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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 29, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta IWUBSHNB Uttfcrtiii (1947) ARAB Jaffa Arabs. .and Jews To whom was the "Promised Land" promised? An historical perspective on the Middle East war. Monday, October 29, 1973 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD 3 SHERATON INNS, INC. I By ROBERT COCHNAR Special to The Herald When did the conflict in the Middle East begin? You can date it from 1967, after the Six-Day War, when Israeli forces occupied the Syrian Golan Heights, the Egyptian Sinai and the west bank of the Jordan River. Or you can date it from 1948, when the State of Israel came into official ex- istence. Perhaps you can date it from World War II, when Hitler, through his massacre of millions of Jews, made the existence of a Jewish homeland a matter of survival for the Jewish people. The situation has even earlier roots in English and French colonial manipulation in the area during and after World War I. But in a truer sense, the emotional realities of the Mideast conflict date back 4000 years to the days of Abraham. For it is from War aftermath ...Middle East carved up GENERAL FARM Presents The Weather SUNRISE TUESDAY SUNSET H L Pre Lethbridge...... 69 38 .16 Pmcher Creek... 64 35 .41 Medicine Hat 73 41 .22 Vermilion 52 39 05 Edmonton 50 34 Grande Prairie 51 33 .02 Banff 48 34 .18 Coronation .66 37 .11 Calgary 67 32 .06 Victoria 58 40 04 Penticton....... 56 35 .02 Prince George 48 .01 Kamloops 57 35 Vancouver 58 40 .06 Saskatoon....... 70 42 .03 Regma.......68 39 Winnipeg 45 36 Toronto........45 39 1.15 Ottawa......... 42 33 Montreal.....41 32 FORECAST: Lethbridge Medicine Hat Today: Clearing during morning. Brisk northwest winds. Highs near 50. Lows near 35. Tuesday: Mainly sun- ny. Brisk northwest winds. Highs 55-60. Calgary Today: Sunny. Brisk northwest winds. Highs 45-50. Lows 30-35. Tuesday: Mainly sunny. Brisk northwest winds by afternoon. Highs 50-55. Columbia Kootenay Today: Sunny with a few cloudy periods. Early morning fog patches. A few showers in the Columbia dis- trict this evening. Tuesday: Mostly cloudy. Afternoon showers in the Columbia dis- trict Highs both days 45 to 50. Lows tonight in the lower 30s. MONTANA E a s t of Continental Much cooler. Gusty northwesterly winds with snow showers in the moun- tains and a few rain showers over the plains today. Decreasing cloudiness and colder tonight. Sunny Tuesday. Highs today 50 to 60. Lows tonight 20 to 30. Highs Tuesday 45 to 55. West of Continental Divide Cooler with scattered rain showers in the valleys and snow showers mountain areas today. Decreasing cloudiness and colder tonight. Sunny Tuesday. Highs today and Tuesday 45 to 55. Lows tonight 15 to 25. Don? Miss BONANZA DAYS GENERAL FARM SUPPLIES Oct. 29 to Nov. 2 Five Days of Fantastic Bargains Refreshments and Prizes See the Display of Machinery and Irrigation Equipment CELEBRATING OUR 31st ANNIVERSARY GENERAL FARM SUPPLIES Coutls Highway Box 1202 328-1141 Fort Macleod is in progress. All remaining highways art in good driving condition Highway 1 reported bare and dry Widening oi one mile sec- tion of Highway No. 3 east of PORTS OF ENTRY (Opening and Closing Carway V a m. to 10 p.m.; Chief Mountain closed; Coutts 24 hours; Del Bomta 9 a m. to 6 p.m.; Kingsgate 24 hours; Porthill-Rykerts 8 a.m to midnight: Wild Horse 8 am toSp.m.; RoosevilleSa.m. to midnight Logan Pass open. Abraham that both the Moslems and Jews trace their descent. And, in the clash of human passions which is what this conflict is really about it is the sanctity of the "promised land" that has locked the Arabs and Jews into this vicious and intransigent con- flict which seems somehow to involve the fate of the rest of the world. Land's curse The territory which geographers call the fertile crescent" has been politically unstable since the reign of the Egyptian Pharohs. For cen- turies, the land was conquered and reconquered by Babylonians, Persians, Turks, Crusaders, French colonists and British imperialists. The Zionist thrust entered the pic- ture relatively recently. Before the 1948 war, which resulted in the establishment of the State of Israel, Jews had no nation for 2000 years. Scattered by the Romans, they travelled to all parts of the world and lived their lives, usually isolated from the social mainstream of the countries which they in- habited. In 1897, after several decades of intense persecu- tion in Russia and Eastern Europe, a Viennese journalist named Theodor Herzl organiz- ed the Zionist movement a movement for the Jewish return to Palestine. While the major cities of the Mideast Cairo, Beirut, Damascus, Jerusalem were inhabited by Arabs, Palestine itself was populated by tribes of Bedouins In the early years of this century, Zionists purchased thousands of acres of Palestinian land and began the slow process of repopulation The nomads simply moved, as was their nature. The Zionist movement was nearly snuffed out during World War I when the Turkish empire, which controlled the Mideast, entered the war on the German side. Zionism was declared illegal and any Palestinian Jew suspected of having Allied sympathies was hanged To counter Turkish power in the area, the British guaranteed certain lands in the Mideast to the Arabs if they revolted against Turkish rule. Mobilized by Lawrence of Arabia, the Arabs swept into Damascus routing the Turkish forces. Meanwhile, in 1917, the British Foreign Minister, Lord Balfour, wrote a letter to Lord Rothschild, a British millionaire and a Jew, declar- ing that Britain "views with favor" the establishment of a Jewish national homeland in Palestine. In exchange for Rothschild money and the rights to synthetic cordite a powerful explosive aeent developed by Dr. Chaim Weiz- mann, a Zionist leader Bri- tain promised to support Jewish claims in Palestine. For the rest of World War I, Britain profited from the help of both the Arabs and the Jews because it had, in a sense, promised the same land to both of them Until the end of World War I, the Jews and Arabs in Palestine had lived comfor- tably together. Both shared "Semitic" ancestry; both shared many cultural traditions. But the continuing Zionist immigration after the war, began to unsettle the Palestinian Arabs. For one thing, the Jewish immigrants were European in speech and custom, and the Arabs had come to mistrust the designs of all Europeans by this time. For another, the Jews democratic approach to politics threatened the traditional master-serf relationship between Arab land owners and peasants. In 1937, a British commis- sion recommended partition- ing Palestine into two states, one Arab and one Jewish. But the Second World War in- tervened and, when it was over, almost a third of the world's Jewish population had perished in Nazi concentra- tion camps. Those who sur- vived had a new status: dis- placed persons. As the American Friends Service Committee reported "the Christian West was weighed and found wanting Instead of opening wide their gates to refugees, the free nations vacillated, took half measures and waited." Because of the indifference of the American and Western European, governments, the flood of Jews into Palestine increased dramatically. Palestinian Jews, armed and organized into guerrilla units, fought both the British who tried to limit the flow of refugees and the Arabs who were threatened by the grow- ing Jewish popvlaiion. The resulting turmoil was too much for the British, who had troubles enough in other parts of the Empire So, washing her hands of all responsibility, Britain dropped the Palestine problem into the lap of the United Nations. In 1948, the U.N. partitioned Palestine into separate Arab and Jewish states and inter- nationalized the holy city of Jerusalem Shortly thereafter, the nation of Israel was established and, within hours, military units from Jordan, Syria, Egypt and Iraq began an open assault on the new nation. After initial Arab successes, the Israeli forces rallied and, at the end of the war, Israel wound up holding a third more territory than it would have held under the original plan. Refugees An armistice was arranged in 1949, but there was no peace. The Palestinian Arab state was never created. Instead, Jordan annexed the territory west of the Jordan river, Egypt assumed a protectorate over the Gaza Strip, and Israel absorbed a part of Jerusalem, the Negev and parts of Galilee The general Arab reaction to the establishment of Israel was "one of bitterness, frustration, and a sense of humiliated ac- cording to the AFCS. "Their chief satisfaction for a long time came from a war of propaganda rarely matched in passion and vituperation But they have believed that their cause was just and that it would prevail in the end But the establishment of Israel had another, more specific, result, a group of Palestinian Arabs, who had been promised a separate state, were now homeless refugees Today a second generation of refugees lives in squalid camps, eating food supplied by the U.N Relief and Works Agency, clinging to a dimmed hope that they will one day return to Palestine, a land which technically no longer exists. The refugees have no home left. Nor have they been com- pensated for the property they lost This is the source of their bitterness a bitterness which has spawned the Palestinian Liberation Organization, the El Fatah, the Black September Move- ment and other groups which, encouraged by the Arab states, have staged hi- jackings, murders and terrorist attacks around the world Moreover, the Palestinian refugees have been abandoned by the rest of the world. Arab countries have not attempted to resettle refugees because, they say, a successful resettlement would help the world forget Israeli injustice and would solidify the ex- istence of Israel as a fait ac- compli. Fomenting chaos As far as Israeli policy, Mideast specialist Albert Hourani suggests that "in the long run it may be in Israel's interest to grant the refugees the right of return or compen- sation, for only as a mixed state has it a chance of being accepted by its neighbors." But Hourani admits, "it seems more likely that Israel will do nothing." Despite the series of wars against Israel, the Arab states have been unable to maintain a united front, a fact which has enabled Israel to survive as a nation. While the current war suggests that the Arabs are co-operating with more success than ever before, the leaders of various Arab factions are still at odds The U.S. and Western Euro- pean positions are critical. But because of the political and economic repercussions of an ominous energy crisis, and the fact that vast reserves of the world's fuel are buried under Arab lands, the U.S. relationships with Israel and the Arabs are constantly shif- ting During the 1956 war, the U S found itself on the side of the Arabs and the Soviet Union against Israel, France and Britain. The result was an Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai in exchange for American assurance that Egypt would not interfere with shipping through the Gulf Of Aqaba To enforce this arrangement, a U.N. Emergency Force was stationed on the Egyptian border and on the Strait of Tiran. Six-Day War Between 1956 and 1967, the strength and determination of Palestinian guerrillas inten- sified, and the reciprocal terrorism between Israel and her neighbors reached fever pitch. On May 22, when Nasser an- nounced his intention to blockade the Strait of Tiran, Israel mobilized to counteract what it saw as Egyptian agression. And although the Strait was, in fact, never blocked, Israel launched an attack on June 5, 12th ANNUAL Open All Day Saturday Use Your Chargex or Master Charge SALE FIRST TIRE LIST PRICE SECOND TIRE 1 ALL PASSENGER, TRUCK and TRACTOR TIRES ON SALEI DROP IN AND COMPARE FREE MOUNTING F78x14 4 PLY FLEETWOOD TUBLESS NYLON Passenger Tire LEONARD TIRE MART LTD. 1902 2nd AVE.S. PHONE 327-3580 "WE KNOWINGLY UNDERSELL" MR. IRVING ZELDMAN MR. SAM SWITZER Mr. Irving Zeldman, President of Sheraton Inns, Inc., a worldwide service of ITT is pleased to an- nounce the Award of Excellence to Mr Sam Swit- zer, General Manager of the Sheraton Summit Inn, Calgary The award 'In recognition of his val- uable services and contributions to the regional and national council concept as Canadian Reg- ional Council Chairman', recognizes Mr Switzer's efforts on behalf of the Canadian Council in 1 972 Mr Switzer has been re-elected to a second term as chairman of the Canadian Regional Council UIESTHICHOUSE Westinghouse WASHER 'Two agitators one for regular loads and one for delicate fabrics and tiny loads Wash' agitator nests beneath regular agitator lets you safely machine wash delicate lingerie and knits wash action centre agitator, rotating ribbed tub rinsing system, power spray plus deep agitation rinse to remove all suds and soil filtering system gives 3 or more com- plete water filterings for better removal of lint Saver' allows you to fill to the right level for any load from 4 to 18 Ibs 'Heavy duty transmission motor, pump and sus- pension Extra Value Sale, only S319 FREE BONUS with Laundromat Hand Wash Agitator Usually an extra-cost item, it's free during this sale only. Ends hand washing forever Safely machine washes lingerie, cashmeres, etc. Nests out of way beneath regular agitator. Westinghouse DRYER 'Two drying programs on timer Timed Dry and Auto Dry 'Auto Dry cycle uses accurate sensor to measure drying shut off cycle when clothes reach either fully dry or damp dry ready for ironing, gives excellent results with permanent press and knit garments 'Giant 16" diameter opening to ease loading and unloading. 'Safety start button and door switch, interior light Cross Vanes give more even drying. help prevent small loads from sticking to tub walls 'Heavy duty drive motor, suspension and basket 'Bigger lint filter screen improves lint removal Extra Value Sale, only FREE BONUS with Dryer Non-tumbling drying rack. Usually an extra- cost option, free for this Sale only. Dries sneakers, shoes, buckled belts, etc. quietly without tumbling. Removable. nohang-ups with an electric dryerA washer Buy The Pair Only '499 ColoradSIO Extra (Eichl Credit Plan Avilliblil 326-Sth Strett S. Open Till 9 p.m. Thurt. Frl. NlghUI Phone 327-8578 ;