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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 1, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta THE HIHBRIOGE HERALD Friday, Soplember T, 1972- Peter Desbarals Practising and preaching This newspaper has editorially cas- called persecuted minorities, who tigated tlie U.S. several times for its are, according to Peking, the victims refusal to discontinue buying chrome contjnuing capitalistic exploita- from Rhodesia, thus breaking U.N, (1 Republic wants SMSSoS to fair to point out that the Peoples' follow its own precepts. Republic of China, which claims that Peking politicians are exhibiting an racism is an evil product of western extraordinary facility in learning how is also buying chrome to circumvent moral issues in favor from Rhodesia of pragmatism, of knowing how to Peking adopts a high moral tone shove the difference between what HC ,-itimc tn Phnmnmn the riflhts they say and what they do under the In its claims io champion the rights of the underdog nations, those so- they say and what they do enigmatic Chinese rug. Second thoughts The announcement that the depart- ment of national health and welfare has decided to take more time to shape its control on the medical use of amphetamines will be accepted as a thoughtful measure. There had been But well before Mr. Munro announc- ment officials whoever they might tie the medical profession itself had begun to acquaint doctors with the drug's proper use. The number some eye-brow raising over Health of prescriptions between 1966 and Minister John Munro's indication that 1971 dropped by half. Mr. Munro's department, after dis- cussing the improved situation with the medical profession, has eased up on its position. Now it has decided to postpone imposing the controls for in the case of this and other drugs, government was, in effect, going to dictate what treatment doctors can prescribe for certain conditions. Although amphetamine has little value, it is used in two relatively obscure illnesses narcolepsy and hyperkinesis. Unfortunately for a number of years it was abused by several months. This is wise. The government was well-meaning in its move, but legis- lation without thorough discussion doctors who dished it out like candy with, and approval of, pharmaceutical as an appetite depressant for the companies and doctors might have obese, and a stimulant for the de- serious repercussions on both medi- pressed. ca' research and treatment. Undermining the UN United Nations prestige is not high the undermining this will bring about because of its failure to cope with in the UN. the big issues that disturb the world and threaten its destruction. Yet the demiae of the organization is not something that would bring gladness to many apart from a segment of the American populace which has long seen it as a millstone about their collective neck. The philosophical objections to the UN that it obtrudes on national sovereignty and permits infection from the Communists have lost much of their force. This is espec- ially so as a result of President Nixon's accommodation with the two giants in the Communist world. What total U.S. contribution to the UN aver- rankles many Americans is the dis- aged less than per American proportionate share of the financial per year. To undermine the good work burden which the U.S. has been pay- ing to keep the UN functioning. At present the U.S. is proposing to cut back its contribution from about 36 per cent to 25 per cent. On the face of It, this Is not unreasonable. No one country ought to carry such an unequitable share of the cost. But it is sad, nonetheless, to contemplate 1 Coffee 'brakes' Strike makes election date uncertain lie maclilnc-ry o' cralicn that undoubtedly occu- the prime minister informed his were the only dates without ob- than a longshoreman's hand, the 28lii Parliament, already pied tho first parliament in desert associates that he con- Btarting to rust under the tar- loading of grain sidered the laii of to be the paulins of hislory, is kicked and into ships. most likely time for an eloc- cranked back to life. The elec toral organizations of the four pai-iit-, are thrown suddenly into neutral. This is one of those rare and exhilarating mo- ments in political life when the system suddenly seems to con- nect with reality and to respond to the slightest pressure. Because a longshoreman in British Columbia is not at his job today, a meuioer Parlia- ment is at his. The freedom of the prime minister to call an election in 1972 depends on his govern- ment's ability to manage an op- Most of the budget of the world body is devoted to its agencies which feed the hungry (and show the hun- gry how it is possible to feed them- succor the sick, share scien- tific discoveries, educate the illiter- ate, and do many other things that improve the quality of life for every- one. Tiiese are things that need con- tinuing support and if the U.S. cuts back, much good work will suffer and perhaps cease. The amount of money involved is not great when seen on a per capita basis. Over the ten years 1960-70 the being accomplished by the UN for a saving of 50 cents per capita does not reflect well on the wealthiest na- tion in the world. The cost of the U.S. involvement in Indochina sup- posedly undertaken for altruistic rea- sons is far mere costly and can- not be compared to the UN agencies' works in creativity since the war is almost wholly destructive. bullion reserves being what they are, the rise In the price of gold does not dominate my thoughts. But the increase in coffee prices, yikes, that's a different ket- tle of fiscal problem. Because of frost damage to the coffee bushes in Brazil, announce the supermar- kets, the price of ground coffee will in- crease immediately by 12 to 18 cents a pccnd. A spokesman for the Canadian Consum- ers Association, commenting on the eleva- tion of the percolator to the status of a national treasure, says of coffee: "Don't buy it. Find an alternative." Gilby said. But there is no alternative for coffee. The only people who have been able to start the day with a cup of tea, brought to them in bed before they are awake enough to know what Is happening to them, are the English. Originally they did it to prove to the natives of Britain's various colonies that the Great White Mother had not only a will of iron but an imturnable stomach. No other ration has been able to coma to grips with the morning hotirs without the merciful aid of coffee. This is why the pricing of coffee out of reach of the ordin- ary, bleary-eyed consumer, who wakes up for work his cranial cavity carpeted In wall-to-wall tongue, is nothing short of catastrophe, The consequences almost too grisly to are obvious: people unable to afford their morning coffee break will work right through to neon. This will re- sult in everybody's finishing bis day's work It isn't often, In nations such as this that have acliiovcd the highest standards of informa- tion and obfuscation simulla- neously, thai the issues are as clear, the political interest as naked and Ihe ladies as evi- dent as they are in the House of Commons at the end of this eventful week. Despite the prime minister's concealment of the exact date of Ihe eleclion, Ihe record of the past Jew days lays bare much of his slralegy. It has been a typical combination of systematic planning and prac- tical flexibility. Early in 1972, tion, but that the parly should be ready for an election by the spring to give him as broad a range of options as possible. By last spring, the pressures for an eleclion were consider- able, particularly from within his own party in Quebec. But tlie results of public opinion polls confirmed Trudeau's orig- inal timetable. Once the spring option was given up and the pledge of an election-free summer placed on the record, the choice of suit- able election dales became se- verely limited. In effect, the two last Mondays in October vious disadvantages. A delay inlo November would push I he campaign into unfavorable weather: A further delay to Ihe spring of 1973 was regarded as a resort to be used only as an "emergency exit1' if a full elec- lion became clearly dangerous for the government. Tlus was the siluatioit last week. The target date for the eleelion was Oct. 30. The an- nouncement would be made as soon as Ihe British Columbia election was out of the way. Everything seemed to be click- ing inlo place as smoothly and as logically as if it were a sce- nario from the pen-ot the prime minister until a tiny blot on the West Coast, no larger around three o'clock, with no afternoon cof- fee break to buffer the death hours between recovery from lunch and the five o'clock voidance, In turn, employers will find that, without coffee, half of their employees are redun- dant. Not only redundant but mean. Stud- ies show that if the average office or in- dustrial worker is deprived of his coffee for more than six hours he undergoes a physical and psychic transformation that makes Mr. Hyde look like a minor cosmet- ics job. Result: mass firings. Aggravated unem- ployment. A staggering Increase in the bill for welfare, with thousands of unemployed employables blowing their relief money on their daily fix of caffeine. To head off this crisis the federal govern- ment must step in at once and designate" Canada's supermarkets as a disaster area. Ottawa has been wasting its time putting the hat on Washington instead of worrying about the frost in Brazil. Is Brazil our only source of coffee beans? Are we utterly dependent on the country where the nuts come from? The coffee wagons of this nation grind to a halt be- cause Juan Peron forgot to light his smudge pot? If so, and the law of supply and demand is to hike the price of coffee beyond tho trembling reach of Canadians, then it is time for the National Research Council to develop a synthetic coffee bean to go with cur frozen waffles and ersatz maple syrup. Now, that is. Before Ihe second cup of coffee fades lo a memory in the mind of our rich old bachelor uncle, 'Ed! How much for a tankful if he DOESN'T wanna play bingo, win a beach ball, a dinnerware set, a trip for two to Martatoulin Island suddenly spilled across the page. As tho prime minister re- minds his associates again and again, timing is the essence p{ politics. The dock strike in Brit- ish Columbia became tho sub- ject of intensive efforts by La- bor Minister O'Connei1. and oth- ers, but at the same time plans were made to incorporate it an element in the election cam- paign while the strike was in progress. This was never se- riously considered by tho primo minister. His position before the cabi- net on Tuesday was that wishes lo enter Ihe campaign "as cleanly as possible." It was typical of the Trudeau adminis- tration that the decision to re- call Parliament to deal with tha B.C. dock strike was discussed at length by the entire cabinet. "Not attempting to achieve a consensus but to arrive at a de- cision through a collegia! proc- ess" was the way it was de- scribed by an observer. Once the decision was made, opposition parties began to feel the same pressures that had in- fluenced the cabinet. Their own freedom of manoeuvre is lim- ited at this stage by the neces- sity to support measures to end the dock slrike. This will curb their conflicting desire to em- ploy and prolong the session of the House as a platform to re- gain some of the public atten- tion that has been lost to opposition during the summer. The Interruption the gov- ernment's original election timetable by the dock strike has also increased the number of options available to the gov- ernment now in choosing an eleclion date. The- possibility of a November election will be stronger if responsibility for the delay is shared by the opposi- tion parties. Time is still work- ing on the prime minister's side as Parliament Is reconvened this week, despite the fact that his choices for the election are far more limited now than they were last spring. After the prime minister an- nounced the decision to recall Parliament on Tuesday, one of his aides said, "now perhaps peoplo will believe him when he says that he hasn't made up his mind about, ihe exact date." When Ihe decision became known in the primo minister's office in the East Block, an- other aide took an election iti- nerary that he was working on, crumpled it up and threw it into the waslepaper basket. It was the 106th version of the prime minister's 1972 campaign timetable. (Toronlo Slar Syndicate) Maurice Western Parliamentary edicts another form of arbitration Prime Minis- threatened strike, accompanied system which Is Identified with ter appears to be assured of by ritual war dances, is in fact our sacred freedoms. Interfer- appears the support of all parties for a swift parliamentary settlement of the West Coast dock strike. There may be criticism in de- tail of the Government's legis- lation. There has already been criticism of the Government's performance since the ports were closed. But, in principle, there is impressive agreement and for the most simple of rea- sons. The strike must end be- cause the damage to the econ- omy, as measured by Mr. Tnideau or Mr. Stanficld or Mr. Lewis, te too serious to be tolerable. Thus, once again, we find ourselves in an odd situation. No responsible public figure challenges the need for parlia- menlary aclion allhough such action manifestly makes non- sense of the assumptions by which oar society is guided. Furthermoie the assumptions, being sacred, will almost cer- tainly continue io guide the po- litical parties as we move for- ward from one dispute to an- other and from one parlia- mentary intervention to the, next. As society changes, the reali- ties of one generation live on as the myths of the next. The right to strike was hard-won in limes when the scales were heavily weighted against un- ions. Although conditions have radically changed and some un- ions now possess great power (they can bring the economy to a standstill and cause Parlia- ment to be recalled or even summoned in special it continues to be defended with passion as the indispensable ul- timate weapon of labor in free, collective bargaining. Nowadays, considerable em- phasis is placed on the word "ultimate" since many strikes occasion serious damage, not only to the public but also to both parties involved in dis- putes. What angers many people is the fact that the "ulti- mata" is so commonplace. The more common than the strike itself. It also Involves some dis- ruption. Will the mail go through and when? Will the air- craft take off? Will a firm have to shut down because of Ihe ter- mination of supplies? Who knows and who can rationally plan? As prolonged strikes In key Induslries may inflict such heavy losses (conceded In the present many people fa- vor some alternalive and more orderly system of settling in- dustrial disputes. Various forms of compulsory arbi- tration are proposed. In- variably, however, they are at- tacked as inventions of big business, reactionary, anti-la- bor and undemocratic. Every Labor Minister (Martin O'Connell the latest) assures Parliament in effect that he would rather go to the slake than interfere in any way with the admirable workings of our system. The percentage argument is also very popular in politics. It can be simply shown that only a small percentage of disputes end in strikes or lockouts; thus citizens should remain calm, retain their perspective, con- sider the distressing ex- periences of less fortunate countries and put up wilh chaos in the name of freedom. Less frequently noted is lha fact that many disputes arc peacefully and virtually settled by what amounts to collusion between the quarrelling parties. As in the recent steel settle- ment, the costs are met by passing them on to the con- suming public. In olher words, we have inflation, particularly damaging as always to those on fixed incomes and olhers who cannot keep up. However the arguments rage, one fact is clear. The popular will, assuming that it finds ex- pression through the political parties, is against compulsory arbitration and for the existing anee with established proc? dures including the general right to strike? Never, never, never. Well, hardly hardly ever is becoming more and more frequent. Yesterday the prolonged St. Lawrence tie- up which was illegal. Today, the West Coast strike which is legal. For what Is parliamentary action but a form of com- pulsory arbitration? Usually there is a back to work order, a temporary settlement and sometimes an arrangement for a subsequent arbitral award covering more difficult points. There are two requirement First, there must be extensive damage as certified, for ex- ample, in Mr. Trudeau's lalest statement. It is wrong to invoke compulsion when the parties are setting fire to the house; this would be an interference with freedom. However, it be- comes right when the verandah has been burned down and many perfectly innocent peoplo have been singed. Secondly, compulsory arbi- tration must be invoked in such a way that we are assured tho maximum of pomp and circum- stance and expense to the gen- eral public. It would be quite wrong to assign the job ex- clusively to a trouble shooting arbitrator or a board with power to impose a settlement, even though an arbitrator may be required at some point in the process. But it is right to summon back 264 members of tlie House of Commons, p'us the Senators; airlifting them from the four corners of the country and possibly from other around the globe and at great cost passing a Bill through the various stages to Royal Assent. It may even be right on occasion to have a spe- cial session. There is no certainty that such extraordinary, although increasingly common, proce- dures will ensure a settlement that is even reasonably eco- nomic. For any Government, burdened with past speeches about the sacred rights, will feel a bit guilty about inter- vention and will be anxious to demonstrate in the terms its sense of fairness and clue ap- preciation of the esential right- mincledness of union members. Perhaps for that very reason, the screams of union anguish expected on such occasions {Union Leader Garcia: "We hate to see collective bargain- ing destroyed by people's politi- cal are seldom piercing enough to make lha nalion's blood run cold. The logic of such a system may be more apparent to labor lawyers than to non-specializing citizens. There is the myth of untouchable rights (those of tho rest of us being touchable, even squashablc, most of the But there is also Ihe mysterious damage or public which our politicians, Mr. Lewis included, discern a myth-destroying emergency. That having been attended to, the myth takes over again in all Its grandeur and by common agreement. Out come the old glowing speeches, good for a few more inonths until W8 have another jolt and the politicians virtually rally to save the stricken nation once again. Some politicians, when pressed, will concede that there coutd be a betler system. In theory, ttiat is to say. The real- ity is that no party proposes to do anything about it. Even if there are voices in caucus in times of stress, the silence will be deafening when normalcy is re-eslablished and with, it the shared realization that Parlia. menl has before it more at- tractive and, therefore, more lU'gent tasks. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through llio Herald Notices were posted In the local CPR station this morning that tho Trans-Canada Limited trains will Ivo with- drawn September 10. The last limited train will leave Mon- treal, Toronto and Vancouver on that dale. 19M At an open meeting of the North Lelhbridge rale- payers association a resolution was passed that the city should dispense with the services of all married women on its staff at once: that any vacancies in the staff should be advertised three days in advance and that preference, if possible, be given to ratepayers. 1912 War savings parade set for Thursday. 1952 Flying Instructors from ns far away as Fort William. Onl., Whilehorse, the Prince Rupert and Van- couver, Tuesday morning start- ed in on a 10-day refresher course at Kenyon Field. The Lethbtidge Herald SW 7Eh St. S., LeLhbrjdgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1054, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Regiifralion No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaptf Publishers' AssociaNon and the Audi! of Ctrculallwvj CLEO w MOWERS, Eciito' and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM MAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY f, WILES DOUGLA'j K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;