Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 28, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
FORECAST HIGH FRIDAY 35-40. The Lethbrtdge Herald VOL. LXIV -No. 269 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, OCTOBER 28, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 32 PAGES News media blamed for Indian woes Editor's Note: The Herald has been long and sympathetically acquainted with the problems of the Indians of southwestern Alberta. It feels it can dis- tinguish between (1) the superficial matters, (2) the matters which the Indians must and can solve for themselves, (3) and the matters that require help from government or from white society. WIVen the Indians on the Kehewin reserve 150 miles northeast of Edmonton removed their children from school in protest against what they called government uncon- cern for their sad plight, and when the ensuing tele- vision and other publicity seemed somewhat con- trived, The Herald sent staff writer Jim Wilson to the area. Mr. Wilson is not only a penetrating reporter but a respected student and friend of the Indians in tliis part of the province. Here is the first of three articles. By JIM WILSON 'staff Writer KEHEWIN INDIAN RESERVE There is a major tragedy developing for Indians in this area of Alberta, and if it comes to fruition the blame can be laid squarely at the feet of Canada's news media. For the past several weeks we have been subject- ed to a constant barrage of newspaper, radio and tele- vision stories about the plight of the Indians here, but most of the thousands of words we've heard have fallen many miles from the truth. I spent three days in this area, about 140 miles east of Edmonton, which is probably as much time in one stretch as any other reporter has spent here col- lectively in the past five years. With help from the casual news media, they've got people riled up now, but due to the superficial reporting style of too many news stories today, the anger is all over a massive news media blunder. The tragedy will come if in dealing with the dramatic prob- lems, Hie Indians and the government forget to treat the deeper and far more important problems. Water problems here? Definitely. But as for dis- ease from the water, or an actual lack of water- baloney. Housing problems? Definitely. But Indians forced to live in cold shacks? Baloney. Problems involving loss of the Cree Indian culture, heritage and language? Definitely. But as for accusa- tions that the entire problem is caused by the white man and his education So just what are the problems? Hopefully, before too much more sensational and weak-kneed news me- dia coverage is offered, a few more reporters will have joined me in spending enough time on the re- serves in question to start finding out. As examples of the rather irresponsible job of news coverage which has resulted from naive and careless reporters and stories, let me offer the follow- ing. 1. Here's the power of generalization at work. Mr. and Mrs. Frank Gadwa have a small son in an Edmonton hospital right now, who is sick because he drank water from a slough near his house. So the news media thoroughly cover the story. The family is presented as poor, destitute and without a water well that will work. They are forced, we are told, to drink dirty slough water. The stories are generalized to suggest that all, or many of the families on the reserve have to use dirty slough water for drinking and other purposes. And that's a pack of lies, not perpetrated by the Indians, please note, but by the news media. The truth, as it usually is, is much less colorful. Tlie Gadwa well did go dry. But rather than gel- ting a new one drilled (which definitely takes a lot of time) or going to a nearby neighbor for water fas perhaps a quarter of the reserve's 40 families must the family started using water from a small slough 100 feet from their relatively pleasant home. They didn't even filter the water before use. The real problem? Mere, unfortunate laziness, both on the part of the family in seeking clean drinking water and on the part of reporters who were interested only in easy-to-get stories. 2. Another reporter was told of a swing set the Indians had acquired for their reserve kindergarten's playground. It was given to thenr, but not installed. So they kept asking Indian affairs officials to get it set up for them, and Indian affaire did nothing. The reporter devoted several paragraphs to the talc, using it as an example of bow mistreated the Indians were, and how they had a right to expect better treatment. Again, it's a lot of nonsense. Why couldn't the Indians simply have gotten together a work party of three or four men, and put the swings up them- selves? That's what happens in most rural commu- nities. 3. Visualize the stereotype ancient Indian wo- man, stalwart, heavy-set, with craggy features, a lined face, peasant clothing and the strong mother of many strong sons. She looks healthy but severe. Put her in a weathered, 23-foot by 25-foot log cabin (the chinks between the squared-off logs are filled with Give her an outdoor pump well, 50 feet away. Now bring in the Edmonton television cameras. Good example, says the reporter and the Indians. Destitute, ignored old lady. The people will love it on UK newscast. So that's what we get on television as an example of how badly the Indians are treated by Indian affairs. Let's look a bit deeper now at the truth, which the reporter could have found if he'd cared just a bit more for accuracy. Tlie woman has lived in her cabin most of her life, borne ard raised her children in it. It is cosy, it has in it a potbelly stove, many years of knick- knacks, familiarity it is her home, as nowhere else could possibly bo. Move? She could do so if she wanted to tho television cameras were careful to avoid showing tho brand now house (Iwo or three tali-corns, kitchen, living room, halhroom, full concrete basement) which is perhaps yards away. Or she could move to one of the smaller, senior citizens' homes down the road. MOTQ tomorrow. Tax exemption hikes win House passage Court refuses to halt blast OLD REMEDY Children stare at a youth tarred and feathered in the Creggan Estates area of Londonderry, Northern Ireland, by 1he IRA. Sign around his neck states in part, "This man is guilty of thefts from shopping assist- tonts Eleven days ago IRA guerillas tarred but didn't feather three youths said to have been shopbreak- ing. Heath given edge in market vote WASHINGTON (CP) A three-judge federal tribunal refused today to halt the gov- ernment's plants to set off a five-megaton nuclear device un- derground on the island of Am- chitka off the coast of Alaska. Instead, the U.S. Court of Ap- peals in Washington referred the matter to a lower court where lawyers for environmen- tal groups opposing the blast are likely to seek a new order. President Nixon had signalled a go-ahead Wednesday. A long series of Canadian pro- tests and bitter words from Alaskan opponents of tile test did not deter Nixon from invok- ing the authority given him; by Congress to allow the blast. In refusing to grant an imme- diate stay against the controver- sial blast, scheduled to go off within a week, the appeals court said it was dealing only with Uie issue of whether the govern- ment should be required to make public information con- servationists said would indi- cate environmental dangers of the explosion. (Also see page 31) 'Then the humans decided to continue with nuclear testing.' Canada protests Peace hopes raised by PoW release LONDON (CP) Ten years of monumental effort to gain British membership in the Eu- ropean Common Market reach an historic climax tonight with a crucial Commons vote on the hotly-contested issue. There appeared little doubt a comfortable majority will sup- port the principle of entry on terms negotiated by the Con- servative government of Prime Minister Edward Heath. This would mean that for the first time in a decade nothing stands in the way of British membership in Europe except parliamentary approval of ena- bling legislation to be intro- duced later. Most newspapers today gave has staked his polit- ical future largely on the Mar- ket majority of 50 to 70 MPs in the 630-seat Commons. The Common Market bands together France, West Ger- Barricades block buses at reserve ST. PAUL were set up today on eight roads leading to the Saddle Lake Indian reserve in north- eastern Alberta to prevent schcbl buses from tlio reserve. Stanley Redcrow, co ordina- tor of the reserve's strike ac- tion committee, said about so residents of the reserve arc turning back school buses to enforce a band council resolu- tion prohibiting the buses from entering the reserve until a school boycott is ended. About 600 students or: Hie re- serve joined students from the Cold Lake and Kehewin reserv- es Oct. 15 in the boycott of schools to protest reserve living conditions and education policy. many, Italy, Belgium, the Neth- erlands and Luxembourg in a customs union in wlu'ch the main barriers to the free flow of internal trade have been dis- mantled. Three successive British gov- ernments have tried to join. Twice President Charles de Gaulle vetoed them. When he was succeeded by President Georges Pompidou, the French veto disappeared. Last spring Heath came to an understand- ing with him that at last opened the gates. Denmark, Norway and Ire- land hope to join after Britain. The enlarged Common Market would bring together more than 250 million people aiming at a single money system, a unified industrial policy, precise trade and aid treaties with non-mem- ber states and developing coun- tries and a start on closer politi- cal and defence policies. The entry terms have torn deep divisions in the Opposition By STEPHEN SCOTT UNITED NATIONS (CP) Canada protested today the "poisonous, dangerous and in the ultimate futile" nuclear test- ing by the superpowers. Speaking in the General As- sembly's main political commit- tee, Paul St. Pierre, parliamen- tary secretary to External Af- fairs Minister Mitchell Sharp, was referring specifically to United States' intentions of ex- ploding a nuclear device in Alaska. But his remarks took in the Soviet Union, France and China in a general condemnation of nuclear tests. "We cannot find security in this narrow world of ours with- out an end to nuclear tests." He said Canada was naturally concerned about Amchitka be- cause the effects could reach Canadian soil. But Canada since 1945 has been seeking an end to all nuclear tests and would con- tinue to do so. The Amchitka test could come about without ill effects, but no- body could deny that risks of SAIGON (AP) The South Vietnamese government an- nounced today its biggest pris- oner release of the Vietnam war, raising cautious hopes that the North Vietnamese and Viet Cong would reciprocate. The defence ministry said 618 "repentant" Viet Cong will be freed outright. It said another are being accepted into the government's "open arms" pro- gram for a brief period of politi- cal indoctrination after which they can return to their villages or work for the government in Gas plant Worries Brooks CALGARY (CP) The town of Brooks and the Alberta agri- culture department want as- surance that a proposed gas processing plant will not bother vegetation studies at a provin- cial research station near the southern community. The plant, to be built by Loy- dean Engineering and Con- struction Ltd., will be designed to remove sulphur compounds and release sulphur dioxide at a rate of .18 long tons a day in the air. While amounts of the dioxide is small compared with other provincial gas plants, Brooks such fields as propaganda, psy- chological warfare and intelli- gence gathering. A communique said the pris- oners are being granted am- nesty to mark the inauguration Sunday of President Nguyen Van Thieu and South Vietnam's independence day anniversary Monday. Sources at the presidential palace said earlier that Thieu would make a new appeal for peace Monday. Some reports said this would be a new initia- tive, while other sources indi- cated it would contain a re- newal of earlier calls for an im- mediate ceasefire as the first step toward a settlement. TWO IN CHINA The South Vietnamese hold about prisoners of war, a little more than of them North Vietnamese. The U.S. de- fence department lists 462 known American prisoners of in North Vietnam, 79 in South Vietnam, three in Laos and two in China. Another Americans are listed as missing in action. Hopes for prisoner exchanges were given impetus three weeks ago when the Viet Cong re- leased the first American it has set free in nearly two years, Sgt. John C. Sexton Jr., of War- ren, Mich. The Viet Cong indi- cated they would welcome re- ciprocal action, and three days later South Vietnam freed a North Vietnamese. Labor Mrtv caused a small risks Sas Plants' Broolts i atmospheric poisoning are and the agriculture department -LKiViee Stops there." are concerned because the party lines and have apparently not been convincing to the Brit- ish public. Opinion polls show a majority of voters still oppose membership. Sensing the division In his own party and hoping to attract added Labor support, Heath re- cently decided to allow the To- ries a free vote. But Labor leader Harold Wil- son refused to follow suit, insist- ing that the Opposition vole as a bloc against the government, However, at least 60 Labor members were expected lo break ranks and vote with the government. This expectation was strengthened Wednesday when Douglas Houghton, chairman of the parliamentary Labor party said lie would join deputy party leader Roy Jenkins and others in voting for membership. engine if Seen and heard About town JTXUBERANT Stan Pcszat recalling his early ama- teur theatre days .'ran Swiliart placing a person-to- person call to Miss Mcaggcn It PHI pel in Red Deer, and having it accepted by Delta licmpel (Meaggen is a two- month-old pup belonging to Brent, Mark, Dawn and Tracey Rcmpcl) Keith Ixiwings wondering when to start a meeting that had been advertised as slarting at two different times. plant is to be located upwind from the research station. -i The province has invested tlpSV about million at the research station on experiments related to ornamental plants, vegetable crops, tree fruits and other plant studies. Marriage ends after 9 mouths LAS TOGAS, Nov. (AP) Singer Connie Francis and her husband of nine months were granted a divorce here Wednes- day. The divorce was granted on grounds of incompatibility, The divorce action was filed by Miss Francis's husband, Las Vegas beautician Isadore Mar- ion. TOKYO (AP) Honda Motors Co., a Japanese auto- maker, says it has developed a device that automatically stops the engine of a car if an intoxicated driver sits at the wheel. Honda said the device, in- stalled at the centre of the steering wheel, contains a special platinum which is sensitive to the breath, and sends an electronic signal to switch the engine off. The company, however, is conducting further reserach on the device because, said a company spokesman, there is a hitch. The car won't re- start even if the intoxicated person is not the driver. Paratrooper is missing at Edmonton EDMONTON G. H. Grover, 23, of Canadian Forces Base Edmonton is missing and presumed drowned after a shal- low water driving-training ex- ercise Wednesday. Grover, a private with the Ca- nadian Airborne Regiment, ori- ginally is from St. Thomas, put. A forces spokesman said to- day the soldier was with a group of nine military divers engaged in daylight exercises about -100 feel offshore in Lac Sic. Anne about 'iO miles north- west, of Edmonton. Tempera- tures were in (he low 20s at the time he disappeared. Confirmed-mail plan included New postal services on the way By DOLT, SM.M.L OTTAWA 'ter 20 days of cc' the government made a little headway with its 707-page tax bill Wednesday as the Commons approved provi- sions increasing tax exemptions and deductions. Passage of a sub-clause rais- ing to from tie amount a single taxpayer could cam without paying tax and to S2.850 from the exempt amount for married couples fol- lowed bitter opposition com- plaints that the amounts were frugal. Social Credit members said single Canadians should be able to earn S3.000 without paying tax. married couples New Democrats said the amounts should be and The government has said that would be too costly. But despite Andre Fortin (SC saying Ins party would never agree to the gov- ernment-proposed amounts, the exemption provisions easily passed on a voice vote. The Commons is sitting as a committee for clause-by-clauss study of the bill. FEW CHANGES Tile sub-clause increasing the amount a taxpayer can claim for charitable donations to 20 per cent of his income from 10 per cent and other deductible items passed with only two minor amendments. One would permit partners in a firm the right to deduct chari- table donations made by the partnership. Tlie other would clarify a measure permitting ambulance expenses as a medi- cal cost for tax-deduction pur- poses. As debate moved to other parts of the bill, JIPs turned to comments en specific allowable tax deductions. New Democrats John Burton (Regina East) and Stanley Knowles (Winnipeg North Centre) said there was little reason that workers should be strapped to the same allowance or three per cent of total tools or special equipment as those in higher tax brackets. Workers often have expenses for tools that run much higher, Mr. Knowles said, tt was a big joke that deputy ministers and Louis Rasminsky, governor of the Bank of Canada, could claim the same deduction. REGINA (CP) Postmas- ter-General Jean-Pierre Cote announced four new postal serv- ices Wednesday night, including a method of informing senders that their mail has reached its destination. In a speech to the Canadian Postmasters Association, Mr. Coto said Hie post office will soon introduce a new form of acrogrammc, n new courier- type .service, expansion of (he new Poslpak system by which mail is shipped in bag lots, and a confirmed-delivery program. Mr. Cote said the now aero- envelope, letter and stamp all in one come in "five beautiful designs" and will be sold in plastic pack- ages. "It offers (he souvenir value of a postcard, the privacy of a letter and the time-saving fea- ture I hat the letter can bo short." He did not go into detail on the new courier-typo sendee, which he said would allow tho post office to compote with pri.- vale courier organizations. He said only that it "will be n premium service at a premium cost designed to provide relia- bility and speed in transmis- sion." Tlie Postpak service now is being used on a limited scale. It provides for mail to be shipped by bags, instead of by individ- ual pieces. Tlie shipper pays for cadi bag depending on the dis- tance involved. Mr. Cote said that centres will soon be in- volved in the system, and event- ually it will be expanded to all offices. 'The fourth now service is a system in which Use customer on payment of a fee in addition to postage receives confirma- tion that tho item mailed reaches the addressee.'1 Toe ccipt with the addressee's signa- ture will be returned to the sender. Mr. Cote said that competition is growing so fasl and costs oro rising so rapidly that the post- office must become more busi- nesslike in attitudes and meth- ods. But, ho repeated earlier slatcmonls that no furl her rural post offices will be closed on cwnomic factors alone. "I rcconizo Hint the rural pott office is more than simply a place to do business. It is part of the social fabric of HID rural c o m m unit y, a place where friends can meet. In some com- munities it is a veritable social centre..." Nixon travels in 1972 WASHINGTON (AP) Presi- dent Nixon will make his trip to mainland China sometime alter Jan. 1, with the exact date to be announced next month. Setting the trip in 1972 does not mean delay in Nixon's schedule, Henry Kissinger, the president's national security ad- viser said. He told reporters Wednesday: "We are exactly on the schedule we set ourselves. It has not been delayed." He pointed out Nixon had said from the start the only limit on timing was May, 1972. Kissinger, who returned Tues- day from a six-day visit to Pe- king, said his advance work ac- complished what he set out to do, "to make concrete arrange- ments for the president's visit." But, he added, another prepara- tory team will be sent before Nixon leaves. On other matters, Kissinger made these points: did not see Chinese Com- munist party Chairman Mao Tse-tung, but Nixon will. Kissin- ger added he had no idea of an internal disruption on the main- land and "wouldn't presume to speculate." Vietnam war will be ended cither through ncfiotia- lions or by Viclnanmnlion, not by talks with Peking. Lions kill trainer VIENNA (Rculcr) Two lions were shot dead by police in Ilio nearby village of Poys- dorf Thursday after they fatally mauled their trainer. The lions, which regularly appeared in ad- vertisements on Austrian televi- sion, attacked 40-year-old Franz Fclzl whilo he wns trying to (cod them.