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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 31, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta _. (HE UTH8RIDGE HERAID Tuesday, October 31, 1972 Mutual need influences Russia, Egypt lly John DC St. Jorre, London Observer commcnUilor Trouble ahead Canada is in trouble. She is in from a StaiifioUl government, or the possibility of a Stanficlcl gov- ernment, but from the fragmented aspirations of Hie people, and from renewed isolation of Quebec. Hie real winner Monday may well have been Mr. Levescrne. Mr Tnuleaii, having been repudi- ated by most of non-French Canada, should resign. But what of Mr. Stan- field? Imagine a prime minister of Canada with only two supporters from Quebec! For the first time, in the Liberal "ovevnmcnt French Canadians had appropriate strength in the cabinet. This was protested by some of Mr. Slanficld's candidates, and was a fac- tor in the Liberal defeat. This will be interpreted in Quebec, to some ex- tent, as an anti-Quebec vote, and even with Mr. Wagner in the cabinet it will he considered an anti-French government. The question to which Mr. Trudeau had been addressing himself was whether -French Canada could find her national aspirations within Con- federation. The answer is now in greater doubt. Given another election soon, which would doubtless strengthen a Con- servative government las it (lid in Quebec might decide to join the Conservative party and claim a voice in the government. But then Prime Minister Stanfield would be inviting Ihe same displeasure that be- fell Mr. Ti-udeau. For another reason Monday's elec- tion portends chaotic years ahead for Canada. The Canadian parliamentary sys- tem was made for only two parties, one in government and the other in opposition. Thus there would always be a majority, and a majority gov- Public scrutiny Bv Jim Hshbournc Apropos a recent editorial comment lhat In holding closed meetings the university's governors were a bit out of step with the times, anil with their colleagues at other Alberta institutions, readers may have noted an item in the Environment section of the October 9 issue of Time Magazine. This tells what happened when an exasperated member of the Los Angeles water-quality control board decided it was time to invite taxpayers and reporters to board meetings. "Under this public scruti- ny" the article says, "the embarrassed board immediately toughened its anti-pol- lution policies, In other words, when Board members realized the public was to be made aware ot what was said and done at board meet- ings, they began acting as the public had wanted all along. eminent. Canadians had to endure a minority government from 1957 lo 1958 and again from 1362 lo 196B, ami they didn't like it. Now they have it again, and as long as there are three substantial parties it is always possible. Which of Ihe three will disappear? In the immediate future, none. Mi-. Trudeau may try lo hang on, counting on the New Democrats lo support him. That is neither likely lo happen, nor is it desirable. What is the explanation for the unhappy state in which the country now finds itself.' Not. as some politicians might like lo believe, that a genuine alterna- tive was glimpsed by the Liberal gov- ernment as a way of tackling the problems in Canada. After all, no real solutions lo such problems as unemployment and inflation were of- fered by the other parties. The ex- planation for the mess that has re- sulted lies in another direction. Probably the most telling factor in the Liberal loss of strength is the negative attitude that has been build- in" toward Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau. Air. Trudeau may not have been able to do anything about some of the loss favor since it was based initially on an unreal assess- ment of the man. But lie is a more decisive and forceful leader than he projected during the election cam- paign. The air of detachment lie ef- fected hurt him and his government. Coupled with this anti-Tnuleau mood is the widespread entertain- ment of impossible expectations. There is a notion that there are simple solutions lo unemployment, in- flation and the concents ot Ihe farm- er. No government will be able to cope with these issues to the satisfac- tion of everyone. Then, finally, there is a great deal of frustration abroad. It stems from the increasing complexity of the world. The hope seems to be that change is the answer, so govern- ment after government in Canada has been swept out. of office. CAIRO Egyptian Soviet relations have turned a difficult comer after the Egyptian pre- mier's low-keyed visit to Mos- cow recently. But it is a sal- vaged marriage, a holding op- eration without passion, f o r Ihe sake ot the children. The improvement lies in the launching of a new dialogue and a determination by both sides lo keep things on a civil- ized level. The talks in Mos- cow were shorter than expected and Leonid Brezhnev, first sec- retary of the Communist party and the most powerful man in the Kremlin, did not play a di- rect part in them as be often does. The communique, which con- fined itself to Russian support o[ (he Aral) cause by though presumably peaceful, means within "the provisions ot (he United Nations was one of the mildest ever, and diplomatic observers here expect Ihe return visit by one 01- more of the Soviet leaders lo he later rather than sooner. Next January, (he second anni- versary of the opening of the High Dam at Aswan, is being tipped as a likely date. There was no indication o[ new arms supplies nor ot a Russian "return" lo Egypt. But it seems probable that the status spares and economic aid for Egypt, port facilities for Ihe Russian fleet will continue on a more amic- able basis than hitherto. Short o[ a co in p I c t c break, it is d i f f i c u 11 to imagine how things could have been worse between Ihe two countries since President Sadat expelled the Soviet advisers three months ago. During that time each country withdrew its ambassador and the Egyptian and Soviet press have attacked each other with unprecedented abandon. The thaw began early this m out h. President Hafiz el Assad of Syria, acting as the honest broker, visited Cairo ami Moscow. It was agreed lhal the Egyptian minister, Aziz Sid'ky, should go lo the So- viet Union, (lie had last been there lo issue President Sadat's ultiinatium demanding advanc- ed strike aircraft or the with- drawal of the Soviet military presence in July.) The underlying strength of the alliance is that each side has a vested interest in the other. This makes a complete break highly unlikely. Apart from military supplies and eco- nomic assistance the mas- sive Hclwan iron and steel com- plex being built by the Rus- sians is still incomplete Egypt needs a powerful friend The future doesn't look good for whichever major party undertakes to govern. Whatever cause there may have been for discontent before the election pales before the prospect of the weeks and months of ineffective government that almost certainly lie ahead. Mr. Stanfield, if he becomes prime minister, should be both congratu- lated and supported. All wisdom and strength to him. We don't blame him for Monday's troubles. We blame the people. "The people have spoken, and that is democracy, but we don't like what we hear. What to do ivlth leisure Lime? By Eva Brewster COUTTS A group of young wives talk- ed to me recently alxmt leisure time they did not have. Oldfashioned enough to be- lieve young children need their mothers at home, they were nevertheless advocat- ing a change in general attitude to fair work distribulion. As machines and computers take over, more and more people will he chasing fewer and fewer jobs. Already, the wo- men contended, many men don't know what to do with their leisure time. Governments are blamed for a development that can- not be halted unless science trends are reversed and we start from scratch with stone axes and wooden ploughs. Such re- gression is highly unlikely hut, these young mothers asked, "Are we really all that far removed from the stone Mothers with young children still work an 18-hour day, are on call 24 hours for 7 days a week and serve as mates, house- keepers, cooks, nurses and teachers rolled into one. Often, to accumulate a little ncsl- egg they can call their own, they work la'te into the night when children are asleep or get talked into all sorts oC unprofitable commercial ventures by firms exploiting their needs. All this, they claimed, while their men chase a little golf ball round a course or, worse in their opinion, .spend spare time and long weekends going hunt- ing and fishing. "It wouldn't be so bad if, like the stone age man, they still had to provide food for their families but most- the ladies accused their husbands, Ihey h-nvf> lo show for their efforts is empty hollies and sore hearts." "It's as ROM! a way a-, any lo kill boredom." the men explained. could we do with the shorter week and Corking Their thought they knew the answer to prolilt-ms. Womens' work load not likely to change for a long time lo come bi.-1, if they have litlle time for anything they can always find lime for IhinkinK hatching height iileris. Dointf lhat, llw-.c young v.omen may have come up with a sohilion. Tiie proposal lo give housewives salar- ies and pensions would be a step in Ihe right direction but, in their opinion, does not go far enough to help create a just .society. If they had their way, there would be, in addition, overtime payments to wives and mothers to come out of mens' salaries as soon as the working week is reduced to the proposed three or four days already tried out in some industries and bound to become universal practice. Human nature being what it is, men would soon share in the task of raising kids and doing housework. Sure, there arc men who do so already but few consider their help anything but charity and ihat attitude is not helped by Ihe pity, if not derision, they receive from the "stone age" hunters. Their outlook would change overnight il overtime paid lo wives bcgay to hurt their pockct.s. At the same lime, it would change outmoded work ethics and, f cjuntc. "rncns' inflated ideas of their superiority." Who would pay for tlicse social The young women suggested it would lake the world by surprise to find out how much, financially, women could contribute were they allowed time and opportunity to make use of their natural crc-ativily. The time is fast approaching, they reckon- cd, when Uicrc wilf be a greater demand for lite skills most women can give to mankind tf'.crc is for jolts any old computer can do better and faster than man. We expccl politicians to make promises they cannot possibly keep, "create" jobs, train TJIKI re-lram (or ttvil '.'ill I.-1, at Icrnporary ur, v.orso, no in demand by Hie time finish training. Instead of uasling snrns on such schemes, v.hy not train men in sueial science; to .share v.oi'k in tho home. v.ay, Ixilh men and women could have airl enjoy lei- sure tiriie. V.ornen v.nulrt then be ton lo look forward lo lhal blissful stale of i etireineiil fev; kuo-.v what lo tin v.illi v.i.on it lo i.hem rji1 wilhoiit Ilic "golden handshake.1' mm me m I W B in Ihe top league, even It it is only a fair-weather one. The Soviet Union has a huge economic stake in this country and none of Egypt's strategic advantages have lost their al- lure. Soviet diversification in other Arab countries, such as Syria and Iraq, does not neces- sarily mean a desire to with- draw from Egypt, though it contains an element of reinsur- ance. Similarly, neither side wants loo close an embrace. The na- tionalist feeling here, especial- ly in the armed forces, is loo strong to accept a return of the Soviet advisers, who were ob- jectionable because Iheir role as teachers and watchdogs be- came abrasive and restrictive. This, it seems, suits the Rus- sians loo. Their global inler- csls, notably the rapproche- ment with tho United States which was taken one step fur- ther recently with a new trade rule out a confron- tation with America over the Jlittdle East. Tims a more healthy equili- brium has been achieved, though it docs not fufil either side's most treasured dream. Analysing the past and pres- ent slates of relations with the Soviet Union. Huhammed Hcy- Ihe editor of the influential newspaper Al Ahram, wrote with some candor: "One side (Egypt) said: 'You did not give us to which the oilier side (Russia) retorted: 'You did not properly use what you had Nothing can be more dangerous to a friendship than when Ihe side in need becomes insistent in its demands and then feels lhat there is not a full response to its insistence." But the problem for Egypt, an eternal one these days it seems, is that this does not ad- vance its recovery of the occu- pied territories. The bid this summer to enlisl the support of Western Europe and the pur- chase of sophislicated weap- onry withheld by the Russians was badly undermined by the Munich killings, which not only soured relations with West Germany but alienated much popular support in France and Britain too. With the Russians at arm's length and Western Europe in limbo, the Egyptian govern- ment's thoughts may o n cc again turn towards the Ameri- cans after the presidential elections are over. "Our friend- ship with the Soviet Heykal wrote significantly, "does not restrict our right to establish a complete pattern of strategic relations or our right to tactical movement." Cuban showdown made Vietnam crisis manageable By C. L. Sulzbergcr, New York Times commetitaltf PARIS Historians m a y eventually decide the most sig- nificant aspect of the Indochina war was that it never produced a superpower confronlalion re- sembling the nuclear showdown over Cuba just 10 years ago, It may be arguable lhat what occurred in the Caribbean at the end of October, 1962, had a profound if indirect influence on what was to happen i n Vietnam during the subse- quent decade. Looking back on events lhat led Khrushchev to the Cuban gamble, it is now possible to dis- cern his growing overeonfi- dence. After having met Ken- nedy in Vienna, lie told me the American president impressed him as being unable to face up to the, Berlin crisis then fester- ing. "Kennedy is too he said (Sept. 8, "He lacks the authority and prestige to settle the issue correctly. He is afraid to take up that position and that is why he has intro- duced mobilization measures." Khrushchev gave two clues lo his possible behavior although T was not shrewd enough to realize this. He said: "If Cuba were sub- jected to attack, it would have every right to expect assistance from other peace loving coun- tries we would certainly not ignore a request for as- sistance." He also indicated ex- aggerated faith in Kussia's nuc- lear arsenal, saying it v.a s being armed witii "several" warheads of such destructive power as "lo make would be aggressors think twice." Khrushchev probably didn't then contemplate the possibil- ity that S3 months later he would have dispatched missiles and nuclear lo Cuba. SDECE, Ihe French Intelligence Service, reported "i'vc !ovcJ ths government millions again, 1 designed enother plane that can't pouibfy fce it s obsolete'.'4 some clues early in October and the CIA established over- whelming confirmation through aerial surveyance. The result is history. Ken- nedy reacted with calm tough- ness and sent Dean Acheson abroad to alert our allies. France's President De Gaulle told Acheson it was unneces- sary to show him photographs of the Soviet missiles "because obviously a great government like yours would not risk war for nothing." He assured Washington of French support. Some lesser allies suggested dismantling U.S. missile bases in Turkey to save Khrushchev's face. Several suspected what Moscow really sought was Western abandonment of Ber- lin. N'one of this happened. Faced by a U.S. naval blockade and the threat of holocaust, Khrushchev backed down. On Nov. 9, 1002 Kennedy fold me he was "astonished" at the speed with which the Russians managed to pull their missiles out of Cuba hut added [hat ho couldn't understand why Khrushchev had gone there in Ihe first place. If ho had thought America wasn't going to fight in the heart of an area of its own vital interest (Ehe president speculated) he sure- ly must have assumed wo weren't going lo fight in Hcrlin. Therefore, he asked: "W h y didn't he go straight for Ber- On Nov. 20 the president srtid i n another conversation that he had learned m u e h from Ihc terrible episode. At the si art "you don't know whom lo believe ant! whom to disbelieve. Tint I can do the job much heller The crisis produced several repercussions. Khrushchev sent n message to British P r i in o Minister Macmillan saying the should not try to push Uussia around on Berlin or make the mistake of thinking 11 :c Cuba sho wd own pro vcd Moscow was "soft." NATO endorsed Kennedy's desire to increase Ihe alliance's conventional strength because Cuba had demonstrated that Iho UFT of sncii slronglh in a crisis arcri could force ttn lo Ix; the first to explore nuc- lear weapons and thereby risk mass destruction. The Russians vastly acceler- ated their naval building pro- gram and began to move per- sistently into the Mediterrane- an. Tliis process coincided with dismantling of the U.S. Missile sites in Turkey. Washington promised to take no physical action against Cuba's, regime ami this in turn strengthened the hand of Lalin America revolutionary move- ments for some time to come. DeGaulle decided he would never again allow France to be drawn into crisis (he European area and loosened French NATO tics. This historical effect of the Cuban confrontation on Viet- nam was indbect. Kennedy certainly didn't reduce Ameri- can intervention; he souped it up. Cut the lesson of 19G2 wasn't lost. Despite U.S. at- tacks on Hanoi, even whllo Kosy gi n was there, or bom ic- ings right up to China, and de- spite Ihe U.S. blockade of Hai- phong, Moscow and Peking reacted with calculated calm. Both had seen in Cuba that the specter of the nuclear war was too dangerous to contem- plate. Ultimately, Cuba thus made the Vietnam crisis raan- ageahle. Letter to the editor Recreational park About 13 miles northeast of downtown l-ethbridge there is a beautiful island, rich with scenery and wildlife. This 57- acre island is owned by Mr. Richard Anderson of Picture liutte. Smaller than St. George Island in Calgary, the Olciman River on both sides of this quid, island three quart- of the water going sou 1 h and one on the north. The only way you can gel on Ihs island is by horseback in (he spring, swim in summer, helicopter in the fail ami on ice; in (he winter. South of the island there are over 1DO acres of Mood plain where horses and cattle graze. This flat river bottom is owned liy Mr. Roger Salmonson of Ixithbritlgc. I am proud lo live so close to this wilderness landscape. T will always cherish (his favor- ite .spot as long as I live. I hope that Ihe Alberta gov- ernment will set aside this wil- derness area for a recreational park for future use. so people can enjoy (lie wildlife and sur- rounding srniin-y for genera- tions lo come. AMUNDSON Picture liutte, So They Say Ollicrs may think what they like, but v.c know our bombs Waslcd Ihc Northern Irclriiul Parliament mil of exislcnr'C. Scnn Mac Sliufan, Chief of Slaff, Provisional IMA Herald 504 7lh St. Lcthbndgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE no. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published by Hon. W. A. RUCHANAN Second CI351! We m her rJ Ttie Canadian Pitss Ihe Can; Publishers' and Ihe Audit fiu CLEO MOWERS, Editor flhd THOMAS H. ADAWS, Central DON TILL ING Mflnsqir.rj HdilT KOY AAlLEi diao Dally c.iu cf Publisher HAY Fdii DOUGLAj K WALKER lising Mflniger tdilonal Pjiqe Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;