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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 2, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, September 2, 1970- Bruce Hiilcliisoii It's Not Hopeless Yet Charges, counter charges, guer- rilla insurrections and a general at- mosphere of fear characterizes the Middle-East situation and slows the commencement of gemu'ne peace talks. There is a crisis of confidence between Israel and the U.S., there is disruption in the Arab world and dis- agreement among Arab nations about Nasser's move towards peace. Guer- rillas threaten the internal security of Arab nations whose governments cannot control them. But all is not It is general- ly understood that peace, if and when it comes, will have to be agreed upon by the U.S. and the Soviet Union and there are signs that both of these powers are willing to go a long way to achieve it. When Mr. Leonid Brezhnev, general secretary of the Soviet Communist party, made a major foreign policy speech the other day, he spoke of the U.S. in far more moderate terms than he had ever employed before, even though he implied that Israel is the aggressor, aide_d by the usual "inter- national imperialist circles." Coupled with the comparatively reasonable tone of Mr. Brezhnev's speech and with the general feeling abroad that the U.S.S.R. and the Uni- ted States are moving towards a gen- uine understanding, if not mutual trust, comes the announcement that the U.S. would be willing to join Rus- sia in a special permanent peace- keeping role in the Middle East. The Soviets have not replied so far, but most observers think that they would accept. Israel and the Arab world would have to agree to such an ar- rangement, and the U.S. Senate would have to concur. There are those who are opposed to this arrangement on the ground that it would consolidate and solidify the Russian presence in the Middle East. But the Russian presence is a fact, after all. Many international affairs experts would prefer a UN peacekeeping force. Others believe that a military force with teeth is the only answer. The argument is for the experts to decide. But the very fact that the U.S. has made the suggestion in the expectation that the Russians will co- operate is an indication of the lengths to which the hopefully ihe go to prevent a disas- trous military confrontation with one another. Fish Faddists? Environmentalists are being la- belled such things as fish faddists in some quarters. The objective seems to be to get them dismissed from serious consideration so that business can go on as usual. It would perhaps be faddism of a sort to obstruct advances in the stan- dard of living of man because a fish and other forms of aquatic life might have to be sacrificed along the way. There may be some people who are unnecessarily sentimental about nature but this kind of thing does not represent the real concern of the new envirpnmentalism. There is today a deep appreciation of the interrelatedness of all forms of life on this planet. This does not mean that the extinction of certain species points to the collapse of the whole complex system. If it did, the col- lapse would have taken place long ago. What is of concern today is the pos- sibility of wholesale extermination of life forms not just some fish but all fish and aquatic life, for instance. Man might survive such a massive disruption of the food chain but it is not certain. The destruction of the photoplankton in the oceans would bring the threat of a serious diminu- tion of the oxygen supply. Man can live as a vegetarian but he cannot live without oxygen. It is quite apparent that man has got himself into a mess by taking too little thought of the consequences of technological development. The en- vironmentalists cannot be faulted for asking that greater care be exer- cised and do not deserve to be lightly dismissed as faddists. Echeverria's Babies President-elect Luis Echeverria of Mexico is backing up his pre-election statements that his country needs more Mexicans. He does not agree with the theory that economic de- velopment and population limitation go hand in hand. More babies he says, means higher agricultural and industrial production. He reiterates this outmoded concept, even after he has seen for himself the grinding poverty, the unhealthy conditions that prevail on the farms, and on the out- skirts of Mexican cities. He has seen the beggars on the "streets, the pregnant, ragged mothers holding out their hands to passersby, while an ill-fed child or two clings to her skirts. She and her sad, dirty little progeny are the result of the ten- dency of Mexican rural workers to migrate to the city in the hope of sharing in the higher pay prevailing there. More often than not they are disappointed, relegated to the shanty towns on the outskirts of the city, where there are no municipal ser- vices no sewers, no garbage dis- posal, no running water. Sanitation simply does not exist. In the country- side, similar conditions prevail. Pov- erty is endemic in Mexico in the low- er social echelons and yet Mr. Echev- erria trumpets that it can be cured by more people of all classes, all economic groups. It is true that Mexico's gross pro- duct has been increasing at a higher rate than the population growth. But the gains have not been equally shared by all. The benefits have largely gone to the middle class in the cities, the skilled and semi- skilled organized urban workers. Mexico has not nearly enough doc- tors and nurses to supply its mini- mum needs, and in spite of a literacy campaign there is a desperate short- age of teachers. Classrooms are jam. med; there is a dearth of books, even of paper and pencils, in many areas. Under prevailing political circum- stances in Mexico, the U.S. can do little to help the poor by providing birth control information and devices as part of its aid to Latin develop- ment. There is some hope that when the U.S. demonstrates its sincerity by extending social aid and assist- ance to those Americans who are willing and anxious to limit their families, that unofficial Mexican or- ganizations will follow the lead. Al- ready the head of one of Mexico's most powerful labor organizations has announced that the union which he heads intends to educate its mem- bers on methods of family planning. But the suspicion in many quarters that the rich Americans are encour- aging Mexican genocide for their own purposes is hard to eradicate. It will take a tragically long time to upgrade the abysmally low stand- ard of living which millions of Mexi- cans must now endure. It would be a long time, even if their leaders were enlightened on the desperate need to limit the population. But as long as Mr. Echeverria maintains an implacable stand against it, the lengthening shadows of grinding pov- erty are bound to grow longer in the burgeoning slums of the cities, and on the Mexican farms where too often mere existence is a reason for living. So Passes Away The Glory Earlier this year the Soviet Union asked the Ford Motor Company to help build a huge tracking plant in the U.S.S.R. The company declined because of U.S. Defence Department disapproval. But the Russians are go- ing to get the help they need anyway West Germany. True, there are plans for a consortium of West European companies who will prob- ably build the huge factory, but the German Daimler-Benz Company will have the predominant role and Bonn will extend the credit. This news is hardly welcome to Italian and French companies who are anxious to take part in extend- ing technological know-how to the U.S.S.R. and are fearful of being shoved aside in the race to get there first. Japan also is extending help in opening up resources in Siberia. The irony of the situation is that the Soviet Union should now be wel- coming help, advice and huge invest- ment by Japan and Germany, the two Axis partners who were Russia's most bitter enemies only 25 years ago. Sic transit gloria! T he Economist's Truths Collapse A famoiis Canadian profes- sor staggered into my woodland camp today, drunk not with alcohol but with eco- nomics and remorse. After I had given him some stronger stimulant, he told me that, like all economists, he was baffled, beaten, finished. The whole science of economics, he said, was out hand, his life- time of learning wasted, his teaching dangerous to his stu- dents and the nation. "For half a he went on, after a second stim- ulant, "I've tried to teach the truth. But what's the truth? No one knows any more. Why, in my time at least a dozen undeniable, s e 1 f-evident trutlis have been discovered, accepted and discredited. The latest truths prevailing now will go the same way as soon as Kenneth Galbraiih writes another book and reverses his life long certainties. How I dread that "Just look at what's happen- ed. My generation of econom- ists was brought up on Adam Smith and Karl Marx, Uie im- mortal enemies. From Smith we learned that the doctrine laissez-faire would solve all our problems but Smith's theory had the slight disadvantage of producing regular depressions and economic disasters every few years and people somehow didn't like them. From Marx we learned that capitalism would inevitably grind down the workers by the iron law of wages and just the opposite oc- curred.. "Ko Smith and Marx were de- throned and r e u 1 a c e d by Keyncs. He showed us how to end the great depression of the 1930s by inflating the currency a brand new device often used by ihe Roman emperors and the French Bourbons. "Now, at lest, the age-old riddle was unlocked. All econ- omists could relax and write books to explain how the mod- ern mechanism worked per- fectly. But, strange to say, it didn't. Keynes had hatched the monster of inflation and we haven't got it back into the shell yet. As if economics were n't complicated enough already, the socialists pi'oved that since government had mismanaged everything it ever touched the right solution was to let it manaee the rest of the system. "Then along came Gal- braitii and noted the obvious fact that the system we .wor- shipped in the text books had long ceased to exist. We'd as- sumed that the competition of the market and the free play of the price apparatus, with an occasional nudge from the state, would cure inflation or deflation, as required. But, Galbraith observed, the giants of industry and labor had quiet- ly stifled that lovely myth. "Now I've REALLY got problems .he enjoyed it 'Emancipated' Womanhood From The Regina Leader-Post COME advocates of radical fe-ninism see women as the "most, exploited social class" in the capitalist society. Feminism will become "a central issue in American life" within the next few years, warns an editorial in the jour- nal Women's Liberation. Female activists of the upper middle class unhappy with life in their "air-conditioned nightmare" and increasingly resentful of "male supremacy" are even convinced that only through revolution will they achieve equality with men. "Full they be- lieve, can be realized only in a "classless said the editorial. Yet a closer look at the "classless" states of the East will soon reveal that this is not really the case. No doubt women in the demo- cratic West have many justified grievances, but their status Letter To The Editor under the free enterprise sys- tem is incompara'bly superior to that of their sisters hi Marxist-Leninist world. For instance, more than half the labor force in "socialist" Russia is female. According to the Kremlin's this proves that "full equality of sexes" exists in the Soviet Union. But even Moscow's authori- tative Literary Gazette conced- ed recently that women em- ployed on construction sites, in factories, mines and the rail- ways usually do the heaviest work while men operate the machines. The Communist revolution, the Marxist Leninists claim, "put an end to the denial of women's rights and opened up before them wide possibilities for active participation in public work." On paper this is true. Men and women are equally en- Watch The Refugees! To know if a government is despotic and unpopular, watch which way the refugees are going, or at least trying to go. South Africa has no restrictions on people leaving that country but their great problem is to try to control the flood of black immigrants trying to get into South Africa. The South Afri- can government has been forc- ed to require blacks to carry identity cards in an effort to try to hold back the flood of immigrants. If the South Afri- can government is so bad, why then are so many blacks trying so desperately to get into South Africa? The same applies to Rhodesia. It seems that many of our editorial writers see admirable qualities only in leftist groups or leftist causes and only evil in any government or group that opposes or disapproves ot Socialist type of governments. The United States being the most powerful adversary of socialism or communism, nat- urally is the main target of socialist sympathizers. I cannot help wondering why these lovers of socialism stay in this "rotten decadent" democracy when there are countries in which they could enjoy their so muc'ii admired Socialist way of life and we could so happily get along without them. RAY KEITGES. Lethbridge. Editor's note: For a different view on .South Africa sec the page fivn article based on a British businessman's re- port. titled to further training for the improvement of their1 qualifica- tions. But under Soviet econo- mic and social conditions the dual burden of sharing the breadwinner's role and looking after the family means that women usually have neither the time nor the energy to spare. In faet, in no Western capital- ist country do women perform heavy physical work on such a scale as in the Communist coun- tries. Moreover, in no capitalist country is there a greater eco- nomic and social gulf between the wives of the "upper-class" bureaucrats or professional wo- men and ordinary working wo- men as in the Communist stales. Russian women, especially the unqualified, are frequently unaware of their underprivi- leged status. Only a minority, usually the young and better- educated, see the lack of true equality of the sexes. But even their dissatisfaction is seldom expressed in the form of social protest but rather in personal tensions and a strain- ed family atmosphere. The Russian authorities are increasingly worried by the in- crease in broken marriages and the alarming drop in the birth rate. In 1060 Ihe national aver- age was 24.9 births per thous- and of the population, but by 1969 the figure had fallen to 17. For many years after the revolution it was considered, that the Communist state could take over the mother's role in the rearing of children and thus remove the obstacle to So They Say 1 felt the hip scene was with plastic love and plastic peace. Their love was lust and their peace was a finger sign. Hoyt, former hippie who is now a "street Chris- tian" preaching in Atlanta. full-time employment 'for wo- men. But even many die-hard Marxist Leninist sociologists now point out that the collective upbringing of children is no real substitute for family environ- ment. Nevertheless, there has been no letup in the drive to recruit: women for heavy labor. Moscow recently celebrated Women's Day as part of the official tribute to "emanci- pated" Soviet womanhood. For the Kremlin 'this was another occasion to convince Russian women that "the sacrifice of personal interests to production is the supreme virtue in Com- munist society." Is this the kind of equality those women in the West, ad- vocating revolution, hope to gain? "What was the sense of talk- ing about the infallible wisdom of the market when the giants simply disregarded it and ar- ranged their joint affairs to suit themselves, handing on the costs to the public? And anoth- er disagreeable thing had hap- pened to undermine our old faith. "We'd supposed that the de- mand of the consumer exact- ly determined the quantity of production, that the people got only what they wanted and needed from the machines. Yet Galbraith demonstrated on the contrary, that the producers created the demand by per- suading Ihe public that it des- perately needed a lot of things that were bad for it, like liquor and tobacco, for example." Having accepted another drink, and lit his tenth cig- arette, the economist added: "That wasn't all of it. We'd also assumed that the wicked, ruthless stockholders controlled business but by 1910 a mis- chievous fellow named Adolph Berle proved beyond doubt that stockholders havs no control of anything. Business was firmly in'the. grip of the managers who might own no stock at all. "This we called the Manager- ial Revolution. It didn't last long, either. Galbraith dis- covered that the managers had lost control to the technical ex- perts, or what he called the technostructure of face less, backroom boys. "Now, God help me, I doubt even Galbraith. Confidentially, I suspect that a company like General Motors or a union like the United Automobile Work- ers is really controlled by the janitor or some little green man from outer space, hidden in the basement. Or maybe a secret self-propelled computer that makes no mistakes and regards man as an inferior spe- cies to be manipulated for his own good. "Anyhow, the economic sys- tem, whatever it may be, is only one part of the process. More important, the whole so- cial system has changed and the classless society of North America, our pride and dar- ling, is more classified than the old feudal society of Europe. Yes, everyone belongs to a class upper, upper-middle, lower-middle, lower-lower-mid- dle, the marginal poor, the ac- tual poor and many other ca- tegories, depending on what statistics you read. Like India, we even have our Untouch- ables. They, of course, are the economists and journalists. "Well, I guess all this wouldn't matter much, since economists can always invent an explanation for anything after it's happened, if it weren't for an awful, shatter- ing discovery that destroys our entire science overnight. "For about years civili- sation has worked on the prem- ise that man can perpetually increase this wealth if he only applies the right methods. The raw resources of our planet were unlimited. All we had to do was to exploit and use them and that was the supreme pur- pose cf human life. "But now, of1 a sudden, in hardly mere than a y.ear or two, we learn that the re- sources are being exhausted, the environment ruined, the planet gutted and the real liv- ing standard of America fall- ing while the sacred Gross National Product continues-to rise. "That's where the science of economics and the weir-known pursuit of happiness has led us. As an economist I plead guilty and, in my declining years, I wish I'd followed some humble, harmless trade, even journal- ism." With that, the economist staggered down the trail, no longer drunk. Not with eco- nomics anyhow. (Herald Special Service) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1320 The luxury taxes col- lected in the city in the month of August amounted to which is up from July. 1030 Two Frenchmen, Dieu- donne Coste and Maurice Bel- lonte, landed in New York on the first non-stop flight from Paris in 37 hours, 18 minutes and 30 seconds. They travelled miles. 1310 The United States has reached an agreement with Bri- tain to lease naval and air bases in British possessions in the North and South Atlantic and transfer 50 over-age de- stroyers to Britain. 1950 Cost of the late spring Red River flood to the federal, provincial and munici- pal governments now is expect- ed to be more than 19GO Senior citizens have moved to their new home, tho Green Acres Foundation Home at 102 5th Ave. S. Only seven vacancies are left in thia 50- capacity home. 504 7lli St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail 'Registration No C012 Member of The Canadian Press lie Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and Ihe Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BAL1.A WILLIAM MAY Managing Editor Associate Edilor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Pago Editor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;