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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-THE LETHBRIDOE HERALD-TuMdty, October Youth bears brunt of unemployment Separatism still lives Representative government by single- member constituencies is not in har- mony with government by political par- ties. Both are honorable, traditional, even essential, but in conjunction they are not equitable. Monday's election in Quebec is just one more in a long list of illustrations of that point. The Parti Quebecois got about 30 per cent of the total vote, and even more than that of the French Canadian vote, and yet it elected only 7 per cent of the members. An injustice? Perhaps. But that always happens. Because of the vagaries of dis- tribution, it can never work out that the make-up of the legislature equates with the popular vote. Suppose that over a province or nation there were two contending parties A with sfper cent of the popular vote and with 45 per cent, and that in each of B the vote divided wounded. Concerned children's mission In Haiti students bring stones and sand to school so their parents can construct new classrooms. Canadian children collect Hallowe'en UNICEF donations to provide teachers and equipment for these needed additions. Both efforts are necessary if the 78 per cent illiteracy rate is to be eliminated. Haiti boasts only three teachers per persons, one third of whom haven't yet completed their basic training. It was just 23 years ago that a small U.S. Sunday School class collected tor UNICEF. The idea grew and last year Canadian children alone collected more than as they combined Hallowe'en treating with alleviating world need This year the need is greater than ever, especially in the drought-riddled lands south of the Sahara Desert. There 10 million semi-nomadic people in Mauritania. Senegal, Mali. Niger. Upper Volta and Chad face starvation as the Sahara creeps slowly south. In the past live years the normal eight-inch rainfall has decreased sharply throughout this Sahelian Zone making it increasingly dif- ficult tor animals to exist. m this emergency UNICEF has provided life-saving drugs and rehydra- tion lluids tor the intravenous feeding of young children, high protein food supplements and transport, funds and equipment for water-supply systems. Long-range aid plans include help in drilling new wells, education in nutrition, agriculture and animal husbandry and assistance in obtaining new breeding stock for the herds. In Haiti UNICEF will help provide basic teaching equipment lor elementary schools, assist with training new teachers and new school inspectors and provide transistor radios so teachers can listen to daily broadcasts on teaching methods. Lethbridge students know of this world need and of UNICEF's attempt to meet it. thanks to volunteer UNICEF com- mittee members who visited the schools showing UNICEF films donated by Mayor Andy Anderson. As a result pupils are concerned. When they canvass Hallowe'en night it will not be just to till their own trick-or-treat bags but to share with the world's less fortunate some of the blessings of their own land. Today, with willing volunteers rapidly diminishing, adults should be pleased children have taken up this worldwide cause. They have a mission. When they call at doors Hallowe'en night announ- cing. "Pennies for UNICEF. please" they'll be confident grown-ups will be generous. GA TT and GA TT Fly The major trading nations of the world, members of GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and have just concluded a three day meeting in Tokyo to set the stage for a round of talks set to open in Geneva Oct. 24 and to close by the end of 1975. A new world trading system is ex- pected to evolve from discussions of tariffs, non-tariff barriers, safeguards for individual nations and products, and development in under-developed countries. The talks will be considerably more difficult than the Kennedy round, which was concerned only with tariff reduc- tions, and the outcome less predictable. As the fourth largest trading nation in the world, Canada will have a major role in these discussions. GATT has often been called a "rich man's through which wealthy nations arrange mutual trading agreements without regard for the effect on developing nations. To be sure, before the Kennedy round, members of GATT adopted a program that included aboli- tion of quantitative restrictions, duty- free entry for tropical products, and reduced tarriffs on processed and semi- processed products from developing countries. This program was endorsed by all contracting members except the Euro- pean Economic Community, which felt the measures were not strong enough. Yet none of the program's aims has been achieved. At the end of the Kennedy round the less developed countries which had par- ticipated issued a statement to the effect that the negotiations had failed to solve most of their major trading problems. With the advent of the coming round they have another chance. This brings up the delightfully-named project. GATT-Fly. sponsored by five Canadian churches (Anglican. Lutheran, Presbyterian, Roman Catholic and United) to represent interests of the Third World in matters of international trade and monetary reform. The project's mandate is "to under- take research, public education and political action on issues of trade and monetary policy affecting developing believing that "a growing number of Canadians are unwilling to allow Third World trade interests to be ignored within GATT any longer." Canada itself has a good record in this matter. More than 70 per cent of all im- ports from developing countries now enter Canada free of duty. When Canada puts its general preferential tariff into effect this will rise to more than 80 per cent. And in the matter of non-tariff barriers, a 1972 UN study found that Canada is one of two countries with the fewest NTBs against products of export interest to less developed countries. However, the Canadian International Development Agency, in its current issue of Co-operation Canada, points out that unlike most developing countries, Canada is a rich nation and while it shares a common goal with them in achieving effective liberalization and growth in world trade, "our particular circumstances will often dictate different objectives and different tac- tics." In the same periodical, the co- ordinator of GATT-Fly challenges his country to take more than unilateral ac- tion. He calls for leadership to "spearhead a drive to bring Third World interests from the periphery to the centre of the GATT negotiations.'' Canadians thus have a special interest in the Geneva trade talks. THE CASSEROLE TV watchers in Montreal, not all of them children, got a bit of a surprise the other day when the Cookie Monster suddenly vanished and a bevy of nude ladies appeared on the screen. It seems the signal that carries Sesame Street in from a U.S. source suddenly weakened, and a machine that does things about weak signals switched to another channel, which just happened to be the one on which the station staff were watching a film of the Miss Nude Galaxy pageant. With all their oil fields, North Americans figure they're pretty good at well-digging. It seems the Japanese aren't bad at it, either. They've just completed a well near Tokyo that's the deepest on record. It's more than feet deep, and it's for highly sensitive measuring equipment, part of a major new earthquake observation and forecast facility. Contrary to general opinion, opposition of churches to staging the Grey Cup game on Sunday isn't based on its being a counter- attraction to church services. Rather, to use the phraseology of the Presbyterian General Assembly, it's their objections to "the gradual erosion of this common pause day by the increasing encroachment of commercial enterprises seeking financial gain by doing business on Sunday." Anyone who doubts that professional football teams are "commercial enterprises seeking financial gain" is welcome to take up the argument. Everyone's getting into the national securi- ty act. Now it turns out that marks in secret (sic) government funds, with which a German minister was supposed to have bought opposition votes, wasn't used for bribery after all but for that's right, good old national security. By Dian Cohen, syndicated commentator MONTREAL The un- employment rate is now six per cent of the labor force. How can that be? When the economy is "booming" the way Canada's economy has been booming for the past year or more; when inflation is running at the rate of BVs per cent a year, conventional economic wisdom tells us that we must have full employment. Inflation, in the simplistic terms of traditional economics, is simply "too many dollars chasing too few goods." Haven't we been told often enough not only by our own federal government, but by many auspicious economic groups beyond our borders that there are world-wide shortages of a whole range of consumer and producer goods? And if there are shor- tages, then surely men, women, machines and money must be fully employed in the production of more. How then can a six per cent unemployment rate be ex- plained? More and more we are going to be hearing that six per cent unemployment IS full employment. Back in the heady days of the Liberal government's anti-inflation drive of 1969-70, Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau was prepared to accept a six per cent un- employment rate as the price for price stability. The clear implication was that six per cent was high, but not in- tolerably high. As the anti-inflation war waged on, without noticeable success, and the government switched from a restrictive to an expansionary economic policy, six per cent unemploy- ment indeed became unaccep- tably high in official circles. Government spokesmen were quick to tell us, particularly after the October 30th election that their major preoccupa- tion Was the reduction of the jobless rate. They have been expanding and stimulating the economy. The unemployment rate remains stubbornly stuck at six per cent. What do we do? Stock piling Other fellow's motives aren't all bad By William Safire, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON "They hate said Franklin Roosevelt of his most savage critics, adding with a vengeance "and I welcome their hatred." To be the object of hatred of a despised minority has long been considered a political plus: George Wallace could hardly do without his "pointly-headed professors" nor Ralph Nader without his corporate oligarchs. Dwight Eisenhower touched a responsive chord when he denounced "the sensation- seeking columnists and com- Richard Nixon, sometimes through Spiro Agnew, liked to play off the public's suspicion of the "elitist establishment press." Nixon's latest display of what is usually a decorously- draped hatred of the press was not a studied blast, however, as he said earlier in the same press conference, he was seeking a "ceasefire at home." When he returned the fire of his tormentors, he handed them a victory, because he was not playing off a despised minority he was rubbing his neck against the some members of the media; but the media-haters will not recognize other motives that predominate; a fierce desire to defend individual freedom from the excesses of governmental power, a deter- mination to see justice done, a belief that the exposure of wrongdoing will in the long run strengthen the system. In the eyes of the Nixon- haters, the president's motive is to wield tyrannical power; to crush dissent and humiliate the political opposition: to satisfy a bloodlust by waging secret war, to throw sand in the eyes of justice to protect himself and to assert a new imperialism to answer feelings of personal in- security. Certainly a desire to stay in power mixes with other, more noble motives, but the Nixon- haters will not recognize good motives anywhere near the White House: a desire to build a structure of peace in the world that can last, or (less nobly) to be seen in history's eyes as the great Letters to the Editor peacemakers of this country; a desire to preserve the separation of powers and to restore the mistakenly-absurd confidentiality of the president's office. Motives are almost always mixed and no prism exists to separate them; yet there was never more certainty about the motives of the forces in opposition, and the mutual verdict is that the other guy's motives are all bad. The perception of bad motives is demonstrably false: we are no more govern- ed by evil blunderers than we are informed by evil geniuses. Yet we permit ourselves to bite down on our toothaches as if there were satisfaction in suffering. Let's get personal about motives. If you are a member of the new noisy majority who wants to see the Sheriff of Nottingham appoint a special prosecutor and Judge Sirica give way to the Red Queen ask yourself why you are reading this essay. Your good motive for so doing: to try to understand a different viewpoint so as to form a judgment on your own rather than accept the stereotypes of others. Bad motives: to see how a Nixon sympathizer will squirm out of this one, or to whip a dander up at breakfast which will keep your vindictiveness feeling vindicated all day. If you see only good motives in yourself, you prove the point: if you recognize mixed motives, you make the case. A turnabout is required: why is the essayist trying to sell you this bill of goods about the need to repeal universal motive-impugning? His good motive: to reduce the general hate-level and thereby take some of the mindless passion out of what should be a more mutually respectful confron- tation. His bad motive: to pose as one of those above- the-battle, even-handed good guys. The lead article and editorial in last week's Finan- cial Post makes some suggestions. It says that a lot of people are suggesting that if the policy makers are doing everything right according to the rules of the game, and still aren't winning, perhaps the rules should be changed. The FP suggests five or six per cent unemployment should be regarded as full employment. A lot of government people the FP reports, are already saying so privately. (They were certainly saying it a cou- ple of years ago when the rate was going up as if it had a life of its Similarly, big business spokesmen are beginning to make speeches about how adherence to the traditional full employment price stability goals of three per cent and two per cent only frustrate people and make them behave irrationally because the goals are not realistic. The governor of the Bank of Canada disowned the un- employment statistics more than six months ago. The writing on the wall is clear. The question is, should we allow ourselves to be brainwashed into accepting a six per cent unemployment rate as a full employment rate? The answer must be NO. There are a variety of reasons for rejecting a change in the definition of full employment. Chief among them is that there is no way government economic policy decisions can be extricated or exonerated from the fact that the unemployment rate has hovered around six per cent for the past four years. Aside from the short-term policy errors that have been perpetrated in recent years, it was clear 20 years ago to anyone with even minimal brain power that by 1970, the Canadian labor market would be flooded with extraordinary numbers of young people look- ing for work. Between 1946 and 1954, millions of babies were born they became, in popular parlance, the "baby boom bulge." They have created "problems" ever since. As they grew to school age, schools had to be built and teachers trained. As they grew out of the elementary and high schools, and into un- iversities, they have left behind them empty shells and superfluous teachers. They have created problems because government policy- makers never planned for them. Now they are in the labor force. The unemployment rate among people over 25 is under three per cent. The unemploy- ment rate for people under 25 is four times that high. To allow the "full employment" rate to be revis- ed upwards will be to condone incompetent policy making for all the foreseeable future. rubbing is nec agans e o i t cutting edge of what had straight answers wanted become majority sentiment. The element ot calculation is gone: we are witnessing honest hatred, gleefully returned, and at the root of the mutual hatred is an irresponsible, self-indulgent, and ill-examined attribution of evil motives. In the eyes of the media- haters, the press is out to "get" the president, just as it forced the previous president into early retirement: its motive is to sweep aside the verdict of the majority in the past election, to assert its primacy in the manioulation of popular opinion, to settle past personal scores with a longtime enemy and to make itself a superpower which can override the traditional system of cheques and balances. Surely, to some degree, those evil motives exist in capers It's always amusing to read that the wisdom and widespread endorsement of some great political scheme has been proven by the response of three or four public meetings. Trailing a glittering en- tourage, a faltering and often uncertain cabinet minister will descend upon a carefully chosen area where a presum- ed acceptance of his latest master plan will favorably impress the rest of the country. He is given a glowing introduction by a local party heeler whose eyes sparkle with the anticipation of some diminutive gain in his own political status. The big wheel then delivers a polished and well-worded speech of two or three hours duration, after which eight or 10 questions are answered. Unaccustomed to public speaking, nervous, unsure, a few of the more venturesome citizens rise to be humiliated. Their game attempts are too often inarticulate and if not irrevelant a capable and ex- perienced debater can make them see so. Anyone who does raise a contentious issue is dealt with quite summarily in the haste of concluding the meeting. Occasionally only written questions are allowed, and these are deftly screened by the efficient staff. The whole effort is worthless as far as any searching discussion is con- cerned. The public meeting is the politician's playground. How does your favorite cabinet minister stack up when closely questioned on exactly the same issue by letter? When it comes to the written word putting it down on paper for a critical examination, you can't get a straight answer out of any of them. Half a dozen simple and practical questions will draw hedges, evasions, wiggles, squirms and three pages of ex- tremely expensive and professional double talk. The least significant and bother- some of your queries will receive a superficial treatment, and the others will simply be ignored. Ask Otto Lang how his new feed grains policy can strengthen the eastern f eedlpt industry, gain some votes in Ontario and consolidate the Liberal position in Quebec, without seriously damaging the growing cattle-feeding business here in the west. Ask him why a farmer shouldn't deliver a load of barley, take the initial payment, then buy back the same grain for a bushel. Then sell it again for the promised and sell it and buy it, over and over all winter by just driving out one elevator door and in the other. Two hundred times bushels yields pure profit. It certainly beats giv- ing away our wheat for a half or a third of its value. See if you can get a straight answer to that one. L. K. WALKER Milk River "Are you walking out on me, or Howard The Lethbridge Herald 5047ttiSl S. Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon W A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CI.F.OW MOWERS Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS. General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Manaqmq Editor Associate Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;