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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 28, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGS HERALD Thursday, October 21, 1971 Maurice Western Mixing feeling with fun Holy days have increasingly be- come fun days as the secularization process goes on apace. Hallowed Eve, once an occasion of solemn prepara- tion for All Saints Day, has become the light hearted and slightly lar- cenous Halloween. Some people have been so completely saturated by se- cularism that they actually bristle at any suggestion of tampering with the "fun for kids" approach to Hal- loween. UNICEF agents mostly mothers the community try to make it clear that collecting for creative un- dertakings on behalf of children abroad can complement the local child's gathering of goodies for him- self. Although UNICEF literature does not interpret this as a step in redeeming the day the that is part of its attraction for many parents. Any hope of tempering the blatant self indulgence involved in getting a bag full of handouts is ac- ceptable. But UNICEF appeal is not a de- vice for damping down fun; it is an attempt to promote feeling for oth- ers so that means might be provided for them to enjoy some of the same educational and health advantages that are taken for granted here. For 25 years services of many kinds have been directed toward children in var- ious parts of the world. Children today live in an interna- tional community where pockets of poverty in conjunction with areas of affluence is becoming increasingly in- tolerable. The aid which has been op- tional in the past may become man- datory in the near future. There will be no well being for anyone unless there is well-being for all. Preparing our children for living in the real world should have high priority in everyone's planning. The opportunity that Halloween provides for mixing feeling with fun should be seized by encouraging children to carry UNICEF boxes with their bags to collect coins as well as candies. Coping with winter The first assault of the new winter prompts an assessment of the state of preparedness, particularly as it concerns the motorist on city streets and district highways. A statement of principles may be in order. First, complete protection from the hazards of winter driving is unob- tainable. No matter how extensive the precautions, accidents will al- ways happen. Second, the precautions must be balanced against the expense It is unreasonable to say that where hu- man life and limb are at risk, ex- pense is no object. As an analogy, an individual could spend all his sub- stance on life insurance and health protection, and have nothing left with which to purchase the good life. Third, the individual must be held to account for much of his own safe- ty. He should have a safe car, the best tires for snow and ice, and above all he should drive with due care at all times. He has no right to expect more from the road surface than the weather permits. Fourth, the city (or municipal or provincial government) responsibility is simply that of the motorists collec- tively. It is their agent, not their ad- versary. Again bearing in mind that expense is an object, it should do for the motorists as a group what they cannot do individually. Within lim- its, it should protect them from the major road hazards created by the weather. It should have an adequate and expeditious sanding program, for instance. The adequacy of the city's meas- ures to cope with winter was neither proved nor disproved this week. They could have been worse, and they could have been better. Weak arguments President Nixon's decision to go ahead with the Amchitka nuclear test is rekindling dismay and alarm throughout the world. However there are enough solid ar- guments against the test to buttress that position, without invoking ques- tionable matters. Mr. Sharp, in the House of Com- mons Wednesday, repeated the earth- quake argument, and the tidal wave argument. If there is a real hazard from this source, then of course Ca- nadian coastal communities could be in for real trouble. But these arguments are weak. An earthquake large enough to cause a damaging tidal wave is infin- itely larger than the shock from this blast will be. If the fear is that the nuclear blast will trigger a natural earthquake in an earthquake prone area, then that fear is exaggerated too. The current accepted theory is that earth- quakes are merely the evidence of sudden massive shifts in two sec- tions of the earth's crust rubbing against each other. The sections tend to move constantly, and if the fric- tion between them is released con- stantly, at worst there is a multitude of little earthquakes causing no dam- age. Only when these little quakes do not occur, to release the tension, is the tendency to a large damaging earthquake worsened. So if this nu- clear blast triggers an earthquake, it would be a less severe earthquake than would otherwise occur some time later. In the sense of "letting off such an earthquake now would be a blessing. Short-changing our students By Terence Morris VOUNG children are the easiest people to cheat In school we do it regular- ly, deliberately, and legally by putting them in classes that are so large that teaching becomes little more than a pro- cess of baby sitting. The bright children learn in spite of the odds but the slower children soon become lost in the crowd and tune themselves out of school. There are some people who feel that class loads of 30 to 40 plus are quite in order. Generally, they are people who do no teaching themselves but claim that class load has nothing to do with learning. Those who soldier on the frontline of the education battle tell a different story. Classroom teachers who are expected to cope with enormous classloads know that the number of children in a room makes a great deal of difference to how children learn. As class loads increase, the idea of individualized instruction becomes a farce and the school day becomes little more than a fight for survival. The most pathetic victims of this overloading policy are the little children just beginning school. A new study, conducted by the Institute of Administrative Research of Columbia University, has given strong support to the plea for smaller class loads. Nearly classrooms were studied and one of the conclusions "Any way one tries to slice it, smaller classes produce signifi- cantly higher scores." The ASTA sponsor- ed report, Before Six, emphasized the im- portance of small student teacher ratio but this excellent report doesn't appear to have been read by many trustees for school boards have shown little concern for the children who are jammed in our classrooms. It was Interesting to see that only one candidate for school board had the courage and interest to make smaller class loads part of his election platform. If this new trustee can make smaller clasi loads a reality then he will have made a major contribution to the cause of education. However, he faces a hard struggle for school boards just will not accept the im- portance of a small student-teacher ratio. Our trustees cannot understand that it doesn't matter how many millions we spend on new buildings, modern equip- ment, and non teaching support staff, we are wasting our money when we allow class loads to become too large. There are two possible solutions. We can try to get more money so that we can hire more teachers to come into our classrooms and teach. We can also make belter use of the resources that are available in our school systems. One of the peculiar things about the world of education is that while seme teachers battle with 30 to 40 or more students, other 'teachers' enjoy a class load of zero or one. We should insist that all personnel covered by a leaching con- tract spend at least 75 per cent of their time teaching a full class load. There is absolutely no justification for spending enormous sums of money on part-time and full-time non-teaching personnel when our teacher student ratios are so high. Such suggestions might seem revolution- ary but one would think that it is just plain common sense to get maximum value for the money that we spend on education. The government is certainly interested in what we are spending on supervisory ser- vices for an official study is now being made of the cost and function of non- instructional staffing. Basically we need smaller classloads so that we can recognize children as individu- als and give them a fair chance to acquire solid foundations for their later school life and indeed, for life itself. As someone else said a long time ago, it's very foolish to to build a house on sand. That message is as true today as it was two thousand years ago. Reorienting Canadian foreign policy .QTTAWA: The strongest im- pression left by the Kosy- gin visit is that Mr. Trudeau has indeed succeeded in re- orienting tiie foreign policy of this country. From the cnraptui-ed recep- tion which the Soviet premier was accorded by government members, Hiis is regarded as a great achievement by the ruling Liberals.' Great changes are not effect- ed overnight. They must be in- troduced discreetly, by stages, each of which opens new vistas. It is not easy to make over the thought patterns and even the moral attitudes of a nation. In our case the problem was par- ticularly difficult since Mr. Sharp was faced almost at the outset by an angry Canadian reaction to the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia. Citizens in such a mood do not respond well to re-education. The government began by detaching itself morally from NATO. It developed that min- isters collectively, in sharp contract to their Liberal and Conservative predecessors had no view about the alliance: In- stead they entered into a public debate about its merits and de- merits. This confused our allies in a time of crisis and may also have confused citizens who as- sume, naturally enough, that ministers are in possession of all sorts of information not shared by ordinary participat- ing democrats. It became clear from the de- bate that the country was not ready for neutralism. The gov- ernment accordingly reaffirm- ed our membership in NATO and NORAD, while limiting our participation in those alliances. But the reattachment was not affected in the spirit of the old attachment. NATO emerged from the foreign policy review as a low priority concern over- shadowed by other matters such as economic growth, so- cial justice and quality of life policies. Even so it was repre- sented as an instrument of some value, permitting our en- lightened leaders to exert an influence on backward western government in favor of detente. Our ministers did not at that time suggest that we were seeking a relationship with the Soviet Union as close and friendly as that which we had long enjoyed with the United States. It may have been felt that images of tanks in Wen- ceslas Square were still too vi- vid in too many minds. We had not, in any case, been pre- pared for so large a change (neither had our There is even a possibility that min- isters at that time had no clear idea of where they were going in foreign policy. The important point was that people had been induced by then to look on NATO as they might have regarded some ob- scure Unilcd Nations agency. This opened new perspectives. It also brought the approach to the new equation of the US and the USSR. Mr. Trudeau demon- started the government's im- partiality by attacking the United States in the course of his Russian visit. He also came home with a protocol a sort of baptismal certificate of the new relationship. Criti- cism was dismissed with what's a protocol gesture and ministers appeared astonished at suggestions that the protocol ought to be submitted for ap- proval by the House of Com- mons. In the interval between the prime minister's tour of Russia arci Mr. Kosygin's arrival, Mr. Nixon announced emergency trade measures with an unfor- tunate impact on Canada. This naturally gave a shot in the arm to latent anti-Americanism in the country. The atmosphere became relatively favorable to changes conforming to the new Trudeau spirit. The Russians discovered on arrival, possibly to their own amazement, that in our eyes they are brothers and the Soviet Union a de- sirable counter weight to the United States. It was remarkable to observe how the prime minister's com- ment about the coming close relationship set the tone for what followed in Ottawa. Mr. Kosygin exposed himself to the parliamentary committe on ex- ternal affairs which demon- The Halloween cat by Elwood Ferguson Letters to the editor Trustee takes issue with teacher on negotiations The letter in The Herald Oc- tober 22, by Morgan Johnson of Pincher Creek, a member of the teachers negotiating team, was noted with interest. As a member of the trustees nego- tiating team, I have been in- volved in all of the negotiations to date. I would like to make a rebuttal to Mr. Johnson's re- marks on behalf of SASAA. I find Mr. Johnson's com- ments on the use of the press by school boards hard to be- lieve after seeing some of the headlines, for example, ATA president blasts trustees, (Oc- tober SASAA representa- tives believe that the general public is entitled to know the facts and the issues in dispute because trustees are their elected representatives. 1. With regard to item I in which Mr. Johnson states that the board representatives are trying to eliminate or reduce benefits to teachers. This is not so. In SASAA's offer on sick leave benefits, teachers would retain their accumulated sick leave over the proposed 60 days until used. Coupled to the sick leave benefit is the board's offer to pay a portion of the premium in Alberta Employees Benefit Plan, a comprehensive accident, sickness and disabil- ity insurance. Under the terms of this insurance plan there is a 60-day waiting period before payments under the plan come to the disabled. The teachers sick leave accumulation will now be transportable from one member board to another member board within SASAA, Mr. Joe Berlando, in a re- cent newspaper article, indi- cated SASAA offer on course payments and pro-rata was reasonably satisfactory. SASAA is offering tracbcrs their sal- ary when a school is closed due 'to impossible roads or in- clement weather. However trustees believe that if a school is open and a teacher, by choice, lives outside the school district, e.g. 10 miles away, and cannot get to the school then this is his or her respon- sibility. 2. The teachers have been for a consultation clause. When the teachers ne- gotiating team was asked to document claims of member boards not consulting with their teachers, they were unwilling and unable to make any legiti- mate claims. For successful school operations boards have consulted with the teachers for many years and will continue to do so in the future. 3. Upon comparing the ATA bargaining tactics used upon regional school authorities, as- sociations and individual boards, it is abundantly clear Confident about teenagers Having been a youth leader in the town of Bow Island for the past nine years has given me the opportunity to become well acquainted with a great many young people in our community. This contact has given me reason to feel con- fident and proud of the ma- jority of teenagers living here. No words cculd really ex- press my contempt for the 'sick-head' who recently pub- lished a statcmenl claiming 80 per cent of the Bow Island teenagers were using drugs. Articles based on some neurot- ics' imaginations, who haven't the guts to sign their name, are very unpleasant to encounter in a newspaper or any other medium. If we care to play with percentage estimates, the zero should be dropped off that eighty. Even then, eight per cent would only be a superfi- cial figure (based on probabili- ties It's also sad to realize how unaware some people can be of the long, thankless hours our members of the RCMP put in for us. We should all realize that most of their work is con- fidential. It is not for the gen- eral public's knowledge as to what investigations they are doing or how they are making use of their time. They have to answer to their superiors and no one else. In my opinion, learning to have a fair degree of toler- ance for one another is partly what life is all about. MRS. JEAN I. CULLER. Bow Island. that ATA is out to discredit re- gional bargaining before it is permitled to be tried. The ATA by provincial legislation many years ago, have been permitted to negotiate at the local, regional and provincial level. But they cry unfair ball when school boards were per- mitted, by recent legislation, to negotiate on a regional basis. I take issue with the state- ments made by Mr. Johnson because they are made without documentation. Mr. Johnson knows all to well that many teacher benefits have been agreed upon. They were achieved by direct negotiations and by agreement on some con- ciliation board award clauses. I sincerely hope that good con- science will prevail in this mat- ter and that the impasse will be overcome so we can get back to the prime purpose i.e. tile education of the students. GERALD P. LOREE Nanton. strated exemplary politeness. There were questions on mat- ters within Soviet sovereignty such as the treatment of Jews and Ukrainians. The premier was obviously well prepared for these, having already run through the standard answers with Mr. Trudeau. There were no questions on more embar- rassing subjects outside Soviet sovereignty and more closely related to detente such, for example as Czechoslovakia and the Brezhnev doctrine. Mr. Kosygin's only trying moment (except for the assault which embarrassed his hosts and was thus helpful to him) occurred at a press conference when these awkward matters were raised by Mr. Lubor Zink. The reply was instructive; "We acted only at the request of the legitimate authorities of those countries (Czechoslovakia and As will be recalled the Soviet leaders sent tanks against the "legitimate author- ities' with which they had been formally negotiating only a few days before. Thus Mr. Kosy- gin's truth is to us an absolute lie. But apparently this ing Soviet talent for presenting black as white is not consider- ed in Ottawa an obstacle to the trust on which close friendship is generally based. Reorentation has now reach- ed the point at which we may enjoy double vision. Mr. Kosy- gin attacked the United States over Indochina. It does not ap- pear that we objected; ob- viously a good many Liberals share his views on that sub- ject. It does not appear either that we put in a word for the victimized Czechs; presumably we not longer care a rap about them. What Mr. Kosygin heard from our leaders was of- ficialese, which protects our government while glossing over everything that might cause distress to sensitive guests. There are differences. Yes, indeed. "They relate to deep seated concerns springing from historic, geographic, idealogical, economic, so- cial and military factors." Factors there is a nice, antiseptic word. Not tanks, not Czechs, not, the Red army in Prague. Not the on-and-off pressures against the Yugo- slavs. In matters of vocabu- lary, we have totally disarmed. So pure is our speech that we have ceased to say anything. It is obvious that the Nixon administration, whatever its sins, has been doing its best to get out of Indochina. What has the Soviet Union done to permit the restoration of "socialism with a human face" in Czecho-. Slovakia? Evidently we cannot bring ourselves to ask. Mr. Trudeau recently avoided a di- rect question from Mr. Stan- field about the Brezhnev doc- trine. It appears that we do not even have a balanced foreign policy. We say what we like about the United Slates, but when we look to Russia our attitude is that of Hie three monkeys. We must not see or hear or speak of evil. Now that we have been brought this far, what are the new vistas? Who can say? One indication however, of the dis- tance we have travelled is a question seriously asked of Mr. Kosygin at his press confer- ence. Could he foresee the day Canada would sign a mutulal assistance pact with the Soviet Union? The Soviet premier, ob- viously a prudent man, replied: "I would not like to go into the specifies of that matter 'at this stage." Certainly not. It might upset us. It is much better to move a stage at a time. There is al- vays the danger that the Cana- dian people might realize the dislance Ihey have been shep- herded by the Trudeau govern- ment. And they might not like it. (Herald Ollawa Bureau) Looking backward Not good enough? The letter by "Hockey Par- ent" which appeared in this column a few days ago has been wrongly attributed to me. Although the article was not xvritten by me, it conveys my feelings about hockey as a business, and especially tho lack of local lalent on the Sug- ar King Icam 100 per cent. There arc several other Collectors Are you one of those people interested in old automobile li- cence plates as collectors' ilems? If so, join Ihe recently formed non-profit Licence Plate Collectors Club of Can- ada and meet others sharing your interest. B. Lobay, 410 Washington Ave. Winnipeg 15, Man. points which can be added to tiie previous article. The state- ment has been made by Sugar King officials that all our local boys were given a chance to tiy out for their team, but were nol good enough. Two local boys, Jack dc Hecr and Ron Krikke made the Dutch Inter- national team. John Pctrunia is now playing for the Trail Kmoke Eaters. Bill Chrislio is now playing for the Medicine Hat Tigers in the Western Can- ada Hockey League. Larry Marchuck signed with the Mel- ville Millionaires in UK Sas- katchewan Junior Hockey Lcnguc. And then they say we have no local talcnl! AN ARDENT SUPPORTER OF LOCAL HOCKEY, STEVE POCZA Lctbbridge. Through The Herald 1921 For "a room brick collage, with water and electric light, Cash Balance monthly. Total Price 19.11 Relief supplies of po- tatoes and other vegetables have now been sent from Cen- tral and Northern Alberta points to places in Ihe South- ern drought area to the tune of 23 carloads. 1941 The acreage bonus for the grain growing farmers of the Prairies will be on the basis of 75 cents an acre on half thB cultivated area on any one farm, the Agricultural Minister announced today. 1951 Dcspile a fresh snow- storm, Lelhbridge's first auc- tion of purebred callle is sched- uled to go ahead tomorrow afternoon at the Exhibition Grounds. 19BI The institution of an equalized teachers' salary scale for the entire province was endorsed by the Union of Alberta Municipalities today. The Lethlnidcje Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Canadian Press and me Canadian Dally Newspaptr Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Mansoer JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY 'ffifW0 Associate Editor .ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Mwtlllng Mlnigir Editorial editor "THE HERALD SERVIS THE SOUTH" ;