Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 30, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
VOL. LXVI 270 The LetKbrtdge Herald LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, TUESDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1973 44 Pages 10 Cents Quebec voters reject separatists A news analysis New ball game for Bourassa and Quebecers MONTREAL (CP) Premier Robert Bourassa's Liberals have struck the independence Parti Quebecois a crippling blow and produced a whole new political scene in Quebec. While a Liberal victory had been predicted, the magnitude of the sweep took politicians, pollsters and constitutional ex- perts by surprise. Observers saw the 40-year-old premier's landslide as the most dramatic single political event in the province since the Quiet Revolution of the early 1960s caused drastic realign- ment of traditional voting patterns. One French-language constitutional expert, interviewed while voters went to the polls, estimated the Parti Quebecois would need a "minimum" of 25 per cent of the popular vote and 20 to 25 seats to provide a "good" official Opposition in the next Quebec national assembly. "Failing that, Mr. Levesque would not necessarily be fin- ished politically but he would not be very said the veteran student of Quebec affairs. The downfall of Mr. Levesque, 51, and his principal lieutenants was the more stunning in that the Parti Quebecois had been credited with a masterful campaign. The Parti Quebecois came through in terms of popular vote but fell below that measure in terms of seats won. And Mr. Levesque himself suffered personal defeat in Montreal second personal defeat in the two elections in which he led his party to the polls. Development healthy Another constitutional authority said, however, it was a healthy development that the Parti Quebecois would emerge as official Opposition to the Liberals in the 110-member assembly. "There might be a better situation there if the two parties emerge clearly representing the main federalist and separatist options that have been facing he said. The Parti Quebecois, seeking an independent Quebec in economic association with the rest of Canada, ran second to the Liberals in terms of popular vote in the 1970 election. The Union Nationale formed the official opposition on the basis of seats won but the Liberals broke the back of that par- ty Monday while at the same time slashing into the strongholds of the Parti Creditiste, the fourth party in the race. Two constitutional both of whom declined use of their a big win Monday strengthened the hand of the Bourassa government in relation to Prime Minister Trudeau's federal Liberal regime. But they differed on the outcome. One of them felt the Bou- rassa government would be tougher in its attitude to Ottawa while the other said the Liberals, more sure in their position, would be less demanding on the federal government, which is expected itself to go to the polls next spring. Premier Bourassa said at the outset of the campaign Sept. 26 his government would ask for re-opening of constitutional negotiations but little more was heard on this subject in the ensuing weeks. Two reasons given Mr. Bourassa gave two reasons for reopening con- stitutional talks: governments in Canada need a better division of fiscal resources and constitutional responsibilities. needs a new formula in which it can ensure the future of the French language and culture. "Bourassa is a bargainer and we can expect a lot of bargaining said one Liberal insider. The general opinion seemed to be that even an over- whelming victory by the by Mr. Bourassa as the only truly federalist party in not mean the end of separatism, because it is a facet of French-Canadian nationalism, born long before Confederation. Quebec's status as the only French-majority territory in North America was reflected in the programs of all four par- ties. In terms of language policy, for instance, the Union Na- tionale was tougher than the Parti Quebecois. Some observers feel a Parti Quebecois Opposition will strengthen the bargaining position of Premier Bourassa. In- deed, Quebec premiers traditionally used the threat of French-Canadian nationalism in federal-provincial negotiations. "That picture has two said Abbe Gerard Dion, Laval University priest-professor and veteran social reformer. "In negotiations with Ottawa, it might help, yes. "But a Parti Quebecois Opposition can be expected to be very negative. Even good .things done by the government will be presented as bad things." Unlike the federal opposition parties, for instance, the Parti Quebecois is committed to pulling the province out of Confederation and no modifications Mr. Bourassa could win for Quebec in the federal system would be sufficient in the Levesque picture. Inside 'How's the Quebec election Classified....... 22-25 Comics.............8 Comment........ 4, 5 District............17 Family.........20, 21 Local News.....15, 16 Markets ...........26 Sports..........12, 13 Theatres............7 Weather............6 LOW TONIGHT 25, HIGH WED. 40; CLOUDY PERIODS Despair of defeat Camille Laurin (left) Parti Quebecois leader in the National Assembly, weeps on the shoulder of party leader Rene Levesque following the election which saw both men defeated in a decisive Liberal sweep. Block of legal action linked to Nixon order New York Times Service WASHINGTON Former attorney general Richard Kleindienst has told the Watergate prosecution that President Nixon personally ordered him not to press a series of anti-trust actions against the International Telephone and Telegraph Cor- poration, according to sources close to the case. The sources said the presi- dent telephoned Kleindienst in 1971, when he was deputy attorney-general and the top man in the justice department on the case, and directed him not to appeal an ITT ruling to the Supreme Court. Meanwhile, Archibald Cox testified today he may have been the source of a news leak about a telephone call from President Nixon instructing former attorney-general Richard Kleindienst not to appeal one phase of an anti- trust case involving the Inter- national Telephone and Telegraph Corp. The ousted special Watergate prosecutor said if he indirectly had been the source of a story about the anti-trust case in today's New York Times, he is sorry and said it was an "error or carelessness." Kleindienst's reported statements to the prosecution, made before Archibald Cox was dismissed as special prosecutor, represent the first time any government official involved in the ITT case has said that Nixon interceded on behalf of the corporation. Court decisions on the ITT case up to that time had gone against the government. Kleindienst had to decide whether to appeal because Attorney-General John Mitchell had disqualified himself because he had represented ITT as a private lawyer. Sources who know first- hand about Kliendienst's dis- cussions with the special prosecutor's office gave the following account of his testimony: In 1971 he received a call from John Ehrlichman, then the president's domestic af- viser, who asked the justice department to stop its appeal on ITT. Kleindienst told him he could not do it because the appeal had been recommend- ed by Richard McLaren, then head of the department's anti- trust division, and approved by Solicitor General Erwin Griswold. Ehrlichman hung up. A short time later President Nixon called, and, after call- ing Kleindienst a vulgar name, said: "Don't you un- derstand the English Israel accuses Egypt of breaking cease-fire ASSOCIATEDPRESS The Israeli military com- mand accused the Egyptians of firing three surface-to-air missiles at reconnaissance flights over Israeli-held territory in the Sinai today but said none of the planes was hit. The complaint came as United Nations forces tighten- ed their surveillance of the Mideast ceasefire. A UN of- ficial in Cairo said Swedish troops have established six observation posts along the Suez ceasefire line and are trying to link with Finns to the south. He said 53 more Swedes and Finns are due in Cairo tonight to increase the special UN emergency force to 660. THE Israeli command said the missiles were fired at its reconnaissance planes flying over the rnountsinous Jidi area near where the bulk of Egypt's 3rd Army has been trapped by Israeli forces on the east side of the Suez canal. The Israeli government came under home-front criticism Monday when it allowed supplies to reach the isolated Egyptian army without first winning concessions on the return of Israeli prisoners of war. Egypt and Syria have so far refused to provide Tel Aviv with lists of Israeli PoWs. Standings Liberals Union Nationale Creditiste Parti Quebecois Lib PQ Cred UN Other Totals 1970 72 17 12 7 Popular 1973 54 1973 101 2 7 70 45 23 11 20 1 Alberta oil tax may be removed MONTREAL (CP) Premier Robert Bourassa retained power Monday in a stunn- ing electoral sweep and promptly proclaimed federalism as the choice of a "clear ma- jority of Quebecers." The Bourassa Liberals won at least 99 of the 110 ridings on Quebec's updated elec- toral map. The premier had described his party during the campaign as the only truly federalist party in the four-sided fight. Rene Levesque's separatist Parti Quebecois became the official Opposition and increased its popular vote in the election, which saw all three opposition party leaders defeated. Mr. Levesque went down to his second personal defeat. Gabriel Lpubier, leading the Union Nationale in an election for the first time, and Yvon Dupuis of the Parti Creditiste, also a first-time leader, were defeated in their home ridings. The once-mighty Union Na- tionale was obliterated and Quebec returned essentially to a two-party system, with the Liberals upholding federalism and the Parti Quebecois driv- ing for an independent Quebec in economic association with Canada. The Parti Quebecois seem- ed likely to wind up with seven seats in the Quebec national same number it won in the Parti Creditiste skidded to a low of two seats. Those two parties made their first appearance at the Quebec provincial polls in 1970 when Mr. Bourassa toppled the Union Nationale regime of the late Jean-Jacques Bertrand. Mr. Levesque protested bit- terly in 1970 that his party won only seven seats though it cap- tured 23 per cent of the pop- ular to the Liberals. Though a new electoral map has since been con- stituency boundaries exten- sively revised and two new ridings added, Mr. Levesque reiterated Monday night that his party won only the same number of seats though increasing its popular vote to 30 per cent. With two-thirds of all polls reported, the Liberals had 54 per cent of the popular from 45 per cent in the opposition parties combined accounted for 46 per cent, 10 per cent for the Creditistes and five per cent for the Union Nationale, the former official op- position. Mr. Bourassa Said he believes a protest vote went to the Parti Quebecois, adding: "I think the election is a defeat of the separatist option despite the increase in the PQ's popular vote." The 40-year-old lawyer- economist-politician, who campaigned on a record of "profitable federalism" and four straight budgets without tax increases, rejected any idea that the size of the Liberal victory would lead to violence of the kind that shook Quebec in earlier years. But Mr. Levesque, 51, pledg- ing strong opposition in the na- tional assembly, declared: "It is very rare that a govern- ment with such a majority does not abuse its power. It will be up to the Parti Quebecois to make sure the Liberals do not abuse power." Mr. Dupuis said citizens ral- lied to the Liberals to avoid breaking up the federalist vote and Mr. Loubier, a former Union Nationale cabinet minister, com- mented: people were scared and did not take any chances. They voted for the Liberals in order to beat the Parti Quebecois." The Liberals took 11 seats from the Union Nationale, 10 from the Creditistes and two from the Parti Quebecois, which in turn captured one seat from the Union Nationale. Mr. Bourassa reported he will hold a cabinet meeting Wednesday. OTTAWA (CP) Energy- Minister Donald Macdonald talked privately with four Al- berta cabinet ministers and both aides have hinted the contentious federal export tax on crude oil could be dropped for something more accep- table to the province. "There are other measures that would be more accept- Mr. Macdonald said when he appeared at a news conference with Don Getty, Alberta intergovernmental af- fairs minister. "There is nothing exclusive or unique about an export tax as opposed to some other control mechanism." Russia hedges support UNITED NATIONS (CP) The Soviet Union has given its conditional backing to UN peacekeeping forces in the Middle East while Canada says it has been assured its troops are acceptable to both sides in the Arab-Israeli dis- pute. Nikolai Loginov, press chief of the Soviet UN mission, said Monday the Soviet Union will help pay for the force if the Security Council keeps tight reins on the operation. "If it is carried out legally, we shall participate in its financial Loginov told reporters. "It is legal if tho Council rcrnuins i" supreme control." The Soviet Union has a veto in the Security Council. In Ottawa, External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp was asked about reports Canada would be unacceptable to Egypt because that Arab country considers Canada to be pro-Zionist. "Not so." Sharp told a re- porter. He said he is sure Canadian troops will be accep- table to both sides in the Mideast. Mr. Getty said Alberta op- poses the 40-cents-a-barrel tax in principle and hopes it will not remain on a long-term basis. He described the Monday meeting as encouraging, ad- ding: "I'm not sure the tax is inevitable." Neither minister would speculate on possible replace- ment measures but Mr. GoUy said several proposals were discussed, including "some completely new ideas." The tax, effective since Oct. 1. was imposed as an anti-in- flation measure to keep Cana- dian oil prices from rising as high as current prices in the United States. Alberta Premier Peter Lougheed denounced the tax almost immediately, calling it the most discriminatory federal action ever taken against a province, and calculating that the Alberta economy would lose million a year. Mr. Macdonald disputed the claim and said the govern- ment is willing to return the money to producing provinces, primarily Alberta. in the form of exploration incentives to open up new oil supplies. Mr. Getty said the tax in- vades provincial jurisdiction over resources and no revenue-sharing agreement was discussed at the meeting. Mr. Macdonald said the question goes beyond revenue sharing and includes such matters as development of the Northern Alberta oil sands. Seen and heard About town SKATER Mitch Millar trying a new move and ending up with a sore tailbone Stu Allison waiting four hours for cement to pour a garage foundation and com- plaining everyone else must be pouring concrete this In- dian Summer. Gov't orders Crowsnest clean-up Herald Legislature Bureau EDMONTON Coleman Collieries and two Crowsnest Pass sawmills have been ordered to clean up their operations as part of a major shift in government policy to develop the Pass. Dramatic appeals by Pass residents made to a visiting delegation of cabinet ministers in September were directly responsible for the new initiatives. Bill Yurko, minister of the environment, told The Herald in an inter- view. "We are making major moves in planning and rehabilitation. Our visit demonstrated the need for a much broader range of rehabilitation oriented towards the long-term." He said the government is turning away from a "patchwork" approach to the problems of the Pass. Ministers heard complaints that black soot clung to every wash, that snow and even icicles were black from coal dust. Monday, Mr. Yurko said coal-mining "subjugates and interferes" with the establish- ment of a sound tourism in- dustry. Included in the re-appraisal will be stretches of Highway 3, the proposed location of which have been protested by Coleman and Blairmore residents. These are the moves the government has taken so far, according to Mr. Yurko: An emission corttrol order has been issued to Coleman Collieries to come up with dust control measures suitable to the government by early next year. Emission control orders have been issued to two "beehive" sawmill operations in the Pass. The government will "investigate closely" the reclamation of slide piles and of the banks of the river at Blairmore in connection with the proposed route of the highway. The last portion of the highway to be upgraded will be the stretch through Coleman to give the govern- ment the maximum amount of time possible to study town proposals that the highway be used as an urban renewal tool. Residents want to sec it wipe out one section of the town near the mine and railroad tracks that was built at the turn of the century and is now partially abandoned. "Imediate attention" will be given to installation of water and sewage facilities in Bellevuc under existing government programs. Work will begin to identify a site for a regional landfill waste disposal operation for the Pass area. Charlie Drain (SC Pincher who raised the matter in the Legislature, said the government's options in the narrow Pass are limited. But said he is pleased the govern- ment is re-assessing its plans.