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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD-Saturday, Oetobtr A crisis a day plagues Americans By James Res ton, New York Times commentator Portends good The world came through an exceeding- ly dangerous period this week. Not since the Cuban crisis in 1962 has there been such cause for jitteriness and subsequent reason for relief. Whatever was the decisive factor in persuading the super powers to turn to the United Nations and a policing force under its auspices, this is a major development. Until now the U.S.S.R. has stood apart from any planning for, or participation in. policing actions. In the Middle East situation the U.S.S.R. has not only agreed to a UN police force but approved of specific exclusion of the super powers from membership. It would be naive to suppose that this means a new age of co-operation has dawned and that the United Nations is about to become the kind of agency of stability long cherished for it. Nevertheless, only a complete cynic could doubt that this turn of events portends good. The seemingly intractable problem of establishing peace in the Middle East may now yield to a solution. And beyond that may lie the renunciation of war. Trusting may be premature but trying to work out these promising goals should have everyone's sympathy. The cover-up continues None of the hosts of Americans whom the polls indicate are suspicious of presidential involvement in the Watergate cover-up will likely have changed their minds as a result of Presi- dent Nixon's performance at his press conference yesterday. Mr. Nixon did not offer a convincing explanation of his firing of Special Prosecutor Archibald Cox and he did not provide assurance that a replacement would have the powers needed to make the kind of investigation necessary to es- tablish the guilt or innocence of the president in the planning and subsequent cover-up of Watergate. The impression left by Mr. Nixon is that he has no inten- tion of allowing anyone to dig any deeper into his affairs than has been possible to date. Despite the assertions by the president of his toughness and competence, a sense Weekend Meditation of insecurity was communicated. This was obvious not only in his abrupt ter- mination of the conference but in the way he avoided having certain uncomfortable lines of questioning pursued. Painful as it is to witness a man being harried the way Mr. Nixon is, no sur- crease can be expected. The crisis of confidence in the United States will not be resolved until people are convinced by an independent investigation that the truth about Watergate and its cover up has been established. Responsible people in Washington will not be content to permit their president to continue under the cloud of suspicion that he is continuing the cover-up. Since Mr. Nixon has not recognized the necessity of permitting an independent investigation it can be expected that it will be forced upon him. WASHINGTON The main thing is that a direct confron- tation between the policies and military forces of the United States and the Soviet Union in the Middle East has been avoided for the time being, but you have to wonder how long the American people are going to be dragged along the brink by a jumpy govern- ment they ho longer trust. This town is seething with doubt and suspicion. The Watergate scandals, the dis- grace of Vice President Agnew, the resignation of Richardson, the firing of Cox and Ruckelshaus, the in- dictments of cabinet officers and White House aides, and the endless rumors of finan- cial fiddling have all taken their toll. The impression given here is of an uncertain ad- ministration, defying the courts and Congress one day and submitting the next, an- nouncing presidential speeches or press conferences in the morning and cancelling them in the afternoon, giving promises and breaking them, and over-reacting to imagined conspiracies at home and im- minent catastrophies abroad. Let us assume, as I do. that the president ordered a worldwide alert of U.S. military forces solely because he had genuine reasons for believing that the Soviet Union was about to send Soviet troops into the Middle East. Assume also that this dramatic move was no contrivance to divert atten- tion from the president's domestic troubles. Things are bad enough without inventing dis- honorable motives that can't be proved. The administration did not say so directly, but the fact is that it did have solid in- formation (1) that the U.S.S.R. had put seven air- borne divisions on ''high (2) that the big tran- sports that had been air-lifting war material from the Soviet Union to Egypt were suddenly withdrawn; and (3) that these transports were diverted to the Soviet Union close to the places where the seven Soviet airborne divisions were located. Also Soviet diplomats, furious at the Israelis for grabbing more territory after the ceasefire, began talking in rough and threatening tones, and Sen. Scoop Jackson of Washington reports that Moscow delivered a highly ominous note to the U.S. on the eve of the U.S. military alert. This was obviously a delicate moment. The Soviets were either maneuvering to scare the Israelis back to the cease fire lines, a typical use of Soviet power, or they were preparing to occupy Egypt, destroy the detente with Washington, and even risk war with the U.S. The president chose to assume the worst. He did not merely alert the Sixth Fleet in the Mediterranean; he alerted everything worldwide, and this raises some interesting questions. After all we have heard about the "hot line" between the White House and the Kremlin, the trustful per- sonal relations between Kissinger and Ambassador Dobrynin of the Soviet Union.and the new "partnership for peace" between the U.S. and the U.S.S.R., are we to believe that the only way Nixon can send Brezhnev the message is to put American forces all over the world on alert? Secretary of State Kissinger apparently believes the answer is yes. When all the facts can be made known, he told the reporters, "I'm ab- solutely confident that it will Our security in God "No weapon that is formed against thee shall prosper." is a promise God made to Israel through the prophet Isaiah (chapter 54; verse This is a comforting verse for the Jewish people in this hour of dreadful danger and in similar situtions throughout their history Their enemies have disappeared from the face of the earth, but the nation of Israel endures and will endure forever. The verse, however, has a wider applica- tion for all who put their trust in God. These are difficult days for men and women who desire to live a spiritual life. They are tempted to become hard and ruthless. Instead ot "Blessed are the the popular view is. "Blessed are the strong, the rich, and the cruel." Secondly they are tempted by materialism. Everywhere people are seeking pleasures, lusts, and money. Materialism is in the very air we breathe and stifles the nostrils. General opinion is that to be bigger is to be better. Everything fragile, tender, and delicate gets trampled underfoot. Business develops into corporations and cartels and the little business man is edged out Music is raucous and noisy. Art is sen- sational, full of wierd shapes and wild color. Thirdly, people are tempted by a sense of defeat and fuility. Who can stand against the powerful forces? What can one person do? Is it any use fighting the tide? One may make good resolutions, but back in the street again his dreams are swept away by the winds and currents of the rush and push of events and crowds. A sense of fatigue overwhelms the in- dividual. He feels tired out trying and becomes bored, which psychologists warn is the most fatal, common malady of these times. Nothing tastes or is exciting any more, and multitudes all find meaning has gone from life. People have lost their integrity, their sense of individualism. They are broken up like the poor fellow Jesus encountered who answered, "My name is legion, for we are many." Every man's life is threatened to be torn apart by the different demons that possess him his job, his life as a citizen, his home, his recreation, his culture. When the Watch at Elsinore waited at midnight for the Ghost, Bernardo hearing approaching footsteps cried. "What! Is Horatio The answer came back, "A piece of him." So the response to any given situation is always fractional and rarely whole-hearted, lacking the complete assent of the personality. Amid the lunacies' and frenzies of our society, there is only one way to sanity, peace, and joy only one way to save one's soul, and that is in God by the power of the Holy Spirit. Man needs the perspective of eternity, the awareness that life is sacramen- tal, the assurance that he is capable of un- imaginable heights and glories of which he has never dreamed. He can only escape his morbid melancholy and his sense of futility by the recovery of an undiscourageable, never defeated, God. No enemy can ever prevail against the soul that has put its trust in God. PRAYER: O God, let not my spiritual enemies triumph over me. F. S. M. A Westerner looks at China today By David C. McDonald, Herald special correspondent Mr. David C. McDonald, Edmonton lawyer and writer, was accredited as a special correspondent of The Herald during Prime Minister Pierre Trudeau's recent trip to China. In a series of three ar- ticles, which concludes today, he reports his impressions in the form of answers to typical questions asked about China. Q. When you went to China for The Herald with Prime Minister Trudeau's party, were you warmly welcomed? A. No doubt about it. The official greetings, by thousands of costumed dancing children at airports and railway stations, were of course fully organized as they would be here. (But what a splendid show they can put The thousands of people, es- pecially in the smaller cities we visited, who lined the streets along which the limousines and buses of the visiting party travelled between airport, hotel and sights of local in- terest, applauded enthusiastically as we passed. Our interpreters, always available, were friendly and obliging. The Chinese, despite the g syness of their society, retain nevertheless a sense of humor not unlike that of Canadians, an ability to tease and be teas- ed which reflects the self-confidence of the people of both nations. Q. Then would you agree with those who regard the principal benefit of the Trudeau visit as an increase in understanding between the people of the two countries? A. Only in a very limited sense. For the Canadian visitors especially the journalists their reading before going, and their week in China, consisted of a crash course in post- "Liberation" Chinese history, and current manners and customs. For Canadian new- spaper readers, television viewers and radio listeners, the visit provided a focus on China which was very useful in that Canadians feel a little bit closer to a country which till very recently has been regarded as hostile and so different as to be incomprehensible. But this increased sense of understanding is largely one-sided. Q. What you do you mean by that? Didn't the Chinese you met learn about Canada, its traditions and institutions? A. They may have learned a bit more than they knew before about our weather, our in- dustries and our crops and the like. But they expressed no curiosity about our political values, our concept of social justice, our con- cerns about population growth or food or energy shortages or environmental destruc- tion. Mind you, even back in the nineteenth century we read that the Chinese rulers and people were uninterested in western ways "China" means "centre country." Perhaps they have always been rather like the Eng- lish. Now Mao teaches them "self-reliance." which in this context implies an absence of borrowing from foreign countries. And Mao's way is the "only true path to so in principle the opinions and conduct of the peoples of other countries not accepting his teaching are of no relevance. Q. Would you regard their attitude, then, as one of friendly insularity? A. They are insular in the sense I have just described. I have recognized their friendliness, and to do otherwise would be to be rude in the face of sjich hospitality. But I am glad you have asked me again about the friendliness. I do not wish to appear to be rude, but I think it is important to recognize that we were members of a party engaged in an official state visit, from a country whose recent policy toward China has been very much to the liking of the Chinese leaders. These leaders appreciate Canada having extended diplomatic recognition three years ago, which set an example for other nations and contributed to China being accepted as a member of the international community. This strengthens China's position in what it now regards as its principal foreign problem, namely the threat from the U.S.S.R. In other words, friendship for Canada and friendliness toward Canadians are in- struments of Chinese national policy. On the occasion of a visit like ours, or that of Presi- dent Georges Pompidou or Prince Norodom Sihanouk, the leadership makes the "correct line of thought" known through the press, radio and so on, and the administrative corps and people follow. I have little doubt that if circumstances should change, and Chinese foreign policy should turn about, that friendliness would vanish. I do not suggest that the Chinese are unique in this, but the discipline of their society is such that popular expression of the official position is greater than would be the case in pluralistic societies. Q. You mentioned the U.S.S.R. Do the Chinese really believe that Russia will attack them? A tfarh timp we asked the Question, the rr ily was in Mao's own words: "If we are not attacked, we will not attack, but if at- tacked, we will counter-attack." They repeat Mao's and Chou's condemnation of the pre- sent Soviet leadership as counter- revolutionary betrayers of the revolution. A dinner partner a senior cultural official said that the Soviet government no longer represents the Soviet people. Historically, the animosity toward Russia dates back to Stalin's first withdrawal of economic aid in the early 1960s. Whether the Chinese leadership really believes in the possibility of a Russian invasion, I do not know, nor, for that matter, do I know whether the Russians have reason to fear a Chinese attempt to recover Siberian land claimed by the Chinese. The Chinese say that the Russians have a million men mobilized at their fron- tier, but give no figures as to how many men China has under mobilization. Q. What is the Chinese attitude toward revolutionary movements in Southeast Asia or elsewhere? Will they help them? A. The only answer you can get from them is Mao's: that China will not be an aggressor or interfere in the affairs of another country. and that each country must find its own solu- tion to the problems. However, "support" will be provided to genuine people's movements, for by definition that will be to assist the majority. How are the two situations to be distinguished? "The will of the masses will establish itself" said our cultural friend at dinner And that is as far as you will get. 0. Do you expect that more Canadians will have the opportunity to visit China in the future? A. The Chinese are evidently overwhelmed by requests for visas. They claim that their hotel and other resources do not enable them to admit all those who wish to visit China, and there may well be some truth to that. Therefore for the foreseeable future those ad- mitted as visitors are likely to be limited to groups of doctors, farmers, businessmen, educators any groups which may indicate a particular interest in some aspect of Chinese life. Q. But the Trudeau party visited the Great Wall, the Summer Palace, the Imperial Palace, some Buddhist statues in caves in central China, and spent a day on a river among odd-shaped mountains. Wouldn't China benefit financially by developing its tourist trade? A. I would think so. But the Chinese at- titude is that tourism is not to be encouraged for its own sake. (I think they regard it as frivolous, i However, they welcome groups of forieng visitors, for they believe in fostering mutual understanding among the peoples of the world. Q. Wouldn't individual visits also lead to such understanding? A. I would think so, but they don't agree. So am very glad I, a mere lawyer and amateur journalist, was able representing The Herald. For there are no lawyers in China or courts as we know them, and it would be hard for a group of Canadian lawyers to persuade the Chinese embassy that they wanted to study the administration of justice in China! be seen that the president has no other choice as a responsi- ble national leader." If this is the kind of world we're living in. the crisis of confidence in the administra- tion at home is all the more serious, for even when he is faced with a genuine problem, as he was in the Soviet maneuvers in the middle of the night, he is accused of handling it in a spectacular way to defend himself. It he had made any one of the concessions he was forced to make under fire, he might have avoided the present poisonous atmosphere. But now if he hands over the tapes, people say he has doc- tored them, and even when he staggers from one move to another, he is met with the cynical remark: "a crisis a day keeps impeachment away." "It is a symptom of what is happening to our Kissinger said in his press conference, "that it could even be suggested that the United States would alert its forces for domestic reasons." One reporter asked Kissinger if the Soviets thought the president was so weakened that they could take advantage of his weakness, and the secretary of state didn't dismiss the notion. "Speculation about motives is always he said, "but one cannot have crisis of authority in a society for a period of months without pay- ing a price somewhere along the line." The price at home, however, is higher than the price abroad. Overseas, Nixon still has immense power, and when he deploys it, skillfully or otherwise, he can still get results, as the improving Mid- dle East situation demonstrates. Not so in Washington. "There has to be a minimum of Kissinger said, "that the senior officials of the American government are not playing with the lives of the American people." This is precisely true, and the tragedy is that even in this latest Middle East crisis, the president didn't get that "minimum of which is why, even when his brinkmanship works, the movement for a new govern- ment goes on. Letters Indian behavior Jeanette Lavell, no longer a treaty Indian, and constantly claiming she can't call her self one is endeavoring to publicize only one very small area governing non-treaty In- dians. It is true she is no longer a treaty Indian but she is still an Indian. It is foolish of her to say she is being denied her birthright. When a woman marries she goes with her husband's people, to his country, even across the ocean, as the case may be. White women do this all the time. They don't cry that they have lost their birthright but are proud to accompany their husbands (providing they have a husband to be proud of not a puppet or a convenience, un- worthy to be called a Thousands of Indians, including treaty and Metis, with no status, are proud to call themselves Indian. In- dians unconcerned with status are proud of their heritage and tribe. They previously worked together but now. with the law pulling them apart over this matter of status, they are fighting instead of working together and quarrel- ing and destroying instead of loving and building. But those who realize that being Indian is more than a treaty number continue proudly calling themselves Indians. Laws can't take away one's heritage. It can restrict you to living in one place but only the individual can deny himself the heritage right which was his at birth. When individuals such as Mrs. Lavell claim they are no longer Indian because they don't have a number to prove it they are hurting their fellow Indians to whom they belong and claim to love. Such people should work towards a stronger non-status Indian organization capable of work- ing in conjunction with Indian organizations. When Indians realize they are all Indians (with or without a treaty number) they will fulfil the In- dian prophecy that the time will come when all Indians will live together in peace. To allow the matter of status to cause arguments over who is or isn't Indian is to undermine the work of those attempting to find peaceful ways of living together. No good can ever come from quarreling. Unity and goodness can only develop between Indians and others when they start working together to build a better country similar to that ex- perienced by Indians and whites in Canada's beginning. It is about time the Jeanette Lavells in this country ended their selfishness and stopped to realize what they are doing to Canada. The Indians judge a person's greatness by his willingness to give of himself. A selfish person is held in dis- respect. Mrs. Lavell has been talking lenthely but it is time, she gave of herself to her peo- ple and Canada which she dearly loves and from which she has received so much. Then she will make both her people and her country stronger and her behaviour will be that of an Indian. SHERLEEN HUNTER Cardston Appreciates monument The editorial in The Herald mentioning Nellie L. McClung, probably Canada's best-known feminist "leader, has prompted me to add a postscript. When holidaying this fall in Ontario we stopped to investigate a monument, about eight feet in height, on the evergreen-shaded roadside on route six between Hanover and Owen Sound. The affixed bronze plaque read: "This memorial is a project of the Women's In- stitute of Grey County. Nellie Mooney McClung, lecturer, legislator, teacher, ardent ad- vocate of Women's rights in Canada. Born near Chatsworth (ten miles south of Owen Sound) October 20th, 1873. Died in Victoria, B.C Sept. 1st. 1951." A second pla- que stated the memorial had been erected by the federal historic sites and monument board. If this appears to be a contradiction we can only assume that the board com- pleted the monument after it had been initiated by the Women's Institute." In addition to Mrs. McClung's many other ac- complishments, when we con- sider the pleasure her writings have brought to several generations of Canadians I am glad that little monument in the shady grove has been erected to preserve her memory. E. A. THOMPSON Coaldale Letters are welcome and will be published providing: identification is included (name and address are .re- quired even when the letter is to appear over a they are sensible and not libelous; they are of manageable length or can be shortened (nor- mally, letters should not exceed 300 they are decipherable (it greatly helps if letters are typed, dou- ble spaced and with writers do not submit letters too The Lethbrtdge Herald. 504 7th St. S. Lethbndge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W.A BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Rep'st'ation No 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau ol Circulations CLEOW MOWERS. Editor and Publisher TyOMAS H ADAMS. General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Atsociate Editor ROY MILES DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;