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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 28, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHMIDGE HERALD Octobtr II, 1970 Clive Cocking Surprise In Fredericton Election of a Conservative govern- ment in New Brunswick was a sur- prise to most Canadians, particularly as it followed close on the heels of the stunning defeat of the Tories in Nova Scotia. On the Friday preced- ing the election, in the Toronto Globe and Mail an article from Fred- ericton was headlined "Quebec crisis expected to tip scales in favor of Eobichaud's Liberals." The writer pointed out that the people of New Brunswick had been profoundly shocked by the terrorist crisis, that the lies of the multiracial province with the federal government had been strengthened by the tough stand of Prime Minister Trudeau's Liberal government in invoking the War Measures Act. The report also remarked that "hesitation by federal leader Robert Stanfield about the jus- tification of invoking the act may cost the provincial leader Richard Hatfield the election." As we now know, Conservative Richard Hatfield is the premier-elect of New Brunswick. How far the cur- rent controversy over the .War Meas- ures Act influenced the outcome will probably never be known, but there is no doubt that what goes on in Quebec is of great importance to the climate of opinion in New Brunswick where SS per cent of the people are of French origin. Mr. Robichaud, who has headed the Liberal govern- ment in New Brunswick for over ten years, when asked if he thought the political situation in Ottawa had any- thing to do with lu's defeat, said he didn't think so. He could hardly have openly admitted that it had. Accept- ing defeat cheerfully, he said he thought the people felt it was "time for a change." He was undoubtedly right about that, but there can be little question that events in Ottawa and Montreal during the past few weeks had some effect too. Munich, Suez, Simonstown The London Observer, in a very hard-hitting editorial feature, says that Britain is in danger of adding a third outstanding calamity to those of Munich and Suez. This would be Simonstown, representing the fateful decision to renew arms sales to South Africa under an agreement that they would only be used to de- fend against external threat. Prime Minister Edward Heath Is described in the Observer as follow- ing the same path of obstinacy that took Chamberlain into Munich and Anthony Eden into Suez. It surely ap- pears to be a matter of sheer ob- stinacy when the case against re- sumption of arms sale is reviewed. Recently The Herald noted that Mr. Heath had been given a golden opportunity to get out of a nasty sit- uation. His Minister for the Navy, Mr. Peter Kirk, had. said that the Russian threat in the Indian the chief reason given for selling arms to South Africa is exag- gerated. In addition, it was reliably reported that the Chiefs of Staff do not regard Simonstown as essential to British strategic interests. It seems incredible that Mr. Heath did not accept this "out" but has con- tinued on his previous course. If the Heath government does de- cide to sell the arms, the Observer believes it could very well mean the end of the Commonwealth. Tanzania, Zambia and Uganda would almost certainly withdraw in protest. There would be strong pressure on Kenya to follow suit. Should Kenya leave so would Nigeria and Ghana. With the major African nations out of the Commonwealth it is likely that India and Ceylon would also withdraw. What worries The Observer most is the racial repercussions that could follow a decision to sell arms to South Africa. The damage to Britain's standing over a large part of the world would be great but the price Britain might have to pay at home in terms of worsening race relations is apt to be enormous. If Uganda were to retaliate by forcing the to Asians who have British citi- zenship to leave the country it could inflame the racial controversy to a point "not foreseen by Mr. Enoch Powell in his most apocalyptic mood." Mr. Heath has held to the posi- tion that the Africans will get over their emotional feelings about the matter. But he badly misreads the situation on that score. Since South Africa can get arms elsewhere it is fairly obvious that what is being sought is political respectability. In the eyes of Africans and many others around the world the South African regime is one of the most brutal in.existence. There has been nothing comparable in modern times since the days of Hitler and Stalin, in the opinion of The Observer. An endorsement by Britain would cut deep and not be forgotten in Africa. The final folly is that Britain's policy might result in making com- munism a much greater threat than it is imagined to be at present. By forcing African states into anti-West- ern positions there would be en- couragement of Communist growth. The danger is already real that the anti-colonial revolutions in Africa will be completed with Communist, rather than democratic, support. Art Buchwald There has been some speculation as 'to why President Nixon has put life prestige on' the line by taking to the campaign trail the last few weeks of an off year election. Many professional Nixon watchers feel the President is taking a great risk by per- sonally getting into the political arena. If the majority of .the candidates he en- dorses do not do well, the President is the one who will suffer most. What nobody knows is that the Presi- dent's decision to leave Washington and hop around the country has a much deeper significance for him than politics. The secret was revealed by a White House aide who had been personally as- signed to leak it to me. The aide told me "No one realizes it, but one of the President's deepest disap- pointments on his trip to Europe was his inability to find anyone in Ireland who was related to him." I knew it was a I said, "but I didn't know it meant that much to him." The aide nodded his head. "It meant a lot. As you know, every Secret Service man assigned to the President was order- ed to go out and find a Nixon relative if he had to dig up every dog in Ireland." "It must have been tough I said. "Although the Secret Service failed to produce a Millions in Ireland who could in any way be related to the President, it did get some very interesting leads. "One was that a Richard Milhous had been driven out of Ireland in 1850 for stu- dent heckling. Milhous was said to have come to the uiiitcrt States on a three- masted immigrant schooner called the Bebe Rebozo. But after clocking in New York, he disappeared into the molting pot of America no onn is quite sure where." "That's very I said. "But what has that got to do with President Nixon's "When the President came back to the United States, he was determined to find the relatives he couldn't find in Ireland. But he was loo embarrassed to admit ho was searching for them. So he told his staff to find some excuse for him to get around the country so he could find the descendants of Richard Milhous." "It sounds like the President has an identification I said. "The staff pointed out that with the elec- tions coming up the President Would have a perfect excuse to visit many of the states where Milhous is purported to have settled. These states included Connecticut, Missouri, Pennsylvania, Indiana, Mary- land, New Jersey, Michigan, Ohio, Tennes- see, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia and California." "The President really thinks he'll find his relatives in one of those I said. "He's certain of it. While he has been meeting with various Republican candi- dates and making a few political speeches, the Secret Service has been combing the area, making house to house searches, hoping to find a Milhous who might be related to the President." "How long will the President keep up the Probably until Nov. 2. If he doesn't find any Milhouses by then, he's decided to go back to Washington." "I hope for his sake he I said. "I do, the White House aide said. "Thorc's nothing that gets to you as much as seeing the President going over to a crowd with outstretched hands, looking over the heads of the people, searching, ever searching, for a Milhous he can call his own." (Toronto Telegram News Service) The Danger Of Canada's 'War Measures' VANCOUVER The strength and quality of Canadian democracy is being challenged as never before in the nation's history, not only by the terrorists of the Quebec Liberation Front but also by the Federal Govern- ment's response to the FLQ threat. The Government's ac- tion in assuming emergency powers brings with it the po- tential for considerable abuse of civil liberties. Many Canadians feel a gnaw- ing fear that, in the currently highly-charged atmosphere, the Government's assumption of wartime powers could and perhaps by accident to a wave of repression and stif- ling of legitimate left-wing dis- sent. The Leader of the Opposi- tion, Mr. Robert Stanfield of the Conservative Party, voiced this concern when he said: "In the process of defending free- dom, we must not destroy it. In the process of protecting democracy, we must reduce to a necessary minimum any de- parture from democratic pro- cedures. The War Measures Act and the regulations that a c c o m p anied its invocation could be turned into an instru- ment of oppression." Nor is this an exaggerated concern. Many people fear that, unless Uie Government is scrupulously restrained in us- ing its unprecedented powers, Canadians could find them- selves living in a police State, It is noted that already various authorities, notably here in Vancouver, have expressed eagerness to use the War Mea- sures Act invoked specifical- 1" to deal ths FLQ in far-off Quebec to crack down on other radical groups in Can- ada. The War Measures Act allows the Government to pro- claim arbitrarily, as it has done, that there is a state of "war, invasion or insurrection, real or apprehended." Pro- clamation of the Act auto- matically suspends the Cana- dian Constitution, giving the government power to rule by Order-in-Council in effect, by decree. The government now has the power to search and arrest people without warrant, to detain suspected persons without charge for 21 days and without bail for 90 days, and the right to deport persons and to impose censorship. Under the Act, the Govern- ment has outlawed the FLQ and has specified that the em- ergency powers will be used solely against the FLQ. But, in fact, the sweeping powers of the Act can be applied any- where in Canada, Pierre Tru- deau's Government explained that the action was taken in response to pleas from the Que- bec Provincial Government and from the City of Montreal, and after receiving a report that the FLQ possessed Ibs. of dynamite and was plan- ning an escalated series of bombings and assassinations. The Prime Minister promised that the Government will re- voke the War Measures Act as soon as possible. It is due to lapse on April 30, 1971. Mr. T. C. Douglas, leader of the New Democratic Party, de- clared that the Government had panicked in invoking the Act and was "using a sledge- hammer to crack a peanut." This was a reference to the apparent small size of the FLQ, estimates of whose strength vary from 100 to as high as Mr. Douglas ar- gued that the criminal code al- ready gives the Government sweeping powers to with treason, conspiracy and sedi- tious intent and that, in any case, it would have been more proper for the Government to ask Parliament for specific amendments to the criminal code providing the necessary extra powers. Mr. Douglas and many other Canadians regard it as unjust and dangerous that the rights of all Canadians should be taken away on paper at least in order to meet a threat posed in only one sec- tion of the country. There have also been protests from news- papers, civil liberties associa- tions and at public rallies in Ottawa, Winnipeg and Vancou- ver. Some political commentators here believe their concerns are not completely without justifi- The mayor of Vancou- ver, Mr. Tom Campbell, has declared that he will investi- gate using the Act against the' Yippies, the Vancouver Libera- tion Front, Maoist groups and even draft-dodgers' and drug- pushers. Over the past year the mayor has been conducting a minor war against radical groups, largely for political ends. It is situations like this that opponents of the Government's new powers point to as breed- ing grounds for potential abusa of civil liberties. In addition, they suggest that events in Ca- nada's past do not give grounds for a great deal of optimism. For example, the .Winnipeg general strike of 1919 sparked a "Red scare" which kept Cana- dian officialdom on edge for decades. Many founders of the socialist New Democratic Party suffered unjustly, a fac- tor which perhaps explains their opposition to the Govern- ment's recent move. Historians recount how the Government of the time rushed through sweeping amendments to the Immigration Act and to the criminal code to deal with the "threat" of Soviet-style revolu- tion. In the 1920s and 1930s thesa two pieces of legislation resulted in numerous jailings and deportations of left-wing- ers, people often guilty of nothing more than being demo- cratic socialists and active trade unionists. At above the same time in Quebec, the infamous Padlock Law was enacted giving police power' to close up any building found to be distributing "sub- versive1 propaganda. It was in- tended to be directed at Com- munists, but was used as much against Jehovah's Witnesses. Racial and religious minori- ties have also suffered from the arbitrary use of Govern- ment power. Less than 20 years ago in British Columbia, legis- lation was enacted which en- abled authorities to take away the children of Doukhobor reli- gious zealots to be educated fa State schools. In Alberta, leg- islation restricts the Hutterite sect from extending their com- munally-owned land. Even more sweeping was the use of the War Measures Act during the Second World War against Japanese Canadians living on the West Coast. The emergency powers of the Act were used to deprive thousands of these people of their prop- erty and of their liberty, as they wers transported into the interior of Canada for intern- ment for the duration of the war. It is events like these that the protesters today remem- ber. They have been possible because of the feeble protec- tion Canadians have in law for their liberties. The Canadian Constitution in fact contains no express guarantee of civil lib- erties. Because of complex fed- eral provincial problems, the Canadian Bill of Rights has none of the force of its American counterpart and is, as one expert said, "merely a Boy Scout's oath." (Written for The Herald and The Observer, London) "Confidentially, That's Just An Educated Guess Mr. Mackasey Cheek With The 8th, 9th Or 10th Floor Anthony Westell FLQ Crisis May Be A Turning Point In History rjTTAWA The crisis over the FLQ has brought poli- tics to one of the dramatic turn- ing points in history at which, under the pressure of events, public men are made and bro- ken, parties split or are press- ed into a stronger unity, and trends of opinion ripple out to- ward the next election and be- yond. The pipeline debate in 1956 began the destruction of the mighty C. D. Howe aid the lilv eral power system he represent- ed. The 1963 crisis over nuclear weapons exposed the indecision of Prime Minister John Diefen- baker and divided his cabinet. The Munsinger scandal in 1967 sent a shock wave of revulsion through the country which seal- ed the fates of both Diefcnba- ker, as leader of Uie conserva- tive party, and Prime Minister Lester Pearson. The present crisis is far from played out. New developments may reverse trends, correct im- pressions, force revisions of judgment about public opinion and political consequences. But here is an interim report on Uie personalities, the parties and the problems they now face. Prime Minisler Pierre Elliott Trudeau is riding an enormous surge of popular support, both in French and English Canada, which probably exceeds the election mania which carried him to victory in I9GR. His im- ages as a disciplined man intellect at work and as a ro- mantic playlwy in time of lei- sure is reinforced by the new view of him as a leader of strength and ruthless decision in emergency. He appears more than ever as the prime minister for all seasons, a combination Arilni Stevenson John F. Kennedy But nobody caa be more con- temptuous of hysterical adula- tion than Trudeau. He dismiss- ed the Trudeaumania in 1963 as a dangerous delusion likely to backfire when he could not live up to impossible expecta- tions. Now he must be aware that the bubble is even more burst- able because it is blown up mainly by the UNTHINKING si- lent majority of average men who are notoriously fickle. The mob which cheers today will howl tomorrow. Many of the intellectuals and opinion leaders who supported Ti-udeau in 1968 are opposed to him now, or giving only grudg- ing support to his use of the Wai- Measures Act. As the days go by and suspicion hardens that the police powers were in- voked not so much to deal with threatened civil war as with a public debate in Quebec getting dangerously out of hand, the critics will turn over more fiercely on Trudeau and his gov- ernment, and popular support may easily evaporate. Conservative leader Robert Stanfield, shuffling uncertainly on the middle ground between condemning and supporting use of emergency powers, has fail- ed, to make any real impact on the situation. He has suffered during Ihe crisis the worst of all political fates: he has been ir- relevant. _ Stanficld's impotence reflects in part the impossible division in his party. Seeking to hold to- gether the wild men from the west and the small group of pro- gressives from the MariUmcs and to placate his four Quebec MPs, he has had to avoid tak- ing dramatic positions which might have won a public hear- ing. Crcdilisle leader Real Cnou- elte broke out of Quebec to win tlic support of hardhals that is, unsophisticated, hard lino hand-em-all elements across Canada, and could conceivably emerge as a Canadian George Wallace. NDP Leader Tommy Douglas knew whereof he spoke when he said that the Canadians who are clamoring to support the War Measures Act now, in the heat of crisis, will think again with- in six months of the liberties they pawned. When they do think again, they will remember that the NDP stood alone on the issue when all around them were los- ing their heads the right po- sition for an opposition party. Jean Marchand, the Prime Minister's friend and Minister for Regional Economic Expan- sion, forgot the advice he was given almost on his first day in Ottawa to answer questions in French, rather than in uncer- tain English, and forgot also that oratory is for the election platform, where much is for- given, and not for interviews. He has lost stature, and to think that he instead of Trudeau could easily have become prime miniser. Justice minister John Turner has strengthened his reputation both in the commons and in the governm e n I, responding competently, confidently, force- fully to the demands of the cri- sis. The reputation of the RCMP has slipped another notch. It now appears as if they knew enough to frighten the cabinet with scary stories of FLQ plans for bombings and killings, but not enough to lay hands on the criminals. The FLQ and its sympathizers have been talking and writing for years about the tactics of terrorism. They talked so much in fact that they became boring and were more or less disre- garded. But it scorns incredible that will] so much warning, tho security services knew so little of the people and the organiza- tion concerned. Premier Robert Bourassa Is apparently a much tougher young man than many people in Ottawa believed, and may now emerge as a powerful and re- spected leader of French Can- ada. Unlike most such leaders in recent times, he has chosen the course of co operation with Ottawa. And the comrade- ship of crisis has forged .an in- timate association between the Premier and the Prime Minis- ter. While all these men of power and their parties and agencies will help to shape the future by their response to t 10 FLQ, they will in turn be shaped by events in Quebec, by the direction of public opinion which is not yet at all clear. Will French Canada now swing sharply to the right, to re- pression and counter to the quiet revolution? Will it continue to drift un- certainly, toward separatism and some form of socialism? Can it, just possibly, be brought back from the edge of disaster to a middle course? The real crisis is that no one yet knows the answers. (Toronto Star Syndicate) LOOKING BACKWARD THROUGH THE HERALD 1920 In their efforts to stamp out the "dope" trade, lo- cal police secured a convic- tion against a Livingstone, Mont. man. He was fined for having opium in his pos- session. ]9M Alberta coal being shipped to Ontario under the special a ton rate will con- tinue until Aug. 31, 1932j ac- cording .to the Alberta trade commissioner. 1910 Shelter snorers have provided a new social problem in bomb-blasted Britain, but the Savoy Hotel, has provided a sound-proof cubicle for guests who snore. I95fl Dr. A. Y. Jackson, noted Canadian artist, official- ly opened the annual art ex- hibition of the Lethbridge Stetch Club at the civic sports centre. i960 _ Although the season doesn't end until Nov. 30, the second annual buffalo hunt in the Northwest Territories has ended unofficially with only about 50 takers for the 100 available licences. The Abridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher. Published 1S05 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No 0012 Member ol The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally Newsnaom- Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol circulallonj CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor end Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA WILLIAM HAY Managing Edilor Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER ROY'F. MILES Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;