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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - October 31, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Saturday, October 31, 1970 David Haworth The Soviet Hijackings There have been two successful hijackings of Soviet airplanes within recent weeks. In one of them a stewardess was killed, two crewmen and a passenger wounded. According to Charlotte Saikowski, the Christian Science Monitor's correspondent in Moscow, the Soviet press reported the hijackings, although such events are usually kept out of the papers. The Russians are intrigued, scandalized and excited. It's the most provocative news story they've had in months. It is easy to sympathize with the hijackers who are seeking asylum from the repressions of life in the U.S.S.R., but sympathy should not be allowed to cloud the issue. Hijacking is criminal, extremely dangerous to the lives of innocent passengers and no motive whatever excuses it. Now that the Soviets have had some experience with aerial bandits in their own country, there is a possibility that they might be persuaded to join with other nations in developing effective anti-hijack procedures. The Soviets have never taken issue with the Cubans over their policy of hijack hospitality, nor did they seem much concerned over the Palestinian guerrilla hijackings. The U.S.S.R. is not a member of the International Civil Aviation Organization. It should be, because the organization can only be fully effective if it has complete international co-operation. If it were, and if extradition of hijackers to their home countries were an international law, the Turkish government would be forced to return the fugitives. As it is, the Turks are hesitating. The whole affair has become complicated by the seizure of the U.S. plane carrying two American generals, one of them commander of the U.S. military mission in Turkey, and a Turkish colonel, which strayed, or was lured across the Soviet border. The Soviets appear to be anxious to make a deal with the Turks, an exchange of the Americans and the Turks for the Soviet hijackers. It's a James Bond thriller, but Westerners are tired of this kind of international excitement. In due course, the Russians will be too - tired enough to co-operate in preventing it. Miracle vs. Monster Dr. Norman Ernest Borlaug, the man who pioneered the work in developing more h i g ti 1 y productive strains of seed, has received the high recognition he so richly deserves-the Nobel Peace prize for 1970. To him and those who assisted him in his work the world must give great thanks, for the "miracle" seeds have brought new hope to those millions who suffer the dreadful pangs of chronic hunger. Starvation is not yet a thing of the past but the green revolution has done a great deal to diminish the numbers of its victims. But Dr. Borlaug is not relying on Ms wonder crops to solve the world's food problems. Prior to the an- nouncement that he had been awarded the great prize, he pointed out that "the world's population problem is a monster which, unless tamed, will one day wipe us from the earth's surface." One can only add a fervent "amen" to these remarks and trust that some day the Peace Prize will go to a representative of those scientists, sociologists and the host of others who have dedicated themselves to damping down the fires set off by the population explosion. The combination of increased production and a lower birth rate all over the world could go a very long way to solving endemic poverty and the evils it engenders. The Superior Sex Through the Centuries, the lordly male has assumed a natural superiority over the female. Now his attitudes - and the actions that spring from them - are under fire. Militant women are demanding equality with men. When they hear the latest from the controversial psychologist Dr. Arthur Jensen, they may not be satisfied with mere equality. Women may want to reign supreme when they learn that they are the superior sex. Several years ago, anthropologist in comparison to the value of the qualities of humanity which women possess in high degree. Now Dr. Jensen has come along and taken away even the little advantage that Mr. Montague left to the male. Psychologist Jensen claims that women are, on the average, smarter than men - by some two to five IQ points. He reached this conclus ion after reviewing IQ tests given to 12,-000 white and 11,000 black school children. The stormJthaLDr-Jensen blew up Ashley Montague^ wrote__a-inagazme-a" couple of years ago when he found article about'rthe natural superiority of women." He argued that women are physically and psychically superior to men - they suffer much less frequently from physical and psychical disorders and consequent live longer. More importantly, he contended, they have a competence in loving and co-operativeness-in social understanding-usually denied the male. The only superior quality Mr. Montague seemed to leave to the male was that of intelligence. This he dismissed as of relative unimportance that blacks scored consistently lower than whites on IQ tests and blamed the difference on genetic factors has not yet subsided. With the report of "his latest findings there is bound to be another storm. The males who have so successfully kept the females out of posts in the institutions of higher learning will surely rush to find flaws in Dr. Jensen's research. It would be too much of a revolution even in these changing times to have to reverse the ages-old tradition of the male as the superior sex. Weekend Meditation A Way Of Walking JpRANCES HAVERGAL, a happy, charming spirit despite her poor health, one night was too happy to sleep and wrote the hymn of consecration, "Take my life and let it be consecrated Lord to Thee." Dr. Halford Luccock, Professor of Homiletics at Yale University, thought the lines, "Take my feet and let them be swift and beautiful for Thee," were the best in the hymn. He maintained that the best way to witness was by the feet. When one goes to church, for example, one makes a silent witness to God and love for worship in His house. .So one can contend1 properly that religion is a way of walking, not of talking. This is something the Bible emphasizes. "Halakhah," the Jewish word for the right way of living, has its root in the verb "to walk." It also means the imitation of Cod. Some people confuse "blessed" with "happy." It doesn't mean that. It means going somewhere wholeheartedly. So Jesus says, "Blessed is the man who hungers and thirsts after righteousness." The psalmist puts it, "Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly." The Hebrew idea of religion was never a static condition, but a vital, moving thing, employing all life. As Erich Fromm points out, the old Babyonian holiday of "Shap-atu," which was celebrated every eleventh day, was a day of mourning and castiga-tion, a sombre day dedicated to Saturn, for which Saturday is named. The Hebrew day, the Sabbath, was, on the contrary, a day of rejoicing, the very opposite of the Babylonian Shapatu, not only given to reading the scriptures and religious writings, but for leisure and enjoyment of life. It was a day of life and freedom, not death and unhappy restraint. It was a day of rest and contemplation, certainly, not waste and debauchery, but a day in which man rose above the things of time and matter into the realm of eternal joy. So the Hebrew thought of life as a journey, a walk - "Enoch walked with God;" "Adam walked with God." The Bible uses the phrase repeatedly. "Walk in the Spirit. Walk in love. Walk in light. Walk worthy of the vocation wherewith you are called. Walk honestly. Walk in newness of life. Walk in wisdom. Walk after His commandments." Maurice Colbourne in his biography of George Bernard Shaw, has a picturesque description of Shaw. "When seen in the London streets or on the Malvery hills he always walks as though he had an appointment with himself and might be late for it." One can picture the ungainly, lean figure, striding eagerly, engrossed in his thoughts, composing his plays in his head as he went. How different from mucli of the slouchy, lazy, vacuous walking one sees on the city streets most of the time! The Bible says that John, "looking on Jesus as lie walked," recognized him as the Son of God. Shakespeare writes, "continual plodders" who "walk and wot not what they are." Jesus was not one of these! Wordsworth, on the other hand, wrote of a friend "who walked in glory and in joy . . . along the mountain side." Can't you just see him! That could have been said of Jesus. Isaiah may have been thinking of him: when he wrote, "How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings!" All of us have a distinctive way of walking and can be known and recognized by it. What kind of walker aire you? PRAYER: Grant, O God, that I may walk in the way of life and light and love. F. S. M. International Strikes Loom Ahead LONDON - It is not often that British trades unions are found peering forward trying to foresee situations which may take years to develop fully but tins was the object of a conference sponsored by the Trades Union Congress recently, about what the response of workers should be to the galloping progress of multi-national companies. What was significant was that the conference was held at all: a genie has escaped. But it has a divided self; that soon became apparent. A part of the union movement dreams of "internationalism", an almost sentimental vision of brother helping brother across national frontiers. In practical terms it would come down to shop stewards and union leaders concerned with, say, IBM, Esso or Chrysler, getting in touch with their opposite numbers elsewhere and taking concerted industrial action on an international scale when the need arises. Tnis idea has foundered so far because Fred, Kurt and Dino in fact find it very difficult to communicate with each other, much less to carry their own men along on behalf of the other's. The other part is represented by unionists whose main con- cern about international companies is the need for self-protection. Will the workers be exploited as cheap labor? Will there be prior guarantees about investment levels and employment? The TUC is none too happy about the problems created by multi-national firms setting up British subsidiaries and then refusing to grant union recognition. It says that this problem should be put in perspective because some British firms also similarly refuse, but the multinational companies tend to be larger employers than the British firms where there are equivalent problems and the anti-trade union policy is much more systematic. There is no question of the unions opposing international companies as such. Many are already far too big and the economic benefits they bring to host countries are enormous. A company like General Motors has a turnover equivalent to Holland's gross national product; Genearl Electric is the same as Norwav in the terms; Unilever to New Zealand. Professor Ben Roberts of the London School of Economics has made a special study of international companies and attended the TUC conference. He 'And failure to meet our demands will invoke a non-negotiable clause, resorting to punitive measures . . ." Letters To The Editor Appeal To Peigan Voters: Choose Carefully I would like to address another letter to the people of the Peigan Reserve. It is time for us to wake up and use our powers of voting, wisely. November the eighteenth draws closer, and on that day the future of the Peigan Reserve for the next two years will be decided. Much can be done in these two coming years if the right people are elected. Let us consider seriously before making our vote. This election is most important to the Peigan people. A reserve must almost be run like a small country. This election is as important to us, as the federal and provincial elections are to everyone! We must elect people who are willing to support organizations offering projects directed towards the betterment of the reserve. We need to take advantage of every opportunity open to us. Let us choose men and women who can support and understand our students, for they represent future leaders. Councillors should be more aware of the education system, especially where Indian and white students are integrated. It is up to our leaders to see that the Indian child is given undersanding and proper treatment. Our Head Chief should be educated and must also have wisdom to render his education useful to us. He should be able to speak our Blackfoot language in order to communicate with older members of the band. He should be concerned with the welfare of every Peigan man, woman and child, and not overly concerned with his own interests and those of relatives and friends. Every reservation is at a critical stage, and the chief and council elected should be capable of leading the people through the time of change and Plea For Consideration Are the people of Alberta being fair to Dr. J. W. Grant MacEwan, their beloved lieutenant governor? Just recently I read that Dr. MacEwan had just completed his 7th "Walk." Since he has been in office a little over five years, I couldn't help thinking "How wonderful!" Imagine my surprise to learn that the seven walks were completed during the past year - not over the past five years! Who knows how many walks, or how many hundreds of miles Dr. MacEwan has actually walked in all sorts of weather, since taking office? This does not include a 250 mile drive for a walk which had to be cancelled at the last minute. Everyone knows how much "His Honour" advocates "walking for better health," but how many adults have actually taken part in these marathons, and experienced the blisters, pulled leg muscles, and physi- Proposed Sewage Charges The Lethbridge City Council will do residents of this community a real favor by providing details of its negotiations with local industries well in advance of the November 9 public meeting for discussion of proposed sewage charges. Since the City intends to raise domestic charges from $1.00 to $3.25 per month (an increase of 225 per cent), the public is entitled to know the particulars of why the city is planning to decrease industrial charges (Herald, p. 13, Oct. 27, 1970). For example, it would be interesting to know just how the city conducted an analysis of what charges are niade to industries in other Alberta cen- tres, how and why charges differ from city to city, and why, specifically, local industries should not share "equitably" in the cost of a new secondary treatment plant. It would also be of great interest to know just which local industries are ready to pack up and move elsewhere if the schedule of new charges doesn't meet with their approval. This threat is one of the most common ploys of industry whenever incre a s e d costs are mentioned, yet evidence that the threat is ever carried out is simply not available. If it happens here, Lethbridge will have a new "first!" CHESTER B. BEATY. Lethbridge. cal exhaustion, which this man must have endured, rather than turn anyone down with a simple "No!". In October, 1966, Dr. MacEwan said one of his ambitions in office was to visit as many Alberta centers as possible. This he has certainly accomplished. Here is a man who gives so much of himself to the people of Alberta. If the walkathons are no longer a success without Dr. MacEwan taking part, then I suggest it is time we found some other method of raising money for charitable causes. We as citizens should show our lieutenant governor a little more consideration and refrain from asking him to participate in any more walkathons which may be an unnecessary strain on his strength and health. I am sure that all Albertans realize that we have a truly great man in our lieutenant governor. He is the type of person, however, who will drive himself to the utmost to be of service to the people of this province. Let us therefore not impose tasks upon him which may exceed the limit of human endurance. We want him to be with us for a long time to come! ROSEMARY REES'. Edmonton. on to progress without losing any part of our Indian culture. The new chief and council will have their work cut out for them, and their positions should not be envied if they are going to do their jobs properly. It is no easy thing to make big decisions for your people, and making some enemies cannot be avoided. But if those chosen are truly concerned with the welfare of the people, they will win our support and there will be a new interest among us. We must be involved with band affairs and contribute to our leaders in the direction of reserve living. We can start by seriously considering our vpte and getting the best people in. We have many fields to be ploughed and our votes, if used wisely, can enable us all to harvest the fruits of our leaders' labors. MRS. JOE SMITH. Brocket. is completely sympathetic to the unions' uneasiness about multi-nationals and their essentially undemocratic power. He believes international bargaining by unions will come - eventually - and refers to the recent attempt by the. European Metal Unions Committee to sign an international collective bargain with Philips, which has more than 150 plants in Europe. This was a premature effort, as it happened, but Philips have been holding meetings with international union organizations and the implications are clear enough. Before some unionists are tempted to draw a Marxist caricature of multi-national giants of capital bludgeoning the workers in many countries, Professor Roberts draws attention to a different perspective. "The international companies settled in this country have been the biggest source of innovation in industrial relations for the past 20 years," he says, itemizing such developments as productivity bargains, participation, long-term agreements, security of employment and concepts like job enrichment and quality control. The labor relations problems when dealing with a company like IBM, whose advanced technology makes it highly mobile and whose staff identify easily with management aims, is a proposition vastly different from when a company's investment is specific like oil-prospecting or bauxite mining. British unions have not made any study of the balance between the benefits and the costs of multi-national companies. An American firm setting up in Cornwall proposed to give its typists $120 a week, a huge wage; this would have been international parity but the local effects would have been disastrous. Ford (UK) is currently In a dilemma. A claim for $24 a week extra is shortly to be lodged and at a time when its production is humming, the models are right for the market, and so on, the company's inclination will be to pay most of it while the going is good. However, the last Ford pay rise of $10 a week touched off an inflationary round of claims elsewhere which, it can be argued, promise to have dire results for the economy as a whole. In such circumstances who benefits in the end? The unions are naturally happy to have the rises and can hardly be expected to see the long-term implications if the pattern is repeated too often. This is in sharp contrast to the situation in Hong Kong - also mentioned at the conference - where multi - national companies took full advantage of local conditions and exploited cheap, non-union labor in a manner which would be regarded as scandalous in this country. Professor Roberts disagrees with the indignation expressed at this, however. He believes that what is happening in Hong Kong is "a classic example of how to develop what was basically a peasant community and it has wisely responded to the opportunities given it by international companies. He thinks the same thing is happening in Japan, which has been importing research and development by playing host to the multi-nationals on a 50-50 joint venture basis. And the result? "By the end of the decade Japan will have a higher per capita income than the UK." International executives want to sweep the whole subject of their activities under the carpet, but this will not be allowed. The TUC, having taken a bite, is going to hang on now. It seeks "the organization of labor and governments, compelling these international companies to act in the public interest and in the interests of their employees." (Writen for The Herald, and LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 - Eighty students have registered at the new Agricultural College at Raymond. The term will begin Nov. 1, with the official opening about December L 1930-Many teachers are out of work and in response to an advertisement in Alberta newspapers 247 have registered in the southern part of the province. 1940-Young members of the Mennonite faith are receiving their letters under the mobili- zation act. They will be trained in first aid and ambulance duties. 1950-The city will rent the curling rink to the Lethbridge Curling Club for $7,000 for a five-month period. Under the agreement the city will supply the ice maintenance, light, heat and power. I960 - A widow of 44 who marries a man of 77 should be satisfied with security and companionship, according to a judge in Toronto, who dismissed an action for annulment. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905  1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspapei Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;