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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - October 27, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 'Silly outburst' Increases doubts about Nixon's judgment A News Analysis By JAMES RESTON New York Times Service WASHINGTON Not since Richard Nixon's "last press conference" almost 11 years ago in California, when he was defeated by Pat Brown for the governorship of California and thought his political career was over, was there such in- terest in his personal reaction to adversity as there was Fri- day night in his meeting with the reporters in the white house. Few presidents in the American history faced a more difficult assignment, un- der more trying circum- stances, and almost all the way through, he was com- plete command of himself and of the wide range of com- plicated and even dangerous political problems at home and abroad. He looked healthy and vigorous. Considering what he had been through in his crises with the Soviets on the Middle East and the courts and Congress at home, and the dis- grace of his vice president, and the challenges of Richard- son, Cox, and Ruckelshaus, he was remarkably calm and lucid. He was answering the main question on everybody's mind: How was he holding up under the pressure? Almost all the way through, he was not only holding up very, well, but was defending his positions on the courts, con- gress, and the middle east with remarkable serenity and skill. Then, suddenly, and almost precisely as he had done in that famous farewell news conference in Los Angeles 11 years ago, all the controlled rage of this most private and controlled man burst out against the television networks. It was an unfortunate and even silly diversion from his masterful explanation of his Watergate and Middle East problems he was doing so well. He didn't stop at that. He accused the networks of reporting dishonorable charges against him which they knew to be untrue, and unfortunately, this changed the really important questions to the old question of the government versus the reporters. Even then, it might have been possible to get back to the main questions, but he had been so provocative and even vicious in his criticism of the networks that he was asked why he was so angry .about them, and then he made the old mistake that has hounded him throughout his political career. "Don't get the he said, "that you arouse my anger. You see, one can only be angry with those he respects." It was about the most vicious remark any American president has made about his critics. Later on, he tried to soften it by saying it was not the reporters but the network commentators he was talking about. He took the line that, after the latest crisis in the Middle East, there was not a better chance to get a compromise or even a better settlement there than at anytime in the last generation. But this is'not really the judgment of his principal advisers in Washington. Meanwhile. by his emotional outburst against the networks, Nixon has not removed the doubts about his judgment, but increased them. And the irony of it is that it was all so unnecessary, for his performance in the press conference most of the way was almost flawless, un- til he lost his temper and revived the very doubts about his judgment he was trying to remove. Congress cool to Nixon offer The Letkbrid0e Herald VOL. LXVI No. 268 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, SATURDAY, OCTOBER 27, 1973 62 Pages 15 Cents New York Times Service WASHINGTON Congressional Democrats, not satisfied with President Nix- on's decision to have a special Watergate prosecutor ap- pointed under his jurisdiction, have demanded a prosecutor completely independent of White House control. Republicans generally praised the president's positions and demeanor at his news conference, although some said that he had not gone far enough to assure the public that the prosecutor ap- pointed by him would not be handcuffed. The leaders of the Democratic majority in both the Senate and the House said that they would continue to press for legislation that would delineate the duties, responsibilities and in- dependence of the Watergate prosecutor. Some democratic legislators also declared that a house inquiry into whether Nixon had committed an im- peachable offense should con- tinue unabated. Sen. Robert C. Byrd of West Virginia, said Nixon had only promoted "the suspicion rightly or wrongly that the White House is trying to hide something." Rep. John J. McFall of California, declared that Congress and the public would insist on "a complete in- vestigation of any charges." Sen. Sam J. Ervin Jr., of North Carolina, chairman of the Senate Watergate Com- mittee, expressed the uniform view of Democrats who were interviewed. "We had a special prosecutor before, and he got Ervin said. "We want one they can't fire." Sen. Edmund S. Muskie of Maine accused Nixon of trying to "divert our attention" from the political and legal problems of his administra- tion by overstating developments in the middle east and by attacking the media. Rep. John B. Anderson of Illinois, the third ranking Republican in the house, praised Nixon's handling of the Middle East situation but said that he was "discouraged by the president's obsession with the doctrine of confiden- tiality of presidential papers." Sen. Robert P. Griffin of Michigan, said the president had given "a cool, reassuring performance in a very tense and hostile atmosphere that demolished myths about his ability to govern under fire. Sheep trophy heads 'racket9 is alleged EDMONTON (CP) An international racket exists for the illegal trafficking of bighorn sheep trophy heads from Canada to the United States, the legislature was told Friday. Grant Notley, New Democratic Party leader, raised the issue and asked the government if it was aware of the situation. Allan Warrack, Minister of Lands and Forests, said he had heard suggestions of such activities. "We do the best that we possibly can to follow them up.. .in the firmest possible manner." Mideast peace role unlikely for Canada EGYPTIAN POWs a long line of Egyptian soldiers taken prisoner by Israeli forces near Suez City sit patiently under guard before being transferred to unspecified locations. Year of Europe deteriorating By BRUCE LEVETT WASHINGTON (CP) The year 1973, hailed by President Nixon as "the Year of Rapeseed marketing survey being planned OTTAWA (CP) The gov- ernment will ask rapeseed producers what kind of marketing system they want for their product, the Com- mons was told Friday. In a statement released in advance of delivery to the House, Otto Lang, minister responsible for the Canadian wheat board, said a rapeseed marketing survey will be held Dec. 3-16. "The government has been making plans for the poll in response to representations from growers and from producer Mr. Lang said. is showing signs of deteriorating into a winter of confrontation as the United States levels severe criticism at some of its European allies. The U.S. reacted in shock and dismay Friday at what it called a lack of support on the part of those allies for its resupply efforts on behalf of Israel. "The U.S. has put her troops and her treasure on the line for one diplomatic observer said, "now, when they ask only simple accom- modation in return, it's denied. "But, balance that against the Western European dependence on Arab oil, and you've got an interesting chess game." Only Portugal, of all the Eu- ropean allies, reacted in a positive manner to the U.S. resupply problem, by allowing the U.S. to stage fighters through their joint base in the Azores. The U.S. had to sta- tion at least two aircraft carriers and go to mid-air refuelling to get the planes the rest of the way. West Germany and Spain protested to the U.S. over war material being flown to the Israelis from bases on their territory. And neither Turkey nor Greece, which have received substantial U.S. military aid, would allow overflights of air- craft destined for Israel, al- though U.S. sources have said Turkey allowed Soviet planes to cross its territory with supplies for the Arabs. German officials in Washington were reported to have said privately that U.S. forces in Europe are "for NATO not for the Middle East or Latin America." Pentagon officials, saying the Soviet Union took similar weapons from their East European arsenal to aid the Arabs, were quoted as saying: "Maybe we'll have to keep some of them (the forces in Europe) someplace else." Ulster's assassination squads 'The war behind the war By KEVIN DOYLE LONDON (CP) Two young Belfast jour- nalists have added a new chapter to the agonizing history of Northern Ireland with the first detailed account of the "war behind the war in Ulster." In a book called Political Murder, Martin Dillon and Dennis Lehane tell of the brutality inflicted on the victims of Protestant and Roman Catholic "assassination squads" who roam, virtually unhindered, through Ulster. The writers, both reporters with the Belfast Telegraph, describe a fund-raising visit to Canada in June by the head of the Protestant Ulster Defence Association re- turned to find the para-military organization convulsed by internal upheaval and his own authority challenged. Three months later, his main rival. Tommy Herron, was found in a ditch south of Belfast, his head blown apart by a shotgun blast. The mainly Catholic Irish Republican Army say the authors, initiated the assassination campaign nearly two years ago. Rut since then, extreme Protestant groups arc alleged to have been behind five times as many political murders as the Catholics. There also were suspicions about circum- stances surrounding two deaths caused by a special unit of the British army. The two men say they decided to write their book, published by Penguin, partly to make the world aware of the horror still pervading Ulster and partly because they were unable to get The Telegraph, owned by the Thomson Organisation Ltd. headed by Canadian-born Lord Thomson, to print all their news reports about the terror. One assassination described by Dillon and Lehane is that of Thomas Madden, 48, a Catholic bachelor who worked as a night watchman in a predominantly Protestant Belfast factory. He had no involvement in politics, no known enemies and mixed freely with persons of both religions. But the authors say Madden was picked up by a UDA squad, suspended naked from a ceiling with a slowly tightening noose while a double-edged knife was used to cut about 150 pieces of skin from every part of his body. A coroner later estimated the tor- ture had lasted eight hours before he finally strangled. Dillon and Lehane say cases of the IRA ac- tually torturing victims before they murder them are rare. An exception was the fairly recent death of Samuel White. He was found in a Belfast street with several bullet holes in the head. But detectives said several "horrible gashes" had been inflicted on his body before death and he had been severely beaten. Other victims of sectarian killings have been found castrated, with crosses burned into their stomachs by red-hot irons or with their fingernails pulled from their roots. DESCRIBES TRIP Describing the trip of Charles Harding Smith. UDA head, to Canada last June, the book says: "Canada has a large number of Scots-Irish settlers and has been the main source of UDA funds outside Northern Ireland. Though the amounts sent from Canada to the Protestants in Ulster in no way compare to the huge sums of money sent the IRA from the United States, they were correspondingly extremely valuable to a body short of money. "As a result, Canadian Scots-Irish influence in the UDA was considerable. But once in Canada, he (Harding Smith) found his Canadian backers very annoyed at the stories they heard coming out of Ulster. "Shopkeepers and businessmen in Ulster who had been bearing the brunt of I IDA ex- tortion (to raise funds) had been writing to friends in Canada for several months pre- viously. The Canadians were angry that the Protestant people were being exploited by the very people who were supposed to be protecting them." It was this, say the authors, that convinced Harding Smith he would have to stage a show- down with Herron. generally acknowledged then as leader of the wilder factions in the UDA. Dillon and Lehane are careful, however, to avoid attaching blame to Harding Smith for Horron's murder. UNITED NATIONS (CP) Canadian participation in the new UN Emergency Force for the Middle East is considered questionable by some UN diplomats, despite Canada's record of service in peacekeeping operations since 1948. Secretary General Kurt Waldheim was reported by aides to be consulting Friday with UN delegations on the makeup of the force, and it was disclosed that no request for troops had yet been made to Canada. UN sources suggested that if the Canadians were left out. it would not be for any lack of appreciation of Canadian ex- perience in peacekeeping but rather because of a growing feeling among non-aligned council members that the new force should include greater representation from non- aligned and Communist areas and less from countries which, like Canada, are in military blocs such as NATO. In Thursday's debate leading up to adoption of the resolution setting up the emergency force. Soviet Deputy Foreign Minister Yakov Malik told the Security Council there "must be strict observance of the principle of equitable geographical dis- tribution" in the composition of the force. "An end must be put to the anomalous situation in which almost all the United Nations military observers came from states of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization." he said. "There must be forces from socialist states and non- aligned states as well." Peru and Indonesia also called for personnel from non- aligned countries. AVOID PACT TROOPS There was speculation that the secretary-general may want to avoid recruiting the UN force from NATO countries in order to avoid the obligation to include also troops from Warsaw pact countries. Highly-placed UN sources said Malik made strong repre- sentations to Waldheim Fri- day for the inclusion of War- saw pact troops. These sources said the U.S. was equally strongly opposed to their inclusion. In his first report to the council, in which he proposed a 7.000-man force at a preliminary cost of million for- six months, Waldheim described recruitment 'of the force as "a complex matter in which a number of factors have to be taken into ac- count." "The contingents will be se- lected." he said, "in con- sultation with the Security Council and with the parties concerned, bearing in mind an adequate geographic representation." UN spokesmen pointed out that the genesis of the new force differs radically from the original UN emergency force, formed in 1956, which kept the peace until Egyptian President Nasser demanded its removal at the onset of the six-day 1967 war. The original force at its peak had 6.000 men and of- ficers, including 3.400 Canadians. Its first com- mander was Canadian Maj.- Gen. E. L. M. Burns. The 1956 force was set up by the General Assembly with no specific mandate under Secre- tary-General Dag Ham- marskjold. who then proceed- ed to negotiate with the Israelis and the Egyptians about its placement along the truce lines. Israel refused the force while Egypt accepted it. The new force has been set up by the Security Council with a specific mandate and is directly under Security Coun- cil control. War zones are quiet ASSOCIATED PRESS Arab and Israeli guns were silent today and a vanguard United Nations truce observer team passed through Israeli lines to reach the disputed city of Suez. But Egyptian government adviser Ashraf Ghorbal said the Israelis turned back on Friday a convoy under the auspices of the International Red Cross carrying badly- needed plasma for the Egyp- tian 3rd Army, encircled and stranded on the eastern bank of the Suez canal opposite the city. Israeli officers said the 000 man 3rd Army has been cut off from food, water, medicine and ammunition for days. The Tel Aviv command appears intent on pressuring the Egyptian unit into sur- render. A UN Spokesman said the 52 Alert lifted New York Times Service WASHINGTON The United States began removing its forces from a readiness alert Friday but conditioned its actions on moves by Moscow to take Soviet air-. borne forces off alert. Defense Secretary James R. Schlesinger announced at a news conference that the uoo man southern command in Panama and man Alaska command were removed from the readiness status at midnight. 24 hours after the general alert was issued to all American forces. Seen and heard About town Finnish observers. Dart of a 400-man advance contingent from Cyprus, moved down the road from Cairo and into the surrounded Suez city at the southern end of the Suez canal. Their arrival raised hopes that the southern Suez front could be supervised effective- ly for the first time, in the fifth day o'f the new UN ceasefire. More UN troops from Cyprus were coming into Cairo to strengthen the 400 Austrians. Finns and Swedes who arrived overnight. About 200 more were due in. SOVIETS ON WAY Secretary-General Leonid Brezhnev of the Soviet Communist party said Friday in Moscow that the Kremlin also was sending represen- tatives to the Middle East to observe the ceasefire. In Washington. President Nixon told a news conference that the United States and the Soviet Union will use their in- fluence to bring about a nego- tiated settlement in the Mid- dle East. The president said the two superpowers have moved from the gravest crisis in a decade "to a great step toward real peace in the Mid- dle East." He said the Mideast ceasefire seems to be holding. The Moscow announcement prompted little concern in Washington. State department spokesman Robert McCloskey said the Soviet observers are not combat personnel. And Nixon said the United States also will send observers, if the United Nations requests it, "and we have reason to expect we will receive such a re- quest." No fighting last Friday. was reported D' R. DOUG McPHERSON saying fellow public school trustee Carl Johnson was "a pretty good finder- outer" Globe-trotting Lois Legge sporting a Grecian tan at city hall. Associated Press corres- pondent John Broder reported from the Syrian front that the situation there was quiet and that UN observers were setting up new posts in the area. Inside 'My fellow Americans, in view of the current situation I am forced to seek your resignations.' Classified........26-30 Comics............23 District............19 Family..........20-22 Local Markets...........24 Sports...........14-16 Theatres............7 TV.................6 Weather............3 LOW TONIGHT 35, HIGH SUN. 50; WINDY, COOLER ;