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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 2, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETH5RIDOE HERALD Saturday, Soplembor 3, >972 Maurice Western The politics of offshore revenues Bring on the issues Now that Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau has called an election the campaigning that has been going on for months takes on more point, U not legitimacy. Why the candidates have been so eager to take to the hustings is prob- ably a mystery to all who are not afflicted with political fever. On tha surface it appears that the reward for the hard work of campaigning for the winners, that is is the huge headache that goes with trying to govern the country. Calling a federal election in the wake of the upset in British Columbia may seem to be an act of folly on the part of Mr. Trudeau if he is really serious about seeking a second term as prime minister. The prospect of re-election for any head of govern- ment has grown steadily dimmer in Canada as each new election has been held. An undefined desire for change appears to be at work. It does not seem to matter that alternative part- ies and leaders will have to deal with the same stubborn faats of tha world in which we live and that they may be just as helpless in altering them as the incumbents have been. The mere possibility that something might be accomplished that hitherto has been untried or unattainable ap- parently attracts the voters. The gamble Mr. Trudeau is making is that this mood does not apply on the national level or is not the proper interpretation of what has caused the changeovers in province after province. He may be right. We won't know until the election is held. One tiling that does seem certain about the election is that it will not be as much of a personality contest as the one in 1968. The party leaders will be very much in the centre of things of course, but local candidates and issues will carry more weight than something so elusive as charis- ma. For this everyone, including Mr. Trudeau, can be grateful. Politics and ideals TAWA: The federal pro- vincial deadlock on off- shore mineral revenues has now apparently been broken. While there Is no agreement as yet on a sharing formula, a practical step rail be taken by the appointment of a joint task force to study a series of ques- tions, the answers to which should be helpful In reaching a political settlement. As the discussions, involving the five eastern premiers and the prime minister, were held in private, the results are dif- ficult to appraise. It is clear from Mr. Trudeau's statement, however, that the federal gov- ernment has abandoned its former insistence on a 50-50 formula which he nevertheless described as "very generous the way we were prepared to inter- pret it." This changed attitude has encouraged the premiers; whether it should be generally welcome is uncertain because the details are unknown to the public. The largest unknown detail is the size ot the pot which the re- spective governments are now proposing to share. To be more specific, is it the same pot that was originally in dispute? There is nothing on the public record to indicate that there has been any change in the scope negotiations. But some odd ideas are in circulation. At The acceptance speech that Nobel prize winner Alexander Solzhenitsyn, the Russian novelist, would have made if he had gone to Stockholm to receive his prize in person, has been made public. It contains a black view of modern existence, not only ill Solzhentsyn's isolated world, where his works go unpublished, but of the so-called "free" Western world be- yond it. Some of this great author's bitter- est comments are reserved for ths UN because of its impotence in pro- tecting those who suffer transgres- sion of their human rights. He says the UN is immoral, because it "jeal- ously guards the freedom of some na- tions and neglects the freedom of others." The criticism is justified. In 1948 the general assembly declared itself re- sponsible for the protection of human rights covering civil, political, econo- mic, social and cultural matters. But preservation of these individual rights has not been made mandatory for "ON membership. The secretary- general, Mr. Kurt Waldheim, says he would welcome any initiative that would make them so, but he must realize that he is paying lip service to an unenforceable ideal. No one, not even the most optimis- tic wearer of rose-colored glasses, be- lieves today that the UN has been successful in terms of subjecting world politics to the needs and rights of individual humans. Utopia is still beyond its reach in an imperfect world. But with all its glaring inadequa- cies, its need to substitute human rights to overriding considerations of practical international politics, and to accept the possible while reaching for the impossible, the UN is still the strongest force we have to project the message of peace and justice around the globe. It cannot enforce the message not now, nor in the near future. Per- haps never. .But the message is there, the appeal to the conscience of indiv- iduals and of nations is proclaimed. The ideal still worth working for. The silence speaks Persecution and cruel humiliation of Ugandan Asians is already in pro- gress according to on-the-spot reports from Kampala where the situation grows more alarming every day. Governments and the press of many nations have praised Canada for ac- cepting some of these refugees. Great Britain has accepted her legal and moral responsibility in spite of the domestic crisis their arrival is bound to cause. But where is the'conscience of other nations who have loudly proclaimed opposition to racism anywhere in the world? Where are Canada's Common- wealth partners New Zealand, Australia and India itself? Where in- deed are African nations (with the outstanding exception of Tanzania) who talk about human rights without regard to skin color? AU are silent in the echoing void of man'g dislike of himself. Weekend Meditation The purpose of life A headmaster at Elton is said to have warned the students, "Boys, be pure in heart. If you are not pure in heart I'll flog you." He may have been able by flogging to command an outward conform- ity, but he certainly could not control the heart and the flogging was likely to bring only more impure thoughts. Purity of heart comes with the growth of imagination and the development of the inner life. That Is why, perhaps, such virtues as peace of mind only come late in rife ex- cept in unusual cases. Gradually a man's mind becomes fixed on a single obsession and, as a man's thoughts become centred on God, his being draws from God wisdom, truth, and serenity and his will is fixed on harmony with God's will. Many great men have declared that nothing great was done without enthusiasm, and the word "enthusiasm" means "en theos" or "in God." Kierkegaard, the great Danish theo- logian, said that "purity of heart Is to will one and for hum as for all others who seek and find It, that one thing is God. This, too, Is the secret of happiness. Sir Thomas Browne, physician and writer of seventeenth century England, said, "Life is a pure flame and we live by an invisible sun within us." We must go back to life sources if we arc to cultivate the great vit- tues. To be real they must be spontaneous, the production of that inner life, that inner fire. Colonel Van Gooethem relates, "I went to Alaska, hoping that in a new environ- ment I wouW be able to make a new be- ginning. Later, no longer was I seeking a new environment, for I had experienced a change of heart." This change of heart, or the discovery of what the Quakers call "Soul is the original matrix of all purity of heart, of serenity and joy, and the creator is God Himself. If one road the New Testament, or the Old Testament, least one Quebec Liberal mem- ber was persuaded last week that the federal offer extended to offshore resources generally and that in consequence the provinces would be foolish to reject the proposal. This is difficult to credit. It would mark a substantial change with important implica- tions, some of them disturbing. But the matter ought to be clarified because certain pass- ages in government statements on the subject have perhaps been ambiguous enought to en- courage high expectations. Not the least ot these is Mr. Tru- deau's latest comment on the generosity of the 50-50 formula as "we were prepared to inter- pret it." At the outset the issue was quiie clear. When controversy with British Columbia first de- veloped, Arthur Laing, then the responsible federal minister, is- sued a statement on the ques- tion of juridiction. To quote the relevant paragraph: "This poses no immediate pioblem in the Arctic, since the Northwest Territories and the Yukon are under federal administration, nor Hudson Bay since the boundaries of the sur- rounding provinces are legally defined as the shore of the Bay. But off the Atlantic and Pacific coast, neighboring prov- inces have queried the rights of the federal government to jur- isdiction over the resources of the sea-bed." At stake then were the sea- bed resources adjacent to the. provinces. In the B.C. case the federal right was determined by the Supreme Court. Later, the federal government sought a political settlement offering the 50-50 revenue formula. Pre- sumably applied to the same resources since Ottawa's claim in the North had not been There was one possible ob- jection arising from the fact that two provinces, lacking sea coasts, could obviously not share hi this bonanza, It was in fact suggested in the House of Commons by the Conserva- tive critic, Jed Baldwin, al- though it obviously failed to im- press Mr. Stanfield, who later supported the claims of protest- ing coastal provinces. Mr. Baldwin asked on December 2, 1968: "To what extent is Ihe federal government free to negotiate, to give away or withhold as it sees fit, resources which its legal advisers have told it be- long to all the people of Can- ada, resources which, pursuant to the constitutional decisions, to the British North America Act and other constitutional slatutes, belong to all the peo- pe of In fact this was never press- ed; nor did Prairie govern- ments indicate much interest in the subject. The question was understood to be: Given a polit- ical settlement, how much of the revenues from resources adjacent to Ihe eight qualifying provinces should accrue to those provinces and how much should be retained by Ottawa? If the federal government is now talking about off-shore rev- enue generally, there has ob- viously been a radical change. The most important statement on live matter came from Mr. Trudeau, also on December 2, 1968. It was prompted by the need to establish administrative lines to facilitate off-shore de- velopment. Nothing in it sug- gests a disposition to share ter- ritorial revenues, and one pas- sage refers to the necessity of defining boundaries between the submerged lands in Hudson Bay, James Bay and Hudson Strait adjacent to the prov- inces and those adjacent to the territories. One paragraph may, how- ever, have conveyed a different impression. Speaking of the need for a speedy settlement, the prime minister noted that "the continental shelf areas ad- jacent to Canada comprise a vast new territory estimated to be almost 40 per cent as large as the total land area of Can- for that matter, he will be struck by the references to power that came to a man giving him amazing strength for superhu- man deeds. Serenity and holiness demand strength, are not for the weak. All this Is not easy. To Uva wisely and well, to acquire the rich enthusiasm that vitalizes the whole of life, requires the most intense discipline to the demands and will of God. This schooling in the obedience of God is a growth. Some rare souls have a genius for it, but a study of iho lives of the saints will show how they had a hard and continuous struggle. There is a story of a child {probably one of those apocryphal stories told about many chil- dren) that she brought back a report from school with high grides in everthing except conduct. When her mother enquired as to the reason, the child replied, "Well, mother, conduct is my most difficult sub- ject." So It is with all of us. Yet to be people conduct, good con- duct, must be spontaneous. This is what Helen Keller meant when she said, "Hap- piness its fundamental meaning is a free breathing of the soul." This means free- dom from any kind of dictatorial direction or determination. Krylov compared the Russian soul under the tyranny of atate dictatorship to a nightingale condemned to death because it would not sing while caught in [he cat's claws. The whole reason for life is to live fully, even as a flower in response to its inner life, with the outer turned to the sunshine and the rain. Life is monotonous and drab for multitudes of people look at the faces on the street but it need not be so, but could be and was meant to be a high spir- itual adventure. PRAYER: O God, in all the seeking and business of my life, may I seek and find You anil serve You all my days. F. S. M. "I forgot to tell you it's still in the sky." oda." Why talk about the whole shelf when the jurlsdictiou over ony a part of It was to dia- pute? If there has been a change, which seems unlikely, two con- clusions an1 inescapable. First, there can be no question d a deal involving only the coastal provinces; clearly any claims to revenues from .submerged federal lands are shared by all, regardless of geography. Sec- ondly, any such sharing would have important implications for the Territories, both of which aspire to provincial status. In resisting demands for self- government by northern resi- dents, Ottawa has not limited itself to the argument of sparse population; obviously thh could cliange quickly in an area of development. The more import- tant point has been that the North is not self-supporting; Its expenses greatly exceeding revenues, are largely met by the federal government; in oth- er words by the general tax- payers. But the clamor has not ceas- ed; nor will it. In the new Ter- ritories as in tlw old (now the Prairie provinces) people will go on demanding self-govern- ment since Canada is a demo- cratic country. Also, as in the old Territories, they will insist on equal status when the change comes. The decision eventually will be a political one and it will be taken in Ottawa. If the reven- ues from offshore resources in the North go into a national pool, the existing provinces will stand to lose a great deal wheu new provinces qualify for most of the Arctic revenues. They will have a vested interest in re- sisting change. Experience in the old West demonstrates that tills is no Im- aginary danger. The Territor- pries did, indeed, become prov- inces but the natural resources were withheld from them. There were, it is true, pensatory payments from Ot- tawa, but these were judged in- adequate by Prairie residents and the inadequacy was form- ally conceded in the settlements of 1930. It is a matter of record that Ottawa resisted provincial claims for 25 years after Lauricr legislation creating the new provinces and agreed to equal status only in a time of depression when the value of the resources was not consid- ered to be very great. OVhat would have been the situaticu if Imperial had brought in 'the Le- duc well in the For these and other reasons, It seems most unlikely that the new generosity extends to northern resources. But there confusion on the point which should not be allowed to persist, given the rate at which political expectations sometimes accel- erate. The exact division of the pool may be relatively unim- portant but the public has right to know what pool is be- ing discussed by the several governments in their new har- mony. (Herald Ottawa bureau) Carl Rowan Violent militants gave power to conservatives WASHINGTON You reflect on the Republican con- vention and one thought keeps pulsating through your brain. You keep asking what in the world happened to change this nation to the point that con- servatives like Ronald Reagan, John Wayne and Barry Gold- water are the darlings of a Re- pubb'can party that is the odds- on favorite of the people. Whatever else It means, you know deep in your heart that it leaves black Americans in their most vulnerable, hopeless position in half a century. And when answer your own question, you have to ad- mit what many blacks are loath to admit: some of the ir- responsible tactics, the silly rhetoric of the black revolution are what helped create the backlash which has made po- litical heroes of men who were laughed at by most white Am- ericans even eight years ago. There was a lesson in Miami Beach that all blacks, while lib- erals, white college students had better take seriously If they do not want to see this country drift farther to the right. That lesson is that the status quo in this country is too good, too comfortable for most peo- ple, even when things are go- ing had, for the majority to tol- erate much in the way of rev- olution. In short, a hell of a lot of peo- ple are talking about "revolu- but very few are going there. Floyd McKissick was a self- styled black revolutionary a decade ago. But there he was in Miami Beach, grinning bigger than Sammy Davis, Jr., his hand on his newly-fat wallet, one of the latest of the black Republican entrepreneurs. But you have to concede that McKissick was smarter and luckier than most of 1960-vint- age blacks who thought the road to wealth and glory was to curse Whitey and demean other blacks who even appeared to work within the system. McKis- sick saw that lie couldn't lick 'em, so he joined 'em to the tune of a million govern- ment guarantee of a bond issue for his Soul City project in the boondocks of North Carolina. But Stokely Carmlchael. He's exiled in Ghinea, helping to plot and plan the brufalization, even extermination, of Africans even thought to pay less than total obeisance to the dictatori- al regime of Sekou Toure. And Eldridge Cleaver? He's trying to escape exile in Algeria, where he Is in disfa- vor and his life is in danger. His wife says he's willing to stand trial if he can just reenter the United Stales legally. Rap Brown? He's going to be in jail for a long time. In short, almost all these blacks who pretended to be more militant, more angry, more effective than the tradi- tional civil rights leaders have either proven themselves to be craven hustlers who sold out at the first opportunity, or they have been impaled upon their own rhetoric, their own stupid- ity. It Is pathetically clear today to most of us what some of us knew a decade agoi being a relatively weak, comparatively poor 11 per cent minority, blacks simply do not have the firepower, the dollar-power, the manpower to take first-class citizenship through tactics of violence. And any strategy leading in that direction, as Dr. Martin Luther King knew, is self-delusion and suicidal. The greatest moments of black hope were when Negroes had white church people with them, marching by the thou- sands upon Washington in 1963; when they had Congress by the conscience, with even an Everett Dirksen voting for clo- ture so vital civil rights laws could be enacted; when Pres- idents in the White House would demand fairer hiring, or stand before a joint session of Congress and shout, "We shall as Lyndon John- son did. But senseless violence, de- stroying mostly black business- es and black jobs, and foolish rhetoric, which made blacks seem more interested in hating whites than helping other blacks, turned the church peo- ple and millions more away. Campus violence, led by whites who suckered in many blacks, made millions of Americans more Interesled in tranquility than in justice. The Congress, reacting with the cheapest po- litical fear, is today more racist f.han two decades ago as wit- ness the panic of house liberals on the busing issue. The White House not only fails to demand fairer hiring now, hut the President has seized the "quotas" issue to give every agency in govern- ment an excuse to crush what little hope minorities had of no longer being relegated largely to the menial, dead-end, low- paying jobs. We have gone through a pe- riod where it was fashionable to use your mouth and your muscle, but not necessarily your brain, in the civil rights movement, because loud talk and brick-throwing somehow got mistaken for manhood. So black people, and the silly while liberals who were egging them on, got outsmarted. Perhaps now America's mi- norities understand that while rage is Justified and under- standable, it Is self-defeating to lose your cool especially when the cards are stacked so that you must survive by your wits. Perhaps it is now acceptable that the real black hero may be the person who struggles to get a thousand brothers and sisters to the polls on the day of a crucial election, and not iho one whose major skill is luring a thousand blacks into the streets to curse Whitey. I that the anger and re- sentment of many blacks is such that they do not want to believe they need to co-operate with the while man to achieve anything, let alone black free- dom. But the reality was there in Miami Beach. The inescapable truth is that more voters will side with those neat, conformist youth Inside Convention Hall than with the unkempt, uncouth, violent ones who were In the streets Ing delegates. Only a shrewd coalition oi blacks and whiles, moving boldly but sanely, can turn this country around from solid con- trol by conservatives who are hostile to social and change. This observer can only that rage and resentment have not blinded most black Ameri- cans to that truth. (Field EnferpriMS, Inc.) Looking backward Through The Herald 1922 The west's wheat crop Is smashing all records. The Manitoba Free Press in its nineteenth annual crop esii- mate for the three prairie prov- inces estimates the wheat yield at bushels from a total acreage of 1932 In connection with the visit of the Governor-General and his party to the city on September 19, Mayor Barrow- man has declared a civic hall- holiday. Agriculture In Ottawa urge Canadians to eat more turkeys to get rid of the ever Increasing surplus. The increase of all kinds oC poultry meat was the result of the enlarged production of eggs for export to United Kingdom. It was hoped to export dozen eggs before the close of this year. The Lethhidge Herald 5W 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO, LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Reglstrallon No. 0012 Mtmber of The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and Audit Bureau cf CLEO W, MOWERS, Editor and Publlslier THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Erftlor Associate Editor ROY F MILES OOUGLAi K. VJvirtls'ng Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;