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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 28, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Vietnam peace plan Four points were the key A Commcnlsiry By JAMES HUSTON New York Times Servici: WASHINGTON How did it happen? And what remains lo he selUcrt before a consc-Tirc in Vietnam? are llic questions now being discussed here ai, Uic cud oT Hie long dark tunnel. Four factors seem to have broken Llic stalemate: 1'rcsidpnt, Nixon's decision of last May H to break Lhc Commimibl oHeiiFivc by mining Ilaipliung Ilaibor, and commuting liis aircraft carriers and R-52's to the battle. His compromise offer on that same day In "slop all acls of force throughout Indochina" and withdraw "all American forces from Vietnam within four provided all prisoners of war were released and an internationally supervised cease-fire had begun. The decision of the Soviet Union and China to tolerate the president's military counlerotlensive and, after the successful defense of SoviLh Vietnam by Sai- gon's army and America air power, to urge Hanoi and the South Vietnamese Communists lo accept Nixon's compromise. defeat of Gen. Vo Nguyen Giap's "total vic- tory1' faction in Urn Hanoi polllburo, after Ihc failure of the Commiuilst KusLc-r drive, by the reconstruction f.ictoin that feared continuation uf Lhc war would not capture Soulli Vietnam but might destroy North Viet- Endless arguments There will, of course, be endless arguments about whether pence could have come years ago, if, as Ihe Hawks believe, there had been more bombing or, as the Doves insist, more to compromise in the last years D[ the Johnson adnuiislralion or tlie first, years of (lie Nixon. But s') far as this fast decisUe phase of the long irngcdy is concerned, it, was undoubt- edly the combination of power and compromise that broke the Communist offensive, anil, with Ihe reslraint of Moscow and Peking, persuaded Hanoi lhal it had more lo lose by continuing the battle than by comprom- ising. It lias been a long time since Washington has heard such a candid and even brilliant explanation of an in- tricate political problem Henry Kissinger gave lo the press on the peace negotiations in Ihe White House. He was precise ;uid generous to all parties concerned, understanding of Hanoi's eagerness to sign the truco within the next few days, sympathetic to Saigon's de- sire to be a party (o the settlement of a war fought on its own territory, conscious of the terrible dangers of ambiguity in the language of hurriedly drafted truce agreement, but firm in his insistence on ending the war on terms that would minimize lite killing dur- ing the transition from war to peace. "We will not be stampeded into an agreement until Its provisions are he sa-id in a statement" that was obviously intended for Hanoi. he added, aiming at Saigon, "We will noL be deflected from an ngrecment its provisions are righl." Philosophic lalk Low tonight 20; high Sunday 25-30 The lethbridge Herald "Sereins South Alberta and Sontticastein B.C." VOL. LXV No. 270 LJ2TJ (BRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1072 Price 15 Cents FIVE SJ-X.TIONS C8 PAGES No truce veto There is reason for saying lhat Kissinger meant by tills that the U.S. will not give Gen. Thieu in Saigoii a veto over the tiiice agreement, but al the same lime won't be hurried into signing an agreement Uiat leaves imporlanl details unsettled. l-'or example, itis not clear in the draff agreement as now written where Ihe North Vietnamese troops will go after they leave Cambodia and Laos whether iulo North Vielnam or South Vietnam.This is not an unim- portant detail. Nor is it clear (hat (lie international force to super- vise the cease-fire will in place and operating cf- fcclivcly at llic moment of the cease-lire, for if it isn't, the temptalion to scramble for territory al great loss of lift? may be unavoidable on both sides. Also, there is an important ambiguity maybe it is only a misimderslamling between Ihe Vietnamese and ICnglisli-lanjjuage translations on the cjueslion ol whether Hie proposed iN'alioual Council of liecoji- cililation, which is lo help arrange the final political settlement between Ihe North and South, is to ha merely an "administrative structure" ss it appears in the English iranslalion or maybe MJIIIC kind of mw co- alilion govenimunt structure, as it tould be interpreted in the Vietnamese language. U.S. officials confident Vietnam peace By GRAHAM LOVELL WASHINGTON (Reuters) U.K. presidential adviser Henry Kissinger may return to Paris within tlic noxl few days (or the final round of talks that could bring a ceasefire to Viet- nam, diplomatic sources said today. U.S. officials arc confident that the North Vietnamese, de- spite their suddenly lough tone, will yield to cjplomatic pres- from Hie Soviet drop their demand that the nine point draft agreement lie signed by next Tuesday, Oct. 31. Since the draft settlement was disclosed Thursday, Ihe North Vietnamese liave insist- ed anil Kissinger has denied the United Stales agreed to sign by Oct. 31. Hanoi also said there could no further talks until it was signed. H o w e v e r, authoritative Viet Cong agrees with peace terms WHO SAID THAT? Prime Minislcr Trudeau smiling- ly tears o placard in half, much fo the consternation of its owner (left) during a rally in Chicoutlml lale Friday. Mr. Trudcou was on a campaign stop to Ihe area. (CP Wirepholo) Voters offered v By STEWART MACLE01J Canadian Press Staff Writer While most of the campaign allenlion, and hoopla, has cen- tred on the major political par- ties, the 12.8 million eligible voters Monday will be offered Ihe greatest variety of ideo- logies ever asFernbled for a Ca- nadian general election. In one riding, Montreal St. Jacques, there bfi eight candidates to choose from. And in nine other ridings, the voters will have seven. But if this seems lo make the decision confusing, Ihink of the difficult y in Alberta's Peace River riding where there arc I lire e different candidates from Ihe same party. The three, Ger- Irude Uryan, Wayne Lovely and Michael Zu.k, all claim to be members of Ihe Revolutionary Political No constituency in Canada of- fers fewer llian three candi- dates. The total of de- clared candidates for the 2'il available seals means there is mi average of 4.23 choices a riding. SAIGON (AP) The Viet Cong pledged, today to "abso- lutely respect and carry out all provisions" of the Paris peace agreement worked out by the United States and North Viet- nam, and said there would foe 'no liquidation" of opposing forces in South Vietnam. At the same time, President Nguyen Van Thieu placed South Vietnam's anncil forces on a general alert as Communist troops launched a land-grab drive in anticipation of the ceasefire going into effect soon, officials said. In its first official statement on the peace package, the Viet Cong's Liberation radio said re- sponsible Viet Cong representa- tives "will immediately conduct PCS 261 Trudeau The Liberals have nominated hoping that Commons Speaker Lucien Lamoirreux will ba returned as an Independent in the 2li4Lh seat, SIormont-Dun- The Canserva lives have candidates in all 231 ridings, the New Democrats in 251, So- cial Crcdil in JG5, iti 53, and there are another 120 candidates without official des- ignations on (he ballet. However, at least 112 o[ these Independent s and n en -desig- nated candidates have identi- fied themselves tis members one or other of 10 different par- Lies or movements. The largest single (zroup in this category 52 is identified Maoist organizations. Maiden fiiglit TOULOUSE, France CAP) The airbus, the biggest aircraft, ever built on the Continent, made ils maiden flight today, flying at various altitudes over Hie rnuth of France for an hour and 2J minutes, negotiations with, the present Saigon administration lo sol lie in concert Iogelh3r the internal problems ot South Vietnam. "These will be settled on the basis of equality, mutual re- spect, and non-liquidation of each older. have every goodwill atti- tude necessary lo end the war, restore peace, eradicate all ha- tred and anger, realize national concord, and together heal our war wounds, unite with each other, love and care for cadi other, and Lo live together in happiness and prosperity." The pledge to abide by [he terms of the Paris agreement came at the end ot a long state- ment thai sta-ted with a dec- laration lhat the limlcd Stales must sign the pact if it wanted an end lo the Vietnam war. MAKES THREAT The statement also accused both Saigon and Washington ot "treacherous manoeuvres threatening the entire question of peace in and MM! unless th'j agreement was signed by Tuesday, military attacks in South Vietnam would be in- tensified. sources said it would be impos- sible (o sign the pact by then, Riven Kissinger's promise lo continue consultations ur i 1 h Soulli Vietnamese Presi- dent Nguyen Van Thieu before concluding (he final agree- ment. Furthermore, some officials are far less certain than Kissin- ger lhat the final meeting need last only three or four clays to settle the half dozen out- slaiiLi'.ng differences between the United States and Ihe Norlh Vietnamese. Howe v e r, well informed sources said there have been contacts between Hanoi and Washington during ti-e past few days. American sources meanwhile have taken note Ihe truculent tone in speeches by President Thieu in Saigon, including his assertion that there would be no peace in Vietnam until he signed the agreement. South Vietnam has a number of oEjjcoliojj.s (o a and political settlement on the lines ot the U.S. North Vietnamese draft. President Thieu Friday countered the draft agree- ment's proposal for a three- sided coalilion lo organize gen- eral elections with or.e ot his own calling [or a referendum under United Nations super- vision. He proposed that the refcren- cYim should dcceide the com- position of a three sided na- tional council which in turn would organize presi d e nlial elections, in wliicli all political forces could vote. The Viol Cong rejected the referendum idea when it was put forward by South Vietnam about a month ago. IT S safety assured WASHINGTON' (Renter) President Nixon signed 4-1 con- gressional bills Saturday in- eluding strengthened safeguards for diplomals, pro- tection tor Fishermen ami con- sumer product-safety legisla- tion. One of the measures, which makes it a federal offence lo murder, kidnap, harass or as- sault a foreign official, is in- tended lo counter inlernalional terrorism Hint lias become par- ticularly vivid in recent months, Nixon said in a special statement. The measure prohibits public picketing or the mak- ing of Ihreats or harassing ac- tions within 100 feet of build- IPRS used by foreign diplomats for business or as living quar- ters. A similar provision is already In effect in Washington. The FBI can now join In any investigations of attacks on dip- lomats. Previously the FBr was limited to cases in which the people concerned crossed slate borders. Herald Bureau n.v VICTOR MACKIE OTTAWA Canada appears to he headed inlo another pe- riod of minority Government, as Hie final phase ot the election campaign draws near. A Liberal minority govern- ment is the oulcome most polls are predicting with Ihe gap be- Forlunalcly, al (lie end til his four-day with the Couimnnisl.s in Paris, which broke Ihe stale- mate, Kissinger tail a long philosophic talk with I.e Diic Tho in which they agreed In defend the principles of their agreement and not allow technicalities lo pre- i ent the movement, nnt only lo a ceasefire, hut lo reconciliatiiin and Ihe reconstruction of Vietnam. Accordingly, while llanni has known since last Sun- day night lhal Ihe U.S. wanlril >inoL'icr meeting lo clarify Ihcsc important details and lias not yd an- swered or agreed to such n meeting, Kissinger i.s confident that ll.'mni u-ill agiee In lalk aj-'ain nm! lhat the differences ciin sell led bi.lh v.ilh Hanoi find Sai- gon. lie docs not exclude llic possibility of a troubled and even angry delay, but is confident that Ihe Imcc will Ijc signed al least before Ihe end of November, find if (his prove.-, lo k> Irne, Ihe efforts of Kissinger in these last nionlhi u-ill make one of llic most intriguing chaplcrs in the long and history of American diplomacy. Il.v THE CANADIAN1 Prime Minister Trudoan lold Montreal radio listeners Friday ho lias more imporlant things n do than participate in public debates will] opposition leaders. He declared tlml ho wants lalk wilh not (he other leaders, during the current cleclion campaign. A few hours bier, he found himself engaged in a sliouling match with demonstrators at a Chicoulini. Qne.. shopping centre. The demonstrators .'Oiouted separatist slogans and taunted the prime minister alnnit high unemployment. Meanwhile, Leader liclwrl SUmlield ac- cusrd Hie government of Irving lo bribe volers with Iheir ov.ii money. His flying campaign look him from Thun- der Onl.. lo Qrchrc Cily, I hen lo Kingston, Onl. Pcmneral Leader David assured an elderly qnes- I inner in a Winnipeg audience Ibcrc is no danger of the U.S. making war on Canada to re- tain access to Canadian re- sources. Seen and heard About town 'rilOt'Cirrn-l, Vnn- ilrnhiMu i-l c e Irhraling Ihe bulb of new bnby girl by buving himself a new pair rif slKK-s insipid of geltioH bis wife a pill Dick Sabry helping secretary Kay Mcrri-r with Ihe spelling n( DrtntHOL-sgded's name, TI) Itnlpli I-ifflei1 npenini! a mceling wilh "Your old president is luck." tween the Ijbevals and Pro- gressive Conservatives, murli narrower llian it was through the Iv.o month cam- paign. llnle-ss an undeleclerl sweep I.s in Die making, Prime Minis- ter Pierre Tnideau is expeclc-d to he returned to power will: his majority reduced or wiped out on Monday. A cross-section of the polls and conversations wilh Liber- als. Conservatives and New Democratic Party officials in- dicales that the results rould be In Ihe following range: Liberals wilb 120 lo ISO seals; Progressive Conservatives cap- turing CO lo DO seals; NDP. win- ing 40 to M seals; Social Credit with Jour to eight seats and one Independent. A t dissolution Liberals held 147 scats hi the Commons. The P.C.'s had 73 seals, the NI1P 23, Social Credit 13 and there were (wo Independents. There were also four vacancies. The vr-rious polls have shown thai in Ihe past Iwo weeks the Liberals slrenalh has slimmed, the Conservatives and NDP have picked up considerably. fhe cam- paign the Liberals were con- fidently predicting 150 lo Ifltl scats for Ihe government. To have a majority in Ihe house a pariy must win 131 seals, al- lowing for Ihe appointment of a speaker from ils ranks. As the campaign came lo a close the Liberals were much less oplimislic, many were pri- valely forecasting only HO scats or less. 60 killed in crash of airliner CLERMONT F E H n A N D, France fCP) Sixty persons were killed Fiidr.y night when a French airliner, lost in heavy fog End crashed ii'.to a wooded hill in central France and burst into pieces, authorities said. There were eight survivors among the 6fl aboard. All five crew members died. Everyone aboard was believed lo bo Tiie fo'.ir-cngir.ed turlxiprop, a Drilish-made Vickers Viscount, mvned by Air Inter. 11 was en route from Lyon (o Cler- mont-Ferrand. Daylight, lime over, turn your clocks bfick Kow is the lime for all good people to adjust their watches, clocks and hour glasses. Day- light time has ended. Officially al 2 a.m. Sunday the clocks coveming Ihe social economic pulse of Canada will be (in-ned back one hour, i establishing standard time throughout the Dominion. A 1 h e r t a was the only prov- ince not to ha using daylight time prior lo Ihis year but after several plebiscites, il was adopted. This spring, all clocks wc-e scl ahead one hour. ft has hefii suggosled lhal all citizens turn back Iheir limo pieces oi'.c hour before going to hod lonight. When they awaken, they and llieir clocks will be licking on Mounlain Standard Time. HAIRY SITUATION Daniel Zell, Miam i's oulstanding police officer of 1969, gaiei upon the roofs of His problem ofler he wa s relieved from duty because h i s mus- fache is onc-quarlor of an inch too long. Z ell says lie believes "a long-ba'red police- man gels aloig better wilh the public lha n o policeman wilb a crow cut and Ihe old Georgicj cracker image. Superiors also cbor ged toat Zell's entire bead svas loo hairy, wilh his hair length and sideburns in violnl ion of the deparlmenl's grooming code. Wirepholo) Strike stalls ships ST. CATHAHIXES. Ont. (CP1 foreign ships were anchored outside Ihe entrances of the V.'cllnnd Canal locViy uaiting for Canadian pilot.s to r e s n in e v.ork In navigak1 ll'.i: vessels Ibroiigb the pass.'ige hveon f.nke Erie and Lake On- tario. The Corporation of Profes- sional C r e a 1 Lakes Pilols, which represents sc Canadian pilols working the Car.- al and upper lakes, storied work [o discuss negotiations wilh Ihe C.reat Lakes' Pilotage AulJiorily Cor a 1072 conlract" 'We want Wa nant ;