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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 31, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIOGE HERALD October 31, 1973 Colorado oil shales During negotiations between the Syncrude consortium and the provincial government concerning development of the tar sands, oilmen, so the rumor goes, implied that if they didn't get the kind of deal they wanted they would pack up and head south to develop the Colorado oil shales. The U.S. department of the interior has just released its final environmental impact statement on a proposal for a prototype development program and the final decision on leasing is expected soon. Estimates are that a possible two million million barrels of hydrocarbons are contained in the sedimentary for- mations of a three-state area in Colorado. Wyoming and Utah. Eleven million acres of land contain commercial oil shale deposits, of which 8.3 million are federally owned. It is also estimated that 600 billion barrels of oil can be produced in these shales by means of current technology. By way of comparison, the evaluated portion of the Athabasca oil sands covers more than five and three-quarter million acres and contains an estimated 700 billion barrels of oil in place, of which about 300 billion barrels of synthetic crude are now considered recoverable. Under the plan proposed for develop- ment of the U.S. oil shales, six parcels of land of acres each will be leased to oil companies for development. One tract will be developed by surface mining, three will be developed by un- derground mining and two will involve in situ crushing and heating of shale while still in the ground. Initial production is expected to be up to barrels daily. This prototype program will be evaluated by a further environmental study before full-scale development is begun. This, in turn, is expected to produce up to five million barrels daily by the mid-1980's. Atlantic Richfield, which owns 30 per cent interest in Syncrude, is among the companies that have announced plans for pilot plants. Occidental Oil, which is becoming the enfant terrible of the in- dustry, says it has developed a new in situ method of extracting oil from shales at prices competitive with conventional crude with no greater capital investment than is involved in offshore drilling. It claims that this method offers the least environmental harm. Environmental issues seem to be los- ing ground on other fronts in the energy- crisis. It will be interesting to see what happens in Colorado where environmen- talists are not easily discouraged and taxpayers are also rather astute. Heed the warning Animals protected from the hunter's bullet within national parks are apt to be "killed (or at least sickened) with kindness." Hundreds of winter visitors armed with biscuits, chocolate and candy who ignore the warning, "Don't feed the animals." are posing the danger. Animal feeding has become a major oark problem and is both hazardous to .herd and humans. Animals with diseased mouths have transmitted infection to the hands of their benefactors and children have been kicked by sharp hoofs while feeding deer. Unthinking patrons unwit- tingly disrupting the animal's natural feeding habits, expose them to additional hazards of chocolate bar wrappers and plastic bag containers dropped by- careless individuals armed with sweets and salty nuts to feed unsuspecting herds. With autumn initiating the animal's annual winter trek to lower regions to rescape the ravages of the wind-swept peaks tiny Waterton Lakes National Park (just over 200 square miles) has a higher concentration of animals in the lower altitudes than the larger parks. Motorists often have to dodge their way between loitering mountain sheep and deer ready to amble up to an open car window for hand-outs at the slightest in vitation. Waterton's summer deer pop- ulation numbering merely 150 will jump to 700 this winter as deer migrate from Glacier National Park north through the Blood Indian timber reserve and along the Belly River; the park's 300 mountain sheep summering on Sofa and Vimy mountains plus the few migrating in from the Yarrow and Blood canyons and the 700 wapitti some treking in from Montana, will al converge in the lower townsite region. The park's 90 mountain goats will continue to remain elusive, the 15 buffalo will be transferred to their winter enclosure while the park's 50 black bears and 15 grizzlies hibernate. This cycle, part of nature's wonder, is repeated annually without human aid. The grasses and forage produced each summer plus the plentiful smaller animals such as rabbits, marmites and weasles provide adequate food, salt slicks furnish sufficient additives and the streams and ponds enough liquid so park animals don't require tha popcorn, peanuts and soda pop brought in by- fraternizing patrons. The photographer, anxious for a picture, doesn't have to produce a biscuit to get one the deer are everywhere. And the sooner park patrons realize this the better. ART BUCHWALD Are UFOs for real? WASHINGTON I happen to be one of those people who believes that the uniden- tified flying objects which have been reported seen whizzing around the United States are for real. But, like so many people, I have no idea what they want from the United States at this point in time. I sought out some of the most learned men in this country to find out if they had any theories. Prof. Heinrich Applebaum of the Watergate Observatory told me, "This is just speculation, of course, but I wouldn't be sur- prised if they're trying to make a wheat deal with the United States. They saw what a good contract the Russians made with us and they figure they could do the same thing.'1 "But why would they need I asked. "If you will look through this telescope you'll see that there is not too much growing out there. You have to assume that whoever they are, they have to import most of their wheat. They probably were buying wheat from another planet until they got word that they could get our wheat much cheaper." Dr. Fitzhugh Feelinghouse of the Society for the Preservation of High Sulphur Content in Fuel disagreed. "I am under the impres- sion they want to buy oil from us. We have to assume that if they're from outer space and can make it all the way here, they are a highly industrialized society. Therefore, they must be short on fuel. I am almost certain they've come to discuss the feasibility of building a pipeline to their planet." "But why the United 1 asked. "We don't have oil to sell to anyone." "They don't know Dr. Feelinghouse "All they've seen from their telescopes are our neon signs advertising Exxon, Gulf, Texaco and BP gasoline. They probably figure we have the stuff coming out of our ears." "But if they're so sophisticated scien- tifically, why would they need oil in the first place? Aren't there other sources of power available to creatures from outer "Probably. But if their oil companies are like ours, they've discouraged the use of other fuels. I imagine even in outer space you can't lick the oil Jeremy Saitherwaite, a political scientist at the Institute of Paranoia, is very skeptical about the UFOs coming from another galaxy. "I think Nixon is trying to get our minds off his domestic troubles by whipping up a flying saucer scare." "But how could he swing it? Surely you can't launch a flying saucer from somewhere in the United States without someone know- ing about it." "Why do you think he sent those three astronauts up to Skylab for 59 "You mean they were sent up there to launch the flying saucers from "You better believe he said. "Wait a minute. The two Mississippians who were captured described the creatures in the UFO as being green, with no eyes, and a stub in the middle of their faces which could have been a nose. How could they look like Saitherwaite replied, "Have you ever heard of Nixon's make-up man from the 1960 cam- paign? The final expert I spoke to was Prof. Charles Simolli, a sociologist, who said, "The most interesting thing is that most of the UFO sightings have been in the South." "What are you driving I asked. "Has it ever occurred to you that all that these poor creatures from outer space are trying to do is bus their kids to a good Judicious oversights From The Wall Street Journal Unidentified Flying Objects were reported over Tennessee recently, three of them near the Kentucky border and one that hung around the Memphis area for almost four hours, its lights alternately shining brightly and faintly. An unidentified bright white light reported- ly passed near the 'Memphis airport, but a Federal Aviation Agency spokesman denied that anyone in the FAA saw it As he ex- plained, "About 15 years ago one of the guys up here said he saw something in the sky he couldn't explain and the Air Force sent him about 15 feet of papers to fill out I don't think anybody up here is going to see anything unfamiliar again." Revised philosophy texts can forget the hoary question about whether a tree falling in a forest makes noise if no one hears it, and can ask instead whether UFOs exist if FAA officials don't report them. We sometimes think the Loch Ness monster and the Jersey Devil could have done with a little more of such studied disregard. Still the method is not without risks. Imagine how the course of history might have been changed had Paul Revere refused to acknowledge the lights in the Old North Church just because he didn't want to get bogged down in paperwork afterwards. The tar baby Temporary or continuing controls By Anthony Westell, Toronto Star commentator OTTAWA How tem- porary really would be those income and price controls which Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield is promising to impose if he becomes Prime Minister? He says in his speeches that he would freeze incomes and prices for 90 days, during which he would work out with the provinces, employees, labor and other groups a flexi- ble system of control which would last for 18 months to two years. Even that is unpleasant medicine for many Tories reluctant to see government take over the regulation of profits and pay. They are per- suaded only that controls may be necessary to fight inflation in the they certainly believe controls are a politically popular idea. But when you probe Stan- field's thinking, as I did in a recent interview, you discover that he is already hedging his bets about lifting controls after two years, and beginning to think about a continuing in- comes policy. Question: "You have sug- gested that controls would last perhaps 18 months or two years. What makes you think that at the end of that period the problem of inflation would be Stanfield: "I'm not convinc- ed by any means that the problem of inflation would be over at the end of two years. I do believe that the problem, as far as Canada is concerned, could be easier at the end of such a period." Stanfield explained that he would use controls to check the current escalation in prices, squeeze out inflationary expectations and keep a lid on prices while he expanded the economy to tackle unemployment and regional disparity. At the end of a couple of years, it would be possible to slow the rate of growth, and there should be a reduction in international pressures, so controls could then be lifted. But: "I admit quite frankly that I consider inflation to be a continuing problem and I could not honestly say I believe the problem will be over or eliminated at the end of the two-year period." "But you are committed to end the controls after a two- year Stanfield: ''I'm certainly committed to end a system of comprehensive controls after a two-year period. But I would have to reserve the right, as Prime Minister, to review my position from time to time." Intrigued by that slight equi- vocation. I came back to the subject in a different context later in the interview. Question: "The Conser- vative Party, if not com- mitted to a free market, is at least inclined toward a free market economy. Two things that distinguish a free market are that it sets the return on capital, that is, profit, and the price of labor. And here you are, as Conservative leader, about to take over both those functions for the state Do you have qualms about that? Do you think all those critics of the capitalist economy are perhaps turning out to be right9" Stanfield: "Well, I have concerns about this. I have concerns about how free the market has become in view of the concentration in terms of corporate power, for ex- ample, and also in terms of concentration of power of the union side of things. My concerns are not such that I've reached a conclusion by any means to abandon what you have referred to as the free market because it is not proving adequate today in Canada in terms of coping with an adequate level of employment and providing at the same time some reasonable degree of stability. "To be very frank with you, I don't feel we have the answers, in any long-term haul. I suspect we are going to have to work toward some kind of an incomes policy on a more continuing basis than the short-term program I've been talking about. "But we cannot go on, as I see it, having rales of inflation of 8. 10. 11 per cent and seemingly going up and up. I don't think we can go on say- ing there is nothing that can be done about it. that it's an international phenomenon. "It will be ray respon- sibility, if I'm Prime Minister, during the two years this program I envisage is in effect, to see that we along with other countries in the world, take a very honest and clear-eyed look at this whole situation." So Stanfield ij not saying that we can have two years of controls and then return to the normal operation of the market economy. He is suggesting that control will give us a breathing space to tackle some urgent economic problems and to ex- plore new ways of managing the economy probably through some form of perma- nent incomes policy. (Copyright 1973. Toronto Star Syndicate) The rich get richer and the poor get poorer By Joseph C. Harsch, commentator for the Christian Science Monitor One of the more useful com- ments on the downfall of Spiro T. Agnew was in Newsweek magazine by Theodore White Making of a in which Mr. White laments the damage done to the cause of conser- vatism in the United States. He calls Mr. Agnew "the ablest spokesman of the conservative cause" in these times and notes correctly that in the days ahead no one who "again uses the honorable words that Agnew so slickly mastered can speak them without arousing suspicion." Mr. White regards the Agnew behavior as a "betrayal" of conservatism which he laments because it deprives conservatism of an adequate voice at a time when the country would undoubted- ly benefit from vigorous ar- ticulation of both conservative and liberal doctrine. We agree. Somehow the United States is in best political health when there is effective definition of the two rival points of view. It is not in full political health right now. There is an edginess in the air which seems to be affecting everyone both right and left. The liberals seem to be as lacking in effective spokesmen as are the conser- vatives. George McGcvern tried to relight the old torches, but who quotes any McGovernism today? The leading Democrats are trying to sound like men of the political centre. But the liberals still have one advan- tage. Having been out of office and out of power for a long time they have no recent public record to present as a target. The conservatives are in multiple trouble. They are supposedly in power, hence vulnerable on their record. Their favorite evangelist, Spiro Agnew, has turned out to be a man who accepts cash in manilla envelopes over the desk of the vice-president of the United States. Their funnei attorney general, John Mitchell, is under indictment for breaking the laws he pledged to uphold. Even more damaging to conservatism has been the failure of the Nixon ad- ministration to move forward with a positive domestic program in the wake of the Nixon landslide of last November. This was the op- portunity of the century. Conservatism was in the ascendant. It had been massively endorsed by the electorate. What did the Nixon ad- ministration offer? It preached many things in domestic affairs but it all boil- ed down to just two negative projects lower taxes for the rich and lower welfare for the poor. In foreign policy Nix- onism means substituting detente for "cold war" and disengaging the United States from direct intervention in regional affairs aii over the world. But that is bipartisan and has nothing to do with conservatism vs. liberalism. If the Nixon administration was to be truly conservative it had to show it in domestic af- fairs. A current theory is that the administration has been hamstrung by Watergate. But Watergate did not become an obstacle to action in Washington until March. The Agnew disclosures date from August. Long before March the Nixon administration had unrolled its post-election program and it consisted in fact of only those two negative purposes to keep taxes down for the rich and welfare down for the poor. So conservatism has been betrayed by the profit taking of Spiro Agnew and by the law breaking of the Watergate culprits. But. would submit, it had already been betrayed by the negativism of tne post- election domestic program offered by the administration If true conservatism is to be applied to the national policies of the United Slates it will have to find new and different vehicles for surely, true conservatism is positive, not negative Letters to the Editor Absurd historical blunder 1973 by NfA, Int. wish I hadn't seen you, you stupid UFO now, everybody will think I've gone A friend has passed on to me an advertising leaflet issued by a well known department store which is currently using shamrocks, shillelaghs and sentiment to rake in the green backs. No doubt, we'll soon have a tartan, bagpipes and haggis week, though the color of the money will not change. The leaflet in question, "Nine Famous Irishmen" lists the men of the Young Ireland Movement who were arraigned for rebellion. It refers to Charles (Gavan) Duffy (whose history of the movement lies before me as I write) as "prime minister of Australia" in 1874. Now no one expects department store historians to be really concerned with history, but how amusing that their writer of potted history makes such an absurd blunder. Australia was not federated until 1901 and Duffy was never its prime minister, but served the colony of Victoria as a minister, and, briefly, as premier Duffy spent most of his political life in Victoria trying to resettle the small man on the land against the opposition of the big businessmen and graziers. John Mitchell was not only a New York politician. He wrote a famous book "Jail Journal" from his Hobart cell. One third of all the prisoners sent to Australia were Irish political prisoners, and most of the nine mentioned, whether great or ordinary, had no time for hypocrisy or humbug. Many of them died in dungeons, rose in revolt (as at Castle Hill or or were flogged to death or es- caped to the bush or America, because they stood for prin- ciples as different as possible from those which big chair, stores represent Lethbridge The LetKbridge Herald 504 7th St. S. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD.. Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954. by Hon. W.A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 001." Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association nnd the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS. Editor and Pulilishcr THOMAS H. ADAMS, W.UMCJIT WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editor :al Pngi? Editor DON PILLING Managing Editor ROY MILES Advertising Manager "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;