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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 29, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Indian serles-2 Self-respect best gift for Indians By JIM WILSON Staff Writer KEHEWJN INDIAN RESERVE Perhaps the most important gilt the Indians in this area could be given is the opportunity to acquire self-respect. Unfor- tunately, that's probably the last gift they'll be given. And with today's militant Indian movement, the situation will get worse, because as with any minority group which suddenly moves out into the world and makes demands upon it, the Indians have over-reacted so has the white man's conscience. A full stomach, a job, respect from are prerequisites for self-respect and pride. And pride in oneself, in one's culture, are prerequisites for suc- cess in this or any other world. The Indians insist they need an improved educa- tion system for their children, and this they most defin- itely do. But even the teachers here told me it is largely a one-sided fight: the Indians would be given almost whatever, they wanted if they would simply sit down and make their clear desires known. IGNORE PROBLEMS The Indians constantly lament, with every right to do so, that their language and culture are in danger of Joss because their children are taught white man's language and education in white man's schools. This is the solutions the Indians are seek- ing have got to be self-defeating, because they ignore the underlying problems. First, let's talk about culture, about heritage, about language. Where do we learn them? From our we're school-aged. If the Indian chil- dren are losing these important possessions, the fault lies squarely with parents who have too often in the past given up and lost any their own people. Father Croteau, a Catholic priest on the nearby Cold Lake reserve, told me he fears for the Indian children who have been forced by their parents to strike from school. "They are using the most dangerous of all possible weapons when they involve their be said. "Their children need all the education they can get to survive in this world. And worse, the children can't fail in school, because that results in a loss of face, after which they rapidly quit school.'1 The Kehewin people are now seeking (and using their strike for) a new school on the reserve, which would provide kindergarten and Grades 1 to 3. It would cost, they estimate, about They also want con- trol over its curriculum, or at least a voice in it. STRIKES UNNECESSARY The fact of the matter is that, with about 170 stu- dents attending Bonnyville schools 10 miles from the reserve, they have a sufficient enrolment that ac- cording to the new Alberta School Act, they can de- mand and Hie school district must provide, teaching of their own Cree oiher things. Strike is unnecessary, a fact the Indians didn't bother to learn. Tom Badger, a Kehewin Indian leader, told me the strike is not hurting their children because "subjects lik? mathematics and science and man's, of no value to Indians." I couldn't possibly disagree more. When the Indians complain of a biased and often inaccurate social studies program where Indian history is involved, they have many points. But the other courses they object to, they are going to need even worse than today's white students. There are about 500 men, women and children on the Kehewin reserve, and 94 per cent of them are on welfare. They're on welfare because the reserve is too poor to support them. They have little farming, and no industry. Fishing, tourism-, perhaps some light manu- facturing would be feasible, but these couldn't possibly support even the number of Indians on the reserve now, much less the 650 there will be in 10 years. WELFARE NOT ANSWER As long as the Indians remain on welfare, they will never have any pride in could they? I am not referring to Indian affairs assistance, but straight, simple welfare for able-bodied men. I refuse to enter the argument about the rights of Indians whose land we have taken from if it has validity, it helps no one to live on welfare for genera- tion after generation. Indians with drive, pride and there are many among the young people on this reserve- will simply have to leave home if they are to find jobs. In this they are no different from the rural white popu- lation, where only a few.people can farm, only a few can work in related occupations. Tile rest leave. Looking at the reality of Indians finding jobs, the prime factor is that they have to beat back prejudice at every turn. Who will hire an Indian? Well, even worse, who will hire an Indian with less than a Grade 9 education? The children on this reserve absolutely rr.usl have a while man's is tile white man's economy and world which will feed them, either through welfare or through their salary cheques, for Uie rest of iheir lives. This does not mean they must become "white men" culture MUST survive. But culture comes from the hearts and minds o[ a people who share a common pride and a common history, not from books or school. It is absorbed in the home. I believe the Kehcwin Indians have a valid point "'lien they ask for n kindergarten and Grades 1 to 3 on tho reserve. But there must be a concommitant rffort on their parts in their own homes to give their children a powerful example of cultural pride. In too many cases they are not even attempting this: they are asking that white teachers teach Indian students Indian culture. REAL SALVATION Right now, what the parents are providing instead this is a problem they aren't talking a negative and often self-fulfilling prophecy for their chil- dren to look nl. II tolls the children from the lime they learn to talk that the white man's world is cruel, that they can't survive in ii, Hint Indian affairs does not assist tliem, that while man's education system is not useful for them, that Ihcy can live their lives with ease on wel- fare, that there is a good chance they will become alcoholic Indians. And with such constant parental teaching, what else can the Indian children become? There is a definite beginning of a pride hi being an Indian, however, and it is something I hope persists. Coupled wilh n willingness to plan for the recognition lhat there is a tomorrow for Ilien; to plan will lie Ihnir real salvation. Mora tomorrow. Forecast High Saturday Near 41 The Lethlnidijc Herald "Serving South Alberta and Southeastern B.C." VOL. LXIV No. 270 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 29, 1971 Price 10 Cents PAGES U.K. market entry victory hailed Tories score upset Labor rebels pave the way LONDON (CP) Supported by Labor rebels, a delighted British government appears su- premely confident that entry into the European Common Market in 1973 has been assured by a decisive display of parlia- mentary approval for the princi- ple of membership. Britain's 630-seat Commons voted 356 to 244 in favor of entry Thursday night in what was PRIME MINISTER HEATH clear victory seen as a clear victory for Prime Minister Heath and his governing Conservatives. The .112-vote margin was much higher than Tory managers had anticipated. While Opposition rebels hand- somely boosted the Conserva- tive margin, the Tories mus- tered enough votes to win on their own as Heath hoped they would do. The House of Lords approved membership by an overwhelm- ing 451-to-58 margin, although this was widely predicted in ad- vance. China to send team UNITED NATIONS (CP) China notified the United Na- tions today it will send a delega- tion in the "near furore" to take the seal voted it last Monday. One on the list, perhaps its head, is expected to be Huang Hua, Chinese ambassador to Canada. Meanwhile, another Chinese ambassador, one who'sadly left Ottawa only a year ago, is pre- paring to leave New York after losing Us place at the United Nations. Yu-ehi Hsueh, until he was ex- pelled Monday, a member of the Nationalist Chinese delega- tion at the UN. Slightly more than a year ago Hsueh, then Nationalist ambas- sador to Canada, walked out of Ottawa when informed Canada and the People's Republic had agreed to establish diplomatic relations. Heath, beaming and jubilant after the vote and a six-Jay de- bate which proceeded it, told re- porters the victory was "clear- cut and the result of years of work by various governments." In fact, Heath himself opened the initial entry negotiations when he was a Tory cabinet minister in 1961. British applica- tions suffered two French ve- toes and a series of other set- backs in the intervening years. SPOKESMAN HAPPY Geoffrey Rippon, the govern- ment's chief Market negotiator, said of the vote: "It's one of my happiest moments. I've fought for this for much of my life." He said he feels certain the administration will be able to gain passage of the vital ena- bling legislation which must be approved next year if Britain is to gain full membership in the Market by Jan. the gov- ernment's target date. In his Commons victory. Heath received support from 69 Labor MPs rebelling against tha Opposition party's official anti- Market line. The question now seems to be how many of these MPs will continue to support the government when the clause- by-clause battle on the legisla- tion begins. Opposition Leader Harold Wil- son, who has promised that his Labor party will fight enabling legislation clause by clause, said on television after defeat on the Market issue: "This is not the is the begin- ning." Heath lost 39 of his own To- ries who voted against the idea of joining Europe but many ob- servers expect some of these to rally to Heath's side on the final vote. LIBERALS BACK MOVE The Tories have 326 members lo Labor's 2S7. Five of the sis Liberals in the House also voted with the government. The debate, sometimes spar- kling but more often repetitive, produced repeated assertions by anti-Market spokesmen that Market membership will mean higher food prices, a rapid dete- rioration a! Commonwealth links and a loss of British sover- eignty. Heath and his ministers main- tained that Britain will always have a veto over any Market moves which might damage tha country's national interests. As the vote was announced, former prime minister Harold Macmillan, who spearheaded the initial unsuccessful attempts to gain entry, stood on the cliffs of Dover, 70 miles from here, lighting a bonfire to signal the result across the English Chan- nel. President Nixon, West Ger- man Chancellor Willy Brandt and other West European lead- ers hailed die result as an his- toric turning point. in Nfld FRANK JUOORES historic victory TOM BURGESS calls the shot Letlibridsfe may borrow EDMONTON (Staff) A di- rector of the provincial munici- pal finance corporation told the Alberta urban municipalities Association convention Thurs- day each city, town and village in the province can add per capita to their borrowing ca- pacities. For Lethbridge, that means tile city can borrow about 000 more without adding it on to the 1971 debt figure until May 31, 1972. The policy came about to supplement the federal winter works incentives program. 'Heard tlie latest Lougheed plans talks with Trudeau EDMONTON (CP) Prime Minister Trudeau and Premier Peter Lougheed of Alberta will meet privately in Ottawa next week, the premier's office said Mr. Lougheed is going to Ot- tawa as an observer at the fed- eral provincial finance minis- ters conference and will re- main in the capital for the talks with Mr. Trudeau Nov. 5. They are expected to discuss affairs affecting Alberta. ST. JOHN'S, Nfld. (CP) The Progressive Conservatives Thursday scored a narrow upset victory in the Newfoundland election, whining half the 42 seats in the legislature and re- d u c i n g Premier Smallwood's Liberals to second-party status for the first time since Confed- eration wilh Canada in 1949. With winners declared today in all 42 ridings, Frank Moores' Conservatives had won 21 seats, the Liberals 20 and the New Labrador Party one. Recounts were expected in several close ridings. Final standings: J97I 196G Prog. Con. 21 3 Liberals 20 39 New Labrador 1 Total 42 42 With the Conservatives never attaining more than also-ran status in previous Newfound- land elections, the result was an historic victory for them and a crushing blow for the 70-year- old premier, who went to the people seeking a seventh straight mandate since leading the province into Confederation in 1949. The question of whelher Hie Conservatives will have a work- ing majority in the legislalure hinges on the only third-party member of the new New Labrador Party leader, Torn Burgess. SPLIT WITH LIBERALS Mr. Burgess, who split with the Liberals following the 1966 election which they won with ease, says he will side with the parly which offers Labrador the best deal. Mr. Smallwood, Interviewed at his home 40 miles from here shortly after the final result was announced, said there would be a number of recounts. There was also Uie possibility of court action. He did not say what court action he had in mind. In the meantime, the premier said, he planned "to carry on the business of government." There were voters reg- istered for the election, and about 87 per cent cast ballots, probably the heaviest vote in any Canadian election. FIRST PC WIN It was the first Conservative victory in Newfoundland's his- tory as a province and the first lime any opposition party had elected more than seven mem- bers as the Liberals steamroll- ered through one provincial election after another climaxed by a 1966 vote in which they won all but three of the 42 seats. Party gains Canadian Press list of party gains in Newfoundland: Progressive Conservatives (17) From and Lapoile, Burin, Carbonear, Fer- ryland, Grand Falls, Harbour Main Humber East, Hum her West, Lewisporte, Port au Port, St. Barbe South, St. Georges, St. Johns North, St. John's South, St. Johns West, St. Mary's. New Labrador party (1) From West. CRUSHING BLOW Premier Joseph Smallwood checks Newfoundland election result showing he had suffered a crushing blow in seeking his seventh mandate since leading the province into Confederation in 1949. Iiico cuts again in nickel slnmp Trudeau on trade squeeze U.S. trying to buy up world? TORONTO Inter- national Nickel Co. of Canada Ltd. announced today a further cut in production in the face of dwindling world markets. The company said production will be reduced by about 15 per cent when the cut is fully effec- tive early in 1972. This is hi addition to a seven-per-cent cut announced in August. About 470 hourly-rated and slaff persons in Ontario and Manitoba will be laid off, most of them at the company's Port Colborne, Ont., refinery. The company also announced tliat between September and the end of October about 250 staff positions in the two operating divisions have been discontin- ued, many of them through early retirement. In addition, about 770 hourly- rated and other employees in the Sudbury, Ont., district will be transferred to oilier jobs and some 200 staff and hourly-rated people in the Manitoba division will be transferred to other work wilhin the division. A company spokesman said the net effect on employment of the two production cuts and re- lated moves will be a reduction of about job positions. An- other employees will re- place people who retire or quit over a period of several months, which means the company's hir- ing needs will be sharply re- duced during that period. SUSPEND PIT OPERATIONS Two-thirds of the production cut announced today will be in the Ontario division and the bal- ance in Manitoba. This will in- volve: Suspending operations s t Clarabelle No. 2 pit in Sudbury by Nov. 1; at Pipe No. 1 shaft near Thompson, Man., by Dec. 1; and at No. 3 shaft of the Creighlon mine and the Creigh- ton mill, both in the Sudbury area, by January, 1972: reduc- ing production at the Stobie sec- tion of the Frood-Stobie mine in Sudbury, the Pipe open pit in the Manitoba division; and a re- duction of electrolytic nickel at Port Colborne. Skid road fire kills five men OTTAWA (CP) President Nixon's economic measures constitute a lest case in which Canada is asking if the U.S. economic system is lending it "to try and buy up as much of the world as Prime Minister Trudcau says. His most di- rect yet about the U.S. trade squeeze program announced Aug. made in a tape-recorded interview wilh Charles Lynch, chief of Soulham News Services, "I don't Ihink the Ameri- cans arc deliberately trying to do Trudeau "But here we have a test case with Canada and I'm trying to get them to answer that very simple question." The U.S. is saying it doesn't want a trade deficit with Can- ada and Canada is saying it needs trade with the U.S. lo finance payment on the huge U.S. investment in Canada, the prime minister says. Canada's long-term problem is "the very economic philoso- phy of the even after the Aug. .15 import sur- charge vanishes. That was Ihc nature of the study on foreipi ownership by Revenue Minis- ter Herb Gray, vrliicli baj been delayed by the U.S. steps to cure its balance-of- paymcnls ills, he said. WON'T SUPPLANT U.S. But Canada will always Iw much closer lo the U.S. than l.hi> Soviet. always will be and not only in geo- graphical sense. If he had said cthcrwise, Mr. Tru- deau said. "I was wrong and I'll admit I was wrong." Mr. T r u d e a u had been quoted last week by an aide, following one of his conversa- tions with SV, id PromiiT Ko- Kyfiin here, as saying Canada would In feel relations the Soviet Union, would be as close as Ihey have been, and as they remain, with the U.S. "I don't remember saying thai and, if I did, 1 certainly didn't mean Mr. Tnideau said in the interview. He added later: Those who are trying lo make the case that sud- denly the Soviet Union is trying to overshadow the Americans in our relationship know, t h e y 'r e just trying to be malicious, or, if Ihey're on the other side, they're day dreaming. "It's just not in the. cards, even in trade Seen and heard About town K I PATROLLER Ted 11 llawson searching for a bandage in his first-aid pack and finding a mitten lost by Dan Makini the last day of ski sr.nson last year .Inlm and Mnrvin Kimrh multering dark o.ilhs as Ihey cut a cus- tom-built cabinet in j-o they could got in the door K.iy .Inlliffr strug- gling with a stuck emergency brake thai allowed his car to Ro backwards, but not for- ward. VANCOUVER (CP) Five men died and five other persons were injured late Thursday night when fire raced through the upper floors of a skid road rooming bouse. The victims were trapped be- hind a wall of smoke and flames as firemen fought to gain entry through the ona ground-floor door of the Skylight Hold, a narrow, five-storey building on East Hastings Street. WOMAN RUNS IN At the peak of the two-hour fire, a woman in her 30s ran out from the crowd past police and into Ibe doorway of the building. "I've ROt lo gel my father she screamed as she dis- nppcared into the smoke-filled stairway. A policeman ran after her and pulled her out seconds lalcr. She had lo he restrained a second time as ono of tho vic- tims was carried from UM botel ;