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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 30, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Saturday, Ocltbtr 31, 1970 David Huivorlh The Soviet Hijackings International Strikes Loom Ahead There have been two successful hijackings of Soviet airplanes within recent weeks. In one of them a stewardess was killed, two crewmen and a passenger wounded. Accord- ing to Charlotte Saikowski, the Chris- tian Science Monitor's correspondent in Moscow, the Soviet press reported the hijackings, although such events are usually kept out of the papers. The Russians are intrigued, scandal- ized and excited. It's the most prov- ocative news story they've had in months. It is easy to sympathize with the hijackers who are seeking asylum from the repressions of life in the U.S.S.R., but sympathy should not be allowed to cloud the issue. Hijacking is criminal, extremely dangerous to the lives of innocent passengers and no motive whatever excuses it. Now that the Soviets have had some experience with aerial bandits in their own country, there is a pos- sibility that they might be persuaded to join with other nations in develop- ing effective anti-hijack procedures. The Soviets have never taken issue with the Cubans over their policy of hijack hospitality, nor did they seem much concerned over the Pal- estinian guerrilla hijackings. The U.S.S.R. is not a member of the International Civil Aviation Or- co-operation. If it were, and if extra- dition of hijackers to their home countries were an international law, the Turkish government would be forced to return the fugitives. As it is, the Turks are hesitating. The whole affair has become complicat- ed by the seizure of the U.S. plane carrying two American generals, one of them commander of the U.S. military mission in Turkey, and a Turkish colonel, which strayed, or was lured across the Soviet border. The Soviets appear to be anxious to make a deal with the Turks, an exchange of the Americans and the Turks for the Soviet hijackers. It's a James Bond thriller, but Westerners are tired of this kind of international excitement. In due course, the Russians will be too tired enough to co-operate in pre- venting it. LONDON It is not often that British trades unions are found peering forward trying to foresee situations which may take years to'develop fully but this was the object of a con- ference sponsored by the Trades Union Congress recent- ly, about what the response of workers should be to the gal- loping progress of multi-nation- al companies. What was significant was that the conference was held at all: a genie has escaped. But it has a divided self; that soon became apparent. A part of the union movement dreams of an almost helping brother across national frontiers. In practical terms it would come down to shop stew- ards and union leaders con- cerned with, say, IBM, Esso or Chrysler, getting in touch with their opposite numbers else- where and taking concerted in- dustrial action on an interna- tional scale when the need arises. Tiiis idea has foundered so far because Fred, Kurt and Dino in fact find it very diffi- cult to communicate with each other, much less to carry their own men along on behalf of the other's. The other part is represented sentimental vision of brother 'by unionists whose main con- cern about international com- panies is the need for self-pro- tection. Will the workers be ex- ploited as cheap labor? Will there be prior guarantees about investment levels and employ- ment? The TUC is none too happy about the problems cre- ated by multi-national firms setting up British subsidiaries and then refusing to grant union recognition. It says that this problem should be put in perspective be- cause some British firms also similarly refuse, but the multi- national companies tend to be larger employers than the Brit- ish firms where there are equivalent problems and the anti-trade union policy is much more systematic. There is no question of the unions opposing international companies as such. Many are already far too big and the eco- nomic benefits they bring to host countries are enormous. A company like General Motors has a turnover equiva- lent to Holland's gross nation- al product; Genearl Electric is the same as Norway in the terms; Unilever to New Zea- land. Professor Ben Roberts of the London School of Economies has made a special study of in- ternational companies and at- tended the TUC conference. He Miracle vs. Monster Dr. Norman Ernest Borlaug, the man who pioneered the work in de- veloping more highly productive strains of seed, has received the high recognition he so richly de- Nobel Peace prize for 1970. To him and those who assisted Mm in his work the world must give great thanks, for the "miracle" seeds have brought new hope to those mil- lions who suffer the dreadful pangs of chronic hunger. Starvation is not nouncement that he had been award- ed the great prize, he pointed out that "the world's population problem is a monster which, unless tamed, will one day wipe us from the earth's surface." One can only add a fervent "amen" to these remarks and trust that some day the Peace Prize will go to a representative of those scientists, sociologists and the host of others who have dedicated themselves to damping down the yet a thing of the past but the green fires set off by the population explo- revolution has done a great deal to sion. The combination of increased diminish the numbers of its victims, production and a lower birth rate But Dr. Borlaug is not relying on all over the world could go a very Ms wonder crops to solve the world's long way to solving endemic poverty food problems. Prior to the an- and the evils it engenders. The Superior Sex in comparison to the value of the qualities of humanity wMch Women possess in high degree. Now Dr. Jensen has come along and taken away even the little ad- vantage that Mr. Montague left to the male. Psychologist Jensen claims that women are, on the average, smarter than men by some two to five IQ points. He reached this conclus ion after reviewing IQ tests given to 000 white and black school chil- dren. The storm that Dr. Jensen blew up Ashley Montague wrote a magazine- a couple of years ago when he found Through the centuries, the lordly male has assumed a natural super- iority over the female. Now his atti- tudes and the actions that spring from them are under fire. Mili- tant women are demanding equality with men. When they hear the latest from the controversial psychologist Dr. Ar- thur Jensen, they may not be satis- fied with mere equality. Women may want to reign supreme when they learn that they are the superior Sex. Several years ago, anthropologist article about ''the natural superiority of women." He argued that women are physically and psycMcally super- ior to men they suffer much less that blacks scored consistently lower than whites on IQ tests and blamed the difference on genetic factors has not yet subsided. With the report of frequently from physical and psycni- 'his latest findings there is bound to cal disorders and consequent live longer. More importantly, he contend- ed, they have a competence in loving and social un- denied the male. The only superior quality Mr. Mon- tague seemed to leave to the male was that of intelligence. This he dis- missed as of relative unimportance be another storm. The males who have so successfully kept the females out of posts in the institutions of high- er learning will surely rush to find flaws in Dr. Jensen's research. It would be too much of a revolution even in these changing times to have to reverse the ages-old tradition of the male as the superior sex. "And failure to meet our demands will invoke a non-negotiable clause, resorting to punitive measures Letters To The Editor Appeal To Peigan Voters: Choose Carefully Weekend Meditation A Way Of Walking CHANCES HAVERGAL, a happy, charming spirit despite her poor health, one night was too happy to sleep and wrote the hymn of consecration, "Take my life and let it be consecrated Lord to Thee." Dr. Halford Luccock, Professor of Homiletics at Yale University, thought the lines, "Take my feet and let them be swift and beautiful for were the best in the hymn. He maintained that the best way to witness was by the feet. When one goes to church, for example, one makes a silent witness to God and love for worship in His house. So one can contend properly that religion is a way of walking, not of talking. This is something the Bible emphasizes. the Jewish word for the right way of living, has its root in the verb "to walk." It also means the imitation of Cod. Some people confuse "blessed" with "happy." It doesn't mean that. It means going somewhere wholeheartedly. So Jesus says, "Blessed is the man who hungers and thirsts after righteousness." The psalmist puts it, "Blessed is the man that walketh not in the counsel of the ungodly." The Hebrew idea of religion was never a static condition, but a vital, moving thing, employing all life. As Erich Fromm points out, the old Bnbyonian holiday of "Shap- which was celebrated every eleventh day, was a day of mourning and castiga- tion, a somhre day dedicated to Saturn, for which Saturday is named. The Hebrew day, the Sabbath, was, on the contrary, a day of rejoicing, the very opposite of the Babylonian Shapatu, not only given to read- ing the scriptures and religious writings, but for leisure nnd enjoyment of life. It was a day of life and freedom, not death and unhappy restraint. It was a (lay of rest and contemplation, certainly, not waste and debauchery, but a day in which man rose above the things of time and matter into the realm of eternal joy. So the Hebrew thought of life as a jour- ney, a walk "Enoch walked with "Adam walked with God." The Bible uses the phrase repeatedly. "Walk in the Spirit. Walk in love. Walk in light. Walk worthy of the vocation wherewith you are called. Walk honestly. Walk hi newness of life. Walk in wisdom. Walk after His command- ments." Maurice Colbourne in his biography of George Bernard Shaw, has a picturesque description of Shaw. "When seen in the London streets or on the Malvery lulls lie always walks as though he had an ap- pointment with himself and might be late for it." One can picture the ungainly, lean figure, strirting eagerly, engrossed in lu's thoughts, composing lu's plays in his head as he went. How different from much of the slouchy, lazy, vacuous walking one sees on the city streets most of the time! The Bible says that John, "looking on Jesus as he recognized him as the Son of God. Shakespeare writes, "con- tinual plodders" who "walk and wot not what they are." Jesus was not one of these! Wordsworth, on the other hand, wrote of a friend "who walked in glory and in joy along the mountain side." Can't you just see him! That could have been said of Jesus. Isaiah may have teen thinking of hint when he wrote, "How beau- tiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good All of us have a distinctive way of walking and can be known and recognized by it. What kind of walker are you? PRAYER: Grant, 0 God, that I may walk in the way of life and light anil love. F. S. lit. I would like to address an- other letter to the people of the Peigan Reserve. It is time for us to wake up and use our powers of voting, wisely. November the eighteen- th draws closer, and on that day the future of the Peigan Reserve for the next two years will be decided. Much can be done in these two coming years if the right people are elected. Let us consider seriously be- fore making our vote. This election is most im- portant to the Peigan people. A reserve must almost be run like a small country. This elec- tion is as important to us, as the federal and provincial elec- tions are to everyone! We must elect people who undersanding and proper treatment. Our Head Chief should be educated and must are willing to support organiza- also have wisdom to render his lions offering projects directed education useful to us He to towards the betterment of the reserve. We need to take ad- vantage every opportunity open to us. Let us choose men and women who can support and understand our students, for they represent future leaders. Councillors should be more aware of the education system, especially where Indian and white students are integrated. It is up to our leaders to see that the Indian child is given should be able to speak our Blackfoot language in order to communicate with older mem- bers of the band. He should be concerned with the welfare of every Peigan man, woman and child, and not overly concern- ed with his own interests and those of relatives and friends. Every reservation is at a critical stage, and the chief and council elected should be capable of leading the people through the time of change and Plea For Consideration Are the people of Alberta being fair to Dr. J. W. Grant MacEwan, their beloved lieut- enant governor? Just recently I read that Dr. MacEwan had just completed his 7th "Walk." Since he has been in office a little over five years, I couldn't help thinking "How wonder- Imagine my surprise to learn that Uie seven walks were completed during the past year not over the past five years! Who knows how many walks, or how many hundreds of miles Dr. MacEwan has actually walked in all sorts of weather, since taking office? This does not include a 250 mile drive for a walk which had to be can- celled at the last minute. Everyone knows how much "His Honour" advocates "walk- ing for better but how many adults have actually taken part in these marathons, and experienced the blisters, pulled leg muscles, and physi- Proposed Sewage Charges The Lethbridge City Council will do residents of this com- munity a real favor by pro- viding details of its negotia- tions with local industries well in advance of the November 9 public meeting for discussion of proposed sewage charges. Since the City intends to raise domestic charges from to per month (an increase of 225 per the public is en- titled to know the particulars of why the city is planning to de- crease industrial charges (Her- ald, p. 13, Oct. 27, For example, it would he in- teresting to know just how the city conducted an analysis of what charges arc mode to in- dustries in other Alberta cen- tres, how and why charges dif- fer from city to city, and why, specifically, local industries should not share "equitably" in the cost of a new secondary treatment plant. It would also be of great in- terest to know just which local industries are ready to pack up and move elsewhere if the schedule of new charges doesn't meet with their ap- proval. This threat is one of the most common ploys of in- dustry whenever incre a s e d costs are mentioned, yet evi- dence that the threat is ever earned out is simply not avail- able. If it happens here, Lctli- liridge will have a new CHESTER B. BCATY. Lethbridge. cal exhaustion, which this man must have endured, rather than turn anyone down with a simple In October, 1966, Dr. Mac- Ewan said one of his ambitions in office was to visit as many Alberta centers as possible. This he has certainly accom- plished. Here is a man wlio gives so much of himself to the people of Alberta. If the walkathons are no longer a success without Dr. MacEwan taking part, then I suggest it is time we found some other method of raising money for charitable causes. We as citizens should show our lieutenant governor a little more consideration and refrain from asking him to participate in any more walkathons which may be an unnecessary strain on his strength and health. I am sure that all Albertans realize that we have a truly great man in our liputerimt governor. He is Uie type of per- son, however, who will drive himself to the utmost to be of service to the people of this province. Let us therefore not impose tasks upon him which may exceed the limit of human endurance. We want him to he with us for a long time to come! ROSEMARY KEES'. Edmonton. on to progress without losing any part of our Indian culture. The new chief and council will have their work cut out for them, and their positions should not be envied if they are going to do their jobs prop- erly. It is no easy thing to make big decisions for your people, and making some enemies cannot be avoided. But if those chosen are truly con- cerned with the welfare of the people, they will win our sup- port and there will be a new interest among us. We must be involved with band affairs and contribute to our leaders in the direction of reserve living. We can start by seriously consid- ering our vote and getting the best people in. We have many fields to be ploughed and our votes, if used wisely, can en- able us all to harvest the fruits of our leaders' labors. MRS. JOE SMITH. Brocket. is completely sympathetic to the unions' uneasiness about multi-nationals and their essen- tially undemocratic power. He believes international bargain- ing by unions will come eventually and refers to recent attempt by the. European Metal Unions Committee to sign an international collective bargain with Philips, which has more than 150 plants in Europe. This was a premature effort, aii it happened, but Philips have been holding meetings with in- ternational union organizations and the implications are clear enough. Before some unionists are tempted to draw a Marxist car- icature of multi-national giants of capital bludgeoning the workers in many countries, Pro- fessor Roberts draws attention to a different perspective. "The international companies settled in this country have been the biggest source of innovation in industrial relations for the past 20 he says, itemizing such developments as produc- tivity bargains, participation, long-term .agreements, security of employment and concepts like job enrichment and quality control. The labor relations problems when dealing with a company like IBM, whose advanced tech- nology makes it highly mobile and whose staff identify easily with management aims, is a proposition vastly different from when a company's invest- ment is specific like oil-pros- pecting or bauxite mining. British unions have not any study of the balance be- teeen the benefits and the costs of multi-national companies. An American firm setting up in Cornwall proposed to give its typists a week, a huge wage; this would have been in- ternational parity but the local effects would have been disas- trous. Ford (UK) is currently to dilemma. A claim for a week extra is shortly to be lodged and at a time when its production is humming, the models are right for the mar- ket, and so on, the company's inclination will be to pay most of it while the going is good. However, the last Ford pay rise of a week touched off an in- flationary round of claims else- where which, it can be argued, promise to have dire results for Uie economy as a whole. In such circumstances .who benefits in the end? The unions are naturally happy to have the rises and can hardly be ex- pected to sea the long-term im- plications if the pattern is re- peated too often. This is hi sharp contrast to the situation in Hong Kong also mentioned at the confer- ence where multi national companies took full advantage of local. conditions and exploit- ed cheap, non-union labor in a manner which would be re- garded as scandalous in this country. Professor Roberts disagrees with the indignation expressed at this, however. He believes that what is happening in Hong Kong is "a classic example of how to develop what was basic- ally a peasant community and it has wisely responded to the opportunities given it by inter- national companies. He thinks the same thing is happening in Japan, which has been importing research and development by playing host to the multi-nationals on a 50-50 joint venture basis. And the re- sult? "By the end of the decade Japan will have a higher per capita income than the UK." International executives want to sweep the whole sub- ject of their activities under the carpet, but this will not be allowed. The TUC, having taken a bite, is going to hang on now. It. seeks "the organization of labor and governments, com- pelling these international com- panies to act in the public in- terest and in the interests of their employees." (Writcn for The Herald, and LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1921) Eighty students have registered at the new Agricul- tural College at Raymond. The term will begin Nov. 1, with the official opening about De- cember ,1; teachers are out of work and in response to an advertisement in Alberta news- papers 247 have registered in the southern part of the prov- ince. members of the zation act. They will be train- ed in first aid and ambulance, duties. 1950-The city will rent the curling rink to the Lethbridge Curling Club for for a five-month period. Under the agreement the city will supply the ice maintenance, light, heat and power. I960 A widow of 44 who marries a man of 77 should be satisfied with security and companionship, according to a Mennonite faith are receiving judge in Toronto, who dismiss- then- letters under the mobili- cd an action for annulment. Herak 5M 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Cuss Mall Registration No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally NewsoaDet Publishers' Association and Ins Audit Bureau of ClrculSni CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor nnd Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JUE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Maniiglng Edllor Associate Edllor MILES DOUGLAS K WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Edllor "THE HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;