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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 3, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta MbrtlDGE HERALD September 3, 1974 Textbooks vary on black history 'Good' and 'bad' slavery disputed Fair treatment? Black school children like these youngsters in Baltimore sometimes received a disjointed view of American history. (This is the second of two articles on the place of blacks in American history textbooks.) By FLORENCE MOUCKLEY Christian Science Monitor Service What is your child's view of the place of black Americans in American history? It could depend on which school textbook he reads. Some texts offer strong moral positions about the treatment of blacks, others project a much milder tone. Still others allow pupils to draw their own conclusions. One eighth grade, social science textbook published in 1972 for children of an advanced level includes seven pages of the African cultural heritage of American blacks. Black history is freely integrated throughout the book, as are the accomplishments and views of past and contemporary black leaders. Vivid and sometimes stark words and pictures are used to illustrate the life of black people in America from the time of slavery through the oresent. The book makes strong moral judgments: "The poor naked African who was prodded and inspected like an animal at an auction was degraded, stripped of all human dignity. So were the Europeans who remained at the forts and drowned their terror of jungle fevers or slave up- risings in liquor. So were the African Headmen who earned shells or cloth by selling their own countrymen. The slave trade branded everyone, even those whose own flesh was not touched by hot iron." (Many slaves were branded.) In another eighth grade textbook, published background. There are photographs of famous blacks included in the book, but sometimes they are not identified. Other times, their names are given but their views or accomplishments are not described. The tone of the book is less judgmental than the first book described. One passage on slavery reads: "The slaves did not choose slavery. Many of them were kidnapped from their homes in Africa. They were forced to come to America and work on the plantations. In the United States a slave was like a piece of property. He could be sold or even killed by his owner. The law protected the owner, not the slave." A third book published in 1966 and used in one school system until last year, treats blacks almost as a footnote to history. Their part in America is almost exclusively confined to their life as slaves in the South or to the Civil War and reconstruction period. There is no discussion of contemporary problems of black Americans. "Civil rights" is not listed as a topic in the index. Should textbooks make moral judgments, some ask Jane Califf. a resource specialist for the Coun- cil on Interracial Books for Children, Inc., in a position paper for the council writes of one text- book which asks the students to decide the "good" and "bad" parts of slavery: "To suggest that students contemplate the 'bad parts' of slavery is distorted history since it implies that there must have been 'good parts' as well. "This approach to slavery does not destroy racist attitudes, but allows them to persist; for if students are told to make up their own minds and then decide that slavery was just, the im- plication is that their interpretation is as valid as any other." Other educators say textbooks should present both -points of view in the strongest possible ways but allow children to draw their own conclusions. Education experts point out that textbooks are only one element in the education process. There are enormous amounts of supplementary materials about black Americans which are used in classrooms. And, of course, much depends upon what teachers teach. "In says J. Y Moreland. a superintendent in the Atlanta school system, "instead of writing and reacting about George Washington Carver, we can invite our new black mayor, Maynard Jachso, to the schools, or we can invite a black businessman or banker, and say. 'Here's the man who runs that bank you pass everyday.' So we're at the point now wheic- we can bridge the textbook gap with real, live people." Black educators and parents however, that it is essential that black history and black leaders be included in textbooks so the books will have relevance for the black child. Contributors to this survey were: John Dillin in Atlanta, Curtis J. Sitomer in Los Angeles, David Holmstrom in San Francisco, Monty Hoyt in Chicago, George Moneyhun in New York. It's never top early to start giving your skin the best of care care from Eaton's Miss Ann Bayne. Elizabeth Arden rep- resentative, will be at our Cosmetic Countsr. Main Floor, to assist you in your ;osmetic selection Your skin is very precious. It's the only one you'll ever have! So pamper it for the precious thing it is with Elizabeth Arden skin care products. Because it's never too early to do the best you can for your skin. And while you're taking care of your deep-down beauty, get Elizabeth Arden make-up and fragrance to add the final beautiful touch! Elizabeth Arden at Eaton's. Beautiful make-up treats you nicely! Cleansing gentle cleanser you can use safely every day. 4-oz. 4.00; 8-oz. 6.00; 20-oz. 10.00 Skin mild, herbal lotion that "washes" away oil, cleanser, soil and make- up, leaving your skin feeling refreshed. 12-oz. 5.00; 26-oz. 7.50, 32-oz. 9.00 smooth away crepey little wrinkles, crowsfeet around your eyes. 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Skin Dynamics Complexion Renewal Lotion (2-fl. oz Naturally Moist Lipcolor (pnmanJy Pink shaded Trans- parent Pressed Powder and oz Blue Grass perfume misl. Offer ends September E ATO N'S Shop Eaton's Wedr, sday to Use Your Eaton Account. Buy Line 328-8811, The Herald- Family Fewer students but costs for education climb OTTAWA (CP) There will be fewer students and fewer teachers in Canadian schools this fall, but educational costs will increase by million all the same, Statistics Canada re- ported Thursday. About 6.13 million students will enrol this fall, a decrease of about or 1.4 per cent from last year, the agency says in a statistical forecast. All of the student decrease is due to a 3.4-per-cent drop to 3.4 million students entering elementary ehools, a reflection of the low birthrate of the last decade, the report says. Secondary school enrolment is expected to rise slightly .0 1.8 million, up 0.1 per cent from last year. University enrolment will swell three per cent to and that of colleges 6.6 per cent to The number of teachers in post-secondary institutions will increase by (3.6 per but this will be offset by a de- crease of teachers (1.3 per cent) in elementary and secon- dary schools. Total costs for the year are expected to increase 9.3 per cent or million, to a record billion. Costs of elementary and secondary education will rise 8.6 per cent to more than billion, and those at post-secondary level by 10.6 per cent to more than billion. The remainder of about million will be spent at voca- tional institutions. The report says public school enrolment is decreasing in al- most every province. Only in British Columbia. Yukon and Northwest Territories, where a smaller than average decrease in births has been offset by a gain in migration, will enrolment hold steady. Over-all, the enrolment in public schools will decline to 5.1 million in 1976-77 from 5.6 million in 1972-73. says the report. National increases in the enrolments of post-secondary non- university institutions such as nursing schools, community col- leges and institutes of technology are expected to average six per cent annually for the next three years. For universities, undergraduate enrolment is expected to increase from 285.200 in 1972-73 to 323.000 in 1976-77. a rate of about three per cent annually. Graduate enrolment will in- crease over the next three years at a slower rate of two per cent annually. THE BETTER HALF By Barnes "Great Scott! Now she's changed her shopping trips lo Back to work after lottery win VANCOUVER (CP) Bel- ly Kelm and her husband won Saturday but Mrs. Kclm's celebration was short- lived Sunday she went io The Kclros picked up Ihe bonanza after drawing the favorite. Baling Craig, in the Saw Hie Orpheiim derby trial. Battling Craig won Uic feature race at Exhibition Park Salur- dav by a nose. The KeJm's daughter, Karen, 20, was a winner, too. .She sold her father Uie winn- ing lickcl and receive? a round-Jrip for two lo anywhere Air Canada Hies Mr Helm said his win "goes aganisl gram for any gambling person because we rover buy lottery tacked. I don't think I've bought one in 30 years ;