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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 2, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD Thursday, September 2, 1971 Joseph Kraft Secret reports Attempts to get next monlh's sched- uled underground nuclear test on Amchilka Island in the Alaska Aleu- tian chain cancelled continue to yet nowhere. Concerned people have been arguing that unnecessary risks lo the ecology will bo taken if Hie blast is allowed to take place. Anger and [vuslvnlUm have been compounded by Ihc rejection ot a suit by 33 members of the U.S. Con- gress for access to a secret report that is said to advise President Nixon to cancel the test. In turning down the request the judge said, "some things have got to be sccrcl." There is a ease to be made for governments keeping some reports secret. This is especially so if Ihe reports have a bearing on national security. The nuclear test obviously is connected national security but (here is doubt about it being a crucial matter in Ihe view of some scientists Since the leak of the Pentagon Pa- pers to Hie New York Time? and oth- er leading newspapers in the United Slates a justifiably cynical attitude towards secret reports lias taken hold of the public mind. The report, as it was discovered, did not endanger na- tional it inertly embarrass- ed some public officials. 11 has not helped much to have had a secret report made public recently Ihat had re-commended in 1909 with- drawal from Ihe SST prototype pro- gram. Although the report had been commissioned by President Nixon, he ignored it and attempted to gain ap- proval from Congress for continua- tion of Ihc program. The bitter de- bale ended last March wilh refusal lo appropriate the necessary funds. Suspicion that reports are often un- necessarily kept secret for the com- tort and convenience of officials who have determination lo proceed with pro delermmed plans grows. Too many of these, plans have proved lo be cosily mistakes. They might have been averted if the reports bad been allowed lo become part of public de- bale It is regrettable, then, that the Congressmen have been refused ac- cess to the report on the impending nuclear test. Defying the Kremlin Faithful pro Soviet Warsaw Pact nations have been metaphorically spitting at the two Pact nations who have been s h o w i n g unmistakable signs of defying Kremlin authority. Nasty accusations, charges and coun- ter charges have been appearing in the press, particularly since the Rus- sians have been conducting large- scale military manoeuvres in Hun- gary in an attempt lo scare the re- calcitrants into submission. Much of the heat has been generated by the well-founded Soviet suspicion that the two restive nations and Yugoslavia are seeking Chinese help to bolster their capacity to resist. Rumor has it that Premier Chou En-lai may fol- low up the recent visit of a high level military delegation to Albania and Romania to place the seal of appro- val on a deal for increased Chinese economic aid. This might just might include some military hard- ware, like defensive rockets for in- stance. Maybe the Chinese Premier will avoid Ihc risk of adding fuel to the flames of Russian fury, and confine his trip to other parts of Europe. But even if he doesn't turn up in person it is certain that the dissatis- fied Warsaw pact nations can count on increased Chinese assistance to build up the Belgrade Tirana-Bu- charest triangle of resistance to Kremlin authority There are seven nations besides Russia in the Warsaw Pact. Two of them abetted by Communist Yugo- slavia are openly challenging Soviet direction in the conduct of their af- fairs. Another, Czechoslovakia, would do the same, if it had any hope of success. Building positives The appointment this summer Mr. Tony Tobin as director of Pre- ventive Social Services in Lethbridge, to fill the vacancy created by the retirement of Mr. Bill Kergan. pro- vides an occasion for a reminder of the objective ot this government-ini- tiated program. The reminder is nec- essary because there is some confu- sion in the mind of the public about the objective. Preventive Social Services are not designed to get people off welfare but to try to ensure that they never need get on welfare. The aim is lo strengthen and preserve human ini- tiative and thus to preclude indivi- dual or family breakdown. Preven- tion means building on positives. There is a tendency to think rehab- ilitative programs should be funded through Preventive Social Serv ices. Through a broad interprelation they could. Successful rehabilitative pro- grams mean the prevention of repe- tition of whatever it is that produced the initial need of treatment. How- ever, this is not realty what was in- tended when the idea of Preventive Social Service was conceived. Rehab- ilitation already had sanction and sup- port in the Department of Social De- velopment. Preventive Social Ser- vices, then, points lo a prior situa- tion. Social education, human resource development, and social planning ap- pear to be the field of operation for Ihc director of Preventive Social Ser- vices. The number and kind of ser- vices, however, is largely the respon- sibility of the local communily. The essence of Preventive Social Services appears to be this aspect of local decision making about local needs. As people recognize the value of pre- ventive programs for individuals and for society, there will be calls for more of them. The director of Preventive Social Services is present in the communily to provide a source of information and planning expertise, a source of stimulation and encouragement, and a source of financial help. Citizens should keep him busy assessing their ideas and helping to implement those that are feasible. The mouse race lias started By Tcrrcnce Morris IT HAS BEEN SAID that school is the mouse race that prepares our chil- dren for the ral race of adult life If Ibis is true then Hie fault lies wilh teachers and parents who arc supposed to control our schools. Going to school often becomes a fight for academic survival because of the de- mands made upon students by parents and teachers. There is Ihe pressure from par- ents who want their children to do well and forget Ihal there arc limits to what children can do. There is Ihe factory men- tality of schools that puts the child on Ihc same level as the mass produced product so that afler so many years of school edu- cation we have a well-rounded product that can do academic tricks on command. With the new accountability fad looming in the background we can expect even more pressure on sludenls lo reach un- realistic and artificial academic standards. Even without Ihc pressures applied by adulls there arc slill enough handicaps in school life to make school a very haz- ardous obstacle race. The young child slarting school has lo face an cnlircly new world of rules and rcgulahon.s, en- forced by a new breed of adults called ler.ehcrs. Instead of being outside playing his friends he scon learns .Ihat IK hrs to sit on a hard chair for most of his sc'.-ool day. Indeed, play is now regarded wilh suspicion by the adulls and he finds th-l lie has only a few minnles during the morning and flic afternoon in which he is allowed to get outside and act like a normal, healthy, active child. In some schools even this privilege is denied nnd Ihc young child is restricted lo the hard confines of a student's desk all the school nay long. With the enormous class loads now existing in cur elementary schools the young child becomes just one of a crowd, a mere cypher to be put on someone's class list. With all Ihe obstacles it is no wonder that a lol of students soon tune Ihcmselvcs out of the school picture and eagerly await Ihc day of release known as drop out day or D Day. The amaz- ing thing is that we arc able lo keep our captive classes as passive and obedient as we do. Instead of a race, school should be a wonderful experience for our children. A lime for discovery, for building up friend- ships, and for activities appropriate to the physical and menial growlh of Ihe grow- ing child. As another school year begins what a blessing it would be if we could remove Ihc ridiculous pressures applied by ir.any ambitious parents and anxious teachers. Our children deserve to find schnol a satisfying, enriching, and personal experience so thai when they do join the adult lile they will ho able "lo care tor what is noble, for what is beautiful, for whal is lo allow momcnls of in- sight lo give ui.-.dum al more mundane (Bcrlrand Dollar diplomacy calls for sensitivity WASHINGTON So far so good on the international monetary front. President Nixon's bold actions have pre- cipitated a round of implicit bargaining with other coun- tries on a new set of exchange rates more favorable to Ameri- can exports. But the rcsorl. to bargaining means that it is necessary lo supplement crude pressures with a sense of what is pos- sible, given the internal politics of other countries. And that means Ihat Mr. Nixon now needs to bring into his delibera- tions on the money issue some of the foreign policy officials who have so far been excluded. At the outset the emphasis was quite rightly on shocking the major industrial countries of the non-Communist world into a serious realization that this country truly needed a re- valuation of exchange rates. In that vein Mr. Nixon was cer- tainly right to take unilateral action in stopping the 'jxchangc of dollars for gold. He was probably right though less clearly so in crowding on more pressure by applying a 10 per cent sur- charge on foreign goods sent to this country. Certainly the desire to lift the surcharge gives oilier countries on incen- tive to revalue their curren- cies. To underline the seriousness of these measures the presi- dent .systematically excluded from the delibcraliuns Ameri- can officials known to be soft on foreigners, lie relied ex- clisively on three men unin- hibited by any deep knowledge of foreign governments and their problems. One was Secre- tary of the Treasury John Con- nally, the rough-lough Texan who was visibly pleased when lie was able to claim the other day Ihal llic new measures had shaken up (he Europeans and Japanese. The second was Treasury Un- der Secretary Paul Volcker, a monetary expert who knows everything there is lo know about drawing rights and cross rates and '.rider bands and crawling pegs and next to noth- ing about Iliuir impact on the internal polilics of, say, France or Japan. The third was Peter Peterson, the chief White House aide on foreign economic policy, a former president o[ the camera manufacturer Bell and Howcll, who is nothing loathe to put pressure on his former company's foreign com- petitors. Now, however, pressure is on. The leading industrial countries and the relevant in- ternational authorities are all casting about for some kind "f bargain that will accoTiinodate American requirements with those of friendly governments. "I don't suppose it ever occurred to you to become a The Japanese are obviously prepared to revalue the yon in a way that will wipe out some of I he competitive advantages tlicir goods have had on the American market. Bui the gov- ernment of Premier Eisaku Sato, already slurmed by this country's decision lo rebuild re- lations with Communist China, docs not want lo be seen giving way, naked ;md alone, lo Am- erican pressure. S'o Tokyo has taken the position Ihat any yen revaluation must conic as part of a general bargain affecting Uie F.urc-nean countries as well. The Gc-rnian government of Chancellor Willy Brandt is plainly willing to have some rtcvahmlian of llic mark if oth- er Kuropean countries move in tandem. The French govern- men! of Georges Pompidou, on its nictllc to live up lo Gen. dc Gaulle's proud record of never yielding to foreign pres- sure, hns dug in against any revaluation ot Ihc franc. To make it easier for all foreign- ers, Pierre-Paul Schweitzer, distinguished director of the International Monetary Fund, has Ibrown out the sug- ge.'-lion tint there might also be a small, formal American de- valuation of the dollar. With such delicate bargain- ing already under way. tlie lime for indiscriminate brinks- manship is done. It serves no pin-pose for Washington now to be complaining about Japanese and German defence policies, or the agricultural policy of the E u r o pcan Common Market. (here is no reason for this country lo rclrcat, neither is there a need lo ask for Hie moon. The requirement is to calibrate with fine precision the pressures already mounted againsl what is permissible for the present regimes ill Japan and Western Europe. To thai rnd Ihc president wanls sensitive political ad- vice. Dr. Henry Kissinger, the presidcnl's chief foreign policy achiser, and Secretary of Slate William Hngers, and possibly some new figure expert in both economics and the internal af- fairs of Europe and Japan, ought lo be introduced into the fonnulnlion of foreign eco- nomic policy. Otherwise, what is a promising beginning will go seriously awry. (Til-Id linlci prises, Inc.) Dev Murarka Brezhnev aims at reconciliation in Yugoslavia Mr. Leonid Brezhnev, the Soviet Com- munist Party leader, will be shortly travelling to Belgrade to forestall any allempt by the Chinese to forge a Balkan grouping against Ihe Soviel Union. The journey his firsl visit outside the Warsaw Pact countries since becoming the party leader in 196-4 empha- sizes Moscow's acute embar- rassment and resentment over the present slate of affairs in the Balkans. Mr. Brezhnev's trip to Yugo- slavia, however, must be judged in tile historical context, that Russia has always been more interested in preventing the domination of Ihe Balkans by an outside power than in establishing her own absolute hegemony. With modifications, the Soviet ccncern (oday is sim- ilar to prevent the forma- tion of a Balkan federalion. even a partial Balkan group- ing, that could conceivably be used as a military or political weapon against Moscow. .Moscow has been alarmed by the Deeming political militancy of (he Romanians against So- viet interests, and the great agitation in Yugoslavia aroused by fears of Soviet intentions These factors have merged wilh the new Chinese drive to undercut Soviet influence in East Europe. To top it all, Moscow sees a sinister convergence of Ameri- can and Chinese interests in Letter to the editor the Balkans to the extent that the two of them woi'Jd like to cause the maximum discom- fort to Moscow. In Albania, the Chinese have already a very pliable instrument lo further their policy of aggravating Mos- cow. And lately there has been a growing tendency in Buchar- est, as well as Bclgarde, lo pay more heed to Peking and Wash- ington than to "Moscow, Against this background, rumors aboul a grand tour of the Balkans in Vhe autumn by Chinese Preir.icr Chou have only served lo exasperate the Russians even more. But even though Moscow is alarmed, it is not altogether despondent. Romania ajid Yu- goslavia need Moscow more than they care to admit. Their economic interests and, lo a lesser exlent, political inter- esls, are lied up with the good will of Moscow in the long run. Besides, Ihough appearing lo be alike in their opposition to the Soviet policies in the Bal- kans, the Romanian and Yugo- slav positions differ subtly and substantially. So does the level of their actual ties with the So- viet Union. The key issue at the moment Iwtween Yugoslavia and the So- vicl Union is President Tito's fear Ihat after his departure from the political scene Mos- cow will try to regain its in- fluence over Yugoslavia. His fears are given edge by [issi- parous tendencies in Yugosla- via il-self and the existence of a powerful body of people who have remained pro-Soviet The occasional parading of Soviet armed might on the Yugoslav borders does not help matters. From the Soviet side it is ar- gued Ihal Ihe ideological road Yugoslavia hns taken is fast eroding the socialist content of its political and economic structure, that Belgrade has become objectively align- ed with Peking and lo a lesser extent with the Western pow- ers, and that Yugoslav postures are having a disturbing effect or Balkans as a whole and setting a bad example to the East European allies of the So- viet Union. Mr B r e 7. h n c v's journey therefore has become neces- sary if a compromise is to emerge. The talks between him and Marshal Tito will be tough, bill Mr. Brezhnev is not going lo have a row: he intends to be conciliatory. He will offer his assurance that Moscow does not contemplate any military measures against Yugoslavia. He might even offer suitable guarantees lo this effect but in return he is bound (o seek Yu- goslavia's strict neutrality in the Sino-Sovicl dispute and an ass'irance thai Ihe Americans will not be allowed to make further inroads in Yugoslavia. Mr. Brezhnev will make it plain that Yugoslavia iivisl pro- tect Ihc straicpic interests of the Soviet Union in the Bal- kans in retuni for assurances of security. He also has within his power to offer Belgrade ex- tensive trade and economic tics lo alleviate some of the current difficulties of Ihe Yugo- slav economy. Mr. Brez-bncv and his ad- visers are not so unrealistic as Lo proceed to Belgrade on lni> assumption that in matters of subslance Tito Mil] yield his position. Bui llicrc is a reason- able degree of confidence here that he can be persuaded to opt for better ties with Moscow. A reconciliation between Tilo and Brezhnev cannot but have repercussions elsewhere. From Hie Soviet viewpoint one of the most satisfactory by-producls would be to isolate Romania in the Balkans. In the attcrmalh of Ihc Czechoslovak inlerven- lion in 1968, the Romanians have been feverishly trying to get Belgrade's support for re- surrecting the Balkan entity as an idea if not as a political fact. Bucharest has probably underestimated t h c ambiv- alence o' Belgrade's attitude on the question nnd the genuine difficulties in the way. Most particularly, Bulgaria has re- mained a mosl trustworthy ally of Moscow, while relations between Bulgaria and Yugo- slavia and between Albania and Yugoslavia have suffered frnm serious complicalions. If tb( Yugoslavs were willing lo plav around wilh the idea for some lime it was only to exer- cise some sort of leverage upon Moscow. Moscow loo many institu- onal lies wilh Romania lo worry overmuch about her de- fection from the blue. What an- noys Ihc leaders here is that Bucharest seems to possess an uncanny knack of adopting Ihe most offensive form of behav- ior designed lo humiliate the Soviet i'liimi. With Yugoslavia cooling off, the Romanians will have to become more circum- spect. Despite ils loud protesta- tions against Russia, Bucharest has just signed the plan for economic integration, of the East European countries, per- haps Ihe single most important long-term development in the region in recent years. Po- litically, loo, Bucharest prefers to demonstrate its dissociation from Moscow than actually to challenge Soviet power. Ro- mania can continue lo play this game wilhuu1 incurring serious risks, and Moscow will con- limn1 lo loU'-vale it. as long as the form is not given any con- (Wvittrii [or Tiic HcraM and Tin- Observer. London) Looking backward Beware of Communist dominated UN In view of Lhe upcoming vole at the UN concerning the scat- ing of Red China, it is lime we pul Ihc facls info perspective, including the provisions of the UN charter signed by fitly na- lions at Ihe San Francisco con- ference on October tO-lo. In this charier (written largely by Alger Hiss later convicted as a Soviet spy] Nalionalisl China was given a permanent scat in Ihc Security Council along with the velo power, as was Brilain, the U.S., France and the U.S.S.K. Today, a growing Communist and pro-Communist bloc made up of Algeria. Albania, Bul- garia, Bylnrussian Kovicl So- cialist Republic, Czechoslova- kia, Hungary, Mongolia, Po- land, Romania, Ukraine Soviet iSocialisi Republic and Yugo- slavia (not to mention the Communist-leaning UN mem- bers: United Arab Republic, In- dia, Nigeria. Iraq, Upper Volla, So ul hern Yemen, Sudan, Mauritius, Tanzania, Syria, Nepal, Burma, Kenya, Chad and Ihc Congo Republic) wish to ammend i.iie UN charier in order lo replace Nationalist China wilh Red China. A number of Canadians do not go along with Prime Minister Trudcau's policy of joining Ibis bloc in calling for UK seating of Red China nnd cerlainly not wilh the ousting ol Nationalist China. Canadians recognizo the cynical double- sl.-uidard of recognizing the facto" government of the military dictatorship represent- ed by 17 million Chinese Com- munist Parly members, be- cause "Ibey arc while refusing lo recognize the "do faclo'' government of Rhodesia which is equally Ilalher than increasing Ihe Communist stranglehold of Ihe UN, I suggest we cither revise Ihe charier dra.slieally. or send it packing lo Budapest. If wo don'l, wilh the help of internal- ly placed cadres wo could well wind up living under Ihc mili- tary diclatorship of a "world government" run by a Com- munist dominalod UX. PATRICIA YOUNG. Vancouver. TlironRli llic Herald MI2I Hight Hon. Arthur Mcighen, premier of Canada, will recommend early dissolu- lion of the Canadian House and a general election before Ihe year. Enforcement of Ihe Alherla Liquor Act will be placed in (he hands of the pro- vincial police force and Ihe pre- sent special enforcement ser- vice will he discontinued. An air ministry labu- lalion Ic.ilay. placed Axis losses for (be first Iwo u'ars of the war at 81121) planes and British losses ill. MM planes. The eosl of living in- dex conlinucd ils upsurge, ad- vancing points to a new high of the DBS an- nounced loday. I'.llil .1 o a o (loularl wont ahead today wilh plans to lake over as Brazil's president amid reports he has agreed lo govern wilh limiled power. The Letlibvukje Herald 'iib St. Ullibmluc, Alherla LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 195-1. by Hon. A. BUCHANAN Sceonn Class Mail RorjIMrviMnn No OHI2 Memlicr ol The Canadian Pross .ind Ihf Cfiniullr.n Daily NewspapitP Publishers' Ajsocialion