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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Monday, October 29, 1973 Crucial vote Quebec votes today. It is a fateful day for Canada. Superficially the election lines are fairly Clearly drawn. The Liberals stand for more French autonomy and somewhat more economic reform within Confederation and within the status quo. Social Credit stands for repudiation of the "old line" parties within a modified version of the status quo and within Confederation, The Parti Quebecois stands for gradual and slightly qualified but nevertheless fairly complete independence from the rest of Canada. The Union Nationale (Quebec equivalent of the Conservatives) and the NDP don't count. These are some of the dangers: (1) That no party will get a majority, and there will be stalemated political chaos until another election is held. (2) That Quebec voters are like everyone else in Canada and will vote for this or that candidate for the strangest reasons not at all related to the party's general direction. (3) That the English vote may save the skin of the Bourassa Liberal government, and drive more of the anti- English vote to the Parti Quebecois. (4) That even with much less than a majority of the voters behind him (remember Barrett in the Parti will gain the most seats and will have to be given power. (5) That having won the premiership, Rene Levesque will take Quebec out of Canada as fast as he can. (6) That even if Levesque wants to go slow, the hot-heads in his party won't let him. (Highly responsible Quebec experts feel that Levesque is just a front man for the extremists in the PQ, and they will ditch him at the first chance.) (7) That with Quebec gone, the pull of regionalism will become all the stronger, and what is left of Canada will have to be drastically reorganized if it is to survive at all. So in a sense Canada's fate could be seriously affected by the Quebec voters today. ON THE HILL By Joe Clark, MP tor Rocky Mountain Keep remembering health, beautiful figure, and no longer at the mercy of some Arab sheik with an oil well Stanfield more sophisticated By Anthony Westell, Toronto Star commentator Where the caribou (don't) roam A study of environmental impact has just been delivered to the U.S. depart- ment of the interior showing that an arc- tic oil pipeline will have a major effect on the migration, and possible survival, of caribou. The report resulted from two years of study commissioned by the U.S. govern- ment and Alyeska. the Alaska pipeline, and was carried out by the Alaska co- operative wildlife research unit of the University of Alaska at Fairbanks. The actual pipeline will furnish a barrier about six feet high, the pipe being four feet in diameter. Because oil must be heated to a stage of necessary fluidity, the pipe has to be insulated and mounted on a platform so that it will not melt the permafrost. Mockup pipelines were erected across migration trails. They consisted of four- foot fences draped with burlap along which, at intervals, were built gravel ramps and underpasses. In 1971 and 1972 it was discovered that only 22 per cent of the animals en- countering the pipeline mockup actually crossed it. Most of this number took the ramps. A lesser number used the under- pass and a determined few scrambled under the fence itself. Thirty-four per cent turned around and went back. Forty-two per cent went around the end of the pipeline. (This is all very well in practice but the real pipeline will be 789 miles long.) The most distinctive habit of the caribou, known as the lifeblood of the arctic, is its migratory nature. Herds of caribou once roamed the tundra in numbers rivalling those of the great buf- falo herds which covered the prairies to the south. Today's Canadian herds are presumed to be about one-tenth of their former numbers. The eventual fate of the caribou is, of course, not known. They may learn to cross pipelines or they may learn to sur- vive within the areas to which proposed and future pipelines will confine them. These pipelines will be built or other methods also damaging to the environ- ment will be used for transporting oil to the world's hungry refineries. Anyone who thinks the earth's existing energy resources will not be tapped is living in a fool's paradise. The only questions are how much real care will be given to matters of en- vironmental impact and, when decisions have to be made, whose interests will be paramount. It has long been known that the ecology of the arctic is a fragile thing and that the closer one comes to the north pole the less latitude exists in ecological relationships. Since the world's food supply is also approaching a critical stage, this might be the time for a serious look at the possibility of commercial northern herds of caribou and muskoxen. Several years ago, Farley Mowat reported that the reindeer industry in Russia's arctic produced 80 million pounds of meat an- nually and provided jobs to native families. He wrote, of Canada's tundra, "one of the truly great grazing grounds in the world remains an unused wilderness." ERIC NICOL The absence of homespun probity Spiro Agnew put his smudgy finger on one of the problems of our time, when he explain- ed that in his position he couldn't afford to be honest. Not a wealthy man, he accepted cash payoffs, for favors granted, as part of the cor- rective mechanism that enables the politician to avoid suffering financial loss merely because he is a public servant. In Maryland they call it "fund raising." In Maryland as elsewhere it is difficult to get ahead of the game honestly, because of in- come tax. Agnew found that he was one of the nouveaux pauvres taxed to the point of mockery of his estimate of his own worth. The remedy for this situation, as every schoolboy knows, is to nurture undeclared in- come. For Agnew the income was donated by kindly contractors and firms doing business with the state. There is something very fulfilling about being handed a plain envelope full of unmarked bills, by a little man who doesn't even ask us to sign for it. Justice is served, followed by a good steak. The temptation to "cheat" a loose word used by persons who don't understand the 'natural laws of rectifying income tax is particularly severe for the politician like Agnew who finds himself in daily association with millionaires. The virtue of being poor but honest fades from view when the vice- president of the United States feels ashamed of his suit, and blushes to tee up a repaint. In the States, with their abundance of moneybags shoring up the position of power, there is enormous pressure on a person like Agnew to live up to the image of success. He pretty well has to be a crook in order to avoid looking disreputable. Agnew has been criticized as a hypocrite because during his career in the U.S. ad- ministration he thumped the hippies, the press and other elements of the permissive society that are sloppy dressers. The criticism is unfair. Agnew clearly felt very strongly about people who lacked enough enterprise to overcome their addiction to be- ing honest. The degree of corruption of Nixon's Number 2 and the rest of the White House staff shows how thoroughly the Republican party has modified the simple honestly of Abe Lincoln. Today, it is considered less impor- tant to get your face on a penny than your hands on a buck. In the absence of homespun probity, and un- der the hammer of The Great Leveller that is income tax, the lesser of administrative evils is the politician who is rich to begin with. Canada is fortunate to have such a person in Pierre Trudeau. When Trudeau shook hands with Mao recently, it was a meeting of probably the world's two most financially im- peccable leaders. Trudeau has so much private wealth that he can afford to wear jeans, and Mao needs little because he's stylish wearing pyjamas. Does this mean that Canada may assume the moral leadership of the free world? Cer- tainly our chances have not been reduced by Nixon's appointment of Gerald Ford, as Agnew's successor. Already the former pro football player is having to deny that he ran the kickback. If there is a lesson to be drawn from these bizarre fashions in lining the pocket, it is that, though it is easier for a camel to pass through the eye of a needle than for a rich man to enter Heaven, the dude may be right for politics. OTTAWA As he draws closer to power and respon- sibility. Conservative leader Robert Stanfield is becoming more cautious in his analysis of current ills and his prescriptions for curing them. As opposition leader, he has been merciless in his criticism of the government's failure to reduce unemploy- ment to an acceptable level. Explanations about the par- ticular problem of youth and the growing proportion of Canadians looking for work have been brushed aside as mere excuses. But when I talked to Mr. Stanfield a few days ago, as he basked in the Gallup Poll which indicated that he would win an election this fall and become prime minister, he sounded remarkably like Pierre Trudeau discussing un- employtment. Talking to me, he was cer- tainly tired after 10 tough days oi travelling across Canada talking His answers came slowly, but they were perhaps more thoughtful, less partisan than they would have been in the Commons or on a public platform. I began the interview by saying that if there had been an election this fall, he would probably now be preparing his lirst throne speech for Parliament. I asked what three or four items would be at the top of his agenda. Stanfield: "Thinking in terms of the areas of concern I would give priority to. there would be the question of infla- tion and associated with this my additional concern about regional disparity, and about the unemployment that exists, particularly among young people Later in the interview I came back to the subject. Question: "You mentioned specifically yough unemploy- ment as being of concern, and that is where a lot of the current unemployment is. Waht sort of policies do you think are appropriate for dealing with Stanfield: "Basically we have to continue the expansion of the economy so that the op- portunities are there. I have to admit that I'm not very cer- tain exactly what's causing this. I notice that they seem to have the same phenomenon in the United States, for example a high degree of unemploy- ment among yough. "I think it very important that we get to the cause of this and deal with it. I can't believe. I refuse to believe, that it's simply because they don't want to work, or something like that. There may be some difference in the attitude to the work ethic and so on. Frankly I don't have the answer to that, but I think it is important that we get it." A few days after the inter- view, the unemployment figures for September were published Although attention once again locussed on the gross figure, the detailed statistics confirmed that the problem is as puzzling as Mr. Trudeau and Finance Minister John Turner have been saying and as Mr. Stanfield now. to some extent, agrees. The over-all unemployment rate jumped sharply from 5.5 per cent in August to 6 per cent last month, seasonally adjusted. But the increase was largely among young peo- ple and those aged over 55. There was. in fact, very lit- tle slack in the labor market for adults, at 4.1 per cent, which includes traditional un- employment in the under- developed areas of the country. For married men in the prime age bracket of 25-54, the rate of unemployment ac- tually fell to 3.2 per cent. The evidence that the labor market is tight rather than loose is even more striking when you look at the actual figures lor September, before seasonal adjustments. The rate for all adults was 3.1 per cent; the rate for married men 25-54 was 2.1 per cent. This suggests that in the ma- jor growth centres of the country, there was probably an inflationary competition for labor. The major problem was among young people, aged 14 to 24. The actual rate of un- employment was 8.8 per cent: seasonally adjusted it was up to 10.7 per cent. The pattern has long been apparent and it does not appear that yough unemploy- ment can be cured simply by stimulating the economy. So I asked Mr. Stanfield (this was before the publication of the September "If it's not an economic problem, but a social problem, then it real- ly has to be related to the fact that young people don't want to work, or more exactly, don't want to work at the sort of job which are available, or are no longer prepared to take traditional types of jobs in factories and offices but are looking for more rewarding, more interesting sorts of work which we can't really achieve through the normal way of stimulating the economy. Don't you have to go in for special programs like Oppor- tunities for Youth and LIP and community development Stanfield: "There may be an element of this business of work not being attractive or challenging. They may not see that the opportunities available to them are challenging. I really believe we have to take a look at this whole business of the interesting aspects of work. It hasn't become, perhaps, a cause of acute social unrest in Canada yet. but I notice that in some other countries it has the assembly line methods. This is something we have to face. "i don't think we can get the answer, by any means, entire- ly through LIP programs and OFY. although that may very well be a part of it. But I suspect it's a very much deeper problem and that we're going to have to revise somewhat our whole approach to jobs and think in terms of work being organized in a more interesting way." Mr. Stanfield said he had no particular views on how to approach the problem. While government could prove leadership, he saw it mainly as a matter of management and labor. It may not sound as good on the hustings as simple slogans about firing up the economy to make work, but it is a far more sophisticated and cautious view of the problem than we have usually heard from the Tory leader. "Caucus" is the name given to the MPs of one party when they all meet together. (It's a group-name, like "gaggle" tor geese, "pride" for lions, "school" for fish.) Caucus meetings are private. Outsiders can't come in, and no information is sup- posed to get out. They are places for frank talk (by MPs) and confidential briefings (by experts in particular Usually, caucus meetings are held only in Ottawa. This Fall, for the first time in history, the Progressive Conservative caucus went "on the road." Recently. Bob Stanfield and seventy-some MPs (from all 10 provinces and the Yukon Territory) flew to Vancouver for a first-hand briefling on British Columbia problems. Our Quebec colleagues boasted about their 100 per cent attendance that meant Heward Grafftey and Claude Wagner were both there. (They were joined in Van- couver by three Conservative Senators from Quebec.) Eleven Albertans came: Harvie Andre, Bert Hargrave. Marcel Lambert. Don Maxankowski (new chairman of the national Steve Paproski. Stan Schel- lenberger, Stan Schu- macher (secretary of the national Gordon Towers. Eldon Woolliams, Paul Yewchuk and myself. In a crammed day. B.C. ex- perts gave reports and answered questions on port development, housing, com- mercial fishing, mining, the forest industry, and energy supply. Witnesses ranged from union leaders to com- pany presidents. Some Caucus members had never before been to Van- couver (just as some Alberta MPs have never been to New- Now they have more "feel" for B.C. than they had before. In politics and government is almost as important as facts. An MP who has ac- tually visited a place knows things about it which he could never learn by reading. That "extra" information is particularly important to government whose deicisons can make-or-break a It has to be done By Doug Walker The new hymn which choirmaster Van Egteren introduced to the McKillop United Church congregation one Sunday had eight verses. Hank wondered out loud if some verses should be eliminated and then decided that the whole hymn would be sung. "After he said, "we have nothing else to do." When the hymn was finished, Blake Ander- son the minister, said there was something else, to do and announced the receiving of the offering. That demonstrates how thoroughly the stewards must have impressed on Blake the importance of the offering he didn't always think it was something that had to be done. region or an industry. Public servants can often provide the "facts" in a case the politi- cian has to provide the he has to know the country well enough to judge the propositions public ser- vants put before him. That's particularly impor- tant in a country as big as Canada. A problem that looks simple in Alberta can be thorny in Newfoundland and vica versa. Even the same word can suggest different things. For example, say "beef" in Toronto, and people think of a food: in Alberta, we think of an industry. For our caucus, the Van- couver trip was part of a program of "voyages" of dis- covery" MPs travelling to learn about the land. On other fronts: October, Bob Stanfield travelled to discuss energy with Premiers Davis, Blakeney. Barrett and Lougheed and (with Alberta MPs) visited oil industry of- ficials in Calgary and the Fort McMurray site of the Syncrude and GCOS projects. a three day period, 35 MPs visited 29 university campuses, from Victoria to St. John's Newfoundland, tal- ing to students. Murta. the 30-year-old Manitoba MP who chairs our agricultural caucus, discussed feed grain policies with farm leaders in Winnipeg, Quebec and elsewhere. Individual MPs have brought colleagues from other provinces to our own con- stituencies (Flora Mac-Donald came to Banff and Jasper and Claude Wagner to both now know more about our part of The Vancouver meeting was so successful that we plan others. The next will probably be in Quebec because the Progressive Conservative party doesn't know Quebec well enough, and Quebec hasn't had the chance to get to know US. Such meetings aren't brand new to Canadian politics. They are the way Bob Stan- field got to know Nova Scotia before he was elected premier there. But they mark a major change in the way a national party does its job. Letter Get rid of foxes On ,i rfrfnl Saturday morn- ing I fnjovfd the memorable of tramping through a coulee while big setter course ,mrl forth through tall ,md the anticipated, vet thunderous burst of a rmynffk pheasant from a rosebush Hut these, once 'orrirnon experiences, are becoming scarce and both the iwdM and government are nnv. warning Mhe concern voiced bv rnanv hunters for several that the phea- population is gradually disappearing The problem is now, widespread with many tors sii< h as efficient far- ming inclement weather and mser nudes blamed for the demise The pheasant is a durable. hardv bird with a hazardous existence Wildlife reports in- dicate this year's dry spring produced poor hatches of voung birds hut previous reports indicate wet springs and the same disastrous results Our late spring and prolonged cold spells are believed responsi- ble for manv pheasant losses but it is the red fox prolific in Southern Alberta, who is largeK responsible Ask the farmers if this is not so. Picture Butte resident reported finding a fox den con- taining the remnants of over 200 pheasant carcasses while a VI c a 11 v farm c r has reported a trapper took 35 fox- es from a canal bottom location west of the air- port two vears ago Within two hours mv .son and I counted five foxes vacating one section of land When you rnultiplv this number over all Southern Alberta farm sec- tions against the daily food each fox requires the number 'if upland game birds these t e 11 0 w s are devouring becomes appalling I do not, blarne the hatches, the weather or anv other factor for the lack of pheasants this tall I blame this sharp-nosed tellow in the furry red jacket who finds voting chicks an prev It appears definite action will follow the concern voiced this fall hut an early hunting c leisure this vear or a closed season next vear will not help since the red fox pays little heed to hunting regulations. A hunting closure during 1969 due tc) mercurv poisoning didn t produce the increased birds for 1970 many sportsmen anticipated The two definite measures needed to increase the- pheasant population are a drastic reduction of foxes and a planned program of restocking Alberta hunters are required to purchase a four dollar resource and wildlife certificate much of which is wisely used for farmers to replace crops damaged bv birds but it is time some of the money went to a properly managed program of restocking. But restocking without controlling predators is simplv pheasant (arming for fox fodder and will result in a scarcity of birds for manv vears to come. GORDON M LOWK l.ethbndge The "Our immediate problem is eliminating, uh, social problems. 504 7th St S. Lethbndge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954. by Hon W.A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Rerjistration No 0012 Member ot The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau' ot Circulations CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H ADAMS. General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Frjitor Associate Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K.WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;