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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 30, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta ,000 houses sold for to Indians By JIM WILSON Staff Writer KEHEWIN INDIAN RESERVE The federal de- partment of Indian affairs is biilding new houses on this reserve at the rate of eight or nine a ing that the 40 families here could all have new in a short time. The houses cost to each to build, but are sold to the Indians for just Since most of the men are unemployed, they work as laborers in construction of their own houses to earn the Yet, they complain that the houses are not big enough, that they fall apart quickly, that they are too close to the main roads (they want isolation) and tiiat they don't have central heating systems in them. Not big enough? The news media have been duped in ttiat area. The houses are most certainly big enough average reserve family has about eight mem- bers (although a few have 13 or But enter In- dian hospitality and family customs. A next-door neighbor who drops in casually may end by staying for two or three days as a welcome guest before going home; a grandfather may have all of his relatives over for dinner. The Indians want all houses large enough to accommodate 20 or 30 people. Otherwise, their houses are "too small." It is true, the houses fall apart quickly. But the Indians live hard in their homes, caring little for a spotless appearance inside and out. They are usually kept very clean, but they wear out becauae they are physically mistreated and never repaired. A loose step outside, or a shaky cabinet, will fall to pieces before it is fixed. Compromise necessary Too close to the main roads? Some compromise is the roads and electric utilities lines would be twisted like a plate of spaghetti. Hosting? The new homes are built, for some rea- son, with no central heating system. But there are no natural gas lines on the reserve, and oil-fueled fur- naces cost aboul plus fuel. Tire money would have to come from a majority of the rural white farmers around here still cannot afford oil heat with their marginal incomes. They have survived many generations on wood fires, and cut the wood them- selves for free. The Indians complain aboul the cost of a month. But the area abounds with trees, which could be cut by the unemployed men in the spring, and left to dry until needed. The men, however, refuse to cut wood unless they are paid to do so by Indian affairs. Incidentally, complaints about the cold winters be- ing a hardship on school children from the reserve walking half a mile to catch a bus are bunk; cold treats everyone the same. White rural children have the same walk, and they also often have a couple of hours of farm chores to complete in the same cold. The Indian children don't. This next part is difficult to put in words which will not be misunderstood, but it involves one of tie most basic of Indian problems. Welfare a crutch As with any rural community, the Indians' pace of life is slow. When they move to the city, those who adjust to tiie more rapid and1 more planned life-style are the ones who succeed. But on the reserve, they can continue basically to live for today and wait until tomorrow to live tomorrow. In their historic hunting society tliis was fine: part of living those "today's was to get food, wood and shelter for the day. But now, too many of the Indians have grown accustomed to and completely dependent upon welfare without work. The result is an attitude that the government will provide money for food, no matter what, and Father Tetreault, a Bonnyrille Catholic priest who works close- ly with Kehewin, said he is concerned that "maybe by doing the obvious thing in giving them free wel- fare, we're really doing the wrong they have started to think of themselves as worth only their welfare money." He suggested something should be done to pro- vide money in some other way, encouraging the peo- ple to do something for themselves in return for it. Two results of welfare-dependence: A few years ago Indian affairs paid to have 500 acres of relatively-good Kehewin farmland broken up and seeded. Good oat crops were taken off it. But this year the Indians have leased (lie land out to two white men, because they couldn't find sufficient of their own people willing to work the land. So they lose two-thirds of the crop (the lease payment to them is one-third) and several jobs. Early settlers in the area looked at a field of rocks and bush and saw a farm; Indians seem too often to look at tire rocks and want Indian affairs to do the farming. The real solution Another result is that when the Cold Lake In- dians, nearby, were each given oil rights dividends a few years ago, they spent close to apiece in less than two months, and in Hie end had almost nothing to show for it. They have never, on welfare, had the opportunity to leam responsibility for or the value and power of money. Tlie real solution, tays Faflier Tetreault, "is a ques- tion of for tliem to see for themselves how our society works, and how they can acquire from it what they need, nnd add to that and to then' own lives from their own abilities." And Norbert Jcbcaull, one of UK Kehewin Cree In- dians, agrees. "Things just got started here about two years ago, and we're still pretty poor and just learn- ing our way around. I Ihink in about five years we'll have seltlcd down some, and things will be much bet- ter for us." Solutions'' TliPi-f, in.iuy visible ones, hut one is is rlnne at the im- patient prompting of the Indians hio often superfi- cial. The Indians are deluding themselves by deluding the government, nnd they're going to find themselves a lot of expensive solutions being provided for all Ilio problems. They're not going to have time for a second chance, cither, because if their own children don't become suf- ficiently disillusioned nt the cnnslant nnd continued failure of Indian life, white mnn's society will he- come lired of having il.s money misspent. A lot of blunt tnilh is perhaps the only on both tides. The Lethbridgc Herald HIGH FORECAST SUNDAY 40 "Serving Smith Alberta and Southeastern B.C." Price 15 Cents VOL. LXIV No. 271 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 30, 1971 FIVE SECTIONS 76 PAGES Nixon upset U.S. chops foreign aid funds WASHINGTON (AP) The Senate has voted a stunning end to more than two decades of U.S. foreign aid by decisively rejecting a billion bill to extend the program for two more years. However, the government still has S4.7 billion in unspent foreign aid funds which were unspent before last July. When that runs out, so does aid to foreign countries. The 41-40-27 vote Friday night r 11 totally in I jl doubt the future of the aid pro- JL gram, which was started to get the Western world back on its r-M-i f feet after the ravages of the I I T Second World War' 1 fr> J_ While various procedures In J extend foreign aid remain possi- ble, Democratic Leader Mike Mansfield of Montana said any il going wouM met with extended debate. TORONTO (CP) The To- President Nixon was quick to decry the Senate action, calling ronto Telegram died today at for "immediate restoration HALLOWEEN PHENOMENON For years Charles Schuli' cartoon character linus Von Pelt has been waiting for the Pumpkin to visit him on Halloween. The Great Pumpkin, as everyone knows, visits only the most sincere pumpkin patch. Linus will undoubtedly be encouraged by the sighting over Lethbridge of this rare Halloween phenomenon. At least we're sure now he exists. Kerber Photo wigs, beards France, Russia dangerous to co-operate Trick or Kosygin leaves HAVANA (Reuter) Soviet Premier Alexei Kosygin left Cuba by ah- for Moscow today after a four-day visit to Premier Fidel Castro's Caribbean island. The Soviet premier came to Cuba following an eight-day visit to Canada. PARIS (Reuter) France and the Soviet Union agreed today to co-operate closely m Europe on the basis of non-in- terference in internal affairs, non-use of force and the inviola- bility of existing frontiers. In a document outlining the principles of their co-operation signed here today, the two coun- tries, agreed to consult if they believed that a situation had arisen which threatened peace or provoked international ten- sion. The document was signed by Soviet Communist party leader Leonid Brezhnev and French President Georges Pompidou at the end of a week of talks here. The 13-point document said the two sides would do all they could to resolve the problems of general and complete disarma- all nuclear dis- to overcome the division of Uie world into power blocs. It added that Franco-Soviet co-operation was not directed against the interests of any na- tion and did not affect either side's commitments to other countries. STRENGTHEN RELATIONS The document said "great im- portance is attached to close co-operation between France and U.S.S.R. in Europe, in con- cert with interested states, for the maintenance of peace and the pursuit of detente, for the improvement of security as well as the strengthening of peaceful relations ar.d co-operation be- tween all European states." OTTAWA (CP) Parents were warned Friday that cer- tain kinds of Halloween beards and wigs are danger- ously flammable. Consumer Affairs Minister Ron Basford said in a news release: "We have asked the manu- facturer that we have so far identified to withdraw the beards and wigs from the mar- ket. "I strongly urge parents who have purchased wigs and beards for their children for Halloween to conduct their own flammability test, by cut- ting off a few strands of the material, and lighting it with a match." Mr. Basford also called on retailers to conduct tests of their stock and to remove any flammable items. the age of 95. It was born on an April morn- ing in 1876 and during the course of its lifetime chronicled many of the important events in this country's history. John Ross Robertson, who was to become a colossus of Canadian journalism, stuffed the first sheet of a four-sheet newspaper into the press him- self. He had borrowed to start the paper, but it was such a success from the beginning be never had to cash, the cheque. The first run of copies was sold out within an hour. HAD READERS Today, when The Telegram died, its presses rolling de- fianUy, it ran to more than 90 pages and left daily readers, employees, and every legitimate newspaper man in Canada to mourn its passing. When The Telegram started you could buy a first-class dress shirt for and bucket of beer for a dime. The population of Toronto was and grow- ing by leaps and bounds. Musician killed MACON, Ga. (AP) Duana Altaian, leader of the popular Altaian Brothers rock band, was killed Friday in a motorcycle accident. Protesting Indians continue sit-in EDMONTON (CP) Indians from northeastern Alberta were in the third day of a sit-in at the federal Indian affairs office here today. About 40 Indians invaded the offices, on the lop floor of the 27-storcy downtown CN Tower, Thursday in an attempt to force Indian Affairs Minister Jean Chretien to visit the Cold Lake, Seen and heard About town >i arcordinnisl Arthur Spink telling 8 television audience how nice it was to bo in Lethbridge nt Uic "British Legion" Jock Coylc on a recent bus trip being served "porridge for one" Jonn Holt get- ting sluck on an icy street ami watching three fellows nnd a policeman push her little vehicle even though tho emergency hrnke was still Kehewin and Saddle Lake re- serves. Parents from the three re- serves have kept more Uian 900 children out of reserve schools since Sept. 13 to emphasize their demands for new schools and improved living conditions. The office staff of about 65 left when the Indians moved in but will return to work Monday, David Greyeyes, regional In- dian affairs director, said Fri- day. Chief Gordon Youngchiof o f the Kehewin reserve said it has not been decided how long the sit-in will continue. HAVE OTHER PIRN'S "It may be a week, or nionllis. ff we don't grt sal.isfar- lion, l.hrn we have something else planned." Mr. Chretien said in Ottawa their demands could not bo met because there is not enough money in this year's budget. He is willing to have preliminary talks in Ottawa but wants tho children relumed lo school first. He said it would cost. mil. hon lo build new schools on tho reserves Only has been allocated for school con- of the absolutely vital foreign- assistance program." NIXON SEES RISK In a statement relayed by a White House aid, Nixon called the Senate vote "a highly irre- sponsible action which undoes 23 years of constructive biparti- san foreign policy and produces unacceptable risk to the na- tional security of the United States." The Senate vote came as a climax to long years of grum- bling over the aid program. Na- tional polls always have shown it one of the government's least popular undertakings. WILL BILL lo the showdown, liberals, who cotitended aid led the U.S. into involvement? such as Vietnam war, teamed up with conservative critics of the bil- lions spent on the program to kill the bill. The bill, which would have provided billion for eco- nomic aid and billion for military aid until July 1, 1973, ii for all purposes dead. The bulk of U.S. support for Southeast Asia is contained in the billion military pro- curement bill, though the aid measure carried million for U.S. assistance to hard-pressed Cambodia. The aid bill also carried funds for selling modern weapons, mainly Phantom jets, to Israel; sbira million for relief of Pakistani refugees; million for United Nations special pro- grams; million for the Alli- ance for Progress, end funds for a variety of international assist- ance programs. Driver licence fees will be increased EDMONTON (CP) Al- berta motorists "almost cer- tainly" will be paying more for their driver's licences next year, Highways Minis- ter Clarence Copithorne said Friday. He told delegates to the Al- berta Urban Municipalities Association conference the current annual licence fee "is just not enough." An increase, probably to for a five-year licence, was expected to be introduced at the next session of the leg- islature. HOUSING EXTREMES Indians on tho Kehewin, Saddle lake and Cold Lake rc- f 1 F riu.i servos east of Edmonton live in a variety of types of housing. Some of the oldest homci ore of log conHruction, with the between filled with clay. How- ftr> rnuch os tn bottom Vanguards go into mothballs TORONTO (CP) The last scheduled passenger flight from Toronto of an Air Canada Van- guard, a turboprop that once was (he backbone of the com- pany's medium-range service, leaves tonight for Alontrenl. Tho ion-sent four-cngincd pas- senger aircraft goes out of serv- ice officially Sunday, replaced by tha M-pagetnger McDonnell ;