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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - September 1, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednelday, Seplember 1, 1971- r Joseph Kraft No federal election Predictions of u fall federal elec- tion have revived since U.S. Presi- dent Richard Nixon announced liis new economic policy. The hope that Canada might be exempted from the 10 per cent import surcharge is al- most certainly vain. As a conse- quence Ihere is very apl to be a tightening of the economy and in- creased unemployment. Those who predict an election think the govern- ment will want to take its chances before the full effect of the U.S. mea- sure is felt. In order for that sort of reasoning lo be persuasive with the politicians in Ottawa there would have to lie indications that the people in Canada are happy wilh conditions in the coun- try now. It surely cannot have es- caped their attention that there is a mood of discontent throughout the nation. How could they miss that in the light of what has been happening in the provincial elections' Even in Alberta where the economy is the most buoyant and when1 there was not much obvious discontent with the government, there has been a change. An election call could only inten- sify whatever disillusionment already exists for the Trudeau government. When Mr. Tnideau swept to power in 1968 there was a widespread as- sumption that he was not governed by ordinary political aspirations. Many of the expectations which his supporters held have had lo be modi- fied considerably but the impression is strong yet that Mr. Trudeau looks beyond mere political opportunism. If he were to call an election it would be obvious that even that is a mistaken notion and there would be a turning away at the polls. The present government was cho- sen by the people of Canada to as- sume responsibility for the affairs of the country for a stated period of time It is expected that it will serve its term unless an issue arises which calls for a judgment from the people in terms of approval or disapproval of Ihe government's way of handlirg it. A decision of the American t-v- ernment over which the CanauVn government has no control is rot something that warrants calling an election. In the lighl of these considerations it seems highly unliKely that so as- tute and resolule a person as Prime Minister Trudeau would allow him- self to be talked into calling a fall election Both from a pragmatic and an idealistic approach it is a repug- nant idea. Political realignment Mr. Grant Notley, leader of the New Democratic Parly in Alberta, may very well be right in his post- election comments about the party picture in the province in the future. He thinks the next election will see the NDP as the serious challenger of Uie Progressive Conservatives. This prognostication would not be credible if the decline in popular vote suffered by the NDP was taken at face value. That phenomenon need not mean much since the recent elec- tion was really a contest between the Conservative and Social Credit parties. Mr. Notley contends Uiat the Con- servative victory was something of a knock out blow to the Social Cred- it party as a party. The Social Credit party has been existing in Alberta and British Columbia for some, time without real commitment to the phil- osophy designated by the na m e. That hiatus between profession and practice resulted in the disappearance of the party on Ihe federal scene. Voters in British Columbia and Al- berta have not been endorsing So- cial Credit in recent elections; they have been approving the leadership given by Premier W. A. C. Bennett and Senator E. C. Manning while he was premier. The party in Alberta is now likely to wither away and will do .so in B.C. in due course. It now appears in retrospect that Mr. Jack Lowery, former leader of the Liberal party in Alberta, made a serious mistake in seeking a liai- son with the Social Credit govern- ment under Premier Harry Strom. If he had hung on, he and the party would have been in a good position to become a force again in Alberta politics. The Liberal party may re- vive but at present the NDP stands the best chance (if picking up the non conservative support that ex- ists in the province and thus may well be the party in strongest con- tention with the Conservatives in the next election. Monday's election may portend a Conservative NDP polar- ization that could dominate Alberta politics for many elections. ANDY RUSSELL When new Uie blooms I-TERE at our ranch at Ihe foot of the Rockies in late May and early June, as happens in many places across the length and vvidth of the continent, the fe- males of several kinds of big game come down off the higher ground to have their young. Doe whitetai] and mule deer, cow moose and elk seek the seclusion of valley thickets to give birth lo their fawns and calves. Like all deer except the caribou, these new arrvials, are weak and wobbly on their legs, and so far the first days of their lives they are kept carefully hidden. The mothers attend them cfosely, suckle them regularly and cache them when they go to feed themselves. At such time when they are alone, the young ones are vunerable to predators and bears. But nature, in its marvelous ways, protects them; for during this rath- er helpless slage of their lives, they are almost scentless, and vciy difficult for other animals lo delect. Even the grizzly finds it difficult lo locate them. I once saw a black bear blunder close to two hidden moose calves. Tt was purely accidental, and before he found them, Ihe cow smellcd him, and suddenly appeared with her hair all on end looking for war. The bear [led. Another time I located a cached mule deer fawn only a few hours old. Ey way of experiment, I led a leashed German shore-hair pointer past the spot, twenty yards down wind. This flog hns as good a nose as any, but failed to detent the fawn. Several limes I led him past it, closer each time, but not till he saw it was he aware of its presence. Sometimes the wily coyolc will a fine r-. ?i keeping out of .sigh' he leaves, supping in to si.. i1 one morning while rounding a "'ring of packtrain horses, r saw two a very sly mamieuver. The mule deer doe wilh a fawn must have known they were around, for she had the little deer hidden in a clump of berry bush and continued lo stand over it. one coyolc lay in the deep grass watching from the top of a knoll, the other slipped around out of sight to make a sudden dash at the doe from the opposite direction. She immediately counter attacked striking at the coyote with her sharp fore-feet. It fled with her pursuing closely. Before she knew whal was happening, the other little grey yodeller shot out ot its hide to run in and take the fawn. This kind of drama of the wilds, cruel as it may seem, is all a part of nature. Man, sometimes the thoughtless do-good- er, can launch a campaign to eliminate all coyotes, assuming perhaps that he has the patent rights to killing. But this kind of over protection is not good for him or tlic deer. Where deer and coyotes occupy the same range, Ihe deer are always healthy, vigorous and alert, and tend to produce more of the same kind. I once observed a carload of tourists as Ihey spoiled a calf moose cached by a beaver dam a few yards below a road. They all piled out and went clown to the lilflc moose, likely excitedly discussing Ihe plight of Ihc poor little "orphan." Before Ihey could arrive at a conclusion, the an- gry mother showed up wilh her big nose stuck out at an aggrcssiic angle and drove them all pcll-inell back lo Iheir car. No doubt Ihey enjoyed a lasting lesson. Too often well meaning people will "res- cue'1 a cached fawn. They pick it up and take it lo the nearest game warden Lo save its life, dunking it abandoned. They usu- ally seal its doom, or at best relegate it to a ?oo Even just handling such a young animal can cause a shy mother to abandon il. Ko it is wise lo lenvc nature wilh its Please .stay By Doug Walker rpIIE room-mate I had in college for six years, George Ward of Saskatoon, spcnl a couple of days with us recently. He actually stayed an exlra day longer than ho planned because ol my importun- ing. We played a game of golf Iho first day and it was so enjoyable Ihat J wanted him to stay over so we could have another game. J even paid for his second gan'.c. It isn't often that I find someone Ihat I can beat! Play of events favorable to peace WASHINGTON so cales tend lo smirk when the president talks of a "gen- eration of peace." And very often Mr. Nixon .Iocs use Ihc term polemically 'to justify such dubious ventures as the Laotian invasion of last March. But in fact it is nol midsum- mer madness lo think that af- ter the Vietnam war the per- spective is for a long period of tranquil relations among the great powers. As the Berlin agreement initialled by the Big Four last week indicates, Ihe piay of events is more favor- able towards enduring peace than at any time since the Second World War. To begin wilh, territorial fric- tions among the greal powers are at a minimum. The United Slates has no claims on the So- viet Union and vice versa. Sim- ilarly. Communist China has no claims against the United Stales and vice versa. In Europe, Ihal tradiLioiial cockpit of big wars, Ihe boun- daries have finally been drawn fair and square. The only se- rious territorial question involv- ing countries with nuclear weapons turns on the Chinese- Russian border. The danger of that dispule erupting into open war is pow- erfully controlled by the bal- ance of forces. No likely acqui- sitions can justify for any ra- tional leader the risk of nu- clear devastation. The strategic arms limitation talks now moving forward in Helsinki are an indication of Soviel and American realiza- tion that each country can do unacceptable damage to the other. While Communist China has not been willing to enter into arms control arrange- ments, Peking has been ex- ceedingly cautious on all bor- der questions for the obvious reason that C'niua is so vulner- able to nuclear weapons. The nuclear stand-off tends lo limit outbreaks of war lo the developing countries. Continued skirmishing among the Arab stales and between them and Israel is to he though the Isriieli military su- periority puts kind of lid on the latter danger. Equally, there is a likelihood of conflict between India and Pakislan. But for a long time to come this is probably Ihe most imporlant new faclor (he greal powers are likely lo keep Iheir dislances from such local conflicts. For Ihc disposition of the strong lo push (he weak around lias recently been severely blunted by Uie play of internal politics. In the U n i I e d Slales, the Vietnam experience has writ- len fin end lo cold-war politics. There is now no political ad- vantage in using American p o wcr to defend freedom abroad against the supposed threat of communism. Even Mr. Nixon who In the past lias been the most egre- gious player of cold-war politics now calmly rubs away Uie most celebrated lines drawn against Uie Communist re- gimes, lie undertakes to deal with Communist China, and he goes along with the Berlin agreement which in effect ac- cepts Soviet hegemony in East- ern Europe. In I he S'oviel Union the lead- ership is less and less para- noic. The striking thing about the Russian dissidents is how much freedom they enjoy and how little influence they exert. The Comimi.lisl leaders ob- viously nd longer need tension wilh the outside world lo justi- fy their rule. Thus they continue lo negoti- ate apace with the United States and Western Europe on Berlui and various security is- sues. They play a soothing role in such sore spots as the Near East and the Indian subcon- linent. Anrl they are even, in helping lo unseat Walter Ulbricht as leader of East Ger- many, prepared to do in some of their own most spectacular hard liners. As to Communist China, des- pile the recent entry of some American reporters, we know next to nothing about the inter- nal dynamics of policymakijig. Still it is evident that the heady exaltation which marked the Cultural Revolution has pass- ed. The hallmark of Chinese policy is caution, not only on the Russian frontier, but also in dealings with Japan, Taiwan, and even the offshore islands. None of this is a guarantee of perpetual peace. Leadership conflicts or an overplaying o[ advantages could easily yield new wars. But the basic fact is that the lay of the land is fa- orable. The conditions are there for a generation of peace. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Maurice Western Canada's armed forces deployed to birdwatching QTTAWA In the rliylhm of nature, the birds fly south in Ihe fall and return in spring lo Iheir nesling stations. Similar phenomena are to be noted in politics, giving rise lo well known folk sayings such as the observation that chickens come home to roost. The latest reminder is Mr. Macdonald's white paper on defence which will revive for many persons memories of in- teresting controversies in the distant past. Thus, in the first Letter to the editor stage of the Boinarc argument, the Conservatives, incensed by the disparaging comments of opposition critics, accused the Liberals of being bird-watchers in defence policy. In many high level debates of that period Liberal speakers said we are not. while aroused Conserva- tives said, 'You are so.' Whatever intrinsic merit it may have had, the argument was unfortunate and not well timed as Conservative think- ers, many of them now depart- Picture doesn't look good I have never encountered dis- courtesy from a customs offi- cer on either side of the boun- dary. But I would not try to lell any customs officer how to pro- ceed: I'd gel the works. Since our Seattle friend (letter, the Herald, August 21) did Ibis to some extent, I'd like to see the picture somewhat more fully before crying over his woes. The picture he gives doesn't look too good. First, he did nol have Ihe re- quired amount of cash. When he had a bank account good for that amount, why not attend lo Ihis qualification just on the chance of having lo show it? Having a Lethbridge friend bring the money lo tile border isn't quite the same thing since the customs officials know he may not have any of it once over the border, and when that friend adds his dime's worth in argumenl that spells trouble. Second, the man says his appearance wasn't respectable. Hair of all lengths comes across Ihc border every day. A man has {he right to wear il .'is he likes, but if il. and Ihe general appearance is frowsy and if Ihc smell hns a certain aroma, Ihat, is different. Our court reports show more drug seixure.s Ihis year than in all previous years and most of it comes from just such people. KG if a person will dress thai way he musl expect Irouble. If he was innocenl why was he Irving lo make our of- ficers' task more difficult? I'lcase e.xi'UM: me for Inking IhaL Miilcim-nl. thai Hie: officer waved his arms in dr.'.pair at Ihe sight of him wilh a lil.fle He couldn't possibly have been thai bad or unusual. Un- fcrlnnalely Ihere am only loo many who arc nol innocent, by any means and who oflen look a slinking mess nnd our offi- cers do not despair of handling any of (hem. llul there are a couple ol mat- ters UiaL need attention. Fu'sl, Uie lady wasn't searched. I re- gret that there was appaienlly no woman officer lo do that. In the case of this family possibly there was no need but it could just have been that the lady carried the drugs across while the husband naturally had noth- ing on him. It has been attempt- ed many times and where (here is no woman officer for the search, if this couple was inno- cent, chances are the drugs have come through in other cases and these also had friends north of the border to vouch for them. The other item is that baby. Apparently no one searched him. Thai drugs came across Ihc line in dirty diapers means nolhing bul profil to the pusher and wouldn't deter any user, not even if it was blended. I hope our Seattle friend will come again and bring his fam- ily. I believe the same officer will apologize for any discrim- inalion toward him and see that all arc searched if someone has lo be flown in from Ollawa. We do have a reputation for fair and impartial dealing. J. A. SPENCER. Magrath. 'Crazy Capers' This should bn right up your a mir- icle.dma! cd from Ottawa, have in all probability long since realized. In the first place, it had a natural tendency to antagonize the bird-watching population. The decline of Conservative fortunes was probably hasten- ed by flights of bird watchers departing with their binoculars for the Liberal camp. On the minds of those in- sensitive Lo birds, the argument seems to have had only limited impact. By many it was dis- missed as exaggeration since il lacked documentary evi- dence and could be supported only by ministerial, and thus partisan, interpretation of Lib- eral speeches. In any case, il proved of Iransient value. The Liberal defence critic, Paul Hellyer, diverting his attention from birds, came out strongly for nuclear war-heads. Certain of his own policies in office after- wards proved controversial al- though not for reasons having much to do with ornithology. IMr. Hellyer drew the line at birds, being noted rather for his interest in admiral-watch- ing. To casual observers of the Canadian scene it may well have appeared at the Lime that birds had dcparled permanent- ly from federal politics. This view was premalure. The first clear signs of change became apparent early in the life of the Trudeau adminislralion. In his important speech on (he address on Ocl. 24, 1SB9, (he prime minister devoted an interesting passage lo Bylot Island as the home of Ihe greater snow goose Not only was bird watching back; it was lo reshape our foreign policy and defence policy as well. It may bn con.-'olalion to Hie Conservative seers, many of whom were granted lime and leisure by Ihe volcrs lo confomplalc I h e i r harmoni- ous n.ilural environment, that their forebodings of yesterday are soundly documented today. The birds will be found on page 10 of the defence while paper under the heading: Assistance lo the Civil Aulhorilies. Mr. Macrionald. in consultation wilh the various deparlnirnls. has already drawn up a prelimin- ary list of interests calling for a prealrr I'nnlribufion by Ihc armed forces. We read: "During Ihc appropriate sea- son, provision of observer space on aircraft engaged in northern surveillance opera- lions In permit wild-life obser- valion." Carping critics may suggest Ihat Ihis is nol very much. Hut anything, even bilingualism. has small beginnings. This is particularly noticeable in de- fence. A ready example is the Bras d'or which began as a modest million project. At last report Ihe cost had reach- ed million and Ihere is a question, unsettled by the white paper, as lo whether we can now afford il. Thus a major shifl to bird watching cannot be expected lo occur overnight. Still new hori- zons of opportunity have been opened and there will be a stirring in all ranks as DT1Q places orders for new field manuals and excited junior of- ficers depart for courses in warbler identification. There may be a problem in defence of overcoming certain ingrained attitudes. What has been traditionally regarded in surveillance with disapproval is an object in the wrong place: for example, a Soviet bomber approaching our shores. The effects are obvious in the vocabulary of the forces; Mr. Macdonald's own white pa- per, although full of promise for the future, is studded with traditional terms such as "chal- lenge." "territorial "infringe m e n "incursions" and so on. Whal Ihen will be the nalural impulse of an alerl, young olfi- ccr delecting an African egret coming in for a landing some- where in Ontario. It will be, un- derstandably, to report a viola- tion of Canadian air space, thus selling the alarm bells ringing all the way back lo Colorado Springs. Among bird watchers, however, as the weekly col- umns in the newspapers re- veal, such arrivals are greeted with enthusiasm, no one cares a rap for an on sile blackbird but everyone is in raptures at reports of an off-course peli- can. Revert ing from these practi- cal mailers of administration lo Ihe affairs of polilics, where docs the new policy leave the Conservatives? Or. in other words, what price prescience? They were, as events have shown, inspired in Iheir fore- bodings. Bul Ihe demonstration comes loo lale to have value in polilics, the atmosphere hav- ing changed beyond recognition since Mr. Tiudcaii's discovery of Ihe greater snow goose. Few politicians nowadays get far bcvond Iheir first paragraph without sliding into ecology and Mr. Slanfield, being given to gardening and allied occupa- tions, would not appear the ideal leader of an anti-bird- watching campaign. According to the while paper, consideration is being given to the establishment of small bases in the north, particular- ly in the Arctic islands. Bylot, presumably, will be first on the list Service Ihere should be particidarly attractive to po- lenlial goosc-walchcrs in Ihe Canadian forces. (Herald Ollawa Bureau) Looking backward Through Uie Herald 1921 The Italian govern1 mcnt has formally accepted President Harding's invitation lo participate in the Washing- ton conference on disarmaiiienl and Far Eastern questions. 19.11 The minisk'r of public works announced Ihis morning thai, the new Trans-Canada Highway roule would be on the Banff-Calgary-Medicine Hal highway. Pierre Laval's physi- cians issued a bulletin loday saying Ihe former Nazi rice- premier, who was gravely Wounded by an assassin's bullet at Versailles was showing ''pro- gressive improvement." 19.11 Sirs. iVcllie McClung. wrilcr. temperance leader and champion of women's rights died in Victoria today afler a long illness at the age of 77. IDIil Premier F.. C. Man- ning said any rclaxalion of fed- eral laws against abortion would be "an cxlrcmcly serious mailer which could lead lo promiscuity." The Letlibrulgc Herald iini 7lli St. S., LcUilirirlfic, Alhcrla LKTHBRIDCiE HERALD CO. LTD., Propnclors ;im] Publishers Published 1905 ]D54, by lion. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mnli Rrnlrirfliifin No nni? Member nf The Canadian Press nnd Hie n.iiiy Publishers' Association and iho Audi) Burcnu of Clrcul.ilIons CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor nnd Publisher THOMAS H, ADAMS, General WUtnfmcr JOE BALL A WI l.l.l AM HAY Mnnfinlnq Hdilor Pilihr ROY F-" MILES DOUGLAS K WAl.KCR Advcriisinr, Man.ificr ITdiiou.n Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;