Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 2, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
.Wednesday, Seploinbci 5, 1770 Tilt lETIIDRIDGE HCRALD 3 A Businessman's Look At ei d T ONDON Mr. Neil Wales, m a n a g ing director Wales Ltd., one of Britain s biggest building firms, lias re- fused to extend his operations to South Africa because, he says, "the idea of doing busi- ness in South Africa is totally unacceptable; we could not be true to the basic princples on which we run our business and we should lose our integrity in the process." In January this year, his firm received an invitation from a firm of South African developers to franchise the Wales System of industrial building to them. Wales lurncd the invitalion down because Ihe directors did not wish to work in the atmosphere of apartheid. The South African firm re- plied that Wales had been mis- led by hostile propaganda and that it could not take such a decision miles away. As a result, Mr. Wales agreed to go out to South Afri- ca to look at the situation at first hand. He returned to Britain more convinced than ever that the franchise should not be grant- ed. Mr. Wate, who is anxious to make clear that his own as- sessment does not commit his colleagues, has given his rea- sons in a long personal report, which is bound to have reper- cussions throughout the busi- ness world. Here are some ex- tracts from "We should have to operate within a social climate where the color of a man's skin is his "most important attribute and where Ihere is virtually no communication between the races; we should be locked into this system. We should have to operate within1 an economic cli- mate which is designed delib- erately to demoralize and to maintain an industrial helotry; we should, in turn, profit from such exploitation and ultimate- ly end up with a vested inter- est in its maintenance. "We should have to operate within a legal climate where the rule of law has been abol- ished in favor of rule by decree, which bids fair to become a reign of terror. "To analyse each of my points in a little mere detail... 1. There is virtually no com- munication between .the races. In the first place there is very little physical contact "non- European" park seals, bus- stops, airport entrances, lava- tories, taxis, buses, etc. etc. (the duplication of services would be absurd if il were not often tragic; wilness Ihe col- lapse of a grossly overloaded non-European footbridge over a railway, causing Ihe dcatli of many Africans, while the ad- joining "while only bridge was "In-the second place Ihere is very little social contact; white and non-white cannot sil in Ihe same office, eat in the same public placs and enjoy simul- taneously the same cultural or physical recreations. Of course, a while can invite a non-white to his home but it would be fraught with difficulties.1 In the first place his servants not to mention his Obituary For The IQ From The Ottawa Journal HPO a generation raised lo worship IQ scores, it will seem incredible that the IQ test is being quietly buried. The tyranny of the Intelligent Quotient has been broken by psychiatrists, educators and psychologists who once en- throned it as a completely scientific, objective way of measuring intelligence and of classifying school children. Now it seems that all the IQ test ever did was to reveal a child's academic achieve- ment at the time he took the test. It never really measured shrewdness, imagination, creativity, judgment, stability. IQ tests purported to distill some native, innate quality called But novv it is conceded that the intelli- gence cannot be separated from a whole cluster of char- acteristics, notably cultural in- fluences. How many children have been shunted aside and their potential left unrealized be- cause of low IQ scores? The whole vicious "scientific" sys- tem of trying to separate the teachables from the unteach- ables led, as Dr. Henry A. Da- vidson, a psychiatrist, has writ- ten, to "self-fulfilling and self- perpelualing prophecy." Teachers didn't expect much from a child with a low IQ. Not expecting much, the teacher didn't get much. The very chil- dren who most desperately needed more of the teacher's time got less of it. The worst part of it all, Dr. Davidson noted, "there was a kind of absolutism atlached lo an IQ; it was believed thai it could no more be changed than the color of the eyes." The IQ was finally over- thrown by the unexpected per- formances of children who had been branded as backward and put into special classes for slow learners. Individual at- such good results that these children showed that their real problem was cultural depriva- tion, not a low IQ. The demise of the IQ test should be a warning to all, par- ents included, against Ihe pre- tensions of any inexact science which uses some mathemati- cal formula to contain the in- finite possibilities of the human mind. would raise their eyebrows; in the second place, unless Ihe African had his own transport the white could not run him home at the end of the eve- ning without a permit. It would, of course, be illegal for the African lo stay the night. "Above all following the Improper Interference Act 1968 and non-whites cannot attend the same political meet- ings or join the same parly. "As visitors we found it al- most impossible to talk lo Afri- cans and we have the usual absurd stories about 'them' from our fellow whites their ignorance, their criminality, their immorality, elc. elc. For contact with 'Ihe African' we had lo wait until we visiled Zambia where Africans were oblaining levels of responsibil- ity and acquiring skills which would have frankly astonished t b.e story-tellers in South Africa. 2. A scandalous under-iitiliza- lion of human abilities. The pol- icy of reserving key jobs for whites virtually means about whites must provide the entire management ca- pability and key skills for a population of over 19 million. The real scandal lies in Ihe fact that all the real job opportuni- ties one can see being grasped by Africans both in supervisory management and in the area of technical skills in a country like Zambia are totally denied lo them in South Africa. It is impossluie lo say how many first-class minds are doing the most menial jobs and it is, of coarse impossible to measure the waste of ability. "The theory of separate de- velopmenl is plainly nonsense all the time Ihe whites depend on the blacks for their indus- trial of course there can be no meaningful de- velopment in the homelands where most of the blacks are working in white areas. Only 8.7 per cent of employed AM- Stock up for the long Labor Day Weekend .19 O PORTERHOUSE CLUB SIRLOIN RED or BLUE BRAND BEEF..............ib Beef Hip or Rump, Red or Blus Ib. 9..C HfittlS Ready lo Eat, Wholt or Half Ib. COttage Roll Cry-o-Vac, Ready to Eat ..Ib. 98C Garlic Sausagecan........................it- BdCOn Mb. cello pkg. Wieners m 59c Bologna 49c Pork loins.................................. ib. 75c Pork Leg Roast............................ib. 65c SCOTT BATHROOM ISSUE KRAFT JELLIES SPORK LUNCHEON MEAT PEACHES PICKLES CHEESE SLICES 4 Roll pkg. CRABAPPLE OR GRAPE 9-oi. jars 12-oz. tin ENSIGN, Halves or tins AIMER SWEET WAFER..................32-oz. iar H SEVEN FARMS, 16-oi. pkg. FRESH PRODUCE VALUES! 75' THOMPSON SEEDLESS, California SUNKIST VALENCIA, Ca.if.rnio tar.. lbs- on California, Canada No. 1 Canada No. 1 Medium Yellow Cookinsj hag 58' PRICES EFFECTIVE THURS., FRI., SAT..SEPTEMBER 3, 4, 5. FOOD MARKET 70S 3rd Avenue South GROCERIES 327-5434, 3J7-5431 MEATS 327-1812 OPEN THURSDAY TILL 9 P.M. PHONE AND SAVS FREE DELIVERY cans arc working in the home- lands whilst over one-third 'live' in Ihe homelands but work away from home on an- nual contracts. This self-defeat- ing policy prohibits any pros- peel of career devclopmenl for them, let alone the building up of any loyally lo the company and reduces the non-while to the level of a "Labor Unit." A climate designed lo de- moralize and maintain :m in- dustrial helolry. Wlu'te industry needs African labor: but each one of those Africans musl have a permit to 'work, live and be.' It is true that hs can establish certain residential qualification to live in a town- ship if, for example, he has worked in any area for 15 years, or 10 years in the same job. But he may not ne- cessarily be able lo live with his wife he certainly cannot invite a friend for the night without permission, and he is liable to lose all his rights if he is found lo be 'idle and un- desirable1'. Whereupon he will find himself sent lo a 'home- land' which means nothing to him. "What he needs, of course, is a home and not a government fabricated myth of a homeland. What he gels is life in a transit camp without property, politi- cal, and precious few legal rights. So far from being a protector, Ihe law is seen as a persecutor; incredibly 943.000 people convicted of of- fences in 1968, were ad- mitted lo prison during that year and the average daily prison population was "Since it is virtually impos- sible not to break the law in a small way each day, major and minor offences become blurred and respect for the law goes to the wall. "It is small wonder that there is virtually a reign of ter- ror in the native townships by night; in Sowcto, the average number of murders oil the peak night of the week is seven; no- body knows how much unre- ported crime of violence takes place but then none of this would be obvious to the super- ficial while observer. "II is no defence to point out the undeniable truth that the black South Africans are bet- ter off than blacks in any other country in the world; the im- portant factor is their 'relative well-being to their white fellow citizens; the Africans consti- tute 68 per cent of the popula- tion, but their share of the na- tional cash income is 19 per cenl whereas the white con- stitute 19 per cent and their share of the cash income is 73 per cent. "4. The rule of law lias been abob'slied. If there is a physi- cal reign of terror in the town- ships, all the ingredients are there for a legal reign of terror within the country. "In South Africa, under the. 1967 Terrorism Act (which created new offences and made them retrospeclive lo 1962) il is explicitly stated thai 'no Court shall pronounce on the validity of any action for the release of a detainee under this Act" Dn- der Uie Banlu Administration Act the president is supreme and his actions cannot be chal- lenged in respect of the Afri- can right to remain, reside or work in certain areas. With the Suppression of Communism Act 1967, which virtually says you are a Communist if the minister says so, there are wide powsrs to arrest, together with the right to bar and if you obtain your dis- charge under this Act you can simply be rearresetd in open court and detained sine die under the Terrorism Act. "Clearly the Terrorism Act is itself an act of terror; in accepting the security of the state, rather than that of the individual as Uie over-riding consideration, the rule of law has been abolished and a po- tential reign of terror through rule by decree has been es- tablished. It is true this is cur- rently mainly directed against the black, but it is already be- ginning to be used against Ihe w h i t e and musl ullinialc- ly prove self-defealing. "I travelled South Africa hop- ing that I would find good rea- sons for doing business there; privately I had always consid- ered critics of Soulh Africa lo be shrill and emotional lo whom everything black was good and everything white was bad. But the parallel between Hitler's treatment of the Jews in the 1930s and South Africa's treatment of the blacks today, became daily more obvious lo me in the course of my visil and was brought home most vividly when I saw blacks be- ing literally herded like catlle through Ihe Banlu Administra- tion Courts. Just as I think with hind- sight it would have been total- ly wrong lo do anything lo con- nive al Nazism in those days, so also do I think we should do nolhing that would help to per- petuate apartheid. (Written lor Tlic Herald ond Thr- Observer, London) Independent U.S. Postid Service From Tin; Saskatoon Slar-Pliot-nix U.S. Congress which has controlled the post office system for 200 years is giving over its role to an independent U.S. postal service. The service will be run by a nine-man presidenlially-appoinled board of gover- nors which will select a postmaster-gener- al and a deputy postmaster-general. Fre- quently in the past Uie office of postmas- ter-general was a political appointment made by Hie presidenl and the appointee was not a working head of the mail sys- tem. This post will be removed from Ihe cabinet. Rather than going 10 Congress for higher pay, U.S. postal employees will bargain wiih the board of governors through their unions. The' unions will have all rights given to labor organizations by private in- dustry except to strike and to form a union shop. The new-corporale-like federal agency, which is similar lo a Canadian crown cor- poralion in some respects, will provide a retroactive 8 per cent pay increase for postal workers; it will raise first class mail rates from six to eight cents: ami, through streamlining, hopes to distribute mail efficiently. It also aims at removing huge deficits which have persisted for the last 16 years. Canada has already initialed similar changes, and a white paper dealing with proposed reforms has been sent to the Tru- deau cabinet for approval. This process has been slowed down by the longstanding stalemate between the government and the postal unions over a new working conlract. When a government transfers any arm of government from being a department to becoming a corporate body, or government corporation, it does not always follow thai such a move will meet with crowning suc- cesses. .Much depends on ability, ef- ficiency, and resolve of the new bojird of governors. lis the Canadian experience, some crown corporations have worked well. The CNR, which is a crown corporation, is working well; and closer to home, so arc Saskat- chewan Government Telephones, and the Saskatchewan Power Corporation. But the Canadian Broadcasting Cor- poration does not seem to do so at least in financial considerations. Perhaps, too, one difficulty is how to keep the CBC free from government and public pres- sures. Despite able leadership, the CBC. because of its intimate involvement with the Canadian public, will always be under a degree of critical fire .some good, some bad. It will be interesting lo see how effective the new U.S. postal policy will be. Of vital concern is the U.S. decision lo ban postal workers from striking, or from forming a union shop. In Canada, it may nol be all that easy for our new postal corporation to institute and maintain a policy of no strikes and no union shops. However, if an enlightened wage contract program is worked out, this may assure a great permanent measure of efficiency for the Canadian system in future. Florida Boom In Montana From The Great Falls Tribune SPACK is Montana's most valuable as- 13 set as other park of the country suf- fer increasingly under the twin pressures of population and pollution. This -same space now is laying the state open to ex- ploitation by unscrupulous land developers as indicated in a report from the Tribune's Capital Bureau. Control of rural and mountain land de- velopment is expected to be a hot issue in the 1971 Legislature. Montana, late here as in many tilings, is about the last state to consider controls over rural subdivisions. Promoters are tak- ing the advantage of the fact Montana's antiquated basic subdivision law, daling back to 1895, limits control of land de- velopment to cities and towns. Evidence of the questionable motivation of some developers is seen in Ihe fact they frequently do hot seek guidance from local planning 'authorities. They fail to file infor- mation regarding their activities with the county commissioners, and in one county at least (Husselshell) employed legal coun- sel to fighl creation of a city-'Oounty plan- ning board. Sale of tracts in Montana is being pro- moted through national and regional pub- lications. Acreages are being sold to people all over the United States for escape from over-populated areas and for recreation, according to Powell County Assessor Allen Denton. Some of the space-hungry pur- chasers then are dismayed to find their" land is on an inaccessible mountain top or is semi-arid grazing land. The current wave of activity in Montana seems confined generally to a half dozen or so counties in Hie western part of the state. Strictly farming counties, 35 along the Hi-Line in the north-central parl, have escaped, but Cascade County is experi- encing a touch of the fever. Californians in particular are prime targets for such exploitation, according to a Cascade Coun- ty assessor's office spokesman. "Thesa people come here and find out the land they have purchased has BO easements for them to get into it, and is the lowest grade of grazing he said. The sifuation is becoming reminiscent of Florida in the early boom days following the First World War when fleeced north- erners woke up to find lots they had bought for development of a winter or re- tirement home was under sea water or in a swamp. As usual in such exploilalions, somebody is going lo be hurt. Also, as usual, it is the people who least can afford it, such as a couple looking toward retirement, who suf- fer most. It will be up to Ihe Legislature to take steps to protect the public from such exploitation, while at the same time preventing the state from acquiring a bad name through the activity of such promo- ters. The Young Voyageurs From The Winnipeg Free Press BROADCASTERS! The story's happening now in yonr home town. What story? Why, the story of the 1970 youth travel and exchange programs. And how do we hear of it? By courtesy of Gerard Pelletier, our secretary of stale, and Robert Stanbury, minister responsible for citizenship. Officials under Uieir direc- tion have prepared and mailed across Ihe country a kit of informational material containing everything except a story. To be quite fair, there are references to cabinet decisions. But they were taken last June and have been fully reported long since in the newspapers. There is a lisling of Young Voyageur trips 153 of tnem. All but a very few were past history by the time the kit reached the parliamentary press gallery. There is a listing by name of students who went to Britain or France on trips also completed. Anolher hand-out (of nine pages) records grants to volunlary agen- cies, "as approved by June 1970." An oddity in this context is a release on emergency hostel accommodation for youth not involved in exchange programs. A page of addresses is followed by a map locating a few relatively unknown places such as Montreal, Winnipeg and Vancouv- er, There sre also two photostated pages from Hansard, one containing statistics, the other a speech of June il by Allan MacEachen. Some of the remainder is chronicle; tba rest is pap. One insert concerns Herodo- tus; another consists of snippets of com- ment from letters written by Young Voy- ageurs in other years, a third dredges up utterly commonplace utterances attributed to international personalities but obviously routine churn-outs by their public relations staff. Mention should perhaps be made of pamphlet. The Young Voyageurs issued in 1969. This lists the respective duties federal, provincial and local authorities. It must have escaped the attention of tha ministers since it makes Ihe point that provincial governments "inform particip- ants about the program and its goals." Who pays for this mutual ministerial back-slapping? Obviously Ihe laxpayer. The bill, no doubt, is modest. It is also somewhat ominous because the same Mr. Stanbury is the minister responsible for Information Canada, which has limitless horizons. If this is a foretaste of what is to come, we will shortly pay steeply for nothing apart from general boredom, which would seem a curious entry on the credit side. A More Public From The Chrisli rplIOSE who may question the sharing- ness of the American economic sys- tem got n surprise recently. The New York Stock Exchange reported that the number of Americans who owned shares in public corporations leaped 53 per cent in the last live years vastly out- stripping the population growth of 6 per cent. Nearly 31 million Americans now owr. slock, compared with 0.5 million as recent- ly as 1952. This five-fold increase in fewer than 20 years proves that the overriding trend in America is toward access to ownership of the economic system for "av- erage" folk, nol a privileged class alone. From Tl'.c Christie n Science Monitor This spreading democratic base of own- ership of corporate, is working change in Wall Street as well as in execu- tive suites. Corporations are becoming more amenable to the interests of tile pop- ulace as a whole, perhaps as much be- case of the wider base of ownership as the greater outspokenness of consumers. This said, it is well to think of the 30 million (ilhcr Americans ;u the lower end of Uie earnings spectrum, who cannol make ends mcci, lei alone have funds to invest America has conic far in sharing her opportunity, she is moving but she h3s a distance yet ahead lo go.