Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 31, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
tt TMI LITHMIOai HIUtALD Thunday, Deleter SI, 1174 i" Indian MilitancyYlLjncreases CACHE CREEK. Indians blockade highway Aug 11 and Sept. VANCOUVER- Start of Indian caravan to Ottawa Sept. OTTAWA: Indians clash with police during opening of Parliament Sept. IKENORA. Six-week occupation of Anemabe Provincial Park, July-August 1974____ 275 250 Registered Indian Population 225 Rote live births Infant J SEPT ILES: Civil servant held hostage 5 days in welfare protest Jan. 1974 OTTAWA; Indians occupy unused federal building Oct. 1974 Housing on Indian Reserves Familbs Needing Houses Needing Major Repairs Indian leaders blamed for famine conditions Modernization failure for aborigine tribe SYDNEY (Reuter) An Australian government at- tempt to push a small group of aborigines into the 20th cen- tury has ended in failure and disillusion, drunkenness and violence. For years aborigines in the Gulf of Carpenteria, North Australia, lived and hunted happily, their routine interrupted only by the trek into dreamtime Now, in less than two years, the aboriginal community at Umbakumba on Groote Ey- landt, a small island about 50 miles long, 20 miles off the Australian coast, has found- ered on the social ills of bore- dom, violence and alcoholism. Umbakumba is a pilot proj- ect in self-determination for outback aborigines. The scheme aims at finding their place in Aus- tralian society in the next half-century. The ruling Australian Labor party gave the 368 residents of Umbakumba the right to make its own decisions in De- cember, 1972, following riots over demands for increased rights for aborigines, which resulted in 27 people being jailed. The tribal society of the aborigines was replaced by new structures, community and village councils and a bousing association, that are meaningless to this centuries- old race. Elders have tost interest in maintaining The young men recently went on a drunken rampage which cant- ed damage to a com- munity centre. Two nursing sisters re- signed, one after being threat- ened with an axe. A construc- tion company pulled out, say- ing the lives of its workers were endangered. Another company threatened to aban- don work on a new hospital after one of its workers was held at knifepoint. The minister for aboriginal affairs, Senator Jim Cav- anagh, 61, said the govern- ment may have moved too fast in giving the aborigines self-determination and more assistance than they could cope with. The government will prob- ably send in a community ad- viser as a practical move to try to curb excesses. But Cavanagh is worried that helping the aborigines re- turn to their traditional ways may cut them off from needed facilities and hamper the education of their young. While the government is willing to finance aboriginal communities with basic grants of Cavanagh stressed he would like to see more value for money. His department recently came under strong criticism from the auditor-general's de- partment for its loose han- dling of financial, grants to Australia's aborigines. Aboriginal leaders say a two-way system is needed un- der which aborigines would be able to take what they need from Western culture while maintaining much of their own. As an example they point to the Pintubis aborigines at Yai Yai, about 155 miles west of Alice Springs in central Aus- tralia where aborigines have established their own village, drawing on such props of white society as medical and health care while living a tra- ditional life. Advisers say they have maintained their self-respect and look to the future with confidence. In the Northern Territory, cattle stations, bought by gov- ernment money but managed and run by aborigines, have also proved successful. The self-determination pol- icy is a departure from the assimilation approach of the Liberal-Country Party government. Indian militancy has many causes By THE CANADIAN PRESS Increasing Indian militancy during the last few years culminated in a violent clash between about 200 Indians and RCMP riot police on Parliament Hill Sept. 30, during the open- ing of Parliament. The Indians involved were members of a caravan that travelled from Vancouver to Ottawa to confront the government with a number of grievances. Jaw troubles cause VANCOUVER (CP) A million suffering from headaches may have problems with their jaws, says Dr. R. H. Roydhouse of Uw University of British Columbia's department of restorative dentistry. In the Soviet Union, he said at a seminar here, more than people were tested in the community of Kalinin in 1972 and seven per cent had jaw-re- lated headaches. A similar study was con- ducted in 1972 in Umea, Swe- den, where 91 per cent of more than residents between the ages of 15 and 74 were tested. Again, seven per cent were thought to have jaw-re- lated headaches. Dr. Roydhouse said be esti- mates about a million Cana- dians have the same problem. Texaco Canada Ltd. Has for lease in the near future a combination wholesale and retail outlet in the TOWN of BROOKS, Alberta We offer a complete training program and attrac- tive guaranteed income to the successful applicant. Intormted partiM call 327-4370 Lsthbridge, or write to 3rd Avtj. S., Ltthbridge FOR FURTHER INFORMATION r BOMBAY (CP) When Umed Singh Ratbia, a member of the Indian Parlia- ment from Madbya Pradesh state, visited a town in his constituency recently, he was not prepared for the type of reception he got. A popular politician, Rathia is accustomed to being greeted by enthusiastic villagers during his tours. But the students of Kharsia town invaded the government' rest house where Rathia was staying, blackened his face with boot polish and placed a "garland" of old shoes round his neck. The MP was then asked to sit on a donkey and paraded through the streets. The local student union said the punishment was meant to "force our elected legislator to serve bis constituency better." The students alleged that Rathia had done nothing to re- move famine conditions in the area. When policemen tried to rescue Ratbia from the students, he said: "Please don't interfere. These people elected me. Let them also have the joy of punishing me. I am, after all, a servant of the people." Report from various states show that attacks by students and workers on legislators are increasing. Student unions and workers' councils argue that voters have the right to force the resignation of legislators who, hi their view, have lost public confidence. They also want the right to "recall" them if they are found unfit. A large number of legislators hi Gujarat state were recently forced to resign from the legislature by a stu- dent organization called New Uplift League. Hundreds of slogan-snouting students lay siege to the homes of legislators, literally starving them into resignation. A similar campaign is under way in Bihar state, though the legislators there are standing firm. Your Business Associates Will Be Staying At The Jfflotel Parole) B.C. Color TV DD See You There! published by Statistics Canada show a high infant mortality rate, poor housing, low education and disease among Indians. Leaders of the native people say these are among the causes of the growing militancy- Although infant mortality is decreasing and the Indian population is growing, the rate of in- fant mortality among Indians in 1970 was twice the national average. And with an increasing population, the problem of ade- quate housing for the Indians is increasing. In per cent of families on Indian reserves needed new housing. In 1971 the figure had risen to 25.4 per cent. Similarly, the number of houses on reserves needing major repairs rose to 15.9 per cent in 1971 from 9.1 per cent in 1965. Fewer than 25 per cent of reserve homes had indoor toilets. There have been several incidents of Indian militancy in the last year. In Regina, Indians staged a three-day sit-in in the Saskatchewan legislature last December. In January, Indians held a civil servant hostage for five'days in Sept DCS, Que., to protest alleged welfare discrimination. During the summer months, armed Indians IMMiafMr at Cache Creek, B.C., on two occasions and other armed Indians took over Anitinabe Provincial Park near Kenora, Ont, for six weeks. British EEC share too big? BRUSSELS (Reuter) The Common Market Commission has concluded in a confiden- tial report that Britain may be paying too much toward the huge EEC budget, informed sources say. 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