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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 3, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Friday, September 3, 1971 Carl ROUWII, Justice obstructed Cynicism regarding Ilic Ic.nal sys- tem in thu United States will increase as people take note of I wo recent items about Hie obstruction of justice in high places. Both liavc to do with getting at the truth rci'.-ircl- ing the slaying of young people Black Panthers in Chicago and stu- denls at Kent Slate University in Ohio. In Chicago, Cook County .State's Edward V. llanrahan, a po- litical protege of Mayor Richard J. Daley, has been indicted by a spe- cial grand jury on charges of con- spiring to prevent the prosccut-on of eight Chicago policemen who raided an apartment in December 19G9 and shot two Black Panthers. The indict- ment accuses Hanrahan and others of planting false evidence and con- spiriii" to'obstruct the legal defence of the Black Panthers who survived the raid. From the time of the fatal shoot- ings there have been those who have insisted that the police account of the affair was not the truth. In the spring of 1970 a federal grand jury was outspoken in its criticism of the police for the way Ihe raid was con- ducted and for the department in- vestigation of it. The jury found that at least 90 shots had been fired from police guns into the apartment while only one shot could have been fired by Ihe occupants. When nothing came of the federal grand jury investigation, several civic groups petitioned for a special Cook County grand jury. This was finally impaneled last December. In April it was learned that the jury had pre- pared an indictment naming Mr. Han- rahan. several of his assistants, and several police officers. Since that time Blocking actions by judges and by attorneys for those named have prevented the indictment. Bad as this example of frustrating justice is, 'A cannot compare with the way U.S. Attorney General John Mitchell at the very highest level ol" the legal system has recently refused to allow a federal grand jury to be named to resolve the differ- ences between reports on the Kent State killings. In this instance there has been a strong suspicion that the National Guardsmen have an ac- counting to make for their shooting of four students. A special Ohio grand jury absolved the National Guard hut separate re- ports by the Federal Bureau of In- vestigation and the Scranton Com- mission on Campus Unrest found ser- ious flaws in the story told by the guardsmen and did not absolve them from responsibility for the killings. More recently the Board of Chris- tian Social Concerns of the United Methodist Church lias issued a report asserting that the evidence suggests the National Guardsmen conspired to shoot the students. The church report says that there is evidence to suggest that the shoot- ing began as the result of a planned and prearranged act involving a cer- tain number of guardsmen. On-the- scene photographs show that at the time of the supposed threat to the lives of the guardsmen they had their backs to the they then wheeled around almost simultaneous- ly; many tool; dead level aim with llieir rifles and fired almost simul- taneously. It looked like a conspir- acy against a class: college dissent- ers, long hairs, girls using obscen- ities, campus hippies and antiwar demonstrators. Attorney General Mitchell's refu- sal to have a federal grand jury in- vestigate such charges has suggest- ed to some that he is attempting to protect, the guardsmen just as Mr. Hanrahan was trying to save the po- lice in Chicago. But respect for law is not encouraged by trying to ignore instances when law- enforcement of- ficers seem to have violated the law. That only fosters resentment and ra- dicalism. Why unnecessary risks? A consumer affairs department spokesman announced recently that the federal government intends to set regulations within a year which "ill bar sale of highly flammable chil- dren's clothing. The announcement followed a near- fatal accident to a little girl who was severely burned when her nightgown caught tire. According to the child's parents, the material the gown was made of "just seemed to melt." The spokesman stated that the de- partment's textile division is quite aware of the dangers in children's clothing and a consultant has now been hired specifically to recommend standards and testing procedures. The U.S. recently set regulations on clothing for children under five years, and when officials there begin to en- force the new standards Canada will surely stop the importation of any children's clothing banned in the U.S. Some questions need to he an- swered. Why, when the textile divi- sion is aware of highly flammable ma- terial being used for clothing, do they allow its continuance' Why, when many of Canada's children sit near stoves and heaters, are such mater- ials even allowed to be made, much less sold? And why put a ban on flammable clothing for just under fives? Why not ban this disgraceful manufacturing practice altogether, for the hazards flammable cloth- ing present is not in the least con- sistent with modern technology. I come right out of my chair whenever I hear once more on TV that Lake Erie is dead. Lake line, if anything, is too alive. William T. Pecora, director of the U.S. Geological Survey, pointing out that Lake Erie's fish harvest is equal to the rest of the Great Lakes combined. The Canadian reaction "T-TOW docs it affect the average Canadian is asking, wilh reference to President Nixon's divorcing the U.S. dollar from the gold standard. It means: 1. You are no longer required (a) to salute the licence plate of the tourist from Texas, Iowa, California, etc., or (b) to lug your forelock when the U.S. tourist asks you to direct him to water that is safe lo drink. Be civil, but if the American vis- ilor .seems at all uppity stick your longue out at him Ihe minute his back is turned. 2 Feel free lo buy cheap American prod- ucts. The fad that an item is marked "Made in docs not necessarily mean that it is shoddy goods. If you can afford to buy the product of a country with one of the more slnble eco- nomics, such as Germany or France or Korea, by all means do so. Hul as an emergent nation the U.S. is LurninR out quite acceptable merchandise, especially for moioring on the moon. 3. It is no longer obligatory for Cana- dians lo fiy Ilic -Stars and Stripes on in- ternational holidays .such as Lalmr Day, Raster, July -till and (he like. The U..S. flaf! has dropped tr, almost equal status with Hie Canadian fhi.c. You need not feel embarrassed about flying both (lags In- ijcther, or even t.ho Maple alonr. Re of persons trying lo pnss U.S. Iravoller cheques. They may be Amer- icnn.s. 'Ihe cheques may he good only for rlollars olher than Canadian dollars, Hong Kcng dollars or Klhmpian dollars. If some one alb-aipls lo pay in U.S. traveller's cheques, demand to sec hona fide identifi- cation, such nt membership in the Diner's Club ot Tanzania. 5. Encourage our young people to volun- teer for Canadian foreign aid programs aimed at helping the Stales lo overcome their economic problems. Qualified persons are needed, particularly in Washington D.C., to provide training for the U.S. gov ernment's financial advisors. These natives are looking for guidance not charity. While some of their customs (the two-hour martini lunch, for instance) may strike our C.Y.C. workers as discour- agingly relardant, Ihe Americans have shown a clear willingness to apply them- selves if treated with deference and under- standing. This period of instability of the U.S. dollar provides an excellent opportunity for Canadians to travel in a foreign country whose currency is pleasantly soft. Majorca has become overcrowded, and Yugoslavia i.s not all that dependable for restaurants that serve Canadian dishes, such as south- ern-fried chicken and citrus-fruit salads. Recommended to those who have wor- shipped the Almighly Dollar is the pilgrim- age to Fort. Knox, the Lourdes ot Amer- ica'.1; orthodox monelarism. 7. If you do choose the States for your holiday, sure lo lake along pills lo pre- the debilitating Trickle Dickie Two- or sudden run on Ihe U.S. bank. 11, oan ruin your whole vacation lo find your- self laid up in a southern hotel that is accepting only Confederate money. ft. Finally, remember that Mr. Nixon's floating Ihe U.S. dollar is merely a lein- jxirary measure. In sec if the Canadian dol- lar will flout wilh it, preferably clean out of sight. Dcn'f throw away Vegas sil- ver dollar It may be lighter than you think. Conflicting economists confuse everyone WASHINGTON Will the remotely possible excep- tion of newspaper columnists, professional economists have be Ihe greal confusers of our time Preachers moralize about goodnesses foreign to both themselves and llieir parishion- ers. Politicians evade and ob- fuscate, even while professing to make one thing perfectly clear. But no Pope ever spoke1 uitn more certainty than an econo- mist felling you what a tax cut here, an investment credit there, will do to turn the most bedeviled society info a cornu- copia o[ riches. Milton Friedman was the gospelcr of Nixonland for ,11 months. Then, with the nation on the verge of economic cala- mity, President Nixon did a J79-degrec about-face. Undaunt- ed and unashamed. Friedman now tells us that Mr. Nixon's ivage-priee-renl freeze is a "la- nienlable mistake" that "will end in utter failure and the emergence into the open of the suppressed inflation." Paul A. Samnclson, Ihe No- bel prizewinning economist, warns us that Ihe freeze is jeopardized by a possible lack of public support because the freeze "is flawed by its pro- business lopsidedness." Tin's, S a m u e 1 s o n guarantees, is It's a Wise Father Who Knows His Own Child "worse than a crime; it is a blunder." Writing in Newsweek maga- zine, Samuclson gives Mr. Nix- on's' new game plan "two but in place of that third cheer he hands out a po- tent crop of razzberncs, includ- ing criticism of the "investment tax credit" idea that he once sold lo John F. Kennedy. Texas Democrat John Con- nally, who is a part-time eco- nomist by virtue of his visiting professorship in the Treysiuy Department, was staking his political future on the old Nix- on economic game plan a few Sundays ago. Now he is prom- ising to join Lyndon Baines Johnson on the banks of the Pedernales if the new game plan does not work And just in case anyone is confused by this time, there is Pierre A. Rinfret, the consult- ing economist, who warns us that Friedman is ignorablc, Samnelson is a biased Demo- crat, and all the rest of Presi- dent Nixon's critics arc either incompetents or political axe- grinders. Which puts those critics m a different category from the one Hinfret was in a year ago when be was calling for the resigna- tion of all the economists ad- vising President Nixon. It is reasonable, of course, that Rinfret would now praise Mr. Nixon for actions that "be- fit the most powerful man in the or that he should be asserting thai "Nixunomics are great economics." rtinfrel clearly feels vindicated of his earlier views; he see: his mem- oranda inside Hie heart of the new economic plan. What we ordinary' slobs had butter do is take all this eco- nomic expertise with a few grains of doubt. Connally is supposed lo fell us what the gross national product will look like next September when he can't tell us what the gov- ernment is going lo do when the present Sfrday freeze runs oul? And how can Rinfret be so sure about the economy ex- panding and real wages rising under the new plan when lie can't tell us whether our trading partners arc going to rebel and throw us into a trade war? The truth is, there never was an economist who could count faster than a plumber. Wind) says a lot in favor of following Ihe lead of that journeyman economist, George Meany. Ex- cept, how come Meany was sip- ping wine and playing golf with Nixon a year or so ago and is now castigating him as the na- tion's "number one stunt ft looks as though we alll might best forget the golden promises and the dire predic- tions about what is going to happen to the American eco- nomy in the next several weeks. The only obvious truth is that something had to be done, and the president did it, Rinfret calls it experiment- ing, and "a giant step in eco- nomic affairs." Friedman says the prcsidenl. grabbed "a tiger by the tail" and "will find it hard to let it go." Our major trading partners in Ihe 79-na- Ucn General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT) say be resorted to illegal protective measures. All the political gobblcdygook economic theorizing will mean nothing lo the average American, even in the short haul. The traveling American asks how soon he can walk the streets of Bonn, Geneva or Tok- yo, proud to have his pocket full of "the almighty dollar." Thousands of families in S'eal- lle. I-os Angeles, Pittsburgh want lo know when the new policies will materialize info a jot: for the breadwinner. House- wives are wailing lo see when Ibey will sense a real increase in their purchasing power. There is not an economist or colunmisl alive who can give us ceilain answers to llw-e questions. They too, wail in hopeful confusion. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Laurence Whilvhead President Salvador Allende: Chile's best fixer SANTIAGO "Nobody can deny that I am the best fixer in President Sal- vador Allende said the other day. Though he meant it in a narrower context, his boast is backed with an impressive rec- ord since his Socialist and Com- munist supported government was elected last September. The American-owned copper companies have been national- ized and the stale has taken control of 19 hanks and about 200 major industrial enter- prises. Wages and salaries have been raised over 30 per cenl, while a drastic system of price controls slashed the rale of in- flation in the first seven months of Ihe year to 11 per cent com- pared with 26 per cent in the same period of the previous year. These price controls have heen effective for two reasons the enlarged stale sector has naturally obeyed the order to peg prices and Ihe remaining private firms have been told that if they raise prices they will be denounced by the work- ers and taken over The process of land reform has been enormously acceler- ated and leading ministers now speak of expropriating all large estates by the end of 1972. A minor cultural revolution has been initialed, with government sponsorship of prolcsl songs, folk music, anti-imperialist children's comics and the teaching of a "new arillime- lic" in primary schools which questions like: How nnch profit does a landowner make if he pays his laborers the min- imum wage and sells his pro- duce in a supermarket? Almost al1 these changes have taken place wilhin the le- gal system, and Allende shows every intention of maintaining a free and often vitriolieally hostile Press, free elections and all the necessary guaran- tees for tiis opponents. As a result, a great deal of his ener- gy has been taken up in tac- tical manoeuvres Lo conciliate the various factions in his al- liance and to win over dissi- dents from Ihe centrist Chris- tian Democrat Party. It was his recenl successes on this front that prompted him to de- clare himself the best fixer in Chile. The campaign lo consolidate his regime has been marked by four turning points, two of them political assassinations and two of them election results. Last November right-wing terrorisfs assassinated L h e Commander-in-chief of the Army, General Rene Schneider, because of his determination to respect the election of Allende. This rallied public opinion around the new president and contributed to the success of his coalition in the April muni- cipal elections. Then in June, left-iving extremists assassi- nated the former Christian Democrat minister of the inter- ior, Edrnundo Perez Zujovic. In reaction, the largest opposi- tion party adopled a much tougher stand agauisl Ihe gov- ernment and united with the right-wing National Party to put up a single anti-government candidate in a crucial byelec- lion. The government candidate was narrowly defeated, and at first sight this bj election result seemed a serious setback for the government But it has now precipitated a serious crisis in- side the Christian Democrat Party, offering Allende the chance lo broaden his coalition and dilule even further the in- fluence of his intransigent. A substantial group has broken away from the Cliris- lian Democrats in protest against the alliance wilh Ihe Right, and has formed the Movement of the Chrislian Left They have carried with them seven deputies from the Christian Democrat Party, and have been joined by three more left-wing Christian depu- ties and by Allende's minister of agriculture, Jacques Chon- Letter to the editor Missed a chance Lo have better men The clccliun rcsulls may be a surprise lor southern Alberta but there were many issues slowly accumuialinj; IhaL con- vinced the nKi.jbrily of Albcr- Uns that (.he; Social Credit gov- ernment, was becoming power hungry, JiisL before the cloc- lion it was passing ninny ;icis thai gave il weeping powers thai were non definitive (pow- ers not. II was tak- ing municipal powers (and centralizing po- power in Ihu province, in- vading legHimalo personal pri- vacy, picking nn (he Ombuds- man, refusing Lo carry out Mic largely i n g recom- mendations of Hie Hlair Com- mission on Menial bill. never il., and dr- olining (especially in I he of Ilic jail guards) to provide in the provincial civil service an example of responsible em- ployment, practices for the rest. of the province. It .seems clear Ibal one of Mm unacceptable thing.-, aboul. the Albcrln Social Crrdil regime since F.rnosl Manning rel.ired, was an arrogance nf iwwcr. that, (hank goodness, the elec- torate would not tolerate. Mr. Manning's main single-handed contribution to Social Credit's Ihirly-five years of power lo ncvfT give the impression of presuming lo tell Lhc public a n y L h i n g arbitrarily. There ueren'l. enough real-seeming democrats when lie was gone. Non-violent, bloodless change is probably the secret of den> ocracy. The longer any group is in political power the more people have their hands shamelessly in the till. Only change can shake Incm loose, so farewell lo Ihe fast-talking two-bit opportunists that clung to Social Credit in their ever- increasing mimbers. Kar'nvell In thai M SMI mod and somo- I i in c s sanctimonious pmu-r. Will Social Credit prove lo he made up wilh enough A Iber- ians of inlegrily and serious purpose, or they fade away when pride of power and prece- dence, is no longer in any way theirs? Stick around and see, but don't lake any hots old Cardslon deserves Mr. [Human; Larry Umy is ton good a man. and what a shame LclJibridge is so out of touch as to vote by parly and not by candidate. We missed, yet again, a chance to have better men represent us in our ov.n governance. Perhaps Professor Orctard, late of some brief local politi- cal notoriety, was right when lie said something about Lclli- bridgo being the dead inactive cenlrc of grcal slagnanl cul- tural backwater. We've done il. again; we'll probably be more political importance in Helena, Monlana, than in Ed- monlon, now. Arc Ihe t i m c s really a- chanRin'? Is this a surprise? All in all a very satisfying oul- coll.r, don't you think? The only problem faces every- one now, is, hnw in Ihe world will get rid of these Con- servalives. nlien .llieir lime comes? Couldn't we lake a more critical interes! now in our nun affairs from this bless- ed election onwards? "DIKUUSTTO." chol. The government still lat'Ks a Congressional majority, des- pite these reinforcements, bu-L the balance is now much more equal and it will be harder for Allende's opponents Lo continue blocking his initiatives, partic- ularly since there is a possl- bili'y that more defections may follow. Most of the Christian Demo- crat Party have rallied around ex-Presideirt Frci, who favors the current right-wing orienta- tion of the party. But there is another wing of the party more favorable lo the government. The leader of this tendency is Radomiro Tomic, the party's defeated candidate in last year's presidential elec- tion. Tomic hopes for a grand alliance of the Left plus Ihe Chrislian Democrats, on Ihe West German model, which would put him in the ascendant over Frei. But Allcnde prefers to split the Christian Democrat. Party rather than try lo swal- low it whole, and so far he has succeeded in winning over key members of Tomic's campaign team, and three of his nine children. In (flie, course Tomic is likely to find his position within the party so weakened that he, too. may be tempted to pass over to the government. However, slvill at parliamen- tary tactics wilJ not be suffi- cient to solve all Allende's problems. For one thing, al- though the MIC may enable him lo extend his popular base, they nre also likely lo intensify Looking Through Ihe Herald 1921 A lifeboat with 11 men, believed to be from Hie Canadian Imporlor, was picked last niphl oul. of San Fran- cisco by the lug, the Sea Lion. in.'ll The cnlirc Chilean navy revolted today. Some ships loft Valparaiso lo join Ihe revolt while others left Ihe na- val base at Taicahninw. Mill The first case of on- crphalilis lo be reported in Ihe .southeastern area of Alberta was diagnosed in Ihe hospital in the internal problems of ii i s coalition. It baa, been hard enough to reconcile six differ- on! parlies, only three of which consider themselves Marxist. Now Allende will have to me- diate belwcen eighl (in addi- tion to the MIC, Ihe pro-govern- ment Radical Parly has now Understandably, Allende is conlemplating the creation of a lew extra ministries to help cement the alliance. There is also a more fundamental prob- lem which cannol be postponed indefinitely. So far the govern- ment has soiighl to broaden its popular suppoit by redistribu- tive measures, but liltle has been taken away from the rich. Some of (he largesse has been generated by fuller use of in- dustrial capacity, bill there has also been a running down of. stocks and foreign exchange re- serves and considerable capital flighl. The government is de- termined lo continue honoring the heavy foreign obligations it inherited, but il can expect lit- Ue nc-.v private investment. Ex- imbank has just refused Chile a Joan on grounds of Ihinly-dis- guised polilical prejudice. Ex- port prospects are not very good. Thus, a moment is ap- proaching when the govern- ment will have broadened its political base only to find all its economic options foreclosed. Thai will define the real direc- lion of Ihe Chilean road to so- cialism. OVrillcn for Tile Herald and Tlie. Observer, London) backward Medicine Hal. The victim is an eight-year old farm girl. lli.'il A staggering loll of over (100 from violent ac- cidenUs marked (lie Uniled Mlales Labor Day weekend. Fa- talities in Ihe air, Ihe water and Ihe highways reached a rec- ord high. Western diplomats al Ihe Geneva ban conference fear Russia may be about to unleash a campaign of nuclear (error Lo iiilimidale (he world's uncommitted nations. The Lethbridge Herald Ml St. S., Alherln KllXJK HERALD CO. LTD.. Proprietors and Publishers Published lflo.1 19S-I, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN -Srcnncl Cl.vs M.iil Nn mil? Member or Thr Cinflrllan Press ,.ntl Ilic C.nwrtliin D.iily Nr.vrpnrw A.'.Mx.iniioii