Hope of restoring balance to the world monetary system depends on it. Many countries are being ruined by the high oil prices. The scheme recently agreed on in Brussels by the high level Energy Co ordinating Group of the 12 major oil im- porting nations, calling for a buildup of oil stocks and a possible sharing of them, should prevent any panic buying as a result of the production cutbacks. The producers need to know that they are not going to be able to get what they want when they want it. A drastic cut in oil consumption throughout the world is the only way this fight can be successful. After the initial effort to reduce consumption through reduced speed limits, banning of Sunday driving, weekend closing of service stations, and so on there has been a gradual return to wastefulness in most countries. It will require strong leadership now to win support for a conservation program. Canadians may consider themselves exempt from the need to share in this struggle. Canada has enough oil for her own needs and more and has been able to get in on the bonanza of high oil prices. But thoughtful Canadians realize that the oil prices are causing excruciatingly dif- ficult world monetary problems which if not soon solved could bring ruin to this country along with the others. So some sign of willingness to reduce prices here and to stand with other nations in programs of conservation should be evidenced. Meanwhile the cutbacks in production will probably add life to the oil fields, and with the anticipated conservation measures put into practice there should be oil supplies for mankind for quite awhile yet. The greedy producers are thus unwittingly doing the world a favor for the moment. Frightening French dependence The plausible reason for the lifting of the French embargo on the sale of arms to the Middle East is that it has been ineffective and a diplomatic embarrass- ment to France. The revelation that Libya had lent its French Mirage jet fighters to Egypt for the October War, in spite of a clause in its purchase contract with France which forbade such a transfer, has revealed the absurdity of such restrictions. Since the French are not fools it can be presumed that they recognized this from the start and inserted the clause for the sake of making the sale palatable to world opinion. Now they can say, for the same reasons, i.e.. to calm public opinion, that it is unfair to supply weapons to only one side in any argument, and that arms should be made available to all purchasers. However, there is little doubt that the real reason for dropping the embargo is economic. One fifth of all French in- dustry involves the manufacturing of weapons of war. This cannot be laid at the door of the present president, nor his predecessor. It was de Gaulle, himself, who encouraged the build-up of a defence industry in an effort to make his country militarily independent. Now that in- dustry is too big to be economically viable without foreign customers. Arms fairs are held near Versailles biennially, displaying some of the world's best weapons of war to guests sent by French embassies around the world (with all expenses Included are customers from the Arab states, Latin America arid from Africa. The products for sale include missiles, tanks and aircraft, as well as smaller arms, each detailed in a catalogue. Although the French do not release information on the volume of sales and although prices are not listed in the catalogue, since they are negotiable, the annual volume is well over the billion dollar mark. A small percentage of the equipment sold, helicopters, for instance, can qualify for multiple use, but the bulk of the sales represent materials of war. No matter how diplomatically Presi- dent Giscard d'Estaing handles the situation, reaffirming NATO friendships by offering to sell arms to one and all and emphasizing that it is all in the best interests of the French economy, the reliance of that economy on such an arms industry is frightening. It's hard to see how peace can be established in a world when men depend for their bread and butter on manufacturing and selling weapons of war. THE CASSEROLE Author and educator John Holt asserts that "modern childhood is a long training in in- competence and uselessness." and suggests the world might be a better place if children were given less parental direction and more opportunity to do as they please. Sounds a bit wild, perhaps, but with even a brief reflection on modern man's over-all performance, it's obvious there's room for change, and children at least start out honest. years ago Canada was exporting railway ties to Asia: today, the roles are reversed. It was in 1919 that the H. R. MacMillan Export Co. began shipping ties from Canada to India. During the next year or so, a half-million railway ties from Malaysia are to be imported into Canada for the CNR. They're rather special ties, though, cut from a hardwood called keruing. with special rot- resistant properties. Politics is a deadly game in Argentina, so much so that it's a wonder anyone wants to play it. According to La Opinion, a Buenos Aires daily newspaper, a political assassina- tion occurs in Argentina every 48 hours ART BUCHWALD Oh, to be a swinger It's very hard for many college students to live up to the roles they have been given by the mass media. What newspapers, magazines and television networks expect from students is more than most of them can deliver. I discovered this when I was speak- ing at a Midwestern campus not long ago. A student, whom I shall call Ronald Hoff- man, seemed very troubled and I asked him what the problem was. "My parents are coming up next week, and 1 don't know what to do. you see. I told them I was Jiving off campus with this coed in an apartment. But line truth is that I'm Jiving in the dormitory." "That shouldn't realiy disturb them." "Oh. but it will. They're very proud of me, and they think I should have a mind of my own. When my dad heard I was living off -ampus with a coed, he doubled my allowance because, as he put it, 'Anyone who :s willing to spit ;n the eye of conformity Reserves his suppuu. 1 don't know what he's going lo say when he finds out I used the money to buy books." 'It'll hurt him." 1 agreed. "What will your mother say1" "I don't know She's been rrvmg a lot since 1 write her about living with this coed. 2nd Dad's been arguing with her that her trouble is she doesn't understand youth. Mom's lo get pretty sore when she discovers she's been crying ior nothing." "Not to mention how silly your father will look for making her cry." Ronald shook his head sadly. "The with parents these days is they believe everything they read Newsweek magazine. in a Sex on the Campus article, made it sound so easy to find a coed to live with. Well. let me tell you. for every girl who's playing house with a male student, there are a million coeds who won't even do the dishes." "Then all this talk of students living nut of wedlock is "Exaggerated'' When I got here. I asked 30 giris if they wanted to live with me. The first one said she didn't come to college to iron shirts for the wrong guy. four told me frankly thai it would hurt their chances of finding a husband, four told me lo drop dead and one reported me to ihe campus police. 1 was lucky lo get a room in the dormitory." "I guess it's no iun for a young man to pre- tend swinger" "You can say thai aeain Kv-rv 1 en horne, overybodv wants In innw 'lit- parties and orgies tin to onh thine that's saved Trie is In at 3 v.- Deep Throat twire You have to depend on imagination "What rolloge boy doesnT" Ronald said. There arc more conscientious objectors among coeds in the sexual revolution than any modem sociologist would dare admit" "It's enough to destroy faith in Hugh Hefner I said I'm not romplnnning. Ronald said "I'm just Irving to figure out how to explain it to my father. He's living his fantasies through rne. and I hate to let him down." "Why don't you tell him the reason you can't introduce the rood you're living with is that she's going to have a Hoy." Ronald said, that's a creat 71 '-a'rse Mr-T! te b-j' it make Dad awfully pror By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator OTTAWA Although the meeting of U.S. and Canadian officials to discuss the Garrison Diversion Unit was not accorded very much ad- vance publicity, it was ob- viously important and so regarded by both sides. This is plain enough from the size of the delegations. Following the discussions, officials from the two sides elaborated with exemplary' wariness on the moderately il- luminating communique. Basically the position is that the Government of Canada, viewing the possible conse- quences of the Souris Loop development with legitimate concern, counts upon assur- ances received from the United States in a formal 1973- 74 exchange of notes. The American Government has re- emphasized its commitment to Article Four of the 1909 Boundary Waters Treaty which specifies that neither country shall pollute boundary crossing water "to the injury of health or property" in the partner country. Such terms as pollution and injury are not, unfortunately, self-explanatory. Concepts have changed a great deal since 1909 and most dramatically with the rise in both countries of the en- vironmental movement. The United States has been seek- ing to abate Canadian concern by submitting recently one by the Depart- ment of the Interior on "Irrigation Return Flows to the Souris River and by technical data and in- formation on schedules of im- plementation. Canadian of- ficials have been detailing our national concerns, seeking further information; in some cases questioning U.S. data. What is puzzling in this (at least to me) is the apparent re- luctance of the two sides to utilize the services of the International Joint Com- mission. It may well be that it is now considered too late in the day to employ such a procedure. But there must have been earlier a decision at the political level not to make use of the IJC and it would be interesting to know the reasons (and to know also in which side of the border they The International Joint Commission has acquired over the years very great ex- perience in such matters. In a given case it can bring into play the necessary resources. It has also great prestige which cannot be matched by "work- ing groups" put together as "I told Otis he'd have to give something up to cut down expenses." need arises by politica authorities, whose decisions are often suspect. A natural question arises Does the Souris problem (or complex of problems) presen certain unique features which would make IJC scrutiny un- desirable? It seems to me tha the answer, plainly, is No Some reasonably impressive evidence to this effect may be found in the 1970 IJC report or pollution in Lakes Erie anc Ontario and the International Section of the St. Lawrence River. As explained in the in- troduction, this repor resulted from a referenct citing various questions, the first of which was: "Are the waters being polluted to an extent which is causing or u likely to cause injury to health or property on the other side of the What is the significan difference in the case of the Souris which may be threaten- ed by salination or, if the flows are sweetened by waters from the diversion, b; the flooding of low-lying areas? The point was made at the press briefing that the Sourir problem is unusual in that the experts are considering not an existing state of pollution (ar in the Lakes) but a prospec- tive one. But this explanation seems inadequate given the interesting wording of the earlier reference: "or is like- ly to The Com- mission, quite clearly, was to address itself not solely to the present but also to the future. It would be unfair to expect officials to answer essentially political questions. As no ex- planation has been deemed necessary by those responsi- ble for present procedures, it is possible only to speculate on the considerations which must have weighed with governments. Is it possible, for example, that the Com- mission was considered an inappropriate instrument for present tasks not because its qualifications were imperfect but because, in certain eyes, they were deemed excessive? Garrison is a very large project. It involves great interests. It is controversial on both sides of the border. (They are not. however, balanced on our side since we are not looking forward to economic gains but to the A time bomb ticks for Ford in Vietnam By Mark Frankland, London Observer commentator SAIGON If President Ford wishes to start his new administration with an albatross round his neck it is here in Vietnam, flapping its wings and curling its claws to get a grip on those broad new presidential shoulders. The war which Mr. Nixon so often claimed was over has in the past few weeks raged more fiercely than at any time since the Paris cease-fire agreement was signed 18 months ago. Last week alone the government lost two small towns and several outposts to the Communists and the number of soldiers killed on both sides over the same period is put by Saigon at nearly 3.000. But appalling though the military and usually un- recorded civilian casualties are. the present fighting is only tactical, with the two sides trying to improve or de- fend their positions in spongy areas where neither has ab- solute control. The real danger to Presi- dent Ford lies in the future. Just as the old often prefer not to talk of death, so most peo- ple in Saigon choose not to dis- cuss the near certainty that sooner or later there will be a major crisis possibly- triggered by another Com- munist general offensive which could topple President Thieu's regime. In such ar event the pressures on Mr. Ford to intervene can easily be imagined. There are three chief reasons for supposing that such a crisis will occur. First, nothing has happened, or seems likely to happen, to repair Saigon's vulnerability. LETTERS TO THE EDITOR Generous neighbors Recently, in Mrs. Chris Stewart's column, there was mention of my African Violet collection. I would like to add bit by lelling of my summer holiday, and the help given lo me by neighbors. Through my years in Leihbridge. there was the neighbor who kept a toy box in her cupboard, and who so kindly helped when my children were small. There was another who took my two '.mail boys when 3 had to he M'-.piirilirod ,w< the 'W CT.ibbrd mv and tidied my floors, when I returned ak and tired. Oh there have been so many who stretched out the helping hand. This ytai it off. I think. Imagine having neighbors who would bother to help you with your hobby1 Five friends board'-d my litlle trays